The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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Mechanism of Current flow in Metals [duplicate]

I do not fully understand the mechanism of current flow in conductors. It cannot be that a current starts only when an electron from one terminal of the electric supply physically reaches the other ...
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1answer
34 views

Change in line density of electrons

We're proving that electricity and magnetism are essentially two manifestations of the same underlying phenomenon by using the toy example of a positive charge moving parallel to an infinitely long ...
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1answer
27 views

Dependence of the Capacitance on the Material and Geometry of the Plates

I have two questions concerning capacitors: 1) We know that the capacitance of a capacitor also depend on the dielectric material inside as $C=$ $\dfrac{K \epsilon_0 A}{d}$ But what if the ...
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1answer
48 views

Effect of Motion on Capacitors

What will happen if a capacitor is accelerated or rotated very very fast? Will its capacitance decrease? Will one of the plates be able to hold the electrons which is providing the Potential ...
3
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1answer
87 views

Vector fields and tensors in E&M

I'm confused by a very basic property of electric fields. The electric field is a vector field. Vectors are tensors. Wikipedia has the following statement in the article about the electromagnetic ...
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33 views

Induced emf in a circular conducting wheel

Consider a conducting wheel with $N \in \mathbb{N}$ spokes which is completely in a homogenous magnetic field $\vec{B}$ perpendicular to the wheel plane. ...
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1answer
35 views

Help understanding this differential equation of a varying electromagnetic field [closed]

I'm reading some lecture notes (we're studying blackbody radiation and are approaching Planck's formula) but I'm struggling to understand exactly what's being said. So the lecture notes read as ...
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34 views

Velocities of waves (such as visible light, and radio)

The speed of light in a vacuum is a constant 299,792,458 m/s. In water, it is much slower. Does this happen to such waves as radio, or X-ray? (Would say, a 3 meter wavelength travel slower in air than ...
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2answers
49 views

$ε_0$ affects electric field intensity, but $μ_0$ doesn't affect magnetic field intensity?

I'll be honest: this question is actually a homework problem. I've spent the past hour going through Google and several textbooks trying to answer the question "Why does $ϵ_0$ affect electric field ...
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31 views

Electrical Resistance of Spherical, Contacting Colloids

So, I work a lot with Magneto-Rheological (MR) fluids - which are essentially electrolyte solutions with suspended, paramagnetic colloids/particles. Once a magnetic field is applied to such a fluid, ...
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1answer
66 views

Derivation of Maxwell stress tensor from EM Lagrangian

From Noether's theorem applied to fields we can get the general expression for the stress-energy-momentum tensor for some fields: $$T^{\mu}_{\;\nu} = \sum_{i} (\frac{\partial \mathcal{L}}{\partial ...
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1answer
28 views

Does magnitude of a charge influence magnitude of force that individual charge exerts on another charge [closed]

two point charges, q1 and q2, are placed 0.3m apart on the x-axis, as shown in the figure above. Charge q1 has a value of -3 nano Coulomb and q2 has a value of +4.8 x10^-8 C. The net electric field ...
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56 views

Electrical field of the coil

Take the case of two coils, first one connected to alternating current supply, and the second one connected to load. First coil creates magnetic field, and electric field is reduced by anti-emf ...
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84 views

Electric charges on compact four-manifolds

Textbook wisdom in electromagnetism tells you that there is no total electric charge on a compact manifold. For example, consider space-time of the form $\mathbb{R} \times M_3$ where the first factor ...
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1answer
16 views

What happens when a force is applied to a flux pinned superconductor?

When a force is applied to a superconductor to move it in a direction that it resists because it is flux pinned, where does the additional energy used to overcome the flux pinning resistance go? E.g. ...
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1answer
27 views

How can we derive that an accelerated charge particle will radiate EMWs?

All the properties of the electromagnetic entity is said to be fully described by the four golden rules of Electromagnetism : The Maxwell's Equations.How can we derive that a charged particle will ...
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0answers
45 views

Conceptual question on helmholtz equation

Given the homogeneous Helmholtz Equation $[\triangledown ^2 + \kappa^2] E= 0$, I understand $\kappa$ represents the wavenumber $\omega_0 / c$. In light of this, what physical meaning can be taken from ...
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1answer
65 views

Why does the magnetic force exerted by two charged particles on each other do no work?

An electron and a proton are moving under the influence of mutual forces. In calculating the change in the kinetic energy of the system during motion, one ignores the magnetic force of one on another. ...
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2answers
158 views

Confusion between magnetic field and magnetic flux

I've been learning about electromagnetism and Maxwell's equations (in integral form), and I'm slightly confused. The Ampere-Maxwell law (as I know it): $$ ...
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2answers
66 views

Where does the $\partial \vec{E}/\partial t$ term from Maxwell's equation go in Ampere's Law?

One of Maxwell's Equations (ME) is: $$\nabla\times\vec B = \mu_0\vec J+\epsilon_0\mu_0 \frac{\partial \vec E}{\partial t}.$$ While Ampere's Law (AL) is: $$\nabla\times\vec B = \mu_0\vec J.$$ ...
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37 views

Will there be an induced emf in this situation?

Here is a (horrible) illustration: The first ring has a voltage $V_1$ applied to it through the voltage source on the left. Ring 1 has resistance $R_1$ whereas ring 2 has resistance $R_2$. Will ...
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0answers
16 views

How big can be gradient of magnetic induction (in lab)

I'm thinking about magnetic levitation and how big force can push a diamagnetic when we put it in inhomogenious magnetic field. As far as I know, force exerted on a diamagnetic is proportionald to ...
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2answers
122 views

Why are most ferromagnets metals while antiferromagnets are insulators?

This seems to be experimentally true, but I don't quite have an intuition as to why. In the Ising model, we usually consider an insulating ferromagnet if $J>0$, where $J$ is the exchange coupling. ...
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1answer
49 views

Speed of a charge in a magnetic field

Does speed of a charged particle change in a non-uniform magnetic field? I know that a uniform magnetic field cannot change the $KE$ of the particle, i.e. $\frac{1}{2}mv^{2}$ is constant. And we ...
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2answers
27 views

Orientation of spontaneous magnetisation in cooling ferromagnet

I'm trying to understand the direction of magnetic moments in a ferromagnetic material after cooling down below it's Curie temperature. A permanent magnet of ferromagnetic material will loose it's ...
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1answer
23 views

Finding electric field of a line charge [closed]

I have a bit of an issue setting up the integral for finding an electric field of a particular scenario. The scenario is that a line charge of length R is a distance R from the left side of the ...
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5answers
256 views

Why doesn't this perpetual motion machine work?

Imagine a non-magnetic tube bent into the shape of a triangle, with two sides forming downhill ramps, and the third side connecting the two ramps. Through this tube travels a metal ball, which is ...
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25 views

Could a 1kHz EM field be detectably disturbed by an action potential?

This might be completely off base, but I'm wondering if this would be possible. Neurons fire action potentials that can be modeled as low-intensity (~100mV) EM pulses of 1kHz frequency (up and back ...
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1answer
99 views

Force exerted by light on a moving mirror

Consider a light with energy density E shining uniformly over a mirror. The mirror has an area A. The mirror is moving at with a velocity β. Calculate the force that the photons exert on the ...
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1answer
53 views

Maxwell's equation for non inertial observer

Applying Maxwell's equation we can prove that light will move at the speed of light for every inertial frame, is it true as well for non-inertial frames? How light moves slowly near a black hole??
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16 views

Categorization of electromagnetic solitons?

I've seen over the years several mentions of electromagnetic solitons that appear in the high-intensity regime (where vacuum polarization becomes important). Some of these are coupled with plasmas, ...
3
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1answer
81 views

How can Maxwell theory be viewed in terms of two-layer structure?

I'm trying to learn more about Maxwell equations and stumbled upon an essay by professor Freeman J. Dyson from Princeton. He explained Maxwell theory in a very interesting way. The modem view of ...
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0answers
15 views

How to make an evenly distributed strong electromagnetic surface (diameter ½ meter) [closed]

I need to put neodymium magnets very close to each other on a a circular surface with a diameter of $\frac{1}{2}\, \mathrm{m}$. The magnets do NOT want to be close unless they are forced to by a ...
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35 views

Electromagnetic induction

How change in magnetic flux linked with a coil induces electromotive force in a coil . Also please explain this in accordance with faraday's experiment?
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113 views

Experiment which shows that Newtons third law is not true for magnetic forces

I am just reading David Morins "Introduction to Classical Mechanics". He writes about Newtons third law the following: It holds for forces of the “pushing” and “pulling” type, but it fails for ...
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0answers
25 views

Au, Ag nanoparticles plasmon peak position?

Is the interaction between metallic nanoparticles (~ 20 nm) and light in the UV-Vis-NIR range governed by Mie theory or by Rayleigh scattering theory? Where are the Au and Ag plasmonic peaks located? ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Momentum of capacitor in a uniform magnetic field

We are observing ideal, charged, parallel plate capacitor placed in uniform magnetic field parallel to plates. Whole system is at rest and isolated (we have forces that hold plates separated, but net ...
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2answers
2k views

Does gravity affect magnetism, vice-versa, or do they “ignore” each other?

I am suddenly struck by the question of whether gravitation affects magnetism in some way. On the other hand, gravity is a weak force, but magnetism seems to be a strong force, so would magnetism ...
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0answers
28 views

Constant Rayleigh Scattering Cross Section

in the Review of Particle Physics - Interactions of Particles with Matter, there is a plot that gives the cross sections for different interactions of photons with matter. One of them is Rayleigh ...
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1answer
18 views

The strength and control over the strength of electromagnets, correlation between the strength and weight of the magnets

I am currently working on a project that aims to use the attraction & repulsion between two electromagnets as an alternative to weights, from a physiotherapy and rehabilitation perspective to help ...
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2answers
850 views

What does it mean when physical theories are inconsistent?

I am hoping that someone can explain in layman terms why Newtonian mechanics and Maxwell's equations are inconsistent. Wikipedia says that this inconsistency is what led to the development of ...
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1answer
32 views

Thermal emission cathode electron velocity distribution

I can't find any experimental data (or theoretical expression) on what is the velocity (or energy) distribution of thermal emission cathode electrons emmited from the cathode at approximately 2000 K ...
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1answer
68 views

Why is the Ohm's law $j=\sigma E$ accurate?

Ohm's law $j=\sigma*E=\frac{Q}{A}*\frac{F}{Q}=...?$ $j=\rho*v$= $\frac{q}{V}*\frac{s}{t}=\frac{1}{A}*I$ So why is $j=\sigma$E
3
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1answer
70 views

Tensor notation

I'm trying to understand the Maxwell Stress tensor notation. I'm given that each element in the tensor is given by ...
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0answers
66 views

Why is area considered and not volume to find the force of a solenoid?

I am doing a project involving solenoids. I found multiple websites that say the force (in N) a solenoid exerts on a soft iron bar as it enters the coils can be given by the equation ...
2
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4answers
144 views

Application of Kirchhoff's laws in circuits with inductors

As we know,the Kirchhoff circuit laws are applicable for conservative electric fields. Now it is applicable for circuits where inductors are present but the field there is not conservative. So how ...
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0answers
80 views

Energy of moving capacitor

On the following link were a discussion about energy in capacitor moving parallel to its field: Where's the energy in a boosted capacitor? My question is what happen if capacitor is moving ...
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0answers
24 views

Is there any simulation program for electrostatic and magnetostatic fields? [duplicate]

please can any one suggest me a good program for simulating electrostatic and magnetostatic fields (forces,flux density, energy and potential) ?
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2answers
56 views

DC Generator with magnet as rotor

DC generators convert the AC current in them by split ring commutators right and the graph of the current will be like this but the question is how would be the graph if the magnet is the rotor and ...
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0answers
19 views

Strength of Magnet in Magnetic Bearings

While reading about magnetic bearings, one reads about passive/active magnetic bearings. By passive, one means no electric current is put into the bearing for attaining magnetic levitation/flux. In ...