The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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Remote EEG Detection / Reading

I recently noted that Phillips, Accenture, and Emotive grouped together to create a proof of concept that would assist ALS patients to gain greater control of their lives through brain, voice, and eye ...
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19 views

Modeling magnetic field shielding

I am wondering what is the best way to model magnetic and electric field shielding from a magnetic dipole in the near field? For example, let's say you have a coil of current carrying wire in the x-y ...
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15 views

Can various wavelengths participate in C/D Interference?

My question is can multiple wavelengths or at least two different wavelengths interfere with one another? I know that they usually have to be the 'same' wavelength, but you'd think they can vary a bit ...
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39 views

What is the physical meaning of the norm of the electromagnetic four-potential?

In SI units this would be $\frac{1}{c^2}\phi^2 - A_x^2 - A_y^2 - A_z^2$. Is this just not a physically meaningful quantity at all because it's not gauge invariant?
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14 views

Magnetic flux and flow of electrons

What does change in magnetic flux mean? How can you change magnetic flux? How does a change in magnetic flux influence a current of electrons (electricity)?
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35 views

Splitting of degenerate energy levels with a perturbed particle in a box

Suppose you have a particle in a square box $[0,L]\times[0,L]$. As the box is a square, the (2,1) and (1,2) eigenfunctions will have the same energy. If you were to apply an oscillating electric field ...
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26 views

Physical reason for magnetic mirroring?

I understand the mathematical derivation of magnetic mirroring, which usually starts from the conservation of the magnetic dipole moment (e.g. in a plasma). But physically: a mirrored particle is ...
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56 views

Poynting Vector Volume Integral Inside a Cavity

Given an electromagnetic wave in resonance mode in a vacuum cavity inside a perfect conductor, on the boundary, the parallel component of $E$ field vanishes, and the perpendicular of component of $B$ ...
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37 views

Explain the infinitude of magnetic flux about a finite length of wire

Ok so it is clear the flux caused by an inductor is limited. If I integrate about a flat spiral inductor I will find that the flux lines going up are a fixed quantity. Since every flux line going up ...
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51 views

Penetration and skin depth in 'metallic' magnetic induction tomography (classical electromagnetism)

Does anyone know how AC magnetic fields behave in 'metallic' magnetic induction tomography (MIT). Do they form a magnetic circuit around a metallic specimen or penetrate through it, or both? This ...
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27 views

Magnetic needles in elastic media

I am studying a system with magnetic needles in a elastic media. The (two-dimensional) system is composed of $N$ magnetic needles distributed in an elastic matrix with Young's modulus is $E$. The ...
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60 views

Constructing conserved current given the lagrangian

Consider the following Lagrangian for a massive vector field $A_{\mu}$ in Euclidean space time: $$\mathcal L = \frac{1}{4} F^{\alpha \beta}F_{\alpha \beta} + \frac{1}{2}m^2 A^{\alpha}A_{\alpha}$$ ...
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58 views

Determining the attraction of a magnetic bob

I have a question concerning the calculation of the attraction to a ferromagnetic material in a coupled B-field, which of $N \geq3$ equally strong cylindrical permanent magnet is produced. ...
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17 views

Does the skin effect and the proximity effect cancel each other out?

I'm interested in how the Skin Effect and the Proximity Effect interact with each other. From what I can understand: The Skin Effect is when AC current 'collects' on the skin of conductors due to ...
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97 views

Why does Coulomb's law not hold for fast moving charges?

We all remember calculating the electric force of interaction between a stationary nucleus and a revolving electron using Coulomb's law. The electron in this case is moving. Here's what I think about ...
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64 views

What is the necessary condition on EM field for vanishing Poynting vector?

It is well known fact that both static and dynamic EM fields can give $E\times B \not=0$. What can we say about EM field if $E\times B =0$ ? Can previous equation still hold in case of dynamic EM ...
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33 views

Numeric value of the electrons drift velocity in superconductors

Somebody knows the numeric value of electrons drift velocity in superconductors? How this value depends from the used superconductor material? What's about the current? Since the electrical resistance ...
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106 views

A question on an exercise from Gravitation by Misner, Thorne and Wheeler

My question is on problem 4.1 of Gravitation. In a generic case of electric field and magnetic field(i.e not $E=0$ or $B=0$ or $E$ and $B$ perpendicular), define the direction $\hat{n}$ unit vector , ...
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33 views

EM field from the electrons on the surface of a body and their influence to moving particles

Under this question quantum field theoretic models of decoherence @DanielSank gave a wonderful answer. Can I implement his answer to every material body? What about I'm thinking is that on the surface ...
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22 views

Explain polarization in RF in which the conductor is stationary

Consider a metal rod parallel to $x$-axis moving with velocity $\vec v =(0,v,0)$ perpendicular to magnetic field $\vec B=(0,0,B)$. Lorentz force will give rise to the electric field $\vec E = - ...
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31 views

Velocity in Motional EMF

To calulate motional $\epsilon$, we use the following formula: $\epsilon$ = $-vBL$ To calculate the velocity so the motional $\epsilon$ can be calculated, what is the proper formula from what is ...
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22 views

Behavior of multiple flat coils in a cylinder

I am trying to wrap my head around how this would work. The setup is quite simple - there are multiple flat coils sealed in insulated disks, and an active coil with alternating current underneath. ...
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29 views

Physical, intuitive reason for divergence of dielectric constant at electronic percolation transition?

Several papers such as this (warning, PDF) and this (PDF again) talk about how, near the electronic percolation transition for a metallic 2D film, the real part of the dielectric constant diverges ...
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26 views

How to isolate and verify the source of optical absorption/effects?

This is similar to my other question, but not the same -- that one was about the energy ranges of various absorption mechanisms, and this one is more about experimental techniques to find them. Let's ...
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37 views

Is the dielectric constant of an insulator always positive?

I know there are many examples of metals with a negative dielectric constant at optical frequencies. But what about insulators?
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24 views

Sphere in homogenou magnetic field

I have to find out the magnetic dipole moment of sphere in homogenou magnetic field in the limit $\mu_r\rightarrow+\infty$. I don't know what does the condition $\mu_r\rightarrow+\infty$ mean. Does ...
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30 views

Difference between action-at-a-distance and a field according to Maxwell?

My question is more on a historical note that involves Maxwell’s equations. Besides the information that I have obtained from textbooks, I am mainly getting it from History of Maxwell's Equations and ...
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45 views

Freely Falling Bar in a Magnetic Field

I have a horizontal bar on vertical rails and we can consider that does not exist any friction. Perpendicular to the plane of the rails it exists a magnetic field $B$. I am asked to find the ...
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45 views

Magnetic flux density a small distance off axis from a current loop

I'm currently studying physics at University and struggling with the problem mentioned, it's on a past paper I'm trying to do. I have calculated the B field on axis as (sorry don't know how to format ...
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39 views

Electromagnetic energy with P and M

In many books, for a linear dielectric medium in which we have Maxwell's equations and the relationships $${\mathbf D}=\varepsilon({\mathbf x}){\mathbf E}$$ and $${\mathbf B}=\mu({\mathbf ...
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44 views

Is it possible to increase the electromagnetic repulsion between two particles?

Given the fact that the force stopping me falling through the ground is the electromagnetic repulsion between the electrons in my feet and the ground, would it be possible to increase this repulsive ...
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31 views

Energy stored in a battery?

I want to calculate the energy lost from a battery to heat, and the energy stored in a battery. Are these formula's correct? $ E_b$ = $I$$V$ x $t$ $ E_H$ = $I$$R$$^2$ x $t$ $E_b$ = energy stored in ...
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57 views

Calculating Joule heating in magnetic field

I have problem with calculating Joule heating in alternating magnetic field perpendicular through circulate plate with radios a and height h. Lets say that alternating magnetic field is in form of ...
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64 views

Voltage in a lossless transmission line

I have a question where I'm deriving expressions for different variables within a lossless transmission line. Here's the question as posed: Consider a lossless transmission line of characteristic ...
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31 views

Do plasmons depend on the ambient EM field?

Imagine a situation: There's an illuminated metal slab in vacuum. Normally, there are some plasmons created running all over the slab. What would happen if we had turned a giant magnet near the slab? ...
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44 views

Electric field due to charge in one direction

I am supposed to calculate the electric field due to the charge density $\rho(x) = Ax e^{-\lambda |x|},$ where the density is supposed to be homogenous in $y,z$ direction. The problem is, that the ...
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40 views

Deriving the relativistic Larmor equation

I have derived the Larmor equation as $$P = \frac{q^2}{6\pi \epsilon_0 c^3} |\ddot{r}|^2.$$ How do I make this relativistic? Apparently, I have to consider the acceleration parallel and ...
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15 views

How might inducted current/ voltage in multiple coil layers connected in parallel behave?

This is a branch from this question. In the event that two or more layers are connected in parallel - would the energy created across each layer likely be significantly less? In the event of (say) ...
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132 views

Hysteresis Curve and how to implement it using Preisach model or other models

As a homework I need to draw a hysteresis curve (preferably an interactive one) using Matlab or any other programming language. The problem is I have trouble finding a good algorithm to do so. I need ...
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24 views

Could a strong AC electric field adversely affect the capacity of a lithium battery?

I run some battery powered test equipment in close proximity (~10cm) to a conductor carrying 25kV (50Hz AC). I find the battery life is much shorter than expected, having checked the current ...
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53 views

Cubic Gaussian Surface For Evaluating Electric Flux

i'm working through some problem sets about Gauss' law and all the examples I have come across so far require the use of a spherical gaussian surface for a point charge, so that it is possible to say ...
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79 views

Proving two forms of atom-field interaction perturbation Hamiltonian are equivalent

In the presence of an electromagnetic field in the dipole-approximation (${\boldsymbol A} = {\boldsymbol A}(0,t)$) we have the two forms $$H_{{\boldsymbol d}\cdot {\boldsymbol E}} = - q {\boldsymbol ...
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147 views

Sommerfeld radiation conditions for an electromagnetic field

There is some confusion in the definition of Sommerfeld radiation conditions for an electromagnetic field, which are related to the asymptotic behaviour of the field for a distance $r \to \infty$ ...
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123 views

Electromagnetism - Proof of the Uniqueness theorem for an external problem

In the electromagnetic Uniqueness theorem, we consider a volume $V$ enclosed by a surface $S$. It is initially assumed that two different fields are valid solutions for the Maxwell's equations with ...
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49 views

Four-current, Induced Charge and Magnetic Flux

I'm studying Jackiw's "Fractional Charge and Zero Modes for Planar Systems in a Magnetic Field" DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.33.2500 but I have difficulties at some points. One of the problems is $$\langle ...
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39 views

Derivation of Boundary Conditions

Source: http://my.ece.ucsb.edu/York/Bobsclass/201C/Handouts/Chap1.pdf (page 6). I am trying to make sense of the derivation on the right side of these two integrals. The first one which says ...
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26 views

An EM problem of polarized sphere

Today, I'm doing an EM problem and my question is exactly the same as this site shows: http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=133501 To reiterate my confusion, why we can't use that integral ...
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94 views

Currents and magnetic fields produce forces that affect things they're not touching?

I was doing this past paper and am a little confused by question 5) part c)ii) I correctly calculated that the force acting on the rod due to the magnetic field is 0.016N but I can't see how ...
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65 views

Debye Hückel Theory valid for ions?

I am wondering about the following: Is Debye Hückel Theory only used if you look at how an external "strong" field(like a potential by a sphere that has a charge that is 1000times higher than the ...
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33 views

EMF & Magnetic force at the same time?

A conductor is placed in a magnetic field, current starts to flow, and the wire experiences the Lorentz force of $x$ Newtons. However, what confuses me is that $x$ is a value that is calculated from ...