The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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Introduction of the vector potential $A_{\mu}$ for the local gauge invariance of the complex scalar field lagrangian [duplicate]

In Ryder, when trying to restore the local $U(1)$ gauge symmetry of the complex scalar field $\phi=\phi_1+i\phi_2$, the final Lagrangian consists of the following four parts: ...
-2
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3answers
107 views

Gravity and Magnetism… One and the same? [duplicate]

I asked this in another question as if it was an answer so as to use a bit of that questions popularity and possibly get some clarifications on this but I also prefer to make a question of my own, so ...
0
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1answer
21 views

What should be the direction of motion of a conductor in a magnetic field to produce motional emf?

Here's the textbook question: Twelve wires of equal length 'l' are connected to form a skeleton cube which moves with constant velocity v perpendicular to the magnetic field B. What will be the ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Integrating for vector quantities [migrated]

I have this integral I need to solve for my Electromagnetic Theory class for a scalar potential approximation: $$ \int_{x'=0}^a \int_{y'=0}^b \int_{z'=0}^c \frac1{ \mathbf{r'}- \mathbf{r}} dzdydx ...
2
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0answers
82 views

Field at the tip of a rotating cone. Is (THIS STEP) in my solution right? [closed]

** Edited: I'm going to CLARIFY where and what my question is. Problem: A hollow cone(like a party hat) has vertex angle $2\theta$, slant height $L$, and surface charge density $\sigma$. It spins ...
2
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1answer
66 views

How does the electric field pulse propagate during a change in the magnetic vector potential?

The electric field in terms of the electric scalar potential, and the magnetic vector potential is: $E = -\nabla\phi - \frac{\partial A}{\partial t}$, where $A$ is such that $B = \nabla \times A$. ...
2
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0answers
28 views

faradays law in differential form [closed]

A conducting spherical balloon is charged with a charge $Q$ constant in time and uniformly distributed on its surface. If the radius of the balloon is made to vary sinusoidally in time between a ...
5
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1answer
121 views

Faraday's law: sin and cos?

I am looking at this paper (Hanna S. A., Varhue W. J. and Titcomb S., IEEE Trans. on Instrumentaion and Measurement, Vol. 58, No. 1, 2009). They claim that the voltage generated in a loop of $N$ turns ...
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0answers
25 views

Could you explain me how 'I*dl x r' from Biot-Savart Law works for finite long wire?

http://cnx.org/contents/416f27b6-e016-47c5-b1f1-01f470fd2907@10/Magnetic_field_due_to_current_ I am studying this problem right now but can't move forward. Biot Savart law shows that ...
1
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0answers
49 views

Analytic (or just qualitative) solution to *any* nontrivial electrodynamic dynamic problem?

I just realized that, after a basic course in electrodynamics, I have no idea whatsoever how to solve the most trivial non-static example in an "exact" way. By this, I mean the following: I know (at ...
5
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1answer
81 views

Why are permanent magnets permanent?

Let me see if I get it right. When an iron bar is attracted by a permanent magnet it becomes a magnet itself because all of its magnetic domains start to point in the same direction. When the iron bar ...
3
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1answer
41 views

Is it possible to eliminate Van der Waals interactions?

I came to know that the friction force actually depends on the surface contact area due to weak interactions (adhesion due to Van der Waals forces) between the atoms of both materials increasing in ...
1
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1answer
32 views

Lagrangian of Non-Relativistic Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field

I'm trying to derive the Lagrangian for a non-relativistic charged particle under the influence of a magnetic potential. I'm assuming that $F=-grad(V)$ and so by the Lorentz force we have $-grad(V)=q ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Does the medium matter when calculating Optical Period?

If I consider the optical period $T$ for a given wavelength $\lambda$ in vacuum, I can calculate it as: $$ T = \frac{1}{f} = \frac{\lambda}{c} $$ However, in a particular material/medium, I am not ...
0
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2answers
37 views

Using the force law to obtain total energy of an electron as a function of its radius

I am working on a problem which starts saying determine the total energy of a hydrogen atom with an electron moving with momentum $p$ at a radius $r$. For that part I got: $E = \frac{p^2}{2m_e} - ...
1
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1answer
21 views

How to model the impedance of a coil with a dielectric slab on the top

I have sketched what I meant in the image below. Were there no dielectric slab, the coil could have been simply modeled as an inductor. But I am not sure what the impedance can be if there is a ...
0
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0answers
25 views

Driving force in a homopolar motor

I can't really figure out the driving force in the following homopolar motor: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w2f6RD1hT6Q I am not convinced by the usual argument involving the Laplace force, so ...
1
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1answer
40 views

Influence of applied voltage to an electron of a metal

I would like to ask what would happen to the potential well of an electron being trapped in a metal? If I apply a voltage trying to accelerate the electron out of the potential well. Would It make the ...
0
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1answer
30 views

Mimic Magnetic Repulsive Resistance through a spring

I have two identical magnets and I push them towards each other so that they are repelling. Is it possible to accurately mimic this repulsion effect (magnetic energy) just using a metal spring ...
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2answers
131 views

Magnetic force as a relativistic effect?

There is something I am confused about when it comes to the force between two parallel wires carrying current, specifically why when they carry current in the same direction the wires are always ...
0
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2answers
130 views

Why aren't Faraday's law of induction and Maxwell-Ampere's law (without sources) symmetric?

I was wondering why Faraday's law of induction and Maxwell-Ampere's law (without sources) are not totally symmetric in the sense that Maxwell-Ampere's law has a $\epsilon_0 \mu_0$ term on the right ...
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1answer
222 views

What causes the light spectrum to appear on oil surface? [duplicate]

I have observed that when petrol or oil leaks, the light spectrum appear on it. What causes light to split into its constituent colours?
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0answers
22 views

What is the rate at which the field of an electron spreads? [duplicate]

There are 2 steps in the creation of a force field: (1) first the object comes into existence (2) then the field appears. In the case when a photon splits into an electron and an antielectron, these 2 ...
1
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1answer
77 views

Magnetic levitation frog example

I'm trying to figure out the strength of the magnetic field needed to levitate the frog, assuming it's spherical, has mass $5$kg and diameter $20$cm. I also assume $\vec{B}$ is uniform. Since it's ...
4
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1answer
80 views

Distribution of current of a rotating cone

If I have a hollow cone (surface with no bottom cover ) as the one in the picture. The cone has surface charged density $\sigma$. It rotates around the symmetry axis with an angular velocity ...
0
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1answer
52 views

Right hand solenoid example

I am just studying for my physics final exam. I came across this example and am not satisfied with the answer. My answer is that Z is South and the current would flow from Y to X because of the ...
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3answers
183 views

How is a photon measured?

If photons transmit the electromagnetic force, which is observable: the photon or the electron? Do we ever directly measure a photon, or do we only measure it's effect on electrons. For example ...
0
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1answer
24 views

How do I determine the electric charge on two (initially discharged) spheres after an impact with a charged sphere?

This is the first part of a problem on my book: Two identical conducting spheres, initially discharged, of mass $ m = 0.5 \ kg $ come in contact, in consecutive moments, with another sphere, ...
2
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2answers
74 views

Electric and Magnetic field's phase difference shift in linearly polarized electromagnetic waves

I am a high school student and we currently studying the electromagnetic theory. In my textbook i read that the oscillating electric the magnetic fields have phase difference equal to π/2 rad near the ...
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0answers
44 views

How to solve the following set of equations (magnetohydrodynamics with anomaly term)?

Let's have system of equations: $$ \tag 1 [\nabla \times \mathbf E^{(1)}(\mathbf r , t) ] = -\frac{\partial \mathbf B^{(1)}(\mathbf r , t)}{\partial t} , $$ $$ \tag 2 [\nabla \times \mathbf ...
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0answers
55 views

Online physics lecture [closed]

I'm looking for online courses "video" for Classical electrodynamics and nuclear physics for undergraduate students .. do you know where I can find it ?
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1answer
62 views

Does alternating current come from DC?

I wonder whether alternating current is produced from DC current or whether AC and DC are entirely different concepts. Is there any relationship between AC and DC?
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3answers
141 views

Why in a solenoid, do the magnetic field lines resemble that of a bar magnet?

Each loop in the solenoid will have its own magnetic field wrapped around it. In that case it won't resemble the magnetic lines formed by a bar magnet...; but we see that it is the same. Why is that?
1
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2answers
87 views

why do magnetic field lines leave the north pole and enter the south pole? [duplicate]

suppose we have a bar magnet |S_______________N| ... we can imagine it to be |S-N-S-N-S-N-S-N| So, why do we see the lines leave the north pole and enter the south pole externally? What ...
0
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1answer
45 views

constant $c$ in Lorentz force

I met some of examples of force in studying classical dynamics, and Lorentz force was represented as $$ \mathbf{F}=\frac{q}{c} \mathbf{\dot{r}} \times \mathbf{B} $$ I've searched for meaning of $c$, ...
2
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2answers
96 views

Why does light fade from a room?

So basically in my toilet I have this really bright ceiling light, but when I turn it off it doesn't just instantly plunge me into darkness, but rather sort of fades out over a few seconds. It looks ...
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0answers
32 views

Electrolysis of Paramagnetic Ferric Chloride in Water

I'm trying to settle a bit of a debate between a friend and myself over the cause of an effect observed when dissolving Ferric Chloride, Iron(III) Chloride (FeCl3), in water and supplying an ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Alternating Current/Electromototive Force equaling 0?

All alternating current diagrams are drawn as sinusoidal waves that intercept with x axis. Given our usual sine wave that equals to 0 at 180° it would mean the alternating current would equal to 0. If ...
0
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1answer
50 views

Deriving electric field

Can anyone explain where the following expression for the electric field vector comes from? $$ \mathbf E(\mathbf r,t) = -\nabla \phi(\mathbf r,t) - \frac{\partial}{\partial t}\mathbf A(\mathbf r,t) ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

a charged particle path [closed]

A particle of mass $m$ and charge $e$ enters a homogeneous and stationary electric field $E$ with velocity $v_0$ perpendicular to the direction of the field. Calculate the particle's path? What does ...
1
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1answer
17 views

Can iron be magnetized Via electric current in aqueous solution?

If you suspend iron particles in water and run an electric current through, the particles gather in a line along the current. Is this a form of magnetism?
3
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0answers
38 views

Building a Faraday cage for mobile networks that is transparent for optical wavelenghts

A friend of mine is working on an architectonic project, where she designs a Faraday cage type of open space built in parks or other public places. The initial thought is to build it from some sort of ...
0
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1answer
25 views

What are the advantages of Magnetocardiography?

I am reading the book Bioelectromagnetism by Malmivuo: Difference between the bioelectric and biomagnetic measurements lies in the sensitivity distributions of these methods. Diverse technical ...
1
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1answer
22 views

Is electricity constant in standard ECG device? [closed]

I am reading the book Bioelectromagnetism by Malmivuo et al. I am thinking if you need to use Maxwell equations in electromagnetism of ECG device. I am not sure if you need to change the current ...
1
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0answers
22 views

Conductivity Matrix (Symmetry Information)

I'm trying to understand the symmetry content of the conductivity matrix: one information is, presence of time-reversal symmetry causes the off-diagonal terms to vanish. When this is broken (e.g. in ...
1
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1answer
31 views

Direction of induced EMF(and current) and Lorentz force direction?

Is the right hand rule for the Lorentz force (given the current and magnetic field directions)and the direction of induced EMF the same?
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0answers
54 views

How to prove that the net magnetic force in an arbitrary current loop is zero [closed]

I believe that using Stokes' theorem makes this a laughing matter, because $$\mathbf{F}=\oint_C i d\mathbf{r} \times \mathbf{B}$$ Since the magnetic field is constant the $\nabla$ operator would ...
3
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1answer
54 views

Super Strong Magnets

I've seen the size of electric motors get smaller over the past 10-15 years...especially those used in small remote control vehicles like helicopters. I heard that the magnets being used in the ...
1
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1answer
34 views

Ampère's law and superconductors

I have been reading about superconductors and emerge me a inquietude about the explanation of existence of currents inside the superconductor while their magnetic field (inside too) is zero. Based in ...
2
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3answers
93 views

Self-energy of electron from classical reasoning

If it takes energy to group charge together(self energy) how can it be possible for every single electrons, etc, to have exactly same amount of charge? (think of if we hold some sand in our hand, then ...