The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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How will charging by induction, friction and contact help in this situation? [closed]

Two metal spheres are hanging from nylon threads. When you bring the spheres close to each other, they tend to attract. Based on this information alone, discuss all the possible ways that the spheres ...
2
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2answers
95 views

Why does a electric Potential have to be real, but not a Potential in quantum mechanics?

So I had this Problem when I had to learn about classical electromagnetism: Why is it, that we use complex numbers when calculating stuff, but in the end only the real part is important (for example ...
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2answers
76 views

HOW is an electric field induced when there is a time varying magnetic field?

I have just learnt electromagnetic induction. When the magnetic flux through a closed loop changes with time, a current is produced in the loop. My teacher told me that this was due to an "induced ...
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1answer
38 views

By special relativity, a particle can only couple to an EM field? [closed]

By special relativity, the Lagrangian for the coupling must be $$ u_i A^i . $$ Here $u_i $ is the four-velocity, and $A^i$ is the four-potential. So, a particle can only couple to an EM field? ...
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27 views

Self-Capacitance of Disc [duplicate]

I was reading a paper today modeling capacitances, and came across self-capacitance of a disc. After skimming google, it looks like this is defined as "the capacitance between the object itself, and ...
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33 views

Suppose that the electric force were independent of distance, how would electrostatics be studied? [closed]

The electric force between two charged particles becomes weaker with increasing distance. Suppose instead that the electric force were independent of distance. In this case, would a charged comb ...
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10 views

How are the charges In this situation transferred [closed]

If you peel two strips of transparent tape off the same roll and immediately let them hang near each other, they will repel each other. If you then stick the sticky side of one to the shiny side of ...
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1answer
148 views

Voltmeters and changing magnetic fields

A changing magnetic field pierces the interior of a circuit containing three identical resistors. Two voltmeters are connected to the same points, as shown. V1 reads 1 mV. What does V2 read? ...
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1answer
93 views

Is the Potential Energy just a bookkeeping device?

It is said that if the space is homogeneous then momentum is conserved. But I've been thinking in the following situation: Consider a parallel plates capacitor. In between the plates there is a ...
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1answer
49 views

The form of the metric after a dimension is compactified

Upon the compactifiation of one spatial dimension, it is said (as though an axiom) that the 5 dimensional spacetime metric separates into a 4 dimensional metric, a vector, and a scalar, (4D gravity, ...
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1answer
350 views

Calculating the magnetic field from rectangular conductor

I want to apply the Biot-Savart law to calculate the magnetic field at a point created by current flowing through a square/rectangular conductor. More specifically, a trace on a printed circuit board. ...
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4answers
229 views

Energy density with complex permittivity?

Question What is the correct form of the energy density when we have a complex permittivity (such as in a dielectric)? Additional information A complex permittivity means that we have: $$\vec ...
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39 views

Electromagnetic field produced by a charge?

I guess vibration of a charge particle produces vibrating EM wave and oscillation of a charged particle will produce oscillating EM wave. If charge is only accelerating (speeding up) what will happen ...
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261 views

How can I find the position of an image charge when the boundary is parabolic or hyperbolic?

If the position of some charge $Q$ is known, the boundary condition is $u=0$ on some parabolic surface, and we know the image charge has its electric volume of $Q'$, then how can I determine the ...
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0answers
36 views

definition of left and right circular polarization?

Which is the left and right circular polarization ? page 1 Wiki says this is right circular polarization ...
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5answers
2k views

Explaining Walter Lewin's “Complete Breakdown of Intuition”

This Walter Lewin lecture hinges on the solenoid producing a non-conservative field. I read in the Feynman Lectures that "all the fundamental forces in nature appear to be conservative" (Vol 1, 14.5) ...
4
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1answer
351 views

Boundary conditions on current carrying wire

I'm trying to simulate by finite elements method Maxwell equations for a current carrying wire. My 3d geometry consists of a cylinder and a box containing it. I will use a mixed formulation and ...
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0answers
11 views

Reflection coefficient of transition coaxial and wave guide

Suppose you have a 1 GHz generator connected to a wave guide with a coaxial cable with a characteristic impedance of $Z_c =45 \Omega$. The wave guide is connected to the system which has a reflection ...
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47 views

From gauge invariance to charge conservation in covariant electrodynamics

I tried to solve the equations of motion using the action for the electromagnetic field interacting with a current, like $$ L = F_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu} + A_{\nu}j^{\nu} $$ getting the right Maxwell's ...
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1answer
934 views

Magnetic Levitation : Confusion with Lenz's Law

Considering the above diagram, I am failing to see why the aluminium ring floats upwards rather than oscillates. I understand Faraday's law, but I am struggling with Lenz's law - as there is an ...
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2answers
2k views

Can electromagnetic fields be used to deconstruct and reconstruct atoms?

I was thinking one day and came up with a theory after reading about how scientists were studying anti-matter by using electro magnetic fields to separate matter from the anti-matter they made. It ...
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1answer
165 views

What is the strength of the magnetic field required to penetrate an average human body?

Introduction Suppose you are an experimental nanobot researcher trial-ling a new form of medication that involves activation and control of nanobots within the cells of the interior of the human body ...
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1answer
99 views

Does Maxwells equations imply $R=const*\rho$?

Suppose we have a resistor in a strange shape, filled with a medium of resistivity $\rho$, assuming only maxwells equations apply, is it true that R is proportional to rho, even for very low ...
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1answer
777 views

calculating magnetic field strength for a very small electromagnet

I am trying to calculate the magnetic field (in tesla/gauss) of an electromagnet that is very small and has very few windings. For example 12 windings over 0.003 meters. I know this is not going to ...
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2answers
169 views

According to relativity theory, what is the force that two electrons moving radially apart exert on each other?

According to relativity theory, what is the most general expression for the force that two electrons moving radially apart exert on each other? I am looking for a function $$F(r(t)),$$ where $F$ is ...
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2answers
34 views

Transmission Lines and Antennas

In Transmission Lines, does the electric field exist between the two conducting wires or does it exist inside a wire, pushing the flow of electrons? And do all antennas radiate energy by spark?
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1answer
56 views

Force on an electric or magnetic dipole

The formulae for the force on an electric dipole and the force on a magnetic dipole seem to be closely related: $$\mathbf{F}_{e} = (\mathbf{p} \cdot \mathbf{\nabla}) \mathbf{E}, $$ $$ \mathbf{F}_{m} ...
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35 views

optical properties of metal-dielectric-metal microcavities

I would like to figure out the optical properties of metal-dielectric-metal microcavities, used in the fabrication of micro patch antenna. The paper that I'm reading is this one. Now the specific ...
2
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1answer
93 views

Is there an easy way to see that $\phi =\frac{\mu_0}{4\pi} \frac{\vec m \cdot \vec r}{r^3}$?

The scalar potential of an electric dipole is given by: $$\phi =\frac{1}{4\pi\epsilon_0} \frac{\vec p \cdot \vec r}{r^3}$$ The derivation of this is quick, however, is there an easy way to see that ...
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2answers
76 views

Special Relativity, refractive index and catching up with a wave

Einstein was partially motivated by the following: With Maxwell's equations, a plane wave is a sinusoidal wave that varies in space in time and moving with speed $c$. These variations are linked by ...
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2answers
166 views

Two different electrostatic charges in rotation

It's a theoretical problem. I mean I drawn a circle and I consider this circle exist. I would like to understand how works this device composed of a circle and two charges: Two charges fixed on a ...
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1answer
209 views

What is the magnetic flux density “outside” the solenoid when AC current is passing through it?

I know that there are well defined equations explaining the magnetic flux density in the solenoid. However what about magnetic field outside the solenoid? How is the magnetic flux density related ...
4
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1answer
66 views

Specific heat of the classical ferromagnetic Heisenberg model

I have simulated the classical ferromagnetic Heisenberg model on a cubic lattice using Monte Carlo and I get a finite specific heat near zero temperature. My understanding is that from the magnon ...
0
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1answer
306 views

Surely force on shell can't be balanced by field momentum?

Imagine a particle with charge $q$ at rest at the origin. It is surrounded by a concentric spherical insulating shell, also at rest, with charge $Q$ and radius $R$. At time $t=0$ I apply a constant ...
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1answer
134 views

Do magnets also attract super conductors?

If a superconductor can be repelled by a magnet (or, well, locked in a certain position by the magnet) can a magnet be attracted to a superconductor. What would happen if you take a peace of metal, ...
3
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2answers
163 views

Question regarding Van De Graff generator Belt

I have made a VDG generator with a rubber band as the belt and a glass roller. It doesnt seem to work because I think the rubber band may be conductive. I was thinking of using other materials for ...
2
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1answer
189 views

Cylindrical capacitor in an electric circuit

I've come across a tricky question and would appreciate some hints or explanations as to why the given solution is the way it is. The question reads as follows: A coaxial cable consists of a wire ...
3
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1answer
56 views

Meaning of components of Maxwell's stress tensor $T_{ij}$

I am learning about Maxwell's stress tensor and what I understood is that the components, say $T_{ij}$ is something like a force parallel to the $j$th-direction acting on the surface with its normal ...
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1answer
43 views

Different voltage drops depending on the path

I was working through a problem in electromagnetic induction when I discovered that I have a fundamental ignorance of some sort that is puzzling me. Consider a circular wire, at rest, perpendicular ...
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2answers
2k views

Meaning of boundary condition for steady current density?

Although I understand the derivation of boundary condition in case of steady electric current but I did not understand, that the electric field which is in direction of $J$ current density that is ...
2
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4answers
433 views

Why can't the electron enter the nucleus?

Actually, there exists an attractive force between an electron and the protons inside the nucleus, but the electron cannot be attracted towards the nucleus! What force balances that attractive force? ...
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1answer
33 views

Is it possible to measure the resistivity of something using A.C. Current and a capacitor?

I've read that A.C. current "passes" through a capacitor. Is it possible to use this and measure the resistivity of the medium between the plates? Any sources or links would be appreciated.
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16 views

Comparison of electron deflection tube and Hall effect

Consider an electron deflection tube (something like this: http://www.ld-didactic.de/documents/en-US/GA/GA/5/555/555624e.pdf). Suppose you apply a magnetic field perpendicular to the screen. Then ...
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5answers
2k views

Do radio waves travel around the Earth or through it?

Whenever you hear someone illustrating/describing the transmission of radio waves they always make it seem like they'd travel perfectly around the Earth to another distant location. For example, a ...
3
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1answer
108 views

Experimentally finding units of physical quantity?

Say you had a new physical quantity you wanted to determine the units for. How do you go about this? For the strength of an electromagnet for example, you could carry out a simple experiment like the ...
3
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1answer
42 views

Does magnetic fields exert forces only on moving charges?

I am confused here a bit,i read that magnetic fields exert force only on charges moving but when we take magnet and keep it near a stationary metal (assume light in weight), the magnet attracts it? ...