The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (6)

1
vote
0answers
38 views

Why can xenon gas stay ionised after the “trigger voltage” is removed?

From my understanding of a Xenon flash circuit, a storage capacitor and a trigger capacitor are charged up to about 240V (both with similar RC values, but less capacitance is needed for the trigger ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Trying to give a (non-rotating) black hole an electric dipole

Suppose there is a Schwarzschild black hole. You add positrons to the north "pole" and electrons to the south "pole". From an external observer, objects that you add end up "stuck" to the horizon. ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Difference in resistance between two configurations

Given a spherical shell of a conducting material with radius $a$, surrounded by a poorly conducting material between it and another conducting shell with radius $b$, you can calculate the resistance ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

Which photons pass through a circular annulus?

Passing light through a circular sieve: Well, actually, let’s think about radar or microwaves with a wavelength of order a centimeter or two, so you can tailor your aperture, say by etching a silver ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Can a static electric field have a vector potential field?

We know very well that static electric fields have scalar potential fields, and magnetic fields can't have scalar fields, as $$\nabla\times \vec{B}=\mu_0\vec J$$ $$\Rightarrow \int\nabla\times ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Why is it necessary to break symmetry to get magnetoelectric effect in multiferroics?

Spatial or time symmetry needs to be broken for both magnetic and electric to happen in the same material. But how is symmetry hindering the process?
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Electric field radiation with moving charge and observation point

I've been working on Chapter 34 of the first volume of the Feynman Lectures on Physics http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/I_34.html#Ch34-S1. In Fig. 34–3 (reproduced above) Prof. Feynman shows ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

How to approach proofs in Electricity and Magnitism that involve integrals?

I have read through both Franklin and Jackson's Electromagnetism books and I am able to understand the different proofs involving integrals but when I try to re-derive them on my own later I am always ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

RF disturbances produced by transmission power lines

I need a book or paper that contains "the effects of transmission lines on the radio frequency transmission and disturbances". Could you help me find a useful textbook? Thank you
0
votes
0answers
19 views

What state is needed to model AC 3 phase induction motor?

Suppose I have a regular 3 phase 50hz AC squirrel cage motor of known design. If I wanted to make a model of this motor, would I need to know more than: Angle of rotor Angular velocity of rotor ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Calculating the force applied by an electromagnet on a ferromagnetic object [closed]

I know how to calculate the force applied on a magnetic object by an electromagnet at $n$ metres distance using $$F = \frac{(N \cdot I)^2 \cdot k \cdot A} {2 \cdot g^2},$$ but how would one calculate ...
0
votes
1answer
881 views

Does ratio of magnetic length to geometric length of a bar magnet always remain the same?

The magnetic length of a bar magnet is nearly 0.84 times that of the geometric length(Physical length), which looks quite valid. What would happen if I cut the same bar magnet along the transverse ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Charge distribution on uncharged conducting sphere

I am trying to solve the following problem: A charge $q$ is brought to a distance $d$ from the center of an uncharged, conducting sphere of radius R. What is the charge per unit area of the sphere ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Change in magnetic field region reduces overall voltage due to change in resistance?

Consider the following diagrams: Diagram(1): A large conductive slab($C$) with resistance ($R$) and region with magnetic field($B$), the conductor moves to the right as indicated with ($v$). ...
1
vote
1answer
432 views

What's the meaning of linear medium in electromagnetism?

I'm studying the book Polarimetric Radar Imaging: From Basics To Applications and on page 31, there's this sentence: In the following, we shall consider the propagation of an electromagnetic ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

What is ultimate AC frequency and phenomena related to it?

Just as in title. What is the top AC frequency physically possible to obtain? And are there (and if yes, what?) phenomena occuring only at large frequencies? I'm thinking about a metallic wire. I know ...
0
votes
3answers
42 views

How to conserve energy with electrical noise?

If a resistor experiences thermal noise, it will dissipate energy to the environment. But where does the resistor's energy come from? It seems that it will just lose energy until ran out.
7
votes
1answer
305 views

Help me understand eqn. 28.6 from Feynman

Feynman says that the electric field, $\bf{E}$, can be written as, $$\mathbf{E} = \frac{-q}{4 \pi \epsilon_0} \left[ \frac{ \mathbf{e}_{r'}}{r'^2} + \frac{r'}{c} \frac{d}{dt} ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

How (i.e. with what instruments) can one measure electric flux? [closed]

Supposing we have a charge distribution and some curve $C$ bounding a surface $S$, how does one measure the electric flux through $S$ with practical equipment/instrumentation? Does one use a ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Expanding Electric Field, Magnetic Field in post-Newtonian Gravitational Potential

I've cross-posted this question from Mathematics since Physics is probably better suited for the nature of the question. I've ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

How does one measure the phase of a wave?

Given an electromagnetic wave of unknown characteristics, is it possible to measure its phase? Or does it always have to be inferred from interference with another wave (e.g. beating etc.)?
0
votes
2answers
119 views

Magnetic Force Confusing Paradox

Actually I had posted a very similar question, but I wasn't quite satisfied with the answer so I am posting a new variety again. Imagine an infinitely long wire carrying current $I_1$ from West to ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Einsteins thought experiment on travelling with a light wave

This might be better suited to the science.history.SE; but I thought I would try here first. Einstein reportedly considered a thought experiment where one considers travelling alongside a light wave; ...
0
votes
2answers
122 views

Superconducting electromagnets?

Is it true that superconducting electromagnets don't need any power? So... energy to created a magnetic field via a superconductor would be zero? Since resistance is zero, does that also mean that ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How can a conductor be grounded yet there are induced charges on it?

A classic example for the method of images is the following, quoted from Griffiths's Introduction to Electrodynamics, page 121: Suppose a point charge $q$ is held a distance $d$ above an infinite ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

How to prove the following relation $H=\frac{E\times v}{c}$ [closed]

Using CGS units, how can we prove the following relation $$H=\frac{E\times v}{c}$$ where H is magnetic field, E is electric field and v is velocity
0
votes
1answer
714 views

Why is the Ohm's law $j=\sigma E$ accurate? [closed]

Ohm's law $j=\sigma\cdot E=\frac{Q}{A}\cdot \frac{F}{Q}=...?$ $$j=\rho\cdot v \\ =\frac{q}{V}\cdot \frac{s}{t}=\frac{1}{A}\cdot I$$ So why is $j=\sigma E$?
5
votes
5answers
397 views

A current through a wire produces a magnetic field around it. Is the reverse possible?

If somehow a magnetic field around a wire can be made to exist that is identical to the magnetic field produced when a current passes through the wire, will a current be produced in the wire?A thought ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

What is the role of the Cowling, Pedersen and Hall resistivities (or conductivities) in plasma physics?

The current density $\vec{j}$ can be computed as $\vec{j} = \vec{\vec{\sigma}} \vec{E}$, where $\vec{\vec{\sigma}}$ is the conductivity tensor and $\vec{E}$ is the electric field. This conductivity ...
-2
votes
3answers
426 views

Why do electrons and positrons exhibit opposite helical motion in a magnetic field?

When you throw an electron through a solenoid, it moves helically around the field lines, as per this schoolphysics illustration: © Keith Gibbs 2013 Then if we were to throw a positron through the ...
3
votes
2answers
15k views

Dirichlet and Neumann Boundary condition: physical example

Can anybody tell me some practical/physical example where we use Dirichlet and Neumann Boundary condition. Is it possible to use both conditions together at the same region? If we have a cylindrical ...
2
votes
2answers
187 views

Showing that the magnetic field inside an infinite current carrying cylinder is zero

I'm doing some self studying of introductory physics, and was working a question from a textbook that has several parts. The first few parts asked me to show that the magnetic field of an infinite ...
0
votes
2answers
84 views

Physics of color: why do visible colors absorb all colors except the color itself?

It's funny I cannot answer this question, but I really don't have a very good physical intuition for how color works. I know that sunlight and (say) light from lightbulb is a superposition of all ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Why curvature produced by electric field in spacetime is so small?

The electric field due to charge is $E=\frac{Q}{r^2}$. Why is the curvature in spacetime produced by this electric field so small? Let's say we want to calculate curvature(in spacetime) produced by ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

The source and sink phenomenological description of charge - how realistic is it?

I've heard over and over an electron described as a source of the electric field, but that is a misleading term. Source makes one thing of a tap, with a constant flow of something coming out of it. ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Dipole moment and magnetic power of permanent magmets(circular or disc shaped)

Is any circular or disk shaped permanent magnet has its dipole magnetic moment and if answer is no,then why and how are the behaves as magnetic materials or say that they show magnetic power?
0
votes
2answers
118 views

Most fundamental quantity in magnetostatics and magnetodynamics [closed]

In both elctrostatics and electrodynamics, the electric charge is defined as the most fundamental quantity. What is the most fundamental quantity in case of magnetostatics and magnetodynamics ?
11
votes
3answers
733 views

Can a magnet damage a compass?

I've heard the claim before that a magnet can ruin a compass, and was about to repeat it to my son when I realized it sounds like complete nonsense. Googling turned up such unsubstantiated and ...
2
votes
2answers
165 views

General relativity without curvature?

Is there a reformulation of general relativity without curved space time, just with fields (like classical E&M)? Edit: removed the part about E&M with curvature (multiple posts).
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is bandwidth, range of frequencies, important when sending wave signals, such as in radio?

So in wired/wireless networking and radio, signals are sent in form of wave. Then the concept of bandwidth comes in, which is the difference between highest frequency and lowest frequency in a signal. ...
-3
votes
3answers
149 views

Can we say that gravity(indirectly) is responsible for motion of electrons around nucleus? [closed]

From Wikipedia But because general relativity dictates that the presence of electromagnetic fields (or energy/matter in general) induce curvature in spacetime From Wikipedia An ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Divergence Theorem, mathematical approach to Gauss's Law?

Let $D$ be a compact region in $\mathbb{R}^3$ with a smooth boundary $S$. Assume $0 \in \text{Int}(D)$. If an electric charge of magnitude $q$ is placed at $0$, the resulting force field is ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Using ion beam to create strong magnetic field

Consider, I want to make very strong magnetic field in some spot in space ( focus ) but I cannot put any solid material ( like metal conductor, or superconductor ) close to that spot (e.g. because ...
2
votes
2answers
155 views

Why does larger permittivity of a medium cause light to propagate slower?

I was wondering about what physically happens when light is transmitted through a non-magnetic medium. Specifically, I’m trying to visualize how materials slow down light as the electromagnetic wave ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Electromagnetic Waves and Magnets

Does an electromagnetic wave have an affect on a permanent magnet or on a piece of metal? When light hits a regular bar magnet is there a magnetic push or pull on it? And Does an electromagnetic ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

Energy in conductors with $\vec{E}$-field

The question is deceptively simple. Suppose I have a uniform circular wire in which I have created the a E-field by some mean. We that without the source the electric field should not be there, so if ...
0
votes
0answers
177 views

Electrical Resistance of Spherical, Contacting Colloids

So, I work a lot with Magneto-Rheological (MR) fluids - which are essentially electrolyte solutions with suspended, paramagnetic colloids/particles. Once a magnetic field is applied to such a fluid, ...
2
votes
3answers
80 views

Observing a photon during flight

When I was reading about the double-slit experiment in quantum mechanics, everything seems to make sense in terms of the waves and the interference pattern, but if thinking more about this ...
0
votes
3answers
249 views

Rate of change of current in an Inductor

Considering an Inductor in a DC circuit: when the switch is first closed there is a change in current through the inductor, which induces an emf in the opposite direction (Lenz's Law). My question is ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

What does magnetic flowmeters measure?

What parameter does the magnetic flowmeter actually measure? Velocity of the conducting liquid flowing through it or the amount of conducting liquid directly? The volume of liquid can be calculated ...