The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (5)

1
vote
3answers
425 views

Is a real life electric shield possible? [closed]

I got this question from playing games like Halo and Borderlands (I know kinda dumb but raised a good question) in which the primary protection is an electric shield. Now I'm wondering if it would be ...
2
votes
3answers
128 views

Does electromagnetic radiation make sense in one dimension?

I'm trying to do a simple simulation of a 1D charged quantum particle, which gets irradiated by an electromagnetic wave — in context of non-relativistic QM. The Schrödinger equation for such a ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Do these steps demonstrate that acceleration of charged particle is proportional to current?

One formulation of Maxwell's Gauss Law for electric field is: $$\bigtriangledown E = 4 \pi k \rho $$ This can be worked into the Divergence Theorem as follows: $$\int\int_{A} F_\perp \:dA= 4\pi k ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

In Jackson's expression for the electrostatic Green function, why is the Laplacian taken with respect to the primed coordinates?

Jackson writes, The function $1/|\mathbf{x} - \mathbf{x}'|$ is only one of a class of functions depending on the variables $\mathbf{x}$ and $\mathbf{x}'$, and called Green functions, which satisfy ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views
1
vote
1answer
609 views

Deriving the Electromagnetic Tensor

The electromagnetic tensor is given as: How do you derive this? And how come there is a partial derivative in front of $A_\mu$? Do you multiply the derivatives or what?
0
votes
1answer
133 views

What happens when molten metal cools within a strong magnetic field?

What happens when molten metal cools within a strong magnetic field? I don't know what more say, don't remember anything relevant to this in my uni text books.
1
vote
3answers
382 views

How exactly does WiTricity's wireless power transfer using resonance work?

The WiTricity group has made a lot of buzz but no internet article explains the exact method that they are using. Does any one know how it works?
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Motion in a Paul trap: $2n$th harmonic with larger amplitude than $n$th harmonic

Using a Paul trap, we captured the motion of a light charged particle (based on a rotating potential applied by AC current). Our rotational frequency was 50 Hz, and so when used FFT on the data, we ...
-1
votes
2answers
270 views

Motion of charge in magnetic field with drag force [closed]

Say you have a charged particle in a region that contains a fluid that will produce a drag force that goes as $F=-kv$ where $v$ is the speed and $k$ is some constant. The region also contains a ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Do two magnets stacked on top of each other repel/attract stronger than just one magnet?

In designing a switch, I made it such that it "springs" back via two neodymium magnets (one in button repelling one in switch). I've found the magnets are too weak and don't spring back. I've resorted ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

In a non auto-ranging digital multimeter, what do the increasing numbers in the Ohm section represent?

For my science fair project I am measuring the resistance of nichrome wires under different conditions. I am using an Innova 3300 digital multimeter to measure the resistance. Other websites have told ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

Traditional Kirchoff voltage law in AC circuit?

The traditional (not taking into account phasor addition or complex addition) application of Kirchoff Voltage law, i.e. $\Sigma\Delta V=0$ along a loop, does not work for AC circuits. We can sum the ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Calculating Energy & Small functional time scale

I have an electric motor that can apply a pull force of $3000 \;\mathrm{lb}$ (electric winch), it draws $180 \;\mathrm{A}$ at $12 \;\mathrm{V}$. I understand that power $P = I \cdot V = 2.1 ...
4
votes
4answers
5k views

Why is current a scalar quantity?

Current has both magnitude and direction. As per the definition of vector defined in encyclopedia, current should be a vector quantity. But, we know that current is a scalar quantity. What is the ...
0
votes
0answers
227 views

explain how does Rectenna work to someone with some college level physics

I understand that rectifying antenna (rectenna) is supposed to convert electromagnetic energy to electric current however I do not understand how it's really working. I do get that it's kind of like ...
1
vote
2answers
234 views

Derivation of Lagrangian density for an infinite classical dielectric in interaction with the EM field

I am tasked with reading and reproducing all the steps in J.J. Hopfield's 1958 paper "Theory of the Contribution of Excitons to the Complex Dielectric Constant of Crystals". Embarrassingly I am stuck ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Magnetic Field Given Magnetization

We are working on problem 6.12 from Griffiths Electrodynamics. It says that we have an infinitely long cylinder of frozen in magnetization of $M=ks\hat z$. We are trying to find the field. We have ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

Lenz's Law and Eddy Currents

You can determine the direction of eddy currents according to Lenz's law. E.g. If a metal sheet is losing flux into the page, it will experience induced eddy currents in a clockwise direction to ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Opposite field's acting on a soft ferromagnetic material

To external fields(H, - H) not equal to each other are acting on that material. Based on the hysteresis loop what would be the result? The hysteresis area of that materials is very narrow(i.e easy to ...
3
votes
1answer
715 views

Axial forces on a solenoid windings

I understand that the windings in a solenoid experience a Lorentz force $\mathbf{f} = \mathbf{J} \times \mathbf{B}$, which tend to cause an outward pressure where $\mathbf{B}$ is directed along the ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

1 Tesla electromagnet?

Is it possible to create a powerful electromagnet at home? With use of a ferromagnet it seems so... Using the following formula: $B(Tesla)= k\mu_0nI$. I understand some ferromagnet's like iron could ...
1
vote
4answers
255 views

Is voltage important when creating a magnetic field?

Would a DC circuit that has a high current and low voltage have a powerful magnetic field? I'm trying to create a powerful solenoid. In order to create a powerful magnetic field, I'm focusing more on ...
3
votes
2answers
494 views

Does a conductor of total charge zero placed in a uniform external electric field experience net force?

The question I have in mind is: If we place a conductor (arbitrary shape) of total charge zero in a uniform external electric field $\textbf{E}_0$, does it experience any net force? Why (not)? Now I ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Help in understand Magnetostatic Energy

$$E_{\mathrm{ms}} = \frac{1}{2}\mu_0 \int_V \mathbf{M} \cdot \mathbf{H}_{\mathrm{ms}} d^3 r$$ I can't understand this formula, what is the magnetostatic stored potential energy?! What does it show? ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Noether's theorem in the realm of superfluids

In 1969 Keith Moffat showed helicity conservation for ideal fluids such as liquid Helium. This work is proving seminal in our understanding of turbulent flows and viscous fluids. In the case where ...
0
votes
2answers
153 views

Do electromagnetic fields gravitate?

It's well known that electromagnetic fields contains energy but do they gravitate ? When we talk about the composition of the universe it's now accepted that the 74 % is dark energy , the 22 % is ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

Potential of a charged disc brought above the z=0 plane at an arbitrary point

Potential of a charged disc can be obtained easily. If we want to calculate the potential at an arbitrary point we should just write: $$ \phi(z_0)=\frac{\sigma ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Does there exist electric field around all the substances?

A system of two equal and opposite charges separated by a certain distance is called an electric dipole. Electric dipole moment ($p$) is defined as the product of either charge ($q$) and the ...
5
votes
1answer
246 views

Why Inox Steel doesn't interact with magnets?

My dad has a HUGE magnet on his workshop. I love magnets, and when I saw it, I asked him what it was for. His reply was: "I don't know why, but inox steel bolts don't get attracted to it, so I use ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Help Understanding Equation for Characteristic Time of Induced Magnetic Field

I am reading this book, the part in particular about Eddy-current separation starting at Page 246, in it there is an equation for calculating the "characteristic time with which the induced magnetic ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

Why does a light wave invert at a boundary with greater index of refraction?

Is there a reason why a EM wave reflects invertedly when it meets a boundary point with a greater index of refraction. In the case of ropes, if remember correctly, the reason why it inverts is to ...
1
vote
0answers
246 views

1-dimension radiation problem [closed]

A positive charge $q$ is fired head-on at a distant positive charge $Q$ ( which is held stationary ), with an initial velocity $v_{0}$. It comes in, decelerates to $v=0$, and returns out to ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Does zero change in magnetic flux always imply zero emf induced?

If you have a uniform B field, with a finite piece of wire inside it. Assuming the B field spans all space and the wire cannot leave the field. Are you able to create an emf by moving the wire ? I ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

Classical electrodynamics formulated in terms of forces

The Newton's law of universal gravitation is described in terms of a force, which is produced by an action at a distance. It also can be described using the concept of a field, and that would be an ...
3
votes
0answers
125 views

What is the more fundamental quantity? The electromagnetic field F or the potential A?

Read somewhere that potential is a more fundamental quantity than EM field because if the latter is more fundamental then gauge transformation will reduce to nothing more than a mathematical trick. I ...
4
votes
1answer
290 views

Is there a Hamiltonian for the (classical) electromagnetic field? If so, how can it be derived from the Lagrangian?

The classical Lagrangian for the electromagnetic field is $$\mathcal{L} = -\frac{1}{4\mu_0} F^{\mu \nu} F_{\mu \nu} - J^\mu A_\mu.$$ Is there also a Hamiltonian? If so, how to derive it? I know how ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

$E$ and $B$ fields in Axial Gauge

I am trying to compute the $\vec{E}$ and $\vec{B}$ fields in the Axial gauge ($n \cdot \vec{A}=0$) where $n^2=1$, but I'm having trouble seeing the usefulness/how it simplifies the equations.
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Boundary Condition for Generating Evanescent Waves

I'm reading through Novotny and Hecht's book on Nano-Optics (Principles of Nano-Optics), and I've come across a subtlety in the boundary conditions for evanescent wave generation (via total internal ...
0
votes
2answers
458 views

Why is a paramagnetic material attracted into a magnetic field?

I want to start by saying I've seen this topic: Attraction and repulsion of Magnetic materials and its supposed duplicates and it hasn't helped me very much. In the book Introduction to ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Which is more energy efficient: optical demagnetization or heating beyond $T_c$,

What is considered more energy efficient? Current research show that the amount of energy used for powering a laser to demagnetize a material is quite small. However, the demagnetization is very ...
1
vote
1answer
379 views

Physical Interpretation of Poynting Vector

I'm looking for a physical interpretation of the Poynting Vector. I understand that it should be thought of as an energy flow due to the electromagnetic field, but would I be correct in saying that in ...
0
votes
0answers
102 views

Calculating repulsion due to eddy currents?

I have a conductive particle moving at a known speed through changing magnetic field (Permanent magnets attached to a rotating drum alternating north/south). These particles will have induced eddy ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Why is an optical magnon with k=0 not an eigenenergy state?

I found in a paper the following explanation. Unfortunately, I can't understand it. Can anyone help me on this? In the limit of equal spins an optical magnon with k=0 gets an acoustical one at the ...
2
votes
2answers
375 views

Circularly polarized light incident at Brewster's Angle

If a perfectly circularly polarized wave of light is incident on a dielectric medium (coming from air) at Brewster's Angle, what will the polarization state of the transmitted wave be? I am aware ...
0
votes
1answer
385 views

Electric potential difference from electric field of isolated spherical conductor

I'm wondering if my train of thought is correct. Say you have Point $A$ which is $A$ distance away from the center of an isolated spherical conductor, and Point $B$ which is $B$ distance away from the ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

$\hat{\imath}$ component of force exerted on an electron by a magnetic field?

The magnetic field over a certain range is given by $\vec{B} = B_x\hat{\imath} + B_y\hat{\jmath}$, where $B_x= 4\: \mathrm{T}$ and $B_y= 2\: \mathrm{T}$. An electron moves into the field with a ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Formation of magnetic field in an inductor

I can't really imagine the way the magnetic field would be created due to electron flow in an inductor. We say that in a straight current carrying conductor the magnetic field follows the thumb rule. ...
3
votes
2answers
376 views

The Goos Hanchen shift mechanism

When the light is totally reflected in the interface between dense and less-dense medium, we know that the reflected beam will shift a little. Currently I have known the reflection coef r, will be a ...
3
votes
1answer
328 views

Detecting EM radiation using android app

I wrote a simple android app that shows the magnetic field(using the magnetic field sensor in the phone) in the current location. When I place a two inch steel screw on the top of the phone (which ...