The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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53 views

Can we double the electric energy?

If I have $x$ amount of electrical energy and convert that into mechanical energy using an AC Motor, and then convert that energy back into electric using an AC generator, will the amount of energy ...
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0answers
29 views

Why are there only 2 types of charges? [duplicate]

Why is there only 2 possible types of charges positive and negative? Can there be more, the same way there might be more than 3 spatial dimensions?
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0answers
26 views

Electric field of Symmetric Parts [closed]

So I'm preparing for a test and one thing that I haven't seen examples of, but know is possible is using Gauss's Law on objects that have symmetric parts. I made up the following question: Find ...
-1
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1answer
37 views

Photons, electomagnetism

I read that photons are carriers of the electromagnetic force (one of the four fundamental forces). So, I would like to know what a photon has to do with, for example, working of a motor or ...
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0answers
41 views

Electromagnetism in Different Inertial Reference Frames?

Sharon drives her rocket through the magnetic field (shown in the image), travelling to the right at a speed of 1000m/s as measured by Bill. As she passes Bill, she shoots a positive charge backward ...
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2answers
118 views

Why is Curl of Current Density $\nabla \times \vec{J}$ equal zero?

I am revisiting the derivation for $\nabla \cdot \vec{B} = 0$ in magnetostatics for the field $\vec{B}(\vec{r})$ of a charge $q$ at position $\vec{0}$ with velocity $\vec{v}$. It proceeds like ...
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2answers
76 views

This electromagnetic wave diagram doesn't make sense to me

I am attempting to learn about electromagnetic waves. From my understanding, when two particles are a distance away from eachother, and one vibrates up and down, the stationary particle will ...
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0answers
15 views

Can we build an ideal hexadecapole? [duplicate]

I'm just curious about whether it is possible to build an ideal hexadecapole (16-pole) from point charges in 3D. My intuition tells me no, because the point charge of a (electric) monopole "bound" a ...
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0answers
26 views

How does grounding work in details

How does grounding work exactly? Let's assume there is a wire with bad insulation and some conductor that is attached to this wire (from one end) and unattached on the other end. Current will not ...
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1answer
45 views
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0answers
21 views

Induced emf of a wire in a time varying magnetic field

I have recently studied that there are two types of induced emf: motional and static. However, I was told that the that induced static emf due to a non conducting wire/rod in a time varying magnetic ...
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0answers
19 views

Question on electromagnetic wave propagation [closed]

how to do part d of this question? i have done part 1 to three but part d is bit confusing.
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0answers
122 views

The motion of the magnetic bob

I have two simplified mathematical models which should describe the motion of a magnetic bob, but there is a minimal deviation. model A (RED): use of conservative force: $V= V_M + V_G = ...
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0answers
55 views

Hamiltonian for Electron in Magnetic Field with Symmetric Gauge in Polar Coordinates

I am new on the board and have a question about how to write the Hamiltonian for an electron in a magnetic field rotating at a fixed radius. I would like to write the hamiltonian using the symmetric ...
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1answer
64 views

Using Cosine Law to Find Net Electric Force on Charge Always Results in Positive Number?

In order to determine the net force other charges have on a particular charge, you must take into account each individual electric force between the charge and the charge of interest. However some of ...
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3answers
170 views

Is it possible to prove conventional current is always equivalent to actual current?

I understand how the conventional current is logically equivalent to the actual current of electrons in a circuit. However, whenever I'm studying some new concept, and things are assumed as working ...
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3answers
48 views

Finding charge density from from differential form of gauss law

I didnt get why he didvided and multiplied by r^2.This question is from d j griffith .
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3answers
63 views

Why monopole does not radiate energy in electodynamics?

Why there is no monopole radiation in Electromagnetic field? I read somewhere that it is impossible because it violates charge conservation. I don't understand how? How charge conservation gets ...
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3answers
52 views

Potential due to a continuous charge distribution on ring

Derive the formula for the potential at point $P(0,0,z)$ directly above the center of a ring of charge with radius $R$ and uniform charge density $\lambda$. My attempt: Since $$\lambda= ...
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0answers
17 views

Effective magnetic moment

How can one calculate effect moment from susceptibility (SI*10^6) versus temperature (K) graph? What is the typical range of effect moment for ferromagnets?
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1answer
89 views

Why can we detect a magnetic field, but not an electric field around an AC current?

Consider a wire through which an AC current is passing. Because of the AC current there is an alternating magnetic field present around the wire and because of the alternating magnetic field there ...
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1answer
43 views

Question about one of the problems of the Bohr model

This is probably extremely basic physics that I don't know, but I'm still going to ask: Say in hydrogen, according to the Bohr model the electron is "really" orbiting the proton, and as a consequence ...
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1answer
33 views

Electric field of a finite, conducting plate

let's assume a finite, conducting plate of dimension: 10m x 10m x 1m. I want to determine the electric field at the middle of one of the plates 10m x 10m surfaces. Using Gauss's law one finds the ...
0
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1answer
34 views

Field and Charge densities in two dimensional corners and along edges

In jackson's book, we can derive the equation as following. $\sigma(\rho)=\epsilon_{0}E_{\phi}(\rho, 0)\approx-\frac{\epsilon\pi a_{1}}{\beta}\rho^{(\pi/\beta)-1}---(2.75)$ My question is there are ...
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2answers
36 views

Equivalent formulas for electric current density

I am reading an article that states that the "ratio of current to the area for a given surface is known as current density" and is defined as $J = \frac{I}{A}$ where $I$ is the current and $A$ is ...
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1answer
42 views

Superconducting electromagnets?

Is it true that superconducting electromagnets don't need any power? So... energy to created a magnetic field via a superconductor would be zero? Since resistance is zero, does that also mean that ...
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2answers
27 views

Explain the concept of “accumulated momentum” for an electron

I need someone to help me understand this equation: $ \Delta p = qEt$ where $q$ is the charge, $E$ is the electric field and $t$ is in seconds. I thought that we were supposed to write momentum in ...
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0answers
50 views

Deriving Heaviside-Feynman formula for the electric field of an arbitrarily moving charge from Lienard-Wiechert potential

I've been trying to derive this (which Feynman warns takes a lot of work) for a couple of days now, without success. My current best derivation which however doesn't give the right answer is: First, ...
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0answers
51 views

Problem in Classical electrodynamics Jackson

There are two problems. On page 35, Jackson try to use scalar potential that satisfy the poisson's equation. But, i completely lost the step.    ...
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0answers
30 views

Electrodynamics boundary conditions with complex $\epsilon$ and $\mu$

I wonder if the usual derivation for boundary conditions at an interface given in EMT textbooks hold for complex permittivity and/or permeability? Do the fields carry phase information themselves(i.e. ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Lagrangian density for the electromagnetic field

I want to know how the Lagrangian density for the electromagnetic field is written in the following form:
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1answer
45 views

How to find the Hamiltonian density for electromagnetic field? And, how to solve the stress tensor for electromagnetic field? [closed]

How to find the Hamiltonian density for electromagnetic field? And, how to solve the stress tensor for electromagnetic field?
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1answer
59 views

Show that $\mathbf{A}$ is a valid vector potential [closed]

Is $$\mathbf{A} = -\frac{1}{2}\mathbf{r \times B}$$ a valid vector potential in the Coulomb gauge? Here's my work so far. Using the identity for the curl of a cross product I get ...
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0answers
26 views

Magnetic field of a living human [duplicate]

Is it true that a human body is like a bar magnet? Say our head is north pole while the legs are south pole, or vice versa? If so, can we confirm it by experiment say with the 360 Pro compass etc?
3
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4answers
136 views

Apparent Contradiction with Faraday's Law

Say we have a non-uniform magnetic field that is static in time. Specifically, let's make it: $\overrightarrow{B}(x,y,z) = x \hat{z} $ Now say we have a metal loop in the xy plane which has a ...
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1answer
68 views

Electromagnetic induction creates a current with a Lorentz force?

The induced electromotive force (emf) and thus current in a circuit is equal to the time rate of change of magnetic flux link with the circuit. The direction of the induced emf or the current is such ...
1
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1answer
41 views

if light is electromagnetic then can light produce electricity or attract metals

what I mean to say is that if light is electromagnetic in nature then shouldn't it show electric or magnetic properties on matters? Like if light falls on a metal it should produce current due to ...
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0answers
29 views

Would a portable superconducting coil “battery” be impractical due to magnetism?

I'm working on a science fiction story idea, and trying to make sure I get all of the physics right. One of the concepts I'm using is superconducting coils as "batteries," because they can store huge ...
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0answers
15 views

Does Dowell's Method of determining losses include winding losses?

Dowell's Method of determining losses uses the DC resistance of the portion of wire in the equation, however does this give the total resistance of the wire? Or only the resistance due to the ...
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2answers
27 views

Isn't the inductor equation negative?

The inductor "resists" change in current. So say you measure the voltage across the inductor from point A to point B - the current is flowing in from A towards B. Now say the current is increasing. ...
5
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1answer
66 views

Can an analog to the Meissner Effect be proposed for matter and gravitational fields?

In the study of electromagnetic fields and quantum electrodynamics we observe and theorize on the behavior of superconductivity and the Meissner effect. Has an analog of these behaviors been proposed ...
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0answers
21 views

Calculating Velocity in motional EMF

To calulate motional $\epsilon$, we use the following formula: $\epsilon$ = $-vBL$ What is the proper formula from what is below to calulate the velocity of a conductor moving in a magnetic field? ...
7
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2answers
463 views

Why are EM waves transverse?

I was reading Griffiths' Introduction to Electrodynamics, specifically the section on plane waves. I can see that if we want a transverse wave traveling in the $z$ direction that we are only going to ...
2
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0answers
61 views

Odd experiment results (electromagnetics)

Okay, a bit of background. So I'm working on a linear accelerator (you might know it as a Gauss rifle), and I had worked through the equations I thought I needed (Magnetic force, displacement, etc.) ...
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0answers
16 views

Longitudinal dielectric wave does it exist in charge free region?

can we transmit energy through Longitudinal dielectric wave when the surrounding is charge free. Please give me a good link about L.M.D. I a beginner about this topic.
4
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1answer
48 views

What does a relativistically moving capacitor “look” like?

Suppose I have a parallel plate capacitor with a vacuum between the plates, a voltage $V$ across them and a capacitance of $C$. What will this arrangement look like to an observer in a uniformly ...
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0answers
14 views

why an immersion lens is called so in Ion Optics?

In Ion Optics, an immersion lens is composed of two planar apertured electrodes. My question is why it is called an 'Immersion" lens? I know that an Einzel lense has three or more electrodes. But ...
0
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1answer
90 views

Description of the motion of the COM of a system of charged particles moving in a magnetic field

I recently came across a problem where an electrically neutral particle is at rest in a uniform magnetic field. The particle now splits into two charged particles of equal mass $m$; charge and mass ...
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2answers
75 views

Is this an example of Parity violation? [duplicate]

I always hear about parity violation in high energy physics, but what about examples in classical physics? Say we have a wire carrying current in the $+x$ direction, thus generating a magnetic field ...
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1answer
37 views

What is the dormant common ground between harmonic mechanical oscilators and electromagnetical ones?

When I learnt electromagnetic oscillators I couldn't help but notice that it has many common stuff with mechanical ones. I know that it had to have sinusoidal equations. I (firstly, without ...