The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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14 views

Electric potential of a wire [closed]

A wire having a uniform linear charge density "h" is bent into the shape of semicircle. Find the electric potential at point O.
2
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2answers
35 views

Is the photon truly not absorbed in Raman scattering?

In reading about Raman Scattering, I was thinking while reading it "okay, incident photo absorbed by molecule, molecule goes to higher energy vibrational state, molecule re-emits photon with either ...
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1answer
52 views

Why can't I measure electric potential from source to point according to this formula

The formula for electric potential of points A and B in the presence of an electric field due to a point charge where $R_a$ and $R_b$ are the distances from source to point A and B respectively is: ...
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0answers
21 views

Can magnets be the possible cause for this card spin? [closed]

so I've ran into these 3 videos of people spinning a card on their fingers. Now I know this is possible with the flick of the finger to make it spin for a few seconds but definitely not like how they ...
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1answer
42 views

If EM waves are made of oscillating electric and magnetic fields, how come photons have no charge?

I just recently learned that electromagnetic waves are made of oscillating electric and magnetic fields, and I have a question. In the standard model, photons are described as having zero charge, and ...
2
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1answer
26 views

Is this a standing or moving wave?

The electric field of a uniform plane wave traveling in a source free region of free space is given by: $ \vec E= (0.5j \vec x + \vec y)(e^{j \beta z} - e^{-j \beta z})$. Is this a traveling wave or ...
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1answer
28 views

Is the magnetic field calculated by Ampere's Law only because of the currents crossing the loop? [duplicate]

In Ampere's Law, $$\oint \vec B \cdot \mathrm d \vec l = \mu I$$ the current outside the curve is not included on the right hand side of the equation.* Does it mean that the magnetic ...
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0answers
47 views

What will be the motion of an electron kept at rest in the vicinity of a magnetic monopole?

Consider that both an electron and a magnetic monopole are kept at rest close to each other. Will this result any motion of the electron? If yes, please give a derivation of the equation of motion.
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2answers
56 views

Relation between magnetic moment and angular momentum — classic theory

How do I prove the relation between the vectors of magnetic moment $\vec\mu$ and angular momentum $\vec L$, $$\vec\mu=\gamma\vec L$$ ? Many text books and lecture notes about the principles of ...
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1answer
49 views

Two objects with mass m with charge q connected to spring [closed]

I am taking Physics 201 on Yale Open Courses. I having trouble with the 5th problem in the problem set 1, which says as follows: Two sphere of mass m and negligible size are connected to two ...
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1answer
63 views

Propagating higher order Hermite Gaussian modes. What are complex amplitude coefficients?

I've been tasked with writing a code (in MatLab, but I'm currently using Mathematica because I don't know MatLab %\ ...) to simulate the propagation of a Gaussian beam. I don't really know anything ...
2
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1answer
26 views

Force on permanent magnet solenoid core

I was wondering, since a coil/solenoid will pull any ferromagnetic material inside it, does the initial magnetization of the object in question affect the magnitude or direction of the force? I know ...
3
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2answers
55 views

Atomic explanation of magnetic field [duplicate]

We all know how an electric current causes magnetic fields. But when a single electron is flowing through the wire, how is this electron creating the magnetic field or how are electrons responsible ...
2
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1answer
39 views

How would an atom behave (in terms of atomic particles) if the electrons were much heavier than the nucleus?

In other words, does the mass of electrically charged particles affect the electromagnetic forces that operate between them ? Is the electrons revolving around the nucleus simply a consequence of the ...
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0answers
45 views

Electromagnetism and magnetic fields

Would it be possible to fill hollow non-magnetic blocks of metal with ferromagnetic fluids and use magnetic fields to move the blocks in a certain way? I am only asking this because I think that if it ...
0
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1answer
46 views

What is the magnetic flux density “outside” the solenoid when AC current is passing through it?

I know that there are well defined equations explaining the magnetic flux density in the solenoid. However what about magnetic field outside the solenoid? How is the magnetic flux density related ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Magnetic flux from an infinit wire through a Square loop [closed]

Okay so I need to solve this exercise. I know that the magnitic field from an infinit wire is given by: $ \vec{B} = \frac{\mu_0I}{2\pi r} \hat{\phi}$, And that I must do an intergral looking ...
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3answers
67 views

In the electric field we have dielectrics.What about the magnetic field?

Do we have insulators in the magnetic field just like we have dielectrics in the electric field? How are they called and how do they work?
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0answers
28 views

Path independence of electric potential [closed]

I was asked to intuitively find the work necessary to move a particle from infinity to a point P perpendicular and near to a dipole's bisector through 3 different paths. Since one of those paths is at ...
0
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0answers
32 views

How to apply voltage source in FEM when solve Maxwell equation?

I need to solve the Maxwell equation of electric field by finite element method. In this function, the right hand side is the current density. However, in my problem, the voltage source with 1 MHz ...
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1answer
42 views

Why the distance between the light source and the slit's screen seems to be a potential box? [closed]

Here is an answer containing an animated picture of how the spherical wavefronts interfere with each other. This picture clearly shows that the fringes on the observers screen are non-stationary. This ...
1
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1answer
29 views

Correlation between entangled photon polarisation measurement?

From Malus's law we know that if we measure a the polarisation of light with a filter angle $\theta$ to the direction of polarisation then the intensity goes like: $$I=I_0 \cos^2(\theta/2)$$ Firstly ...
1
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1answer
34 views

Ampere's Law and Gauss's Law for EXACT CENTER of Finite Wire: Mathematical Justification [closed]

I have always seen it explained that: Ampere's Law (in integral form) works whenever B is constant around a path, so that you can pull it out of the integral. Similarly, if you can draw a ...
2
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1answer
22 views

Is it safe and theorotically correct to heat a bar magnet using an open fire/furnace, provided conditions given below?

For a project, I will have to heat a bar magnet to any temperature above 40 degree celsius. For this, can I place the magnet over an open fire --like one in a furnace-- for 20 minutes or so to achieve ...
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0answers
52 views

Is Jefimenko's assertion regarding E and B fields a physical fact? [duplicate]

Standard textbooks says: "Time varying Electric field and magnetic field produce each other". But Oleg Jefimenko says NO to this. Who is correct: standard textbooks OR Jefimenko ? Both can not be ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Why does a good conductor shows pronounced skin effect?

I am currently studying transmission of em waves and skin effect is puzzling me. Let us consider an em wave propogating in z-direction with electric field in x-direction & magnetic field in ...
2
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1answer
51 views

How does radiation degrade mechanical parts and electronic devices?

I'm running out of places to look (lots of Googling, SE, [articles and books are too specific and never give a good overview]), and yet I am still unsure about how exactly radiation can degrade ...
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1answer
45 views

How does one calculate or even approximate the force observed by a magnet as its dropped inside of a diamagnetic cylinder?

How does one calculate or even approximate the force observed by a magnet as its dropped inside of a diamagnetic cylinder? Wikipedia and Google does not provide much information on this topic. ...
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2answers
29 views

frictional force is nonconservative force [duplicate]

In nature there are mainly four kind of fundamental forces,electromagnetic force is one of them which is conservative force.If friction force is belongs to electromagnetic force then why it is not ...
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1answer
29 views

What do we mean by this statement : “some positive charge is put on a metal piece”?

What do we mean by this statement : "some positive charge is put on a metal piece" ? (I know it will be distributed on the surface of the metal piece, if metal is isolated.) Electrons are ...
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0answers
25 views

What does it mean to perturb the electromagnetic energy with respect to a change in a Lorentz frame?

I am perturbing the energy of an electromagnetic field using \begin{align} \dfrac{\partial U}{\partial \zeta} = \dfrac{1}{\mu} \boldsymbol{H}\cdot \dfrac{\partial \boldsymbol{H}}{\partial \zeta} + ...
0
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1answer
48 views

Problem with the Ampere-Maxwell Law [closed]

We know that $$J=\sigma E$$ where $J=dI/dS$ is the current density, $\sigma$ the conductivity, and $E$ the electric field. So, if we put that into the Ampere-Maxwell law, then the law transforms ...
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1answer
75 views

Are we working in the double slit argumentation with destructive interference arguments?

Stimulating water with two long straight bars one could produce linear waves. Having the right distance between the bars and the correct frequency of the steady system we get in the middle between the ...
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75 views

Divergence Theorem, mathematical approach to Gauss's Law?

Let $D$ be a compact region in $\mathbb{R}^3$ with a smooth boundary $S$. Assume $0 \in \text{Int}(D)$. If an electric charge of magnitude $q$ is placed at $0$, the resulting force field is ...
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1answer
39 views

Can Ampere's Circuital law be used on an infinite number of alternating Helmholtz coils?

I have the following surface current density $$ \bar{\sigma}_s = \hat{\phi} \sin(kz) |\bar{\sigma}_s| $$ to approximate an infinite number of alternating Helmholtz coils stacked along the z-axis with ...
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3answers
59 views

stationary electron in a time varying field

A moving electron in a stationary magnetic field will experience magnetic Lorentz force given by $q(\vec v\times\vec B)$. But will a stationary electron placed in a time varying magnetic field ...
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1answer
37 views

Total time derivative of magnetic vector potential A

I am looking at this document, which tries to establish the Lagrangian of the Lorentz force. Everything is fine, but I don't see why: $$\frac{dA_i}{dt}=\frac{\partial A_i}{\partial t}+\frac{\partial ...
0
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3answers
79 views

magnet moving in space

I know that a time varying magnetic field produces an electric field even in the absence of a conducting body, because thats how em waves work. But can you say the same for a space varying magnetic ...
1
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1answer
38 views

$B$ field around an infinite wire symmetry argument

Consider the infinity current carrying wire wire drawn below along with the three possible components of the magnetic field at a point a distance $r$ from the centre. I know how to use symmetry to ...
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2answers
56 views

Why does the Schwinger limit fail to predict the electron radius?

One might think that the minimum electron radius is given by the Schwinger limit, since, were it smaller, spontaneous radiative effects might begin to occur. This value is 3.3*10^-14 m, but we know ...
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0answers
25 views

Magneto Optical Kerr Effects

I have a few questions on MOKE setup. Firstly, why is calibration of the coils necessary? Is it to get a relationship between the voltage and the Magnetic field? Secondly, why do we have to normalise ...
3
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3answers
380 views

Why can't a magnet change a charged particle's speed?

I know that magnetic force acts perpendicular to the direction of the original velocity, so the velocity in that original direction is unchanged, but once the magnet starts acting, the particle's ...
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1answer
26 views

How to tell apart a permanent and induced magnet which are otherwise identical?

In his educational series "Demonstrations in Physics" the late Prof. Julius Sumner Miller posed the following riddle: Given two identical bars of iron, one magnetized and one not, how can you ...
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0answers
14 views

Halbach array possible shapes?

Looking at images on the web most hallbachs are either rings or blocks but I have seen a couple pictures of what look to be rectangles or pyramids. They are just illustrations though and maybe ...
0
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0answers
10 views

Looking for name of mapping procedure [migrated]

I have been searching for a technique that I used 20 years ago, but for the life of me, I cannot remember the name. It is used in visualizations of pressure, temperature, electromagnetic fields etc. ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Relation between magnetic fields of magnets and magnetic field of currents

When I started to study magnetostatics it was said that magnetic fields are created by charges in motion, that is, they are created by currents. On the other hand, we have magnets and those have ...
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0answers
32 views

How can a black hole have a charge? [duplicate]

Under current particle theory, the four fundamental forces use a force-carrying particle. The particle for electromagnetism is the photon. By definition a black hole is a mass from which light can ...
0
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2answers
41 views

Meaning of negative density

Charge density depends on the area/volume and the amount of charge. Before electromagnetism I used to think of density as being positive only. What is the intuitive meaning of negative density? Does ...
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0answers
11 views

What's the shape of electric field line in a rectangular metal under varying magnetic field

We know that,the shape of electric field line in a cylinder under varying magnetic field is circle,and I wonder,what's the situation if it is a piece of metal with rectangular cross section? I think ...
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0answers
22 views

Induced e.m.f depends on…?

In my revision guide it says that Michael Faraday did experiments that showed that induced e.m.f for a coil of wire depends on four things: Magnetic strength of the core in the coil of wire. ...