The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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2answers
624 views

Neither Biot-savart nor Ampere Law can solve this problem?

I'm confused about the use of the Ampere's Law and the Biot-Savart Law due the inconvenience of each law. I want to calculate the magnetic field due to current carrying a circular loop over itself, ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Are magnetic hysteresis losses relevant to alternating currents flowing in a wire?

Say we have an AC in a magnetically lossy material, like iron. Because of iron's relatively high permeability, skin effect will be more pronounced than it is in say, copper, so this iron wire isn't so ...
2
votes
1answer
251 views

Symmetries of a Uniform Magnetic Field

Simple question. A system with a uniform electric field everywhere in space has translational invariance in the directions perpendicular to the electric field but no translational invariance parallel ...
1
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1answer
134 views

How is momentum conserved when a magnet attracts a metal?

Suppose your have any magnetic object and no external force acts upon it, and the object comes near a metal which causes an impulse (think that will happen). However, the magnetic force is internal to ...
1
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2answers
64 views

Physical meaning of wavelength of a EM Wave

The wavelength of a wave is defined as the spatial separation after which it repeats its shape. It is easy to visualize it for one dimension but if we consider a light wave/EM wave which is ...
1
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1answer
44 views

question about Gauss law

If I have an infinite plate with the surface charge of sigma. I know that my electric field is constant $2\pi\sigma$ (using Gauss's law). If I build the Gaussian surface above the plate the charge ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Force of electromagnet on a wire [closed]

I'm trying to produce an equation for the force produced by an electromagnet on a wire. I'm very aware I don't know any vector calculus but I think as it's the special case (Perpendicular) I can just ...
4
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2answers
326 views

What happens when you pass a current through a coil made of a ferromagnetic substance?

I know when you pass a current through a length of copper coil or a solenoid, there is the induction of a magnetic flux. But what of the coil made of the ferromagnetic material, the permanent type ...
3
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1answer
101 views

Resource for mass-charge interaction

My GR professor mentioned that trajectories of charged particles in GR are not the same as those of non-charged particles (i.e. charged particles don't move on geodesics). As I understood it, the ...
1
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3answers
352 views

More about the right hand rule?

We started learning about electromagnetism in physics class, and the Right Hand Rule comes in handy as seems easy to use, but I'm curious as to how it actually works. I guess it's more of a math ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Energy distribution for a monochromatic plane wave [closed]

the task it to examine the energy distribution over the spectral components of a monochromatic plane wave averaged over time. To do this, I need to prove: There are no other clues! How do I ...
15
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8answers
6k views

What is the electric field generated by a spinning magnet?

Consider a cylinder of permanently magnetized material, with uniform magnetization pointing along the cylindrical symmetry axis (the $z$-direction). The magnet is rotating about its cylindrical ...
1
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0answers
43 views

How did Weyl's 1918 paper; Gravitation and Electricity, influence classical physics? [migrated]

The main-stream view seems to be that Weyl's 1918 paper Gravitation and Electricity was initially considered a failure for reasons first pointed out by Einstein. But these initial ideas were reapplied ...
1
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2answers
190 views

Use of Amperian loop to calculate the $B$-field inside a co-axial wire

The problem asks to calculate the magnetic field at point $a$ of a co-axial cable with a wire at the center surrounded by a rubber layer, and then another hollowed cylindrical wire followed by a ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Physical difference between Lorenz and Coulomb gauge-fixing conditions

Lorenz and Coulomb gauge-fixing conditions. What is physical difference between these two gauge-fixing conditions? Mathematical expression are clear but how to we choose one of these means what they ...
2
votes
4answers
285 views
1
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1answer
1k views

Force from solenoid

I'd like to approximate the force from a solenoid, or at the very least find a formula which is proportional to the force so that I can experimentally find the constant for my particular case. ...
0
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1answer
84 views

Explanation of force amplification inside a solenoid

For a system being actuated by a motor, the force can be amplified by gearing. The energy is being used for force instead of distance, so it produces more torque but moves slower. For a system being ...
-1
votes
0answers
40 views

Maxwell's equation; electromagnetism [closed]

I'm just curious about this, but I want to know about Maxwell's equation? What its use? Please define it in a simple way.
1
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3answers
155 views

Induced EMF of a rectangular loop should be zero?

Considering the shape of a rectangular loop in a changing magnetic field: The induced $\epsilon$ would be zero? Since a rectangular loop is a combination of wires in series to create such a shape. ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Why do high voltage transmission line workers need a Faraday cage suit?

In this video the high voltage transmission line workers are wearing a Faraday cage suit. Why is this needed? Without the Faraday cage, the resistance of the human would be very high compared to the ...
0
votes
1answer
178 views

Boltzmann Distribution of Electrons in Confining Potential

I have a particle simulation wherein many non-interacting electrons are trapped in a electric potential well. I would expect, and therefore I initialize according to this, that the electrons would ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Why doesn't light vibrate in-situ?

Light always moves in a straight geodesic path (shortest distance between 2 points in flat space where gravity is homogeneous) across 3 dimensions of space and 1 dimension of time. It is consists of a ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Cylindrical capacitor in an electric circuit

I've come across a tricky question and would appreciate some hints or explanations as to why the given solution is the way it is. The question reads as follows: A coaxial cable consists of a wire ...
1
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3answers
134 views

What can change a photon's frequency?

I found this question: Is it possible to apply force to a light particle? As it states, gravity can change the frequency of light by changing its momentum. My question regards other phenomena that ...
1
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1answer
63 views

Electric Motors: why do they draw more current when stalled, and less when moving? [duplicate]

I'm familiar with how an electric motor works, and also familiar with what stall current and free current refers to in an electric motor. I'm also somehow familiar with the notions of energy being ...
0
votes
1answer
168 views

How does back-emf oppose the input-current?

A circuit, has current $A$ flowing at a certain $V$. When there is a change in magnetic-flux, based on Faraday's law of induction & Lenz's law, we know that there is change in Potential ...
1
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2answers
78 views

Electric field energy of two parallel moving charges at relativity speeds

Assume two particles of the same charge $q$ moving in parallel trajectories on the x,y plane. The distance between them is $d$ and it's defined in the y axon. The problem is to calculate the energy of ...
0
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2answers
184 views

Drift Speed and Current in Two Different Inertial Frames

We have a long, cylindrical wire carrying a constant current I in an inertial frame. At a distance of R from the center of the wire, the magnitude of magnetic field is $μI/2πR$. What is the magnitude ...
0
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3answers
392 views

Polarization vector of dielectric electrostatics

I know two laws for Polarization vector of a dielectric material $$\vec P = N q \vec{\Delta L}$$ Where $N$ is the number of dipoles per meter cube, $\vec{\Delta L}$ is the vector that represents the ...
3
votes
2answers
104 views

Atomic explanation of magnetic field [duplicate]

We all know how an electric current causes magnetic fields. But when a single electron is flowing through the wire, how is this electron creating the magnetic field or how are electrons responsible ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

Understanding magnetic force on charged particle

if we put any charged motionless or static particle in the constant magnetic field, then why does it don't feel a magnetic force? Mechanism by which electric and magnetic fields interrelate I have ...
1
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1answer
280 views

Forces on a wire moving in a magnetic field?

When a wire is placed inside a magnetic field and current starts to flow in that wire, that wire experiences the Lorentz force = $IL \times B$ and beings to move. Aside from induced motional - ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Reducing eddy currents, changes the property of the conductor & circuit?

In an attempt of reducing the eddy currents in a conductor, such as having gaps to break the induced eddy currents, would that by any chance change the conductor's orientation from series to parallel? ...
3
votes
3answers
103 views

How does radiation degrade mechanical parts and electronic devices?

I'm running out of places to look (lots of Googling, SE, [articles and books are too specific and never give a good overview]), and yet I am still unsure about how exactly radiation can degrade ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

How to write the Lagrangian in terms of a projection

We know that $$ L=\frac{1}{2}\left(\partial_{\mu} A_{\nu} \partial^{\mu} A^{\nu}-\partial_{\mu} A_{\nu} \partial^{\nu} A^{\mu}\right) $$ But how do we write the Lagrangian in the following way: ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

What is the recent most important discovery and study about magnets? [closed]

I believe that magnetism is a very powerful tool to do various things.It can make amazing machines.What is the recent most important piece of study that has been done of magnetism. The study that can ...
5
votes
1answer
67 views

Does the skin effect, eddy current / hysteresis losses contribute to Johnson noise in an inductor?

Based on my very basic understanding of the Johnson noise, it's not just a DC phenomena, but should change with frequency in a system, where there is a frequency dependent, real component to the ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

The electric field of a conductive sphere containing a charge - grounded vs not grounded

Let's suppose we have a sphere but unlike theoretical ones it'll have some thickness say $\Delta r$ and inner radius $R$. What I was wondering about is how will it behave if we place some charge $q$ ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Fringing effect of electric current

We know the what is the fringing effect of electric field in capacitor, of magnetic field in some in some solenoid or magnetic field in through joint of some metal. But is there is something similar ...
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0answers
39 views

Lack of symmetry in Poynting vector

I've noticed that there's a lack of symmetry in the definition of the Poynting vector, being defined as: $$S=E\times H$$ meaning, using the electric field cross the magnetizing field instead of the ...
0
votes
2answers
159 views

How to get the magnetic field strength in space near a solenoid

I am trying to find the magnetic field strength along the axis of a solenoid. If I know the strength of the field at the center of the solenoid, and I know the distance from the center of the ...
3
votes
3answers
520 views

The magnetic field of a magnetic monopole

Let us define the magnetic field $$\vec{B} = g\frac{\vec{r}}{r^3}$$ for some constant $g$. How can we show that the divergence of this field correspond to the charge distribution of a single magnetic ...
1
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0answers
51 views

Can magnetic eddy currents stop a bullet? [migrated]

This is theory for a science fiction scenario. For the sake of speculation, suppose that power is not an issue. I've done reading on eddy currents, and I know they can exert drag forces on objects ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

How does an infrared thermometer actually calculate temperature?

I am slightly confused about infrared radiation and the equations related to it. $P = A \epsilon \sigma T^4$ (1) and $B_{\lambda}(\lambda,T) = \frac{2hc^2}{\lambda^5} \frac{1}{e^{\frac{hc}{\lambda ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Force between two point charges moving parallel to each other

When we observe two point charges moving parallel to each other we can see two forces acting on each of the charges: the Coulomb force the magnetic force ($\mathbf{F}=q\mathbf{v}×\mathbf{B}$) ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Derivation of magnetic force for a charge in motion relative to a wire (M. Purcell's Electricity and Magnetism)

I have a question regarding the derivation of magnetic force in M. Purcell and David Morin's Electricity and Magnetism. In the first part, they derived the force first by assuming that a charge q is ...
0
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0answers
43 views

Adding Magnetic Fields?

Ok, so we all know that the strength of a magnetic field can be increased if a wire with current flowing through it is surrounding the magnet. Because the current flowing through the wire is making a ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Why do electron and hole mobilities decrease with temperature?

From page 35 of "Microelectronics" by Millman Grabel Mobility $\mu$ decreases with temperature because more carriers are present and these carriers are more energetic at higher temperatures. ...
0
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0answers
25 views

A magnet floating due to Meissner effect

If a magnet is floating due to the Meissner effect, can the magnet rotate freely under influence of external field in spite of the presence of north and south pole in it ?