The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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10 views

Magnetic field size from electric field [on hold]

An electric charge oscillates about the origin along the y axis. A distant observer is located at a point on the +z axis. You observe the wave from a given location and find that at a given ...
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0answers
14 views

How can I tell apart the composition of my soft ferrites

I have an assorted bunch of soft ferrites. I need to know which ones are MnZn and which ones are NiZn, so I can sort them for usage at different frequencies.
19
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1answer
877 views

Local explanation of the Aharonov-Bohm effect in terms of force fields

Here is an interesting paper for the Physics SE community: On the role of potentials in the Aharonov-Bohm effect. Lev Vaidman. Phys. Rev. A 86 no. 4, 040101 (R) (2012). arXiv:1110.6169 ...
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3answers
143 views

What is supposition of equilibrium? How do Rayleigh, Jean know the electromagnetic wave in equilibrium behave?

In a cavity of dimension L, the wave must give zero amplitude at the wall, means wave equation has zero amplitude. Why? Answer from hyperphysics "since a non-zero value would dissipate energy and ...
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1answer
92 views

Understanding magnetic force on charged particle

if we put any charged motionless or static particle in the constant magnetic field, then why does it don't feel a magnetic force? Mechanism by which electric and magnetic fields interrelate I have ...
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2answers
47 views

Potential difference inside charge distributions

Always when I think about potential difference inside a symmetrical charge distribution, I think of it being equal to zero because it's dependent on the field and I imagine the directions of each of ...
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0answers
21 views

Magnetic field due to long current carrying conductor at a point near its end [duplicate]

How can one show that the magnetic field due to an infinite long current carrying conductor (length a) at a point near its end is given by $$B = \frac{\mu_0I}{4\pi a}$$ using Ampere's Circuital ...
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1answer
35 views

Net force between two Electromagnets considering Back EMF [on hold]

First this Q might be trivial thus apologies. Consider two bar electromagnets that can simulate bar magnets M1 and M2, placed end to end at distance D apart (North Pole of M1 facing South Pole of ...
2
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1answer
95 views

What are the proposed theoretical explanations for the EmDrive?

The EmDrive is a proposed propulsion mechanism for spacecraft in which some form of microwave device provides the propulsion. The consensus from the physics community, including many voices on this ...
5
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4answers
7k views

Displacement current - how to think of it

What is a good way to think of the displacement current? Maxwell imagined it as being movements in the aether, small changed of electric field producing magnetic field. I don't even understand that ...
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2answers
216 views

Faraday's law and “infinite induction”

I may have confused after thinking too much about Faraday's law. If an emf is induced in a circuit due to some changing magnetic field, the induced current will be in a direction such that the ...
0
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1answer
144 views

How does back-emf oppose the input-current?

A circuit, has current $A$ flowing at a certain $V$. When there is a change in magnetic-flux, based on Faraday's law of induction & Lenz's law, we know that there is change in Potential ...
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1answer
143 views

Force of a solenoid on a ferromagnetic material

As I was trying to find an answer to another problem, I was informed that the equation I was using would not work. The equation I was using was $$F = (NI)^2\mu_0\frac{\text{Area}}{2g^2}$$ If this ...
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0answers
21 views

Why is emf 0 for coil rotating in field?

Say you have a coil (that can carry a current) rotating in the field between two magnets. When the area of the coil is perpendicular to the field lines the emf induced in the coil is 0, why is this?
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2answers
2k views

Proving Ampere's Circuital Law

How to prove Ampere's Circuital Law in case of any conductor. My text gives the proof of only the special case when the conductor is long and straight. I am trying to prove it, but haven't been ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

What is the electric field inside a hollow sphere?

If you have a conducting hollow sphere with a uniform charge on its surface, then will the electric field at every point inside the shell be 0. The reason the electric field is 0 at the center is ...
2
votes
2answers
588 views

Neither Biot-savart nor Ampere Law can solve this problem?

I'm confused about the use of the Ampere's Law and the Biot-Savart Law due the inconvenience of each law. I want to calculate the magnetic field due to current carrying a circular loop over itself, ...
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1answer
121 views

Dielectric boundary

I am trying to determine why electric field may be confined to a certain region if there is a large difference in the permitivity for example if electric field flows through water and then reaches a ...
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1answer
39 views

What is the acceleration of a charged particle in uniform electric field [closed]

I would guess its $kC/r^2$, just like the in the context of gravitation, as one arrives at the acceleration due to gravity $g = GM/r^2$; but I am not sure.
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2answers
633 views

How do magnets work?

I've read a classbook on the field theory (including EM): it perfectly describes quantitive patterns in EM-theory, but I have no luck understanding how and why it works. I mean, magnetic substances ...
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0answers
25 views

Phase added on reflection at a beam splitter?

If we have light of a particular phase that is indecent on a beam splitter, I assume the transmitted beam undergo's no phase change. But I thought that the reflected beam would undergo a phase change ...
0
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0answers
11 views

What subtopics should I read in order to understand practical electromagnetism? [closed]

I apologize if this question might be not exactly on-topic here. But it seems related enough, and I found no better place to ask. I'm a student that is fairly behind in his course. I have already ...
0
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1answer
93 views

Superconducting electromagnets?

Is it true that superconducting electromagnets don't need any power? So... energy to created a magnetic field via a superconductor would be zero? Since resistance is zero, does that also mean that ...
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0answers
13 views

Density of polarisation charge is zero always for linear isotropic homogeneous dielectrics?

It seems to me that the volumetric density of polarisation charge in a linear homogeneous isotropic dielectric in an external field is always zero, but I find this rather surprising. Consider such ...
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0answers
19 views

About the non-physicallity of the scalar derivatives of potentials in Lorenz qauge and longitudinal EM waves [closed]

First, I'm quoting from a 13 page article: "Within the framework of Classical Electrodynamics (CED) it is common practice to choose freely an arbitrary gauge condition with respect to a gauge ...
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0answers
10 views

Flux due to a charge placed just outside the vertex of a cube [duplicate]

There was a solved example in my book on Gauss's Law. The question says that there is a charge q placed at a distance d outside one of the vertices of a cube such that d tends to 0.My objective is to ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Is it possible for two polarizable bodies to induce dipoles in each other in the absence of an external electric field?

If there exist two initially neutral bodies (say atoms) some distance apart, with no external electric field applied, can they induce dipoles within each other?
2
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1answer
26 views

What about a material makes it diamagnetic

For a material to be magnetic, all the magnetic atoms (atoms with half filled electron shells) need to be aligned, but what about a material gives it the property of diamagnetism?
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0answers
37 views

How do I calculate the energy flux for this toroid?

My question is how do i calculate the total energy flux through the walls of the torus in this situation? The Poynting flux is given by $\vec{N} = \frac{1}{\mu} ( \vec{E} \times \vec{B})$ but the ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

How long does it take a magnet to lose its magnetization? [duplicate]

As we all know, a magnet has some magnetization that lets it attract other ferromagnetic materials but I was wondering how long it takes to lose this magnetization? Is it even possible or not?
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23 views
2
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0answers
31 views

Current Density Boundary Conditions and its Implications

According to Ohm's Law, one can say $ \overline{J} =\sigma \overline{E} $ if the field is in a conductor, and $ \overline{J} =0 $ if it's in empty space. Now if we take the surface of a conductor and ...
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1answer
48 views

Why is the Meissner effect not used for levitation in MagLev trains?

The Meissner effect does not seem to be used as primary source of levitation in MagLev trains, instead, electromagnetic and electrodynamic syspension are mainly used. Why is this? Could it be that the ...
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0answers
19 views

Are the EM waves that result from each of these processes distinguishable? Phase of light upon emission

In case 1, you have a single source of light that you pass through a diagonally oriented linear polarizer and then a half waveplate, such that the horizontal and vertical components become $\pi$ out ...
2
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1answer
52 views

How does radiation degrade mechanical parts and electronic devices?

I'm running out of places to look (lots of Googling, SE, [articles and books are too specific and never give a good overview]), and yet I am still unsure about how exactly radiation can degrade ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Can microwaves affect WiFi?

I listen to the radio via my iPad with wifi. When I switch the microwave oven on, the radio cuts out. When the microwave oven is finished, the radio comes back on. (This is 100% reproducible!) So - ...
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0answers
15 views

Can a magnet lose its strength over time? Especially when repulsive magnets are around? [duplicate]

I was thinking of hanging delicate art glass pieces separated by opposing magnets on walls simply using the power of magnets. I was wondering will the opposite poles have any effect on the strength of ...
2
votes
3answers
213 views

About field gradient

I read the term field gradient in most of the article about magnetic field. I search it online but most of the explanation is about the math. I wonder in physics, what the gradient field really mean? ...
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0answers
22 views

Is it possible to focus an electromagnetic field such as an aura into a stream of pure energy? [closed]

Is it possible to focus an electromagnetic field such as an aura into a stream of pure energy? http://www.biofieldglobal.org/what-is-human-aura.html
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2answers
59 views

Proof that work is the same whaever the path of approach for two charges

I have a quick question on a figure that outlines a proof. There is a stationary charge $q_1$ and is kept fixed. $q_2$ is moved to the same position along two different paths at a fixed distance ...
1
vote
1answer
284 views

Force on a coil inside of a voice coil

as a homework exercise we were given the following question: Given the following voice coil: With depth = 20 mm Permanent magnets with B = 1.23 T, Ur = 1.1 The coils has 20 turns, I = 1 Ampere. a) ...
3
votes
2answers
59 views

Does a moving charge have additional (magnetic) energy

My understanding so far: A moving charge produces a magnetic field, B, in an analogous way to a current produces one. A magnetic field has an energy density which is proportional to B squared. My ...
3
votes
2answers
178 views

Looking for lists of student difficulties with electromagnetism, circuits (DC and AC)

I'm trying to help with an Instructor's Guide for an introductory calc-based physics text, and it would really help if I could locate some lists of typical student difficulties with topics like ... ...
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vote
1answer
348 views

How is the current flow perpendicular to the wire?

This answer gives a great explanation of how surface charge builds up to force the current to move perpendicular to the wire: http://physics.stackexchange.com/a/102936/41086 However, it fails to ...
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3answers
133 views

Are magnetism and electricity the same thing? [closed]

I have read at certain place electricity and magnetism are the same thing, bit in reality we see both have different properties.
2
votes
3answers
52 views

Does the equation CV = q break down when V is small or a wire is very long?

I'm trying to understand how the equation $CV=q$ relating the voltage difference and charge stored on a charged capacitor breaks down under extreme circumstances. In most problem statements that I'm ...
3
votes
3answers
363 views

How do electrons actually move in a circuit?

Last year, we were taught about electricity, about how electrons move in a closed circuit. But as our teacher had not taught us about electric fields yet, she gave us a simplified model of motion of ...
0
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2answers
960 views

Meaning of boundary condition for steady current density?

Although I understand the derivation of boundary condition in case of steady electric current but I did not understand, that the electric field which is in direction of $J$ current density that is ...
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0answers
23 views

Magnetic moment of a paramagnetic crystal

I've been having some trouble with a paramagnetism problem from my Statistical Mechanics class textbook (F. Mandl, Statistical Physics, 2nd edition, p. 25). The problem is as follows Since the ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

How can Drift Velocity of an electron causes change?

Assume we have a conductor that has current flowing and its placed in a magnetic field so that it experiences the Lorentz force, and it gains Kinetic energy due to that force. Would drift velocity ...