The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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Why is there longitudinal conductance in a partially-filled Landau level?

Suppose I consider an infinite, non-interacting (so no FQHE should happen) 2DEG in the magnetic field $\vec B=B\hat z$ with a non-integer filling factor, say 0.13 or whatever. Suppose I apply an ...
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2answers
47 views

How to determine the angular velocity of a particle with mass $m$ and charge $q$ in a constant B field? [on hold]

$\textbf{PROBLEM:}$ A particle with mass $m$ and charge $q$ moves in a constant magnetic field $B$. Show that, if the initial velocity is perpendicular to $B$, the path is circular and the angular ...
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1answer
47 views

Why in electrostatics is dV=-E.dr but in electromagnetic induction, EMF=+E.dS?

In electrostatics we learned that dV=-E.dr. I understood the derivation which was used to derive this. Now when I have come to Electromagnetic Induction,I see that when there is a time varying ...
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17 views

The induced electric field of an infinite current carrying wire

I am given, without motivation, that the induced electric field from an infinite, straight, current carrying wire is parallel to the wire itself. $$ \vec{I} \times \vec{E}_{\text{induced}} = ...
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1answer
131 views

How can Drift Velocity of an electron causes change?

Assume we have a conductor that has current flowing and its placed in a magnetic field so that it experiences the Lorentz force, and it gains Kinetic energy due to that force. Would drift velocity ...
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25 views

How is ampere defined for alternating current?

Both alternating current and direct current are measured in ampere. But how is ampere defined for alternating current? It cannot be defined from two mutual attraction of two parallel wires carrying ac ...
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4 views

Water flow in salt solutions contemporary exposed to an electrical and constant magnetic field

When a permanent magnet is held motionless close to a salt solution which already has been exposed to an electrical field a flow in the water will be induced and can be detected by applying some ...
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67 views

Do relativistic electrons have more charge?

Gauss's law tells us that the total electric flux out of a closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed divided by the permittivity. When a charged particle is moving close to the speed of light ...
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20 views

Why can xenon gas stay ionised after the “trigger voltage” is removed?

From my understanding of a Xenon flash circuit, a storage capacitor and a trigger capacitor are charged up to about 240V (both with similar RC values, but less capacitance is needed for the trigger ...
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19 views

Trying to give a (non-rotating) black hole an electric dipole

Suppose there is a Schwarzschild black hole. You add positrons to the north "pole" and electrons to the south "pole". From an external observer, objects that you add end up "stuck" to the horizon. ...
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30 views

Difference in resistance between two configurations

Given a spherical shell of a conducting material with radius $a$, surrounded by a poorly conducting material between it and another conducting shell with radius $b$, you can calculate the resistance ...
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264 views

Boundary conditions on current carrying wire

I'm trying to simulate by finite elements method Maxwell equations for a current carrying wire. My 3d geometry consists of a cylinder and a box containing it. I will use a mixed formulation and ...
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46 views

Which photons pass through a circular annulus?

Passing light through a circular sieve: Well, actually, let’s think about radar or microwaves with a wavelength of order a centimeter or two, so you can tailor your aperture, say by etching a silver ...
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58 views

Can a static electric field have a vector potential field?

We know very well that static electric fields have scalar potential fields, and magnetic fields can't have scalar fields, as $$\nabla\times \vec{B}=\mu_0\vec J$$ $$\Rightarrow \int\nabla\times ...
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13 views

Why is it necessary to break symmetry to get magnetoelectric effect in multiferroics?

Spatial or time symmetry needs to be broken for both magnetic and electric to happen in the same material. But how is symmetry hindering the process?
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19 views

Electric field radiation with moving charge and observation point

I've been working on Chapter 34 of the first volume of the Feynman Lectures on Physics http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/I_34.html#Ch34-S1. In Fig. 34–3 (reproduced above) Prof. Feynman shows ...
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39 views

How to approach proofs in Electricity and Magnitism that involve integrals?

I have read through both Franklin and Jackson's Electromagnetism books and I am able to understand the different proofs involving integrals but when I try to re-derive them on my own later I am always ...
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1answer
37 views

Rigourous Treatment of Antenna Theory/Physics

As a rising senior who has finished his QM sequence but not yet done an E&M/optics sequence, but is about to start a research project that will be a large part antenna design and optimization, ...
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28 views

RF disturbances produced by transmission power lines

I need a book or paper that contains "the effects of transmission lines on the radio frequency transmission and disturbances". Could you help me find a useful textbook? Thank you
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3answers
514 views

Polarization vector of dielectric electrostatics

I know two laws for Polarization vector of a dielectric material $$\vec P = N q \vec{\Delta L}$$ Where $N$ is the number of dipoles per meter cube, $\vec{\Delta L}$ is the vector that represents the ...
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2answers
2k views

The electric field of a conductive sphere containing a charge - grounded vs not grounded

Let's suppose we have a sphere but unlike theoretical ones it'll have some thickness say $\Delta r$ and inner radius $R$. What I was wondering about is how will it behave if we place some charge $q$ ...
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4 views

What state is needed to model AC 3 phase induction motor?

Suppose I have a regular 3 phase 50hz AC squirrel cage motor of known design. If I wanted to make a model of this motor, would I need to know more than: Angle of rotor Angular velocity of rotor ...
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26 views

Calculating the force applied by an electromagnet on a ferromagnetic object

I know how to calculate the force applied on a magnetic object by an electromagnet at $n$ metres distance using $$F = \frac{(N \cdot I)^2 \cdot k \cdot A} {2 \cdot g^2},$$ but how would one calculate ...
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2k views

How can a magnet have a greater magnetic field strength than a bigger, heavier and more powerful magnet made of the exact same material?

Here are some informations I found on the magnetic field strength (also called "magnetic flux density" or "magnetic induction", commonly denoted as B and expressed in tesla or in gauss) of an average ...
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1answer
279 views

Does ratio of magnetic length to geometric length of a bar magnet always remain the same?

The magnetic length of a bar magnet is nearly 0.84 times that of the geometric length(Physical length), which looks quite valid. What would happen if I cut the same bar magnet along the transverse ...
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35 views

Charge distribution on uncharged conducting sphere

I am trying to solve the following problem: A charge $q$ is brought to a distance $d$ from the center of an uncharged, conducting sphere of radius R. What is the charge per unit area of the sphere ...
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12 views

Change in magnetic field region reduces overall voltage due to change in resistance?

Consider the following diagrams: Diagram(1): A large conductive slab($C$) with resistance ($R$) and region with magnetic field($B$), the conductor moves to the right as indicated with ($v$). ...
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1answer
93 views

polarization of a transverse wave travelling in ionosphere with polarization direction perpendicular to earths magnetic field

Assume a transverse electromagnetic wave entering ionosphere such that its Electric field of wave is perpendicular to earths magnetic field. Now, i read that as it will enter plasma, the wave will ...
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1answer
68 views

What's the meaning of linear medium in electromagnetism?

I'm studying the book Polarimetric Radar Imaging: From Basics To Applications and on page 31, there's this sentence: In the following, we shall consider the propagation of an electromagnetic ...
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1answer
90 views

Domains of electromagnets

I know that magnetism is due to the alignment of domains of a magnetic substance. Due to this reason, an iron bar may be magnetized by stroking it with a permanent magnet such that its domains are ...
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30 views

What is ultimate AC frequency and phenomena related to it?

Just as in title. What is the top AC frequency physically possible to obtain? And are there (and if yes, what?) phenomena occuring only at large frequencies? I'm thinking about a metallic wire. I know ...
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3answers
37 views

How to conserve energy with electrical noise?

If a resistor experiences thermal noise, it will dissipate energy to the environment. But where does the resistor's energy come from? It seems that it will just lose energy until ran out.
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279 views

Help me understand eqn. 28.6 from Feynman

Feynman says that the electric field, $\bf{E}$, can be written as, $$\mathbf{E} = \frac{-q}{4 \pi \epsilon_0} \left[ \frac{ \mathbf{e}_{r'}}{r'^2} + \frac{r'}{c} \frac{d}{dt} ...
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685 views

Why are magnetic field lines perpendicular to the surface of a ferromagnetic material?

It is known that magnetic field lines become nearly perpendicular to the surface of a ferromagnetic material. The quantitative proof which uses the boundary condition requires that magnetization at ...
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9 views

Calculating the Electric Field at the center of an arc [closed]

A total charge Q is uniformly distributed on a 180º arc of thin, non-conducting rod in a semicircular arrangement with radius a. Calculate the electric field at the center of the arc. I'm not sure ...
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2answers
220 views

Determining the minimum pull force of a magnet required to hold it in place

If I place a magnet on the underside of a metal object so that it is held there by its attraction to the metal, how can I determine the minimum pull force the magnet needs to have in order to keep it ...
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1answer
46 views

How (i.e. with what instruments) can one measure electric flux? [closed]

Supposing we have a charge distribution and some curve $C$ bounding a surface $S$, how does one measure the electric flux through $S$ with practical equipment/instrumentation? Does one use a ...
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1answer
108 views

Pulling a bar through a magnetic field

This is a question on magnetic flux and induced voltage. I believe that this problem's answer key is incorrect, and I want to determine whether my opinion is sound. I also want to explore one ...
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2answers
1k views

Why magnetic field lines and force are not orthogonal with magnets?

The below explanation why magnetism exists is superb in this video. The explanation about magnets is also great in this video. A magnet has atoms with unpaired electrons forming mini magnets. The ...
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25 views

Expanding Electric Field, Magnetic Field in post-Newtonian Gravitational Potential

I've cross-posted this question from Mathematics since Physics is probably better suited for the nature of the question. I've ...
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1answer
238 views

Reaction-at-a-distance: Do charged plates immediately repel each other?

Imagine that we have a pair of parallel plates, $A$ and $B$, separated by some distance as in Fig. $1$ above. At time $t_1$ we simultaneously charge both the plates. This could be done by ...
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4answers
121 views

Is this a Lorentz-scalar? How do I tell?

I'm struggling to identify whether a scalar is a Lorentz-scalar. E.g: $$\partial_i A^i \quad i \in {1,2,3}.$$ How do I determine if this is a Lorentz-scalar or not? If got the same problem with ...
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1answer
44 views

How does one measure the phase of a wave?

Given an electromagnetic wave of unknown characteristics, is it possible to measure its phase? Or does it always have to be inferred from interference with another wave (e.g. beating etc.)?
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1answer
230 views

Electromagnetic inertia due to advanced radiation?

The scalar potential $\phi$ and vector potential $A$ at a distance $r$ from a charge $q$ are given approximately by $$\phi = \frac{q}{r}$$ $$\mathbf{A} = \frac{q\mathbf v}{r}$$ where the constants ...
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2answers
93 views

Magnetic Force Confusing Paradox

Actually I had posted a very similar question, but I wasn't quite satisfied with the answer so I am posting a new variety again. Imagine an infinitely long wire carrying current $I_1$ from West to ...
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1answer
803 views

Electric field from conductive to dielectric media

I am interested in the main difference between transitions from electric fields from Conductive to Conductive/ Dielectric to Dielectric and Dielectric/Conductive media. What are the boundary ...
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4answers
328 views

Who foots the (magnetic) energy bill?

Gravitational attraction and electrostatic attraction/repulsion are intrinsic properties of matter, any particle (electron, proton) for some unknown reason can produce KE at a distance. But magnetic ...
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168 views

What determines the magnitude of force of an electromagnet?

Let's assume that there is an electromagnet with $B = 1 Tesla$ , what is the magnitude of the force it could generate on other dipoles equal to it's surface area? Can the magnitude of force (in ...
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1answer
86 views

The strength and control over the strength of electromagnets, correlation between the strength and weight of the magnets

I am currently working on a project that aims to use the attraction & repulsion between two electromagnets as an alternative to weights, from a physiotherapy and rehabilitation perspective to help ...
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1answer
55 views

Einsteins thought experiment on travelling with a light wave

This might be better suited to the science.history.SE; but I thought I would try here first. Einstein reportedly considered a thought experiment where one considers travelling alongside a light wave; ...