The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (5)

2
votes
1answer
45 views

Maxwell's equation for non inertial observer

Applying Maxwell's equation we can prove that light will move at the speed of light for every inertial frame, is it true as well for non-inertial frames? How light moves slowly near a black hole??
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Categorization of electromagnetic solitons?

I've seen over the years several mentions of electromagnetic solitons that appear in the high-intensity regime (where vacuum polarization becomes important). Some of these are coupled with plasmas, ...
0
votes
1answer
727 views

Is it possible to create artificial gravity by magnetizing iron in the blood stream?

I have been thinking is it possible that using a rather strong magnet on the human body's blood stream we could enact a small case of artificial gravity on the human body via the iron in the ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

How can Maxwell theory be viewed in terms of two-layer structure?

I'm trying to learn more about Maxwell equations and stumbled upon an essay by professor Freeman J. Dyson from Princeton. He explained Maxwell theory in a very interesting way. The modem view of ...
2
votes
4answers
115 views

Application of Kirchhoff's laws in circuits with inductors

As we know,the Kirchhoff circuit laws are applicable for conservative electric fields. Now it is applicable for circuits where inductors are present but the field there is not conservative. So how ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Poynting's Theorem simplified?

How can I apply Poynting's theorem to any system that has a magnetic field & electric field, to state conservation of energy? How does Poynting's theorem state conservation of energy in EM? I ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Total Momentum From a Standing Electromagnetic Wave

How does one show the momentum imparted to a perfect conducting resonance cavity (boundary) of any shape by a classical standing electromagnetic wave inside is zero? It should be by conservation of ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

What is supposition of equilibrium? How do Rayleigh, Jean know the electromagnetic wave in equilibrium behave?

In a cavity of dimension L, the wave must give zero amplitude at the wall, means wave equation has zero amplitude. Why? Answer from hyperphysics "since a non-zero value would dissipate energy and ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

How to make an evenly distributed strong electromagnetic surface (diameter ½ meter) [closed]

I need to put neodymium magnets very close to each other on a a circular surface with a diameter of $\frac{1}{2}\, \mathrm{m}$. The magnets do NOT want to be close unless they are forced to by a ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Does Gravity Warp Coulomb's force?

Does gravity effect the "sphericalness" of the Coulomb force? For example, is the field 1 meter above a charge weaker than the field 1 meter below the charge? Could a 0.014% difference in the field ...
6
votes
2answers
90 views

Experiment which shows that Newtons third law is not true for magnetic forces

I am just reading David Morins "Introduction to Classical Mechanics". He writes about Newtons third law the following: It holds for forces of the “pushing” and “pulling” type, but it fails for ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Why does the thickness of a wire affect resistance?

For small thicknesses of wire, it's pretty obvious why resistance affects thickness. (The electronics squeeze to get through). But after a certain thickness shouldn't the thickness become irrelevant? ...
3
votes
1answer
278 views

Homopolar motor and Lorentz force

My second grader thought making a homopolar motor for her science experiment would be fun. And, it was. Now I am trying to explain how it works and the Lorentz force. Please help me by giving me a ...
8
votes
2answers
839 views

What does it mean when physical theories are inconsistent?

I am hoping that someone can explain in layman terms why Newtonian mechanics and Maxwell's equations are inconsistent. Wikipedia says that this inconsistency is what led to the development of ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Electromagnetic induction

How change in magnetic flux linked with a coil induces electromotive force in a coil . Also please explain this in accordance with faraday's experiment?
2
votes
1answer
26 views

Thermal emission cathode electron velocity distribution

I can't find any experimental data (or theoretical expression) on what is the velocity (or energy) distribution of thermal emission cathode electrons emmited from the cathode at approximately 2000 K ...
1
vote
1answer
473 views

Electric field from conductive to dielectric media

I am interested in the main difference between transitions from electric fields from Conductive to Conductive/ Dielectric to Dielectric and Dielectric/Conductive media. What are the boundary ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Momentum of capacitor in a uniform magnetic field

We are observing ideal, charged, parallel plate capacitor placed in uniform magnetic field parallel to plates. Whole system is at rest and isolated (we have forces that hold plates separated, but net ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Understanding Poynting's Theorem intuitively

I understand that, broadly speaking, Poynting's theorem is a statement of conservation of energy. Energy density of a volume of current and charge decreases proportionally to work done on charges ...
1
vote
1answer
234 views

Electric field from current without Maxwell's law of induction

A long, straight wire carries a current that decreases linearly with time. What is the direction of the induced electric field outside the wire? I would interpret this as follows: a current ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Au, Ag nanoparticles plasmon peak position?

Is the interaction between metallic nanoparticles (~ 20 nm) and light in the UV-Vis-NIR range governed by Mie theory or by Rayleigh scattering theory? Where are the Au and Ag plasmonic peaks located? ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Does gravity affect magnetism, vice-versa, or do they “ignore” each other?

I am suddenly struck by the question of whether gravitation affects magnetism in some way. On the other hand, gravity is a weak force, but magnetism seems to be a strong force, so would magnetism ...
1
vote
3answers
131 views

How do charged particles interact?

You'll have to forgive me if this question is too wrapped up in "classical" thinking. I've read that electrons and protons interact by trading photons, but this only raises more questions. What ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Constant Rayleigh Scattering Cross Section

in the Review of Particle Physics - Interactions of Particles with Matter, there is a plot that gives the cross sections for different interactions of photons with matter. One of them is Rayleigh ...
1
vote
1answer
12 views

The strength and control over the strength of electromagnets, correlation between the strength and weight of the magnets

I am currently working on a project that aims to use the attraction & repulsion between two electromagnets as an alternative to weights, from a physiotherapy and rehabilitation perspective to help ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Understanding frequency of a signal

I'm trying to understand how can one transmit different signals on a same copper wire using different frequencies. How does the electrons actually interact with the frequency? And how does the ...
0
votes
2answers
100 views

What is the electromagnetic field and what is the Higgs field?

I have several questions regarding the electromagnetic field and Higgs field which are connected, so I thought I would ask them together. Would be grateful for any information on any of the questions: ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

How do I relate the direction of a compass needle to the direction of a current?

A compass needle is placed above the wire points with its N-pole toward the east. In what direction is the current flowing? If a compass is put underneath the wire, in which direction will ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Relation between wavenumber and propagation constant

What is the exact difference between wavenumber and propagation constant in an electromagnetic wave propagating in a medium such as a transmission line, cause i am a bit confused. Does it have to do ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Induced emf in stationary conductor lying in varying magnetic field

We explain that motional emf is induced because charges in a conductor move along with the conductor and as a result a magnetic force pushes them to one side of the conductor. But in case of a ...
23
votes
5answers
2k views

Why do we deal only with large scale magnetic fields in astrophysics, and not electric fields?

In astrophysics there is a lot going on about strong, large scale magnetic fields: in stars (prominences), magnetic dynamos, compact accretors collimating jets, etc. There's even a special ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Electromagnet force equation clarification

So, from a previous previous question, I know what plane the force from an electromagnet will affect a ferromagnetic material in. I thought that would be enough, but working through some problems ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Closed circuit integral, magnetic vector potential for straight line segment

Looking at a worked example in Chengs Field and Wave Electromagnetics (newest ed, p 236) about Biot-Savarts law. 'A conducting wire of length $2L$ is carrying the current $I$. Find $\textbf{B}$ by ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Why is area considered and not volume to find the force of a solenoid?

I am doing a project involving solenoids. I found multiple websites that say the force (in N) a solenoid exerts on a soft iron bar as it enters the coils can be given by the equation ...
1
vote
1answer
336 views

Dielectric slab counter-intuitive formula?

For the calculation of force on one of the two equal(in magnitude, opposite in sign) point charges separated by $r$ with a dielectric slab of dielectric constant $K$ and width $d$ in between, the ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Why is the Ohm's law $j=\sigma E$ accurate?

Ohm's law $j=\sigma*E=\frac{Q}{A}*\frac{F}{Q}=...?$ $j=\rho*v$= $\frac{q}{V}*\frac{s}{t}=\frac{1}{A}*I$ So why is $j=\sigma$E
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Earnshaw's theorem and springs

Earnshaw's theorem states that the Laplacian of the potential energy of a small charge moving through a landscape full of static negative and/or positive charges (and gravity) is zero. Thus you can't ...
0
votes
2answers
113 views

Drift Speed and Current in Two Different Inertial Frames

We have a long, cylindrical wire carrying a constant current I in an inertial frame. At a distance of R from the center of the wire, the magnitude of magnetic field is $μI/2πR$. What is the magnitude ...
24
votes
8answers
3k views

Is there an intuitive explanation for why Lorentz force is perpendicular to a particle's velocity and the magnetic field?

The Lorentz force on a charged particle is perpendicular to the particle's velocity and the magnetic field it's moving through. This is obvious from the equation: $$ \mathbf{F} = q\mathbf{v} \times ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Tensor notation

I'm trying to understand the Maxwell Stress tensor notation. I'm given that each element in the tensor is given by ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Ampere's circuital law for finite current carrying wire

When I was studying about Ampere's circuital law. Then there comes a question in my mind that "whether this law is applicable for finite current carrying wire or not"
0
votes
1answer
421 views

Proof of equality of the integral and differential form of Maxwell's equation

Just curious, can anyone show how the integral and differential form of Maxwell's equation is equivalent? (While it is conceptually obvious, I am thinking rigorous mathematical proof may be useful in ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

DC Generator with magnet as rotor

DC generators convert the AC current in them by split ring commutators right and the graph of the current will be like this but the question is how would be the graph if the magnet is the rotor and ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Energy of moving capacitor

On the following link were a discussion about energy in capacitor moving parallel to its field: Where's the energy in a boosted capacitor? My question is what happen if capacitor is moving ...
8
votes
3answers
466 views

Where's the energy in a boosted capacitor?

Suppose I look at a parallel plate capacitor in its rest frame and calculate the electrostatic energy, $E$. Next, I look at the same capacitor in a primed frame boosted in the direction perpendicular ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Lorentz force, multiple conductors?

3 conductors are placed in a magnetic field $B$, that have equal current $I$ flowing, is the Lorentz force totaled as the sum of all those conductors? Assuming that all of them have the same direction ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Is there any simulation program for electrostatic and magnetostatic fields? [duplicate]

please can any one suggest me a good program for simulating electrostatic and magnetostatic fields (forces,flux density, energy and potential) ?
10
votes
2answers
377 views

Forcing quadrupole moments to vanish for a neutral system

For a system of electric charges $q_i$, at positions $\mathbf{r}_i$, with a nonzero net charge $Q=\sum_i q_i$, one can define a "centre of charge" in the obvious way as $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
305 views

If we have a current $I$ flowing down a wire, why must the net bound current be zero?

Say we are dealing with a wire that has a current $I$ flowing through it, i.e. $I$ is the free current. Why must it then hold that the net bound current, that is, the bound volume current, $J_b$, and ...
0
votes
2answers
114 views

Does a simple copper wire with an AC current create EM waves?

I want to know if a household AC current flowing through a simple copper wire will radiate EM waves? If yes, up to what range and can they be called radio waves?