The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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17 views

BOOST FM RECEPTION

How can i improve fm reception on my nokia smartphone? I have tried by removing the insulation on earphone wires and connecting the earphone wires to another wire placed high on roof but has not ...
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0answers
29 views

Sequence of E and B field in radio waves and in single photons

In antenna technology we distinguish between nearfield and widefield. In the nearfield the electric and the magnetic fields are shifted by 90°. If you look closer you can see that there are two ...
8
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4answers
808 views

Are voltages discrete when we zoom in enough

Voltages are often thought of as continuous physical quantities. I was wondering whether by zooming in a lot, they are discrete. Can all voltages (potential differences) that exist in reality be ...
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4answers
61 views

Is magnetic levitation a good way to vibrationally isolate a speaker from its support?

I recently heard about this company planning to sell a magnetically levitating bluetooth speaker. I understand that the levitation is partly motivated by visual aesthetics, but on the website the ...
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1answer
377 views

Proof of equality of the integral and differential form of Maxwell's equation

Just curious, can anyone show how the integral and differential form of Maxwell's equation is equivalent? (While it is conceptually obvious, I am thinking rigorous mathematical proof may be useful in ...
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5answers
10k views

How do moving charges produce magnetic fields?

I'm tutoring high school students. I've always taught them that: A charged particle moving without acceleration produces an electric as well as a magnetic field. It produces an electric field ...
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6answers
88 views

Do electrons flow only on the surface of a wire?

Since the $\vec{E}$ field inside a "perfect" conductor is zero, do the electrons(the current) flow only on the outer surface? This has bothered me since I studied electromagnetism. Thank you for ...
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6answers
1k views

Why aren't there compression waves in electromagnetic fields?

I just started learning about optics, and in the book I'm reading they explain how the electrical field caused by a single charged particle could be described by a series of field lines, and compare ...
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1answer
41 views

What physical forces allows for electromagnetic induction

In electromagnetic induction, what force is actually doing the work? what physical force actually drives the electrons around the circuit? Let's say we have a coil and an increasing magnetic field ...
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2answers
99 views

Does a simple copper wire with an AC current create EM waves?

I want to know if a household AC current flowing through a simple copper wire will radiate EM waves? If yes, up to what range and can they be called radio waves?
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1answer
89 views

Boltzmann Distribution of Electrons in Confining Potential

I have a particle simulation wherein many non-interacting electrons are trapped in a electric potential well. I would expect, and therefore I initialize according to this, that the electrons would ...
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2answers
31 views

amplification of magnetic field

can we by any means amplify magnetic field as we can with electric signal. As both electric and magnetic field can be represented in the form of a wave the analogy seems to be natural.
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1answer
29 views

Teflon and induction cookware

I remember once getting new Teflon (non-stick) cookware; however, when I tried this new cookware on my induction cooker the cookware did not heat up. My regular steel cookware worked just fine on the ...
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2answers
48 views

Current Density

I'm trying to understand the definition given on my electromagnetism course for the current density. More specifically, I want to know why, as defined below, the current density is given the name ...
2
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1answer
90 views

Boundary conditions in Electrostatics

If I have a grounded conducting material, then I know that $\phi=0$ inside this material, no matter what the electric configuration in the surrounding will be. Now I have a conducting material that ...
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0answers
23 views

calculating electrostatic force [on hold]

I am trying to answer this question: Calculate the electrostatic force on a metal ion carrying a charge of $3.2$x$10^-$$^1$$^ 9\ \text{C}$, and which is in an ionic solution between two parallel ...
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2answers
443 views

How do I express the interaction energy between two charged spheres?

Consider two identical insulating spheres each with radius $R$ and uniform charge $Q$ through their volume. They are separated from their centers by a distance of $d>2R$. Here is my general ...
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0answers
17 views

Very short physics question (electromagnetic field): Just draw the figure of the problem? [on hold]

Can you please draw me the figure of the problem? I dont want the solution,just the figure? A straight, stiff, horizontal wire of length 25 cm and mass 50 g is connected to a source of emf by light, ...
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1answer
100 views

Why is the magnetic field stronger at the edges of a bar magnet?

I have been performing an experiment at school in which I test the force on an iron surface from the magnetic field of an electromagnet. The electromagnet has a rectangular iron core. The theory ...
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0answers
17 views

Splitting of degenerate energy levels with a perturbed particle in a box

Suppose you have a particle in a square box $[0,L]\times[0,L]$. As the box is a square, the (2,1) and (1,2) eigenfunctions will have the same energy. If you were to apply an oscillating electric field ...
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0answers
25 views

Smallest view-able object by radio wave magnification with metamaterial?

What is the theoretical and in practice microscopic maximum/best resolution of a meta material radio wave lens (assuming diffraction or beyond diffraction techniques)? I'd like to use diffraction or ...
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1answer
37 views

How much power you might need to generate dangerous EMP shock?

While playing with voltage multiplication and capacitors, I began to think if my experiments could damage my electrical equipment (eg. mobile phone) by creating strong magnetic fields over a short ...
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1answer
126 views

Total Momentum From a Standing Electromagnetic Wave

How does one show the momentum imparted to a perfect conducting resonance cavity (boundary) of any shape by a classical standing electromagnetic wave inside is zero? It should be by conservation of ...
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2answers
2k views

Why can't electromagnetic radiation from magnets be used for apparent perpetual motion?

If electromagnetic radiation represents a transfer of energy, then does a permanent magnet represent unlimited energy, and if so, why can't magnets be used for perpetual motion? Even if permanent ...
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0answers
21 views

Poynting Vector Volume Integral Inside a Cavity

Given an electromagnetic wave in resonance mode in a vacuum cavity inside a perfect conductor, on the boundary, the parallel component of $E$ field vanishes, and the perpendicular of component of $B$ ...
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0answers
18 views

Physical reason for magnetic mirroring?

I understand the mathematical derivation of magnetic mirroring, which usually starts from the conservation of the magnetic dipole moment (e.g. in a plasma). But physically: a mirrored particle is ...
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1answer
137 views

Earnshaw's theorem and springs

Earnshaw's theorem states that the Laplacian of the potential energy of a small charge moving through a landscape full of static negative and/or positive charges (and gravity) is zero. Thus you can't ...
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1answer
48 views

Transformer ratios - 1:2 vs 50:100

I am only the equivalent of a high school student, so please, if possible, don't answer this question with anything too complex or really advanced university level. I am very happy to research new ...
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0answers
27 views

Circuit breaker Trips during thunderstorm

The circuit breaker at the electrical mains trips at home when there is a thunderstorm outside. Why does this occur?
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1answer
84 views

What determines the magnitude of force of an electromagnet?

Let's assume that there is an electromagnet with $B = 1 Tesla$ , what is the magnitude of the force it could generate on other dipoles equal to it's surface area? Can the magnitude of force (in ...
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3answers
55 views

Ampere's law and external currents

In Ampere's law the current outside the curve taken is not included in the expression. Does this mean that only the currents crossing the area bounded by the curve taken contribute to the magnetic ...
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1answer
115 views

What is absorption of an electromagnetic wave?

Can any one explain the absorption/transmission/reflection of electromagnetic waves in the wave form? It is generally said that the atom absorbs/reflects/transmits photon. But can this phenomena be ...
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1answer
24 views

Magnetic force and relative frame

The magnetic field for to a moving charge depend on its velocity (Biot Savart's law). My question is that is it then not frame dependent? If it is, it means if a man is walking and other is standing ...
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1answer
116 views

EmDrive Cavity modes

The EMDrive described in patent application GB 2493361 is a simple section of a sphere surrounded by a superconducting cooling system. I have attempted to solve the oscillation modes possible and ...
-1
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0answers
25 views

Ampere's law question regarding magnetic field [on hold]

In amperes law the current outside the curve taken is not included in the expression u.i does this mean that the magnetic field calculated by using this law gives contribution of only the currents ...
0
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1answer
21 views

Single Photon emission from positronium in strong magnetic fields; how is momentum conserved?

I recently came across a paper (which I will not describe in detail, however, the authors examine the probability of positronium producing a single photon, while under the influence of a strong ...
2
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2answers
170 views

AC Electromagnets

Could someone help explain the uses of AC electromagnets. Wherever I look it says that DC electromagnets create stronger magnetic fields. I understand why AC electromagnets could be used in ...
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2answers
70 views

Electromagnetic induction of an uniform magnetic field

EDIT: Thanks to the first answer, I may see that there is differences between a giant solenoid and a completely uniform magnetic field. Therefore it would be great if one can explain to me both the ...
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2answers
76 views

Determining the minimum pull force of a magnet required to hold it in place

If I place a magnet on the underside of a metal object so that it is held there by its attraction to the metal, how can I determine the minimum pull force the magnet needs to have in order to keep it ...
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2answers
68 views

Curious about this perpetuum concept

I know it's not possible to build a perpetual motion machine, but I still got this concept running in my mind. If you take a (longer)copper coil, and insert an axis through it(right-angled) with a ...
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1answer
173 views

Frequency of rotating coil

Given a coil initially in the x-y plane, rotating at angular frequency $ \omega $ about the x-axis in a magnetic field in the z-direction. This uniform time varying magnetic field is given by $B_z ...
5
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2answers
185 views

Analogy between fluid dynamics and electromagnetism

I've been reading a set of notes (Chapter 13 of Caltech Ph 136 notes from 2004, by Blandford and Thorne) that draw an analogy between fluid dynamics and electromagnetism, identifying the magnetic ...
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2answers
62 views

Induced “Potential Difference” in Loop/How do Voltmeters work?

Say we have a single, solid circular loop of wire rotating at a constant angular velocity in a uniform magnetic field. There is an induced EMF creating a current in the wire. At the absolute ...
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1answer
49 views

An electromagnetic induction problem [on hold]

The question goes like this : A thin non conducting horizontal disc of mass $m$ having total charge $q$ distributed uniformly over its surface, can rotate freely about its own axis. Initially ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Lorentz force, multiple conductors?

3 conductors are placed in a magnetic field $B$, that have equal current $I$ flowing, is the Lorentz force totaled as the sum of all those conductors? Assuming that all of them have the same direction ...
1
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3answers
247 views

potential difference problem?

As far as i know potential difference between 2 points is defined as the negative line integral of electric field between those 2 points. I also know that when magnetic field changes curl of electric ...
1
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2answers
84 views

Principle of locality and forces

I have a silly confusion about the statement written in the link Einstein and Locality ''external influence on A has no direct influence on B; this is known as the Principle of Local Action.'' ...
0
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1answer
47 views

Back EMF & Current, how can we make I stable?

Lets assume we have a wire that has $10V$ across and $1$ $Amp$ flowing, now if this conductor is introduced to a changing magnetic field, $-EMF$ is induced, can we control our voltage to increase it ...
2
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2answers
112 views

What is the area in Faraday's law if we have only a piece of metal moving in a magnetic field?

If a piece of metal of length $l$ is moving with a speed $v$ in a region where there is a uniform magnetic field $B$ perpendicular to it, there will be a potential difference across its terminals ...
0
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1answer
51 views

Landau Levels and Magnetic length

I am looking into Landau Levels and keep coming across a magnetic length defined as follows for a 2D system: $l_B=\sqrt{\frac{\hbar c}{e B}}$ I have seen numerous sources say this is: $l_B\approx ...