The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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3
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1answer
108 views

Reconciling total internal reflection and the evanescent Wave

I understand that light is guided in a dielectric waveguide via total internal reflection. My question is regarding the origin of power contained in the evanescent field traveling along the direction ...
2
votes
1answer
18 views

Reluctance of torus shaped iron core with embedded wire loop

Imagine a circular wire loop (r = 50mm), the wire has an assumed diameter of zero, which is embedded in a torus shaped iron core with a circular cross-section of R = 10mm. A current in that loop ...
2
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2answers
45 views

When to use method of images in Electrostatics?

I am a bit confused about when to use the method of images in E&M? For example, in Griffith's Electrodynamics Example 3.2, the problem reads: A point charge $q$ is situated a distance $a$ from ...
0
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2answers
114 views

What are correlated magnetic moments?

My book has the following sentence and I don't understand what correlation or lack of correlation means: At high temperature the magnetic moments of adjacent atoms are uncorrelated (to maximize ...
2
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0answers
60 views

How to properly construct the electromagnetic tensor in curved space-time? (Part II)

In this question, I am testing what was previously discussed. I can't seem to get my results to match D'Inverno's electromagnetic tensor for a charged point (page 239 of his book - Introducing ...
5
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2answers
46 views

Does the geomagnetic field rotate?

The Earth rotates about it's own axis. Do the geomagnetic field lines rotate due to this rotation or not?
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1answer
429 views

Electric field from conductive to dielectric media

I am interested in the main difference between transitions from electric fields from Conductive to Conductive/ Dielectric to Dielectric and Dielectric/Conductive media. What are the boundary ...
0
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2answers
29 views

Positive charges “move” from higher to lower potential [on hold]

It's my understanding that whenever an object gains or loses electric charge this actually corresponds to losing/gaining electrons (protons do not move). So how can a positive charge always move from ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Poynting's Theorem simplified?

How can I apply Poynting's theorem to any system that has a magnetic field & electric field, to state conservation of energy? How does Poynting's theorem state conservation of energy in EM? I ...
0
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1answer
70 views

Grounded conducting sphere inside uniform electric field

The problem of a grounded conducting sphere inside a uniform $E$ field in the $z$ direction can be solved by imagining the field be produced by a pair of charges $Q$ and $-Q$ put on the $z$ axis, ...
-1
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0answers
21 views

Aharonov-Bohm Effect electricity generation

This question is based on highly intuitive picture of the Aharonov-Bohm effect (perhaps a naive one). From what I have read, the current explanation of the AB effect is that although the electron ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Voltage across an inductor contradicts Lenz's law?

Imagine a simple circuit consisting of an alternating current source connected to an inductor. Assume they are connected in the following fashion: AC source - terminal A - Inductor - terminal B - AC ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Are magnetic forces medium-dependent?

I am learning the Magnetic Effects of Electric Currents at school, and I was given an equation. I was told it would be elaborated on next year. But since I can't seem to bring myself to wait, here it ...
0
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1answer
71 views

Physical representation of magnetic vector potential

For time varying potential $$ E= - \nabla(v)- \frac{\partial A}{\partial t} $$ now for scalar potential v we can represent the equipotential surface as a perpendicular surface of the direction of ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

How does back-emf oppose the input-current?

A circuit, has current $A$ flowing at a certain $V$. When there is a change in magnetic-flux, based on Faraday's law of induction & Lenz's law, we know that there is change in Potential ...
0
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0answers
48 views

Understanding the mathematical formulation of the Faraday effect

The Faraday Effect is a magneto-optical effect which results in the polarisation of light being rotated I would really want to understand the theory of this, but I only have a basic EM knowledge, ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

Why is emf equal to PD when circuit is “open”?

I understand that the set up of a battery consists of very good, but not ideal conductor, and therefore, some internal resistance exists. Also, I get that emf is the PD that would exist if the ...
3
votes
3answers
195 views

How does one determine whether an object will make an EM wave refract in a qualitative way?

for example, i have a vague notion that the actual answer is that the permittivity and permisivity are different in each different material, so all waves refract at every boundary, but we only call it ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Can Ionocrafts be improved by breaking it up into multiple stages?

Ionocraft or "lifters" are lightweight devices that produce thrust by ionizing the air around an electrode, and then accelerating the ions toward another electrode with an electric field, during which ...
3
votes
2answers
413 views

Magnetostatic energy density — derivation without introducing induchance?

I was looking for a derivation of the expression for the energy density at any point in a static magnetic field. I do know that it is $\dfrac {1}{2 \mu_0}\left|\vec{B}\right|^2$ -- I was just ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Minimum separation problem

I am trying to solve this problem where two point charges are infinite distance apart(horizontally) but separated by some finite distance vertically. Both are positively charged and projected ...
1
vote
1answer
218 views

Hollow electromagnet functionality? (Graphic Models Included)

Question: Will this work as I've shown it here, more or less, or will the iron cylinder being hollow produce results not shown? Topic: I'm experimenting with magnetic fields and have been testing ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Electric field generated by a point charge moving at the speed of light

As you see, this is the electric field generated by a point charge moving at constant speed v. I know that when $v$ -> 0, $E$ is just the Coloumb Law. But how do you interpret $E$ when $v$ -> $c$ ? ...
0
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0answers
38 views

what is the composition of magnetic field? [on hold]

whenever I read electromagnetism topic then i was confused by magnetic field that what is the composition of it and why magnetic field forms from outside the current carrying conductor ...
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0answers
31 views

compact and non-compact gauge theory [on hold]

From the answer to this question, I see that the gauge theory has to be compact if the charges need to be quantized. I am not sure in what sense these are necessary and sufficient. So here is a ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

The Energy involved in the work done here?

When a wire that has current $I$ flowing within it and its in a magnetic field, the wire experience the Lorentz force, and that force moved the wire over a certain distance $x$(no matter how small), ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

What happens when you pass a current through a coil made of a ferromagnetic substance?

I know when you pass a current through a length of copper coil or a solenoid, there is the induction of a magnetic flux. But what of the coil made of the ferromagnetic material, the permanent type ...
4
votes
2answers
276 views

One question about sextupole

In multipole expansion, we use monopole, dipole, quadrupole or octupole to describe an electromagnetic field. But I saw someone use sextupole to describe transition states. If we expand an ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Closed circuit integral, magnetic vector potential for straight line segment

Looking at a worked example in Chengs Field and Wave Electromagnetics (newest ed, p 236) about Biot-Savarts law. 'A conducting wire of length $2L$ is carrying the current $I$. Find $\textbf{B}$ by ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Superconducting wire in a Magnetic Field?

A superconducting wire($SC$) is moved rapidly in a magnetic field( $1$ $Tesla$), what would happen to the wire? Are there any forces induced of attraction or repulsion? In a typical conductor, we ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

How to calculate the force acting on a magnet due to a solenoid

Can I assume both magnet and solenoid as magnetic dipole and use Coulombs law to find the force acting the magnet?
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Are electric field lines due to Faradays law closed?

Are the field lines of electric field produced by Faraday's law of induction (and assuming $\rho = 0$) necessarily closed? If not what would be a counterexample. If it's true, how to prove it in ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Special relativity: moving charge and twisting bar magnet

ETA: Huh. It's been more than three months since I posed this question. Is it really possible that no one knows the answer? I thought for sure someone would know. Oh well. You have a small bar ...
7
votes
4answers
225 views

Are metals more heavy due to the Earth's magnetic field?

Non-metal objects are attracted to the Earth due to gravity. So the weight of non-metal objects can be only dependent on their mass. On the other hand metals can be attracted to the Earth's magnetic ...
7
votes
1answer
169 views

Materials with different gravitomagnetic permeability?

If you start with general relativity, and assume small perturbations around a nearly flat metric, it is possible to obtain linearized equations of gravity that look a lot like Maxwell's equations, ...
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3answers
336 views

2 solenoids: emf and frequency

I'm studying a circuit in AC. I use a function generator and set a waveform. I have a solenoid and I put a small solenoid inner it. Could you tell me if there is a relation between frequency and emf ...
0
votes
1answer
238 views

Coercivity of a ferromagnetic material?

I understand that coercivity is the field/force required to demagnetize/magnetize a ferromagnetic material. What if we had two opposite magnetic fields of different strengths values H acting on the ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

about field gradient

I read the term field gradient in most of the article about magnetic field. I search it online but most of the explanation is about the math. I wonder in physics, what the gradient field really mean? ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

How to wire a STRONG electromagnet? [on hold]

I have a 12mm long hard ferrite core that I want to use as an electromagnet. I have wound it with 0.8mm copper as tightly as I can by hand, in a single layer, but the field is not strong enough. I ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Magnet insulation and Permanent magnets

Is magnetic insulation possible? I have seen its not.If so Why? Permanent magnets are not permanent? I read about that permanent magnets lose their magnetism after some time. What does this mean.How ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Does a permanent magnet loose its magnetism?

The question is slightly deceiving however still simple for those academics therefore, here I present my question: If I take a para-magnetic material and put it very close to a homogeneous magnetic ...
2
votes
9answers
669 views

Metallic and glass sphere of same size released at a height

This question was in my exam today : A metallic and glass sphere of same size were dropped at same height. Which sphere would hit the ground first and why? I have thought about several things and ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Why does the current increase in an LC circuit while the capacitor is being discharged?

From the maths governing an LC circuit (eg. $E_B=\frac{LI^2}{2}$) we can deduce, that the current through the inductor will have a maximum value, when there's no energy stored in the capacitor, or ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Inductor's energy

I have some knowledge about LC circuits, like I know Maxwell's equations, the differential equations of circuit oscillator and so on. I am armed with equations to solve physical problems involving ...
1
vote
1answer
273 views

If we have a current $I$ flowing down a wire, why must the net bound current be zero?

Say we are dealing with a wire that has a current $I$ flowing through it, i.e. $I$ is the free current. Why must it then hold that the net bound current, that is, the bound volume current, $J_b$, and ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Boundary conditions in Electrostatics

If I have a grounded conducting material, then I know that $\phi=0$ inside this material, no matter what the electric configuration in the surrounding will be. Now I have a conducting material that ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

Drift Speed and Current in Two Different Inertial Frames

We have a long, cylindrical wire carrying a constant current I in an inertial frame. At a distance of R from the center of the wire, the magnitude of magnetic field is $μI/2πR$. What is the magnitude ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Force on a coil inside of a voice coil

as a homework exercise we were given the following question: Given the following voice coil: With depth = 20 mm Permanent magnets with B = 1.23 T, Ur = 1.1 The coils has 20 turns, I = 1 Ampere. a) ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

phase difference between incident plane wave incident on a dipole and radiation fields from dipole

i have an incident plane wave and a dipole, consider that plane wave incident on dipole. at this moment what happen for dipole ? we know that after incident of plane wave on dipole, the radiation have ...
3
votes
1answer
252 views

Homopolar motor and Lorentz force

My second grader thought making a homopolar motor for her science experiment would be fun. And, it was. Now I am trying to explain how it works and the Lorentz force. Please help me by giving me a ...