The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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0
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1answer
173 views

Two concentric conducting shells connected by wire with modified Coulomb law?

This question is related to this one, but is a bit different. Consider two concentric and conducting spherical shells connected by a wire. Inner shell has radius $b$ and (unknown) charge $q_b$ while ...
0
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0answers
11 views

The effects of multi-stranded wire on magnetic field strength

If I were to make a solenoid (with an air core) out of stranded copper wire- say for instance 8 strands- would this effect the magnetic field strength compared to, say, a solenoid with a single stand ...
-4
votes
1answer
36 views

Why do some stars become end up as black holes? [on hold]

The answer involves the gravity and the internal pressure within the star. These two things oppose each other -- the gravitational force of the star acting on a chunk of matter at the star's surface ...
5
votes
2answers
182 views

Far field diffraction of EM waves: what does the zero frequency signify?

If you have a system of independently radiating electrons/point-charges, the far field distribution of the EM waves can be approximated by the Fraunhoffer diffraction integral, or simply by the ...
0
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1answer
20 views

What happens when an electromagnetic wave passes through a magnet or charged capacitor?

What are the effects or interactions between propagating electromagnetic wave that passes through static magnetic field (big neodymium magnet) or static electric field (charged plates of HV ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Relativistic transformation of electrical current

If, in frame $S$, we have an electrically neutral wire with some current $I$, modelled as positive charges moving in $x$ direction and negative charges moving in $-x$ direction, then how would one ...
1
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1answer
112 views

Motion of Thompson's jumping ring

Thompson's jumping ring experiment is set up as follows: There is a force acting on the ring $F(x)$ where $x$ is the vertical displacement. The force is due to the $90^\circ$ out of phase flux ...
1
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4answers
6k views

What is the difference between electromagnet and solenoid?

What is the difference between electromagnet and solenoid? Both these terms seem as the same thing to me. The only difference that I can find seems to be that an electromagnet contains a soft iron ...
3
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4answers
636 views

How would you define electrostatics and magnetostatics starting from Maxwell's equations?

I'm reading Griffith's text, and he starts by defining Electrostatics as requiring the source charges don't move. I've seen a few slightly different definitions of electrostatics and magnetostatics. ...
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0answers
22 views

Determine potential function given initial conditions?

Assuming a radially symmetric circular disk (let's say r=1). Given two simple initial conditions: Potential at the centre is 4 V Potential at the edges is 0 V How would I determine the potential ...
-6
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0answers
30 views

What are Black holes exactly? [on hold]

A Black Hole is a very large rip in the atmosphere that opens after to many shuttles have traveled into space. It happens after about 5 million years of shuttles traveling in and out of spaces ...
3
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1answer
58 views

Electrons motion

Some days ago, I was reading a very simple text about photoelectric phenomenon (at high school level) that this question came to mind. How do electrons move (for example during their translation from ...
-3
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0answers
184 views

Galactic binary engine found in the center of the Milky Way? [on hold]

It is accepted science that Sagittarius A* is the black hole in the middle of our galaxy, and motion measurements of Sag A* show that it is more or less stationary relative to our Sun, so why would ...
1
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1answer
124 views

Maxwell Stress Tensor at material boundaries

I am trying to grasp the meaning of the Maxwell Stress tensor $T_i^j$ at material boundaries. Concretely, I am trying to calculate the force between two waveguides. The results are given in an article ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Fermi energy of electron gas with electrostatic interaction

I have been given the following exam question and am unsure how I would go about solving it: Consider the case of a one-dimensional metal, consisting of a chain of $N$ positive charges $+q$ ...
-1
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0answers
24 views

Does more electromagnetic mass means more electric field is given out?

Does a moving charge give more electric field since it has more electromagnetic mass ? Or Let I have a moving charge with speed 0.9c. kinetic energy hence gained is $m0.81 c^2$. Total energy of ...
-1
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0answers
21 views

Foce experienced by charge in a fluctuating magnetic field [on hold]

A charge moving in a magnetic field experiences a force given by qv x B where q is the charge v is the velocity of the charge B is the magnetic field and x denotes the cross product. This is the ...
2
votes
1answer
497 views

Question about superconductivity

A long cylinder of radius $R$ is made from two different material. Its radius $r<r_0$ $(r_0<R)$ part is a material with superconducting transition temperature $T_1$, and its $r_0<r<R$ ...
-1
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0answers
37 views

Antimatter in the solar system, Charge of the sun, and Annihilation

Since the sun is creating a lot of helium at once, and one of the protons has to undergo beta plus decay, Shouldn't there be at least a little bit of antimatter orbiting the sun? I know most of the ...
10
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1answer
181 views

Is the uniqueness theorem correct in superconductivity?

There is an uniqueness theorem in electromagnetism. It says that the solution of Maxwell's Equations is determined uniquely by boundary conditions. We can treat superconductivity as a completely ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

What does a voltmeter actually measure?

For time varying fields (even quasistatic ones) the electric field is given by $${\bf E} = - \nabla \Phi - \frac{\partial {\bf A}}{\partial t}$$ So what does a voltmeter measure? Does it measure a ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Dynamic energy of capacitors in circuit

If I have 3 capacitors and 1 battery in a circuit how should I connect them in order to have maximum dynamic energy, when I connect them with the battery? Parallel or in series?
4
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2answers
40 views

Why does an oscillating electric field couple more strongly to electrons than to ions?

As stated in Principles of Plasma Discharges and Materials Processing, by M. A. Lieberman and A. J. Lichtenberg, about capacitively coupled plasmas: (...) the light and heavy charged particles in ...
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1answer
1k views

Electric field from conductive to dielectric media

I am interested in the main difference between transitions from electric fields from Conductive to Conductive/ Dielectric to Dielectric and Dielectric/Conductive media. What are the boundary ...
3
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0answers
67 views

What is relationship between electromagnetic mass and rest mass?

Is there a direct equation which compares rest mass $m_°$ and electromagnetic mass $m_{em}$? Nothing on web I found. $m_{em} = \frac{4 E_{em}}{3c^2}$ 4/3 problem The final solution of the ...
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0answers
116 views
+50

Confusion in Maxwell's derivation of Ampere's Force Law - Part II

I am reading Maxwell's "a treatise on electricity and magnetism, Volume 2, page 156" about "Ampere's Force Law". I have some confusion in the following pages: My question is of two parts: 1. ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Feynman's paradox : “conservation of angular momentum or Lenz's law ?” [duplicate]

When I was in high school, out of my interest I read electro-magnetism topic from Feynman's lecture on physics. There was a Paradox question in that topic, answer of which i am seeking here... Below ...
25
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7answers
3k views

Why are the electric force and magnetic force classified as electromagnetism?

I confuse the four kinds of fundamental interactions, so I think the electric force and magnetic force should not be classified as a big class called electromagnetism. Here is my evidence: The ...
2
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1answer
261 views

Boltzmann Distribution of Electrons in Confining Potential

I have a particle simulation wherein many non-interacting electrons are trapped in a electric potential well. I would expect, and therefore I initialize according to this, that the electrons would ...
2
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1answer
115 views

How force get transmitted when a magnet attracts iron?

According to particle physics , every fundamental force has its force carrier particle. Photon is a force carrier particle of electromagnetic force but how does force gets transmitted when a iron is ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Electric field inside an insulator's cavity [on hold]

I'm trying to find the electric field inside insulating sphere's cavity, and I don't know how. However, if there was an conductor I'd know that $E=0$ from Gauss's Law.
1
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0answers
31 views

advantages/disadvantages of a cylindrical microwave oven cavity in comparison to a rectangular cavity

Why are rectangular cavities preferred for standard microwave ovens with a frequency of 2.45 Ghz? What is the reason that you can hardly find a circular cavity? What are the disadvantages of ...
5
votes
1answer
234 views

Are magnetic hysteresis losses relevant to alternating currents flowing in a wire?

Say we have an AC in a magnetically lossy material, like iron. Because of iron's relatively high permeability, skin effect will be more pronounced than it is in say, copper, so this iron wire isn't so ...
0
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1answer
25 views

is it possible to isolate and pair electromagnetic interaction? [on hold]

is it possible for two electromagnets to interact each other, ie. repulsive or attractive forces to be exerted to each other, without being exerted to other metallic items or other electromagnetic ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

What would happen if a magnet was pushed towards a copper tube in space?

So the question was inspired by one of curious comments on youtube. What exactly would happen if you pushed a strong neodymium magnet towards the copper tube (aiming for the opening in an effort to ...
36
votes
5answers
6k views

Does a constantly accelerating charged particle emit EM radiation or not?

The Abraham-Lorentz force gives the recoil force, $\mathbf{F_{rad}}$, back on a charged particle $q$ when it emits electromagnetic radiation. It is given by: $$\mathbf{F_{rad}} = \frac{q^2}{6\pi ...
2
votes
1answer
231 views

How does EM radiation depend on the reference frame?

In special relativity, magnetism is electrostatics in a different reference frame. This is how we explain the magnetic field being produced by moving charges (aka currents). Charges that move produce ...
-1
votes
1answer
64 views

How I can prove refractive index in an environment is this? [closed]

in "Applied Quantum Mechanics" by A.F.J. Levi, is a problem that I couldn't solve it can any solve it: if electrical filed is: $$ \mathbf{E}\left(\mathbf{r}, \omega \right) ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Why is diproton unstable? [duplicate]

Diproton is an isotope of helium without any neutrons. It commonly forms in the Sun, where protons are fused constantly. However, it is extremely unstable, and will revert back to two protons almost ...
2
votes
3answers
218 views

What is supposition of equilibrium? How do Rayleigh, Jean know the electromagnetic wave in equilibrium behave?

In a cavity of size $L$, the wave must give zero amplitude at the wall, means wave equation has zero amplitude. Why? Answer from hyperphysics "since a non-zero value would dissipate energy and violate ...
0
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0answers
17 views

What is the physical meaning of a magnetic conduction current?

In electrodynamics, it is possible to have an electric conduction current, whereby $J=\sigma_e E$, with $J$ being the current, $\sigma_e$ the electrical conductivity and $E$ the electric field (this ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

What is the interrelationship among PD, T1 and T2 in relation to MRI

Proton Density (PD), Spin - Lattice Relaxation Time (T1), Spin - Spin Relaxation Time (T2) are three major characteristics by which we can distinguish different types of tissues and all three are ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

Is diamagnetism a static or dynamic effect?

When we put a diamagnetic material in the presence of an external magnetic field $\vec B_0$, the magnetic field inside the material decreases to $$\vec B=(1+\chi_m)\vec B_0,$$ where the magnetic ...
1
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2answers
59 views

Two Black Holes held stationary by EM forces

If two black holes with large enough mass (so that the tidal forces are minimal and the intersection is large) that are held apart by like charges (saddle point stability). Imagine the black holes in ...
1
vote
1answer
299 views

Does the Lorentz force law explain Flemings left hand motor rule and the right hand dynamo rule?

the Lorentz force on a charged particle $F=qv \times B$ can explain Flemings left hand rule (motor rule) and the right hand (dynamo rule) In the left hand rule, the direction of the current gives ...
0
votes
3answers
128 views

Why geologist do not consider molten iron in the magma to be the source of Earth's magnetic field?

This was a question that came in a exam. How come is this possible? Actually, a question on the source of Earth's magnetic field was asked here on physics SE, which matches my opinion. The ...
-1
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0answers
32 views

Magnetism shown by the electron [on hold]

In a hydrogen atom, can you derive the expression for the magnetic field at the centre of the atom produced by an electron in the nth orbit.?
0
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2answers
155 views

Does Faraday's law work both ways, and if so why don't we use d.c for a generator?

Faraday's law in the integral form can be stated as $V = -d\Phi/dt$, where the right-hand side represents the rate of change of the magnetic flux and the left the voltage difference. In other words, a ...
4
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3answers
568 views

How to find the direction of an eddy current?

Suppose there is a magnetic field going from left to right. Suppose a thin sheet of metal conductor (e.g. a 1m*1m square) is dropped through the magnetic field such that the plane of the conductor is ...
3
votes
1answer
30 views

Reaching equilibrium in a blackbody and light-matter interaction

Suppose we have a metallic cavity maintained at a fixed temperature. Suppose we start with any distribution of radiation that is not in equilibrium with the container. Gradually, when the equilibrium ...