The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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21 views

Could a strongly enough charged black hole allow for a strongly charged particle to escape the event horizon?

If there is a strongly charged black hole, and a particle with a strong charge of the same sign goes inside of the black hole's event horizon while moving quickly, is there a reason why it would not ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Photons inside laser cavity

In a laser, the pumping mechanism excites an electron to a metastable state. This electron remains in the metastable state for a longer time and is de-excited to the ground state by emitting photons (...
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0answers
30 views

Why can't rotating magnets in space or zero gravity be used to create infinite energy?

I would like to know if a system like the one below will possibly work. I understand that the laws of physics forbid the "creation" of energy but despite my efforts I haven't been able to figure out ...
4
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2answers
527 views

Does a Faraday cage block outgoing signals?

I see lots of discussions about how a Faraday cage can block EM signals, but almost no one addresses the possible difference between incoming signals versus outgoing signals. It seems to me that those ...
2
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1answer
26 views

Why do magnetic coils consist of many thin wires?

Magnetic coils are usually made of thin wire turned into spring shape: Magnetic field which is generated by this solenoid is proportional to the number of turns N...
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2answers
2k views

What role does electrical charge play in black holes?

Not having studied General Relativity, I have sometimes been puzzled by references to the behaviour for "classic" black holes — as they are popularly portrayed — as being true for black ...
6
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3answers
716 views

How to find the direction of an eddy current?

Suppose there is a magnetic field going from left to right. Suppose a thin sheet of metal conductor (e.g. a 1m*1m square) is dropped through the magnetic field such that the plane of the conductor is ...
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2answers
55 views

Can neutrinos interact by the EM interaction and gravity?

A definition of a lepton is: A particle that does not interact by the strong force but does by the 3 other forces.$^1$ Neutrinos are leptons, so from the above definition one would expect it to ...
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0answers
17 views

Spikes and valleys of ferrofluid

I can understand that the spikes are formed because of the elongation of the ferrofluid due to the difference in forces experienced by the two ends of the particle. But I can't understand why there is ...
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0answers
24 views

Is there theoretical description of such plasmonic nanostructure?

I'm preparing a research about plasmonic nanoparticles and I'm interested about their arrays placed above a metallic film (like on the picture). Until now i found following articles: pubs.acs.org/...
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1answer
5k views

Optical constants of noble metals: the Drude model for microwave modelling

I have a question regarding the optical constants of noble metals. According to Johnson and Christy's paper Optical Constants of Noble Metals (Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972), doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.6....
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1answer
37 views

Any good electricity and magnetism books for highschool students?

I really want to learn about electricity and magnetism for a long time but never have gotten to it, are there are good books that are conceptual on the topic of electromagnetism? I do not know ...
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1answer
36 views

Split up electromagnet coil, put in parallel.Why doesn't anyone do that?

If the goal is to make a strong electromagnet, wouldn't it be wiser to cut the coil in different sections and then connect them to a power source in parallel? total of 2k turns: (+)--- <- 1k -----...
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1answer
26 views

Why is the electric field perpendicular to a circuit zero?

Griffith briefly addresses the uniformity of the electric field in a wire using Laplace's equation by assuming that the electric field is always parallel to the wire (i.e. $\mathbf{E}\cdot\hat{n}=0$). ...
5
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1answer
128 views

A “figure-8” EM field created by a dipole antenna

This question pertains to the EM field of a Pulse W5017 dipole antenna. The data sheet of this antenna can be found here (which contains information regarding the radiation patterns). There are TWO ...
3
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1answer
141 views

How force get transmitted when a magnet attracts iron?

According to particle physics , every fundamental force has its force carrier particle. Photon is a force carrier particle of electromagnetic force but how does force gets transmitted when a iron is ...
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2answers
55 views

Possiblity for particle to be carried by a wave such as a photon or electromagnetic wave/waves in general for means of transportation/travel? [closed]

I am wondering whether it is possible for a photon/EM wave to carry a very small particle like an elementary particle or smaller on it like a highway carries a car traveling on the highway or an ocean ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Efficient weak form for numerically generating a static magnetic field from arbitrary current distribution (FEM)

This may stray into computational physics, but I'm curious to know if there is some more efficient way for what I am trying to do. Perhaps a better gauge formulation is needed. Consider two ...
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0answers
30 views

How to understand method of images in electrostatics without much maths

How do you explain Method of images for school students without much maths i.e without boundary condition or uniqueness theorem. If it's not possible what are the rules to be followed to solve ...
2
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3answers
463 views

What is the relationship between the magnetic units oersted and tesla?

How are the units oersted and tesla related? For example, how would you express $20\:\mathrm{Oe}$ in tesla?
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2answers
70 views

Why don't electrons moving around in a orbit produce electromagnetic waves in their natural state? [duplicate]

If moving electrons produce changing electric field, and if changing electric field produces magnetic field, every electron must produce an electromagnetic wave. This means an atom in its natural ...
1
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1answer
31 views

Can this physical quantity be simplified into a smaller form?

I have a quantity I call fake current. $$ I' = \frac{\mathrm{d} \oint \nabla \mathcal{E} \cdot \mathrm{d} \vec{A}}{\mathrm{d} t} $$ Current is: $$ I = \frac{\mathrm{d} q}{\mathrm{d} t} $$ Charge ...
3
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0answers
40 views

Why do we assume electromagnetic fields to be doubly differentiable? [duplicate]

It seems like the identities of curl of gradient, divergence of curl, and the simple derivations of electromagnetic waves from Maxwell equations all rely on the symmetry (interchangeability of their ...
2
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2answers
232 views

Scalar and Vector Potential

I am a physics undergraduate student currently studying electromagnetics. I have previously studied electrostatics and magnetostatics yet the concept of scalar potential, $V$ and the vector potential, ...
8
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4answers
277 views

A contradiction between Biot-Savart and Ampere-Maxwell Laws?

I came across a problem that I cannot get my head around. Consider two very small spherical metallic balls given charges +Q and -Q. Assume that they can be approximated as point charges. Now, they ...
0
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1answer
16 views

What is conductive half space in the context of electromagnetics?

What is conductive half space in the context of electromagnetism? I was looking into skin effect, where the author has used half space of a cylindrical conductor. But I am lost on what it means.
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0answers
34 views

Question about electric flux [on hold]

Question: Suppose a point charge is located at the center of a spherical surface. The electric field at the surface and the total flux through the sphere are determined. If the radius of the sphere ...
2
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2answers
143 views

Reference frequency

In my experiment, I have to obtain a relation between magnetic field of a solenoid and the applied Vp-p. The setup is as follows. http://www.teachspin.com/instruments/faraday/ Does my choice of ...
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3answers
145 views

Minimum frequency of an electromagnetic wave

Is it possible to create an electromagnetic wave of near zero frequency? An electromagnetic wave carries energy. If we can make the frequency of an EM wave vanishingly small and make it practicality ...
0
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1answer
336 views

Magnetic field inside of a long rotating cylinder

I have a simple question. I need to find out what is the magnetic field inside a rotating long cylinder with a charged density $\sigma$. The cylinder rotates around its axis with angular speed $\...
6
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1answer
135 views

What force causes the induced EMF of a loop? And, the difference between a loop EMF to motional EMF?

If a loop of wire is placed perpendicular to a changing magnetic field, there is an induced EMF such that the induced current is flowing in a direction to create an opposing magnetic field like this ...
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0answers
19 views

Can Fluctuation-Dissipation Theorem Apply to Magnetic Forces in Multi-Spin Systems

Let's say I have multiple spin systems (atoms in a protein) in a solution of water and the spin systems are all producing a magnetic field $\mathrm{B_{loc}}$ that affects nearby spin systems. Will the ...
1
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1answer
80 views

Fusion plasma compression with liquid metal

General Fusion plans to use an imploding shockwave of molten lead to compress a magnetized plasma "spheromak" target in order to make it burn more efficiently. How come the lead does not quench the ...
62
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6answers
7k views

If like charges repel, why doesn't a charge break itself apart?

How can it be that, if like charges repel, they don't repel themselves? In other words, why don't charges break apart? About the possible duplicate: I want to know about charges in general, not ...
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1answer
255 views

Can the intensity distribution behind edges and slits be explaint by the interaction with the surface electrons of the edges?

Reading about diffraction of EM radiation on edges, slits and multi slits as well as about electron diffraction behind a wire I came to the conclusion that the intensity distributions on an observers ...
2
votes
2answers
249 views

What is the difference between emu and esu?

Ok...so this is the statement given in my book: a) In C.G.S System the unit of charge is electrostatic unit of charge (E.S.U). It is also called Stat Coulomb (StatC). b) In C.G.S system, the unit ...
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2answers
387 views

Magnet dimensions for 3-phase permanent generator

I'm making a 3-phase permenant generator. According to Faraday's law, the emf produced is negative number of turns times the change in magnetic flux over the change in time. If it is only the CHANGE ...
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1answer
67 views

Why a homogeneous magnetic field will not deflect neutrons? [on hold]

According to the comments below the answer of the question about Experiments with Alpha particles in a homogeneous magnetic field an inhomogeneous magnetic field will deflect neutrons. Why a ...
1
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1answer
104 views

Modeling magnetic field shielding

I am wondering what is the best way to model magnetic and electric field shielding from a magnetic dipole in the near field? For example, let's say you have a coil of current carrying wire in the x-y ...
-1
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0answers
28 views

I live close to high tension wires and also the rail lines over stevens pass wa. i constantly hear a pulsing hum and feel a vibration [duplicate]

I live very near high tension wires and the railway over Stevens Pass WA. I constantly hear a pulsing hum and feel a vibration could one of theses thing be the cause?
2
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3answers
194 views

What symmetry gives you charge conservation?

This is a popular question on this site but I haven't found the answer I'm looking for in other questions. It is often stated that charge conservation in electromagnetism is a consequence of local ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Motion of charged particle in uniform magnetic field

To create a uniform magnetic field I took a current carrying solenoid connected to a battery, then I took a long straight wire connected to another battery, the wire passes from inside the solenoid. ...
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0answers
19 views

Field due to bound charges in matter [on hold]

What is the field due to a long cylinder that carries uniform polarization perpendicular to the axis? I am not able to get the answer using the expressions for the surface bound charge density and ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Relativity, and Lenz's law with respect to the Lorentz force acting on a wire?

For this system: It's simple for me to predict the induced EMF, and if the wire were connected to a complete circuit(for current $I$ to flow), the opposing Lorentz force($-F$): However, if the ...
5
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0answers
63 views

What happens to a radar signal when it meets with a superconductor? [duplicate]

A radar system has a transmitter that emits radio waves called a radar signal, consisting of electromagnetic radiation. What happens when it meets with a strong superconductor, considering the fact ...
12
votes
1answer
270 views

How can I find the position of an image charge when the boundary is parabolic or hyperbolic?

If the position of some charge $Q$ is known, the boundary condition is $u=0$ on some parabolic surface, and we know the image charge has its electric volume of $Q'$, then how can I determine the ...
0
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1answer
19 views

Polarity of emf induced in open circuits

In a closed circuit, current induced is in such a direction that it opposes the change in magnetic flux. In case of an open circuit like a metallic rod, which end of it will have the higher potential?
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0answers
45 views

Can Lenz's rule really be used to determine the direction of induced current?

Faraday's Law states that the induced emf in a closed circuit is the negative of the rate of change of magnetic flux through the surface enclosed by the loop. To obtain the direction of the induced ...
8
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1answer
291 views

Why doesn't an electron's charge rip the electron apart? [duplicate]

Like charges repel. What keeps an electron's charge from repelling itself? This problem would come up if an electron was divisible and its parts had fractional charge. A related question is, ...
0
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0answers
21 views

How do I find the force? Is there anything wrong with this question? [on hold]

How should I approach this question ? I can not get anything clear from the picture.