The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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Domains in Ferromagnetism

I am currently reading the book "Introduction to electrodynamics" by David J. Griffiths. As far as I understood, a Ferromagnet when not applying external magnetic field, the magnetic dipoles inside a ...
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20 views

Need clarity about relativity/magnetism explanation

Please bear with me - this is not a duplicate question.... From what limited knowledge I have gathered, it seems that when two wires in parallel are carrying equal current, the electrons moving in ...
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1answer
15 views

Could an infinite spinning windmill create endless electricity? [on hold]

This is not so much a question about if this idea is physically possibly, but more a question of if it was possible. If a magnet could somehow push a windmill around at a constant speed continuously, ...
28
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4answers
4k views

What is momentum really?

Wikipedia defines momentum as in classical mechanics: In classical mechanics, linear momentum or translational momentum is the product of the mass and velocity of an object. However, an ...
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0answers
17 views

Refractive index of plasma dependance on temperature

How does the refractive index of plasma changes with temperature? Temperature is not high enough for new ionization. Would it be like in gas p/T dependence ? http://farside.ph.utexas.edu/teaching/em/...
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0answers
39 views

What is the theoretical limit of areal density in hard disk technology? [on hold]

I'm writing an important school project on magnetic recording density and its limitations. I would like to know how little can bit size and the surface between bits get, prefferably with calculations ...
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0answers
21 views

What is the difference between the Lorentz force in a cloud chamber and the repelling/attracting force between magnets?

In a cloud chamber charged particles are bend by a magnetic field where the Lorentz force is causing the bending. But when a ferromagnetic material is attracted or repelled by a magnet it is more or ...
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0answers
36 views

Origin of the magnetic field of Earth [duplicate]

The Dynamo theory gives a good explanation of the magnetic field of the Earth: the Coriolis force focus inner currents into current spirals generating magnetic(s) field(s). What I'm trying to ...
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1answer
62 views

Differential equation in RL-circuit

I am self-studying electromagnetism right now (by reading University Physics 13th edition) and for some reason I always want to understand things in a crystalclear way and in depth. Now look at this ...
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1answer
97 views

How to evaluate possible values of spin of two photon system?

Photon hasn't well defined quantity such as spin. Instead of it, it is characterized by helicity $h$. Let's assume state of two photons in CM frame (with $\mathbf k$ being the momentum of one of ...
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2answers
137 views

What would happen to a motor without a split-ring commutator?

I realise that a similar question has already been asked (Why does the coil in this apparatus reverse its direction of oscillation?), however after reading the answers, I am still unclear on certain ...
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1answer
164 views

From Liénard-Wiechert to Feynman potential expression

When studying the potential of an uniformly moving charge in vacuum, Feynman proposes to apply a Lorentz transformation on the Coulomb potential, which reads in the rest frame $ \phi'(\mathbf r',t') =...
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1answer
69 views

Why does the divergence of the Poynting vector have energy flux density?

The poynting vector is defined as $\vec{S}=\mu_{0}^{-1}\vec{E}\times \vec{B}$ Taking the divergence of the poynting vector, one arrives at $\vec{\nabla} \cdot \vec{S}=-\frac{\partial u}{\...
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1answer
101 views

Searl effect generator simulation

This is an scheme of SEG: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pUUvhuQtba4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wAMrTxMzrds This mechanism change the electrons around the conversor. Would be really nice to ...
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1answer
48 views

Can Light Waves Be Irregular?

From what I understand, electromagnetic radiation produced by an antenna is of the frequency that corresponds to the motion of the electrons moving around in the antenna. And I assume that the ...
3
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1answer
63 views

Can Non-Magnetic Dust Particles become magnetic if their particle size is decreased (by grinding them probably)?

Problem: Take some dust particles whose size is big. Bring a magnet near them. They do not get attracted to the magnet and thus we conclude that they are non-magnetic. However, when you grind the ...
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1answer
147 views

Energy conservation of permanent magnets engine

How to explain the fact that magnet can attract an object (apply a work W) without losing a (significant) part of its internal energy? How to apply the energy conservation principle? Please think to ...
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1answer
264 views

Boltzmann Distribution of Electrons in Confining Potential

I have a particle simulation wherein many non-interacting electrons are trapped in a electric potential well. I would expect, and therefore I initialize according to this, that the electrons would ...
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1answer
32 views

Is energy required to preserve information on a disk?

I was just wondering if the large files I have on my PC, which have remained there for years, take up some energy to remain preserved. Just curious. Maybe a silly question after all, but I would like ...
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21 views

What is magnetic levitation? Can it be done with electromagnets?

I have done a bit of a research on magnetic levitation and maglev trains but I fail to understand the phenomena. I also saw some videos on YouTube , they were about superconductors and magnets. I ...
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1answer
40 views

use of earth magnetic field [on hold]

If we use earth magnetic field as a big magnet and take earth opposite charged electromagnet than it is possible that earth opposite charged electromagnet repel from earth surface.
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0answers
11 views

Create spinning / modulating plasma effect without spinning the whole appartus

I'm trying to create a variable spinning / modulating plasma effect without turning the whole apparatus as seen in the video. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wis_HEa3X84 Is it possible to just use ...
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1answer
108 views

light effects of electric current

In german high school textbooks and curriculua, the distinction of following main sorts of effects of electric current is usual: magnetic, heat, light and chemical. My question is, whether the glow ...
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26 views

Magnetic field transformation under rotations

If you have magnetization vector in vertical magnetic field, it starts precessing. If you do a transformation to rotating coordinate system you obtain a stationary magnetization. Is there a direct ...
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1answer
218 views

Can the physical properties of the EM field be described directly from the 4-gauge potential?

I'm trying to make an argument that classically, the EM field is considered a more 'real' physical quantity than the potentials, and am tempted to say that the fact that the field carries energy & ...
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1answer
53 views

Is Biot-Savart Law valid for time-varying currents unlike Ampere's law?

I have just finished learning the basics of magnetism, and it should be noted that I am not very familiar with Maxwell's equations. Note: In the question, when I say "Ampere's Law", I am referring ...
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0answers
38 views

Charged pendulum oscillations

Recently, a question was asked in our school, regarding the calculation of the time period of a charged pendulum bob suspended in an electric field with the help of an insulating thread(gravity also ...
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1answer
54 views

Clarifications on Ampere's Law [on hold]

I have just learnt Ampere's Law, useful for calculating the magnetic field in situations having a high degree of symmetry. However, I have some conceptual doubts regarding it: Before I begin, I would ...
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0answers
64 views

Confusion in reaction force of Ampere's Force Law [on hold]

I am reading Maxwell's "A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism" and I have some confusion in the following pages: The element ds is resolved into its components $\alpha$ and $\beta$;and the ...
2
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1answer
189 views

The strength and control over the strength of electromagnets, correlation between the strength and weight of the magnets

I am currently working on a project that aims to use the attraction & repulsion between two electromagnets as an alternative to weights, from a physiotherapy and rehabilitation perspective to help ...
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0answers
54 views

Question on the Derivation of Lorentz Invariance of Electric Charge

On Zwiebach's "A First Course in String Theory" textbook, there is a problem 8.2 that derives the invariance of electric charge given a few assumptions: 1. Conservation of Maxwell 4-current $j = (c\...
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1answer
14 views

Electric vs permanent magnets for alternator (turbine generator) [on hold]

Here's what I know about rotating electric generators (alternators?): they spin permanent magnets on rotor alongside stationary wire coils or vice versa (sync vs async designs) produce 1 or 3 phase ...
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2answers
56 views

If photons mediate EM force? How can they tell to be attracting? [duplicate]

Like a photon is neutral, when a proton say feels a push from another proton, how does the proton know it was a proton pushing it and not an electron pulling it? Im not asking how the details work of ...
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2answers
78 views

Why the reflection of randomly-polarized light is not random? [on hold]

"Reflected light is polarized". The following photo demonstrates this: (source) When unpolarized light is incident at this angle, the light that is reflected from the surface is therefore ...
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3answers
39 views

Charged Particles: How is energy conserved?

I can seem to understand where the energy comes from when two particles accelerate. I tried searching through the forums and it seems like the answer is always potential energy was the source of ...
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0answers
24 views

Resistance increase with length because of more scattering?

I am referring to one of the answers to this old question. I can't add comment to it because I don't have enough reputation. So here I rephrase the question: does resistance increase with length ...
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2answers
64 views

Why is the magnetic force not (never) in the opposite direction

In this question I'm talking about the left-handed orientation for the direction of the $x$, $y$ and $z$-axis. This is the coordinate system at the left of the picture below. I learnt that when you ...
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2answers
41 views

Is the energy needed for a current through a straight and a coiled wire different?

When you add current to a straight piece of wire does it use less electricity than if it was coiled? Does the curve of the wire and proximity to itself make a difference in energy consumption?
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1answer
198 views

Hidden momentum

I'm trying to learn about hidden momentum. After reading what I could find with a google search, I understand that it is equal to the momentum carried by radiation, calculated with the Poynting vector....
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3answers
269 views

What determines the magnitude of force of an electromagnet?

Let's assume that there is an electromagnet with $B = 1 T$ , what is the magnitude of the force it could generate on other dipoles equal to it's surface area? Can the magnitude of force (in newtons) ...
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3answers
736 views

Can we increase the magnetic flux for a permanent magnet?

When we pass current to the permanent magnet does its magnetic flux, magnetic property of attraction and repulsion increases? if possible Is there any other way for increasing the magnetic flux?
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3answers
348 views

How does back-emf oppose the input-current?

A circuit, has current $A$ flowing at a certain $V$. When there is a change in magnetic-flux, based on Faraday's law of induction & Lenz's law, we know that there is change in Potential ...
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1answer
401 views

Force of a solenoid on a ferromagnetic material

As I was trying to find an answer to another problem, I was informed that the equation I was using would not work. The equation I was using was $$F = (NI)^2\mu_0\frac{\text{Area}}{2g^2}$$ If this ...
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1answer
56 views

Can we derive Biot Savart law from Coulomb's law?

Can we derive Biot Savart law from Coulomb's law by setting a current source at an instant in place of one of the charges? Let's say $dl$ is the length of the conductor having $dQ$ charge which ...
20
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7answers
1k views

Why don't photons split up into multiple lower energy versions of themselves?

A photon could spontaneously split up into two or more versions of itself and all the conservation laws I'm aware of would not be violated by this process. (I think.) I've given this some thought, and ...
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1answer
1k views

Teflon and induction cookware

I remember once getting new Teflon (non-stick) cookware; however, when I tried this new cookware on my induction cooker the cookware did not heat up. My regular steel cookware worked just fine on the ...
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0answers
45 views

Why does the Microwave disturb the Internet Signal?

I have no back round in physics but was wondering how come every time the microwave is turned on, the internet slows down dramatically?
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1answer
137 views

Nature Of Bulb Glowing In Parallel LR circuit with bulbs

In the given circuit the switch is initially closed and then opened after some considerable time.Then which bulb will stop glowing first? Which bulb will glow more brightly?Why ? .After opening ...
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4answers
2k views

If electromagnetic fields give charge to particles, do photons carry charge?

As I understand these two statements: An electromagnetic field gives particles charge A photon is a quantum of electromagnetic field It must mean that a photon carries charge. But I guess it isn't ...
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2answers
3k views

Do protons exchange photons with electrons?

I'm sorry for this question but, I just don't get it. According to the electromagnetic field theory, electrons repel each other by exchanging photons. How do protons attract electrons, by photon ...