The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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8 views

What plane is Area in, in this equation?

I have the equation $$F = (NI)^2\mu_0\frac{\text{Area}}{2g^2}$$ Which calculates the force of an electromagnet. I was wondering if anyone knew what plane Area is taken from? I have heard it is the ...
3
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3answers
199 views

How does one determine whether an object will make an EM wave refract in a qualitative way?

for example, i have a vague notion that the actual answer is that the permittivity and permisivity are different in each different material, so all waves refract at every boundary, but we only call it ...
4
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0answers
33 views

Skin depth of current density in magnetic conductor at boundary between two different materials

Imagine a magnetic conductor with a cylindrical cross section, surrounded by a coil with a time varying current of $$I = I_0\cdot \cos (2\pi f t)$$ The conductor is split into two parts, the first ...
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2answers
17 views

Electric Field in Conductor Zero?

My textbook claims that the electric field in a conductor is zero in a static condition, as otherwise, a current would flow. But what if I go infinitely close to a proton; there will be an electric ...
3
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0answers
47 views

Does Gravity Warp Coulomb's force?

Does gravity effect the "sphericalness" of the Coulomb force? For example, is the field 1 meter above a charge weaker than the field 1 meter below the charge? Could a 0.014% difference in the field ...
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1answer
87 views

Physical representation of magnetic vector potential

For time varying potential $$ E= - \nabla(v)- \frac{\partial A}{\partial t} $$ now for scalar potential v we can represent the equipotential surface as a perpendicular surface of the direction of ...
2
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2answers
81 views

Superconducting wire in a Magnetic Field?

A superconducting wire($SC$) is moved rapidly in a magnetic field( $1$ $Tesla$), what would happen to the wire? Are there any forces induced of attraction or repulsion? In a typical conductor, we ...
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2answers
44 views

Time reversal in Maxwell's electromagnetism [on hold]

The statement of the time-reversal invariance of Maxwell's electromagnetism, as I understand it, is the following. Given $\mathbf{E}(\mathbf{r},t)$ and $\mathbf{B}(\mathbf{r},t)$ that satisfy all ...
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3answers
36 views

How can a glass rod become charged if it is an insulator?

I was reading some of the other questions, and I found this one about a glass rod and how it gains a net charge when rubbed with a silk scarf. I learned from working in a shop one summer that most ...
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1answer
31 views

Force of a solenoid on a ferromagnetic material

As I was trying to find an answer to another problem, I was informed that the equation I was using would not work. The equation I was using was $$F = (NI)^2\mu_0\frac{\text{Area}}{2g^2}$$ If this ...
2
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1answer
49 views

How to calculate the force acting on a magnet due to a solenoid

Can I assume both magnet and solenoid as magnetic dipole and use Coulombs law to find the force acting the magnet?
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4answers
1k views

Are voltages discrete when we zoom in enough?

Voltages are often thought of as continuous physical quantities. I was wondering whether by zooming in a lot, they are discrete. I feel like the answer to the above question is yes as voltages in the ...
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2answers
60 views

What is the electromagnetic field and what is the Higgs field?

I have several questions regarding the electromagnetic field and Higgs field which are connected, so I thought I would ask them together. Would be grateful for any information on any of the questions: ...
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3answers
95 views
+50

Sequence of E and B field in radio waves and in single photons

In antenna technology we distinguish between nearfield and widefield. In the nearfield the electric and the magnetic fields are shifted by 90°. If you look closer you can see that there are two ...
1
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0answers
45 views

Magnetic Force on a Ferromagenetic Material

I am currently working on a project involving solenoids, and I needed a force(Newtons, not a measure of magnetic field strength) equation. What I came up with after some digging around on the ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Coefficient matrix of quadratic Lagrangian

I've been studying path integrals from Weinbergs QToF vol 1. He says that when the $\mathcal{L_0}$ is quadratic in fields we can always write free term $I_0$ in the generalized quadratic form ...
-1
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1answer
30 views

Direction of compass needle nearby an electric wire

Let through a straight wire flow an electric current. Using a compass needle how the needles tip will be directed to the wire? What happens when we switch the current direction and approach the needle ...
8
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5answers
278 views

Are metals more heavy due to the Earth's magnetic field?

Non-metal objects are attracted to the Earth due to gravity. So the weight of non-metal objects can be only dependent on their mass. On the other hand metals can be attracted to the Earth's magnetic ...
2
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1answer
28 views

Looking for a simple proof of symmetry of linear susceptibility tensor

Getting a diagonal susceptibility tensor: Define the linear susceptibility tensor as $\chi_{ij}$: $P_i = \epsilon_0\chi_{ij}E_j$, using standard notation for the electric field and the polarization. ...
2
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1answer
73 views

Is “scalar electromagnetics” real science?

This page claims that original Maxwell's equations, when formulated by Maxwell himself in quaternion form, had some special scalar part of electromagnetic field, which somehow appeared to describe ...
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2answers
29 views

Magnetic force and relative frame

The magnetic field for to a moving charge depend on its velocity (Biot Savart's law). My question is that is it then not frame dependent? If it is, it means if a man is walking and other is standing ...
1
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1answer
76 views

Closed circuit integral, magnetic vector potential for straight line segment

Looking at a worked example in Chengs Field and Wave Electromagnetics (newest ed, p 236) about Biot-Savarts law. 'A conducting wire of length $2L$ is carrying the current $I$. Find $\textbf{B}$ by ...
0
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0answers
36 views

Interaction Between Two Bar Magnets

How would one describe the interaction between two bar magnets? In the E&M course I took we described quite a few very basic electric interactions, but things that I would have thought of as being ...
2
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2answers
807 views

What is the force between two magnetic dipoles?

What is the force between two magnetic dipoles? If I have two current loops parallel to each other with currents $I_1$ and $I_2$ and radii $R_1$ and $R_2$ a distance $z$ from each other, what is the ...
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3answers
30 views

Electromagnetic Theory [on hold]

As, using the fact that E*A stays constant for a point charge ( E= electric field, A=area of sphere centered on charge touching the point where we have to measure E) , we can prove that E falls by ...
1
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1answer
313 views

Dielectric slab counter-intuitive formula?

For the calculation of force on one of the two equal(in magnitude, opposite in sign) point charges separated by $r$ with a dielectric slab of dielectric constant $K$ and width $d$ in between, the ...
2
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2answers
119 views

What happens when you pass a current through a coil made of a ferromagnetic substance?

I know when you pass a current through a length of copper coil or a solenoid, there is the induction of a magnetic flux. But what of the coil made of the ferromagnetic material, the permanent type ...
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2answers
46 views

amplification of magnetic field

can we by any means amplify magnetic signal as we can with electric signal. As both electric and magnetic field can be represented in the form of a wave the analogy seems to be natural. I want the ...
9
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4answers
115 views

Is magnetic levitation a good way to vibrationally isolate a speaker from its support?

I recently heard about this company planning to sell a magnetically levitating bluetooth speaker. I understand that the levitation is partly motivated by visual aesthetics, but on the website the ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Teflon and induction cookware

I remember once getting new Teflon (non-stick) cookware; however, when I tried this new cookware on my induction cooker the cookware did not heat up. My regular steel cookware worked just fine on the ...
0
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2answers
107 views

Drift Speed and Current in Two Different Inertial Frames

We have a long, cylindrical wire carrying a constant current I in an inertial frame. At a distance of R from the center of the wire, the magnitude of magnetic field is $μI/2πR$. What is the magnitude ...
2
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1answer
104 views

about field gradient

I read the term field gradient in most of the article about magnetic field. I search it online but most of the explanation is about the math. I wonder in physics, what the gradient field really mean? ...
1
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1answer
289 views

If we have a current $I$ flowing down a wire, why must the net bound current be zero?

Say we are dealing with a wire that has a current $I$ flowing through it, i.e. $I$ is the free current. Why must it then hold that the net bound current, that is, the bound volume current, $J_b$, and ...
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1answer
55 views

How can I boost the FM reception of a smartphone? [on hold]

How can I improve the FM reception on my Nokia smartphone? I have tried by removing the insulation on earphone wires and connecting the earphone wires to another wire placed high on roof but it has ...
0
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1answer
383 views

Proof of equality of the integral and differential form of Maxwell's equation

Just curious, can anyone show how the integral and differential form of Maxwell's equation is equivalent? (While it is conceptually obvious, I am thinking rigorous mathematical proof may be useful in ...
22
votes
5answers
11k views

How do moving charges produce magnetic fields?

I'm tutoring high school students. I've always taught them that: A charged particle moving without acceleration produces an electric as well as a magnetic field. It produces an electric field ...
2
votes
6answers
96 views

Do electrons flow only on the surface of a wire?

Since the $\vec{E}$ field inside a "perfect" conductor is zero, do the electrons(the current) flow only on the outer surface? This has bothered me since I studied electromagnetism. Thank you for ...
10
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6answers
1k views

Why aren't there compression waves in electromagnetic fields?

I just started learning about optics, and in the book I'm reading they explain how the electrical field caused by a single charged particle could be described by a series of field lines, and compare ...
0
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1answer
44 views

What physical forces allows for electromagnetic induction

In electromagnetic induction, what force is actually doing the work? what physical force actually drives the electrons around the circuit? Let's say we have a coil and an increasing magnetic field ...
0
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2answers
99 views

Does a simple copper wire with an AC current create EM waves?

I want to know if a household AC current flowing through a simple copper wire will radiate EM waves? If yes, up to what range and can they be called radio waves?
0
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1answer
89 views

Boltzmann Distribution of Electrons in Confining Potential

I have a particle simulation wherein many non-interacting electrons are trapped in a electric potential well. I would expect, and therefore I initialize according to this, that the electrons would ...
0
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2answers
51 views

Current Density

I'm trying to understand the definition given on my electromagnetism course for the current density. More specifically, I want to know why, as defined below, the current density is given the name ...
2
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1answer
90 views

Boundary conditions in Electrostatics

If I have a grounded conducting material, then I know that $\phi=0$ inside this material, no matter what the electric configuration in the surrounding will be. Now I have a conducting material that ...
0
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0answers
25 views

calculating electrostatic force [on hold]

I am trying to answer this question: Calculate the electrostatic force on a metal ion carrying a charge of $3.2$x$10^-$$^1$$^ 9\ \text{C}$, and which is in an ionic solution between two parallel ...
0
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2answers
445 views

How do I express the interaction energy between two charged spheres?

Consider two identical insulating spheres each with radius $R$ and uniform charge $Q$ through their volume. They are separated from their centers by a distance of $d>2R$. Here is my general ...
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0answers
18 views

Very short physics question (electromagnetic field): Just draw the figure of the problem? [on hold]

Can you please draw me the figure of the problem? I dont want the solution,just the figure? A straight, stiff, horizontal wire of length 25 cm and mass 50 g is connected to a source of emf by light, ...
0
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1answer
100 views

Why is the magnetic field stronger at the edges of a bar magnet?

I have been performing an experiment at school in which I test the force on an iron surface from the magnetic field of an electromagnet. The electromagnet has a rectangular iron core. The theory ...
1
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0answers
19 views

Splitting of degenerate energy levels with a perturbed particle in a box

Suppose you have a particle in a square box $[0,L]\times[0,L]$. As the box is a square, the (2,1) and (1,2) eigenfunctions will have the same energy. If you were to apply an oscillating electric field ...
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0answers
25 views

Smallest view-able object by radio wave magnification with metamaterial?

What is the theoretical and in practice microscopic maximum/best resolution of a meta material radio wave lens (assuming diffraction or beyond diffraction techniques)? I'd like to use diffraction or ...
1
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1answer
37 views

How much power you might need to generate dangerous EMP shock?

While playing with voltage multiplication and capacitors, I began to think if my experiments could damage my electrical equipment (eg. mobile phone) by creating strong magnetic fields over a short ...