0
votes
0answers
9 views

Does the skin effect and the proximity effect cancel each other out?

I'm interested in how the Skin Effect and the Proximity Effect interact with each other. From what I can understand: The Skin Effect is when AC current 'collects' on the skin of conductors due to ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

If light is an electric and (magnetic field), how can it be absorbed?

I was wondering how light or any electromagnetic radiation can be "absorbed" if it consists of electric and magnetic fields. For example if there is a charge at point A, and the light reaches point ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Repulsion and attraction of electric currents

Now, I understand that when a an electron travels, it creates a magnetic field. If you put two wires with current traveling in the same direction they repel, and current traveling in opposite ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views
0
votes
2answers
62 views

Curious about this perpetuum concept

I know it's not possible to build a perpetual motion machine, but I still got this concept running in my mind. If you take a (longer)copper coil, and insert an axis through it(right-angled) with a ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Why is the perfect obstructor the perfect conductor as Heaviside 'believed'?

How might one consider a conductor to be an 'obstructor'? Might the strength of the 'skin effect' of a conductor be in direct relation to conductance? And how does this relate to insulators, as ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Convert pressure to energy [closed]

I read a little about electricity being created from pressure, Piezoelectricity. I'm still pretty newbie about it though. Let's say I want to charge a battery from that technique, using my hands to ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

How does AC current flow in an open circuit?

In common house hold wiring we have the hot lead, neutral and ground. If the hot lead in electrical wiring contacts earth ground (perhaps though a short circuit in the chassis of a device) then the ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Numeric value of the electrons drift velocity in superconductors

Somebody knows the numeric value of electrons drift velocity in superconductors? How this value depends from the used superconductor material? What's about the current? Since the electrical resistance ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

How is the direction of Magnetic/Electric Lines of Force Known?

It is shown that the direction of magnetic line is from north to the south and that of the electric line is from positive to negative. How do we/scientists know that the imaginary lines of force or ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Electricity voltage & current [closed]

Why does current return to its source?
0
votes
0answers
19 views

insufficient electrons in a conductor [duplicate]

We all know that if an electric field is applied across an isolated conductor, then charges are induced at either surface such that the net electric field inside becomes zero. Now if the applied ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Understanding frequency of a signal

I'm trying to understand how can one transmit different signals on a same copper wire using different frequencies. How does the electrons actually interact with the frequency? And how does the ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

The speed of electrons moving in different medium

Can one have a simple (dimensional-analysis) model to evaluate the speed of electrons moving in: (1) a copper wire (2) a silver wire (3) a gold wire (4) a semiconductor wire let's use meter over ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

How a plasma reacts with an AC electromagnet

Any metal conductor such as aluminium or copper is a conductor because of the free electrons in such metals. Plasma also has free electrons so I would like to know if you can repel plasma the same ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Why Change Of Magnetic Flux Induces Current In circuit?

Why change of magnetic flux with the time through a coil induces current in it? Please tell me that what happen to charge in the coil if the magnet or electromagnet wave around this? Also, why a ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Why are diodes able to amplify signals in groups, but not alone?

Single diodes can determine whether a signal passes or not (depending on the biased)(plus they can even rectify a signal), yet why does it take a combination of diodes(like a transistor) to amplify a ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

What exactly is three phase power? [closed]

What is three phase power? How does it differ from normal AC current?
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Electric field generated by a point charge moving at the speed of light

As you see, this is the electric field generated by a point charge moving at constant speed v. I know that when $v$ -> 0, $E$ is just the Coloumb Law. But how do you interpret $E$ when $v$ -> $c$ ? ...
0
votes
2answers
76 views

Why is emf equal to PD when circuit is “open”?

I understand that the set up of a battery consists of very good, but not ideal conductor, and therefore, some internal resistance exists. Also, I get that emf is the PD that would exist if the ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

If I charge a battery using a much higher amperage, can it explode?

If I have a 12V 4Ah lead acid battery and use a battery charger that, let's say for example, can charge 10A, 50A, or 100A. If I theoretically turned it to 100A will the battery explode? I understand ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

Boundary conditions of this problem

We have A point charge, a homogeneously charged insulator with total charge $Q''$ which is a ball with radius $R$, a conducting metal ball with charge $Q'$, radius $R$ and a grounded metal (no ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Boundary conditions in Electrostatics

If I have a grounded conducting material, then I know that $\phi=0$ inside this material, no matter what the electric configuration in the surrounding will be. Now I have a conducting material that ...
4
votes
2answers
80 views

Why can't an excess of electrons or holes by themselves cause current flow?

I am a beginner in electrical engineering. Often times (most cases actually), the underlying physics aren't really explained to us and we are just left to assume that it works "because it works." This ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

How might inducted current/ voltage in multiple coil layers connected in parallel behave?

This is a branch from this question. In the event that two or more layers are connected in parallel - would the energy created across each layer likely be significantly less? In the event of (say) ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Application of Displacement Current

I'm reasonably happy with the derivation and results of displacement current, however, I'd like to be aware of a few practical applications of this idea. So far, the only one I'm aware of is when ...
35
votes
6answers
5k views

Does electricity flow on the surface of a wire or in the interior?

I was having a conversation with my father and father-in-law, both of whom are in electric related work, and we came to a point where none of us knew how to proceed. I was under the impression that ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

DC current in ideal conductor and skin effect?

I know that the skin depth derived for AC current goes as $$\delta \propto \sqrt{\frac{1}{\omega \sigma}}$$ where $\omega$ is the angular frequency of the field and $\sigma$ is the conductivty. Now: ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

“+” and “-” sign in Maxwell Stress tensor

I have trouble in determining the "+" and "-" sign of momentum per unit time, per unit area of the following question. Why in the second part, $d\vec{a}$ is pointing in the $ -\vec{z} $ direction? I ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Current when the slide wire attains a constant velocity

In a slide wire generator, when the slide wire attains a final constant velocity, is the current in the circuit 0? It does not make sense if it is 0 as the area keeps increasing, allowing more flux ...
1
vote
3answers
522 views

Can magnetic flux be negative

I am studying magnetic flux linkage in an ac generator and it appears to be that magnetic flux linkage is negative half the time, how can this be?? Also with lenz's law why is emf defined as negative ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Does back emf occur in transformers?

Does back emf occur in transformers and if so does it reduce the efficiency of the transformer and can it be reduced?
1
vote
0answers
25 views

An EM problem of polarized sphere

Today, I'm doing an EM problem and my question is exactly the same as this site shows: http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=133501 To reiterate my confusion, why we can't use that integral ...
0
votes
3answers
99 views

question on dipole moment of water molecule

I read a line today and don't get it: "Molecules with mirror symmetry like oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and carbon tetrachloride have no permanent dipole moments." ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Magnetic flux and transformers

I have two linked quesitons, 1. what is magnetic flux linkage's formal definitaiton and 2. when people say the flux flows better thru a soft iron core then the air what do they mean by flux flowing ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

The relation between the movement of electrons and energy

So, I've been enjoying reading a lot of helpful posts, but now, I found myself in the need of asking something. I have a hard time grasping the general concept of electricity / how the relation ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

The position of center of mass of electron cloud in an atom

I read Griffiths EM today and it says something very interesting but a little bothering to me. It states for an atom, the position of center of mass of an electron cloud lies in the center of the ...
0
votes
2answers
517 views

How do Permanent Magnet Generators Work?

Why we don't use this in our houses to generate the electricity? Isn't the electricity generated by the magnets strong enough? Why do we have to pay for electricity if we can just create it by pushing ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Charging a capacitor

Below is an excerpt from a physics textbook: One common way to charge a capacitor is to connect these two wires to opposite terminals of a battery. Once the charges $Q$ and $-Q$ are established on ...
1
vote
3answers
86 views

Current through two inductors after a long time

I'm having trouble with visualizing the following problem, which is asking me for the final, steady current in both inductors $L_{1}$ and $L_{2}$. I was thinking that after a long time, essentially ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

How is the current flow perpendicular to the wire?

This answer gives a great explanation of how surface charge builds up to force the current to move perpendicular to the wire: http://physics.stackexchange.com/a/102936/41086 However, it fails to ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Drift velocity of electrons in a superconducting loop

Do electrons travel at the Fermi velocity in a superconducting loop? For metals the Fermi velocity seems to be around $10^6$ m/s. So would electrons (in a Cooper pair) travel around the loop at this ...
1
vote
3answers
237 views

Why do both plates of a capacitor have the same charge?

How do we know that both plates of a capacitor have the same charge? You could argue conservation of charge, but I don't see how conservation of charge implies the charge on both plates is the same. ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Resistance of a cylinder contacted by two smaller circular faces

Suppose we have a solid homogeneous cylinder with radius $a$, heigth $h$ and conductivity $\sigma$. The top and the bottom face is contacted with a smaller circular face with radius $b$. How can I ...
1
vote
5answers
268 views

Field inside a wire?

This answer gives a great explanation of why the field inside a wire connected to a battery must be equal at all points: Why doesn't the electric field inside a wire in a circuit fall off with ...
3
votes
3answers
95 views

Current density?

The current $i$ can be defined as: $$i = \int \vec{J} \dot{}d\vec{A} $$ where $\vec{J}$ is the current density and $d\vec{A}$ is the area vector. Is it possible for: $$i = \int \vec{J} ...
4
votes
1answer
329 views

Why doesn't the electric field inside a wire in a circuit fall off with distance from the battery?

We studied electric fields due to point charges. The magnitude of these fields decreases with the square of the distance from the point charge. It seems to me that we could treat the positive ...
6
votes
4answers
617 views

What is the current of a capacitor when the derivative of voltage is undefined?

This is from the textbook I am reading: I know this equation for capacitors: $$i=C\cdot \frac { dv }{ dt }$$ Here is my question: how can diagram (a) be allowed if the derivative of the voltage ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Current vs Voltage Drive for Loudspeakers [closed]

Please see this article: here I don't know enough EMFT to comment on this but I am working on other tasks for a wireless speaker system prototype called "Busker's Friend". Completing my Schaum's ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Conduction and propagation

What is the difference between conduction of electric wave in conductor and propagation of electromagnetic wave in dielectric? Why propagation term is used for dielectric and conduction for ...