0
votes
0answers
27 views

Is there transversal current inside real conductor in transmission line? [on hold]

At first, consider transmission line with two conductors where TEM mode is established and conductors are perfect. As we know, on surface of conductors we will have surface currents (connected to ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

What happens when I reverse an electrical generator?

I am trying to find out whether I could run a generator in reverse as well as forward. It will be a wind generator converted to run from a different power source. This is a new invention to which I ...
1
vote
3answers
35 views

Is a flow of ionized water an electric current?

If $H_2O$ ions have a net electric charge and electric current is the flow of electric charge, can a stream of water ions be considered an electric current? If so, is it conceivably possible (not ...
1
vote
3answers
51 views

Potential due to a continuous charge distribution on ring

Derive the formula for the potential at point $P(0,0,z)$ directly above the center of a ring of charge with radius $R$ and uniform charge density $\lambda$. My attempt: Since $$\lambda= ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Equivalent formulas for electric current density

I am reading an article that states that the "ratio of current to the area for a given surface is known as current density" and is defined as $J = \frac{I}{A}$ where $I$ is the current and $A$ is ...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

Explain the concept of “accumulated momentum” for an electron

I need someone to help me understand this equation: $ \Delta p = qEt$ where $q$ is the charge, $E$ is the electric field and $t$ is in seconds. I thought that we were supposed to write momentum in ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Mechanism of Current flow in Metals [duplicate]

I do not fully understand the mechanism of current flow in conductors. It cannot be that a current starts only when an electron from one terminal of the electric supply physically reaches the other ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Does magnitude of a charge influence magnitude of force that individual charge exerts on another charge [closed]

two point charges, q1 and q2, are placed 0.3m apart on the x-axis, as shown in the figure above. Charge q1 has a value of -3 nano Coulomb and q2 has a value of +4.8 x10^-8 C. The net electric field ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Speed of a charge in a magnetic field

Does speed of a charged particle change in a non-uniform magnetic field? I know that a uniform magnetic field cannot change the $KE$ of the particle, i.e. $\frac{1}{2}mv^{2}$ is constant. And we ...
0
votes
3answers
57 views

Transformers and DC voltage

Ok, if I have a transformer with 100 coils of the primary and 200 coils on the secondary and I connect a 9 volt battery to the primary, how many volts should I expect from the secondary coil? I know ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Would a simple electric generator based on magnetic induction( magnet moving near coils to produce current) work in vacuum?

Would a simple electric generator based on magnetic induction( magnet moving near coils to produce current) work in vacuum? I mean if that generator would be connected to battery to charge it - moving ...
1
vote
3answers
74 views

What is the relationship between $V(t)$ and $V(x,y,z)$

I was recently asked this by a friend. He told me that coming from a physics background, he does not understand $V(t)$ and he believes it is purely theoretical construct made up by circuit ...
2
votes
2answers
192 views

What happens to a photon after it is absorbed by an antenna?

I recently have read about interception of wireless information, however this mentions that people can intercept the information, and then somehow the recipient also gets the information. Regardless ...
3
votes
2answers
81 views

Finding the direction of the magnetic force acting on a conducting wire

I have a problem in finding the direction of the force when a conducting wire is placed in a magnetic field. If I use Fleming's Right Hand rule I get a circular magnetic field, so what will be ...
0
votes
2answers
104 views

Inductor Charging and Discharging

Why does the inductor discharges in the same path ( same direction of current ) as that of its charging unlike a capacitor which discharges in the direction opposite to its charging(current direction ...
0
votes
3answers
54 views

How can a glass rod become charged if it is an insulator?

I was reading some of the other questions, and I found this one about a glass rod and how it gains a net charge when rubbed with a silk scarf. I learned from working in a shop one summer that most ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Circuit breaker Trips during thunderstorm

The circuit breaker at the electrical mains trips at home when there is a thunderstorm outside. Why does this occur?
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Explain the infinitude of magnetic flux about a finite length of wire

Ok so it is clear the flux caused by an inductor is limited. If I integrate about a flat spiral inductor I will find that the flux lines going up are a fixed quantity. Since every flux line going up ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Make an Electric motor work with help of 4 magnet wheels? [closed]

I am working on a car prototype that should work on the electricity that it generates with the help of magnets. The strong magnets will be fixed at the wheels. A Coil of thin copper wire(solenoid) ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Does the skin effect and the proximity effect cancel each other out?

I'm interested in how the Skin Effect and the Proximity Effect interact with each other. From what I can understand: The Skin Effect is when AC current 'collects' on the skin of conductors due to ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

If light is an electric and (magnetic field), how can it be absorbed?

I was wondering how light or any electromagnetic radiation can be "absorbed" if it consists of electric and magnetic fields. For example if there is a charge at point A, and the light reaches point ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Repulsion and attraction of electric currents

Now, I understand that when a an electron travels, it creates a magnetic field. If you put two wires with current traveling in the same direction they repel, and current traveling in opposite ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views
0
votes
2answers
89 views

Curious about this perpetuum concept

I know it's not possible to build a perpetual motion machine, but I still got this concept running in my mind. If you take a (longer)copper coil, and insert an axis through it(right-angled) with a ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Why is the perfect obstructor the perfect conductor as Heaviside 'believed'?

How might one consider a conductor to be an 'obstructor'? Might the strength of the 'skin effect' of a conductor be in direct relation to conductance? And how does this relate to insulators, as ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Convert pressure to energy [closed]

I read a little about electricity being created from pressure, Piezoelectricity. I'm still pretty newbie about it though. Let's say I want to charge a battery from that technique, using my hands to ...
2
votes
2answers
166 views

How does AC current flow in an open circuit?

In common house hold wiring we have the hot lead, neutral and ground. If the hot lead in electrical wiring contacts earth ground (perhaps though a short circuit in the chassis of a device) then the ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Numeric value of the electrons drift velocity in superconductors

Somebody knows the numeric value of electrons drift velocity in superconductors? How this value depends from the used superconductor material? What's about the current? Since the electrical resistance ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

How is the direction of Magnetic/Electric Lines of Force Known?

It is shown that the direction of magnetic line is from north to the south and that of the electric line is from positive to negative. How do we/scientists know that the imaginary lines of force or ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Electricity voltage & current [closed]

Why does current return to its source?
0
votes
0answers
19 views

insufficient electrons in a conductor [duplicate]

We all know that if an electric field is applied across an isolated conductor, then charges are induced at either surface such that the net electric field inside becomes zero. Now if the applied ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Understanding frequency of a signal

I'm trying to understand how can one transmit different signals on a same copper wire using different frequencies. How does the electrons actually interact with the frequency? And how does the ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

The speed of electrons moving in different medium

Can one have a simple (dimensional-analysis) model to evaluate the speed of electrons moving in: (1) a copper wire (2) a silver wire (3) a gold wire (4) a semiconductor wire let's use meter over ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

How a plasma reacts with an AC electromagnet

Any metal conductor such as aluminium or copper is a conductor because of the free electrons in such metals. Plasma also has free electrons so I would like to know if you can repel plasma the same ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Why Change Of Magnetic Flux Induces Current In circuit?

Why change of magnetic flux with the time through a coil induces current in it? Please tell me that what happen to charge in the coil if the magnet or electromagnet wave around this? Also, why a ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Why are diodes able to amplify signals in groups, but not alone?

Single diodes can determine whether a signal passes or not (depending on the biased)(plus they can even rectify a signal), yet why does it take a combination of diodes(like a transistor) to amplify a ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

What exactly is three phase power? [closed]

What is three phase power? How does it differ from normal AC current?
1
vote
1answer
144 views

Electric field generated by a point charge moving at the speed of light

As you see, this is the electric field generated by a point charge moving at constant speed v. I know that when $v$ -> 0, $E$ is just the Coloumb Law. But how do you interpret $E$ when $v$ -> $c$ ? ...
0
votes
2answers
103 views

Why is emf equal to PD when circuit is “open”?

I understand that the set up of a battery consists of very good, but not ideal conductor, and therefore, some internal resistance exists. Also, I get that emf is the PD that would exist if the ...
0
votes
1answer
161 views

Boundary conditions of this problem

We have A point charge, a homogeneously charged insulator with total charge $Q''$ which is a ball with radius $R$, a conducting metal ball with charge $Q'$, radius $R$ and a grounded metal (no ...
4
votes
2answers
96 views

Why can't an excess of electrons or holes by themselves cause current flow?

I am a beginner in electrical engineering. Often times (most cases actually), the underlying physics aren't really explained to us and we are just left to assume that it works "because it works." This ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

How might inducted current/ voltage in multiple coil layers connected in parallel behave?

This is a branch from this question. In the event that two or more layers are connected in parallel - would the energy created across each layer likely be significantly less? In the event of (say) ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Application of Displacement Current

I'm reasonably happy with the derivation and results of displacement current, however, I'd like to be aware of a few practical applications of this idea. So far, the only one I'm aware of is when ...
35
votes
6answers
6k views

Does electricity flow on the surface of a wire or in the interior?

I was having a conversation with my father and father-in-law, both of whom are in electric related work, and we came to a point where none of us knew how to proceed. I was under the impression that ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

DC current in ideal conductor and skin effect?

I know that the skin depth derived for AC current goes as $$\delta \propto \sqrt{\frac{1}{\omega \sigma}}$$ where $\omega$ is the angular frequency of the field and $\sigma$ is the conductivty. Now: ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

“+” and “-” sign in Maxwell Stress tensor

I have trouble in determining the "+" and "-" sign of momentum per unit time, per unit area of the following question. Why in the second part, $d\vec{a}$ is pointing in the $ -\vec{z} $ direction? I ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Current when the slide wire attains a constant velocity

In a slide wire generator, when the slide wire attains a final constant velocity, is the current in the circuit 0? It does not make sense if it is 0 as the area keeps increasing, allowing more flux ...
1
vote
3answers
899 views

Can magnetic flux be negative

I am studying magnetic flux linkage in an ac generator and it appears to be that magnetic flux linkage is negative half the time, how can this be?? Also with lenz's law why is emf defined as negative ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Does back emf occur in transformers?

Does back emf occur in transformers and if so does it reduce the efficiency of the transformer and can it be reduced?
1
vote
0answers
26 views

An EM problem of polarized sphere

Today, I'm doing an EM problem and my question is exactly the same as this site shows: http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=133501 To reiterate my confusion, why we can't use that integral ...