-1
votes
0answers
26 views

How does grounding work in details

How does grounding work exactly? Let's assume there is a wire with bad insulation and some conductor that is attached to this wire (from one end) and unattached on the other end. Current will not ...
4
votes
3answers
166 views

Is it possible to prove conventional current is always equivalent to actual current?

I understand how the conventional current is logically equivalent to the actual current of electrons in a circuit. However, whenever I'm studying some new concept, and things are assumed as working ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Mechanism of Current flow in Metals [duplicate]

I do not fully understand the mechanism of current flow in conductors. It cannot be that a current starts only when an electron from one terminal of the electric supply physically reaches the other ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Strength of Magnet in Magnetic Bearings

While reading about magnetic bearings, one reads about passive/active magnetic bearings. By passive, one means no electric current is put into the bearing for attaining magnetic levitation/flux. In ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Magnetic flux and flow of electrons

What does change in magnetic flux mean? How can you change magnetic flux? How does a change in magnetic flux influence a current of electrons (electricity)?
2
votes
6answers
143 views

Do electrons flow only on the surface of a wire?

Since the $\vec{E}$ field inside a "perfect" conductor is zero, do the electrons(the current) flow only on the outer surface? This has bothered me since I studied electromagnetism. Thank you for ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Ampere's circuital law for finite current carrying wire

When I was studying about Ampere's circuital law. Then there comes a question in my mind that "whether this law is applicable for finite current carrying wire or not"
0
votes
1answer
53 views

How is Magnetic force on a current carrying conductor $Blb$

I was reading an answer about torque acting on a rectangular current carrying loop kept in a uniform magnitude field B. Force acting on each sides is $F_1$, $F_2$, $F_3$, $F_4$. It's written here : ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Does the skin effect and the proximity effect cancel each other out?

I'm interested in how the Skin Effect and the Proximity Effect interact with each other. From what I can understand: The Skin Effect is when AC current 'collects' on the skin of conductors due to ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

How does back-emf oppose the input-current?

A circuit, has current $A$ flowing at a certain $V$. When there is a change in magnetic-flux, based on Faraday's law of induction & Lenz's law, we know that there is change in Potential ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Repulsion and attraction of electric currents

Now, I understand that when a an electron travels, it creates a magnetic field. If you put two wires with current traveling in the same direction they repel, and current traveling in opposite ...
5
votes
4answers
483 views

How does the speed of electrons change around a circuit?

I have been thinking about ways of teaching electronics and I'm wondering if the following is true... For starters, when we talk about voltage as energy per unit charge, is this energy manifest ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

ODE envolving current [closed]

I have to do this exercise: 9. The current $I(t)$ at time $t$ flowing in an electric circuit obeys the differential equation $$I''(t) + RI'(t) + I(t) = \sin \omega t$$ where $R$ and ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Current in a strip - Scalar or vector [duplicate]

In certain books like David Griffiths electrodynamics , he treats current as a vector in some places. Moreover certain problems like current in a strip are often dealt with by taking current ...
2
votes
2answers
166 views

How does AC current flow in an open circuit?

In common house hold wiring we have the hot lead, neutral and ground. If the hot lead in electrical wiring contacts earth ground (perhaps though a short circuit in the chassis of a device) then the ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Is the field generated by an electromagnet always proportional to its current?

Imagine that I use a long wire to create an electromagnet. Let's also assume that the current flowing along the wire is constant, and that the wire is winded on the vacuumm. Is the magnetic field ...
0
votes
2answers
118 views

Does a simple copper wire with an AC current create EM waves?

I want to know if a household AC current flowing through a simple copper wire will radiate EM waves? If yes, up to what range and can they be called radio waves?
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Magnetic flux density a small distance off axis from a current loop

I'm currently studying physics at University and struggling with the problem mentioned, it's on a past paper I'm trying to do. I have calculated the B field on axis as (sorry don't know how to format ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Force between two current carrying parallel wires, multiple proof? [closed]

Having two current carrying (currents $I'$ and $I$) wires of length $a$ parallel to the $z$-axis, one with end points $(0,0,0)$ and $(0,0,a)$ and one from $(a,0,0)$ to $(a,0,a)$, I'm looking for the ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Current and magnetism [closed]

When the current in 2 parallel wires flows in same direction they attract each other.Shouldn't the electrons travelling in opposite direction should also repel ?
2
votes
1answer
76 views

What exactly is three phase power? [closed]

What is three phase power? How does it differ from normal AC current?
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Current, Current density

edit: Hi I'm trying to find the magnetic field generated by a time dependent oscillating current in the quasistatic case ($|z|,r <<c\omega$) where r is the perpendicular distance from the ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

time dependent current/ magnetic field

Is there a general way to calculate the magnetic field for a time dependent current of a long thing wire? For ex: If the current is $$ I(t)=I\sin wt, $$ is there a general method to use in order to ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

The anapole moment, derivation from Dirac current density

Basically I am looking for a way to expand the electromagnetic interaction energy $W = A_{\mu}j^{\mu}$ (both $A$ and $j$ obtained from the Dirac equation) similar to the classical expansion in ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Maximum magnetic strength achievable

What will be the maximum magnetic strength to which a piece of ferromagnetic substance can be magnetised? What will the maximum strength possible for a piece of iron? How would the shape of the ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

Why is emf equal to PD when circuit is “open”?

I understand that the set up of a battery consists of very good, but not ideal conductor, and therefore, some internal resistance exists. Also, I get that emf is the PD that would exist if the ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

Why is Kirchoff's Current Rule valid?

The fact that Kirchoff's Current Rule is valid means that whatever current flows in flows out. But this will only be valid for a steady current circuit, that is, when there is no accumulation of ...
0
votes
2answers
96 views

Why does the coil in this apparatus reverse its direction of oscillation?

I've been given some notes and I have to 'unscramble' them and put them in order. They are supposed to describe what happens in the diagram below: The notes to unscramble and form a proper answer ...
4
votes
2answers
96 views

Why can't an excess of electrons or holes by themselves cause current flow?

I am a beginner in electrical engineering. Often times (most cases actually), the underlying physics aren't really explained to us and we are just left to assume that it works "because it works." This ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

DC current in ideal conductor and skin effect?

I know that the skin depth derived for AC current goes as $$\delta \propto \sqrt{\frac{1}{\omega \sigma}}$$ where $\omega$ is the angular frequency of the field and $\sigma$ is the conductivty. Now: ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Current when the slide wire attains a constant velocity

In a slide wire generator, when the slide wire attains a final constant velocity, is the current in the circuit 0? It does not make sense if it is 0 as the area keeps increasing, allowing more flux ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Back EMF & Current, how can we make I stable?

Lets assume we have a wire that has $10V$ across and $1$ $Amp$ flowing, now if this conductor is introduced to a changing magnetic field, $-EMF$ is induced, can we control our voltage to increase it ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Lamination on a conductor?

How can lamination help reduce eddy currents? I understood that it reduces them, by making their circulation incomplete, or something like that. Can anyone explain this please?
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Equation for magnetic field due to a current in straight wire [closed]

How can I derive the expression for the magnetic field due to a long straight current carrying wire using the Biot-Savart law? The final expression should be: ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

Induced current and Ohm's law

I am trying to explain this problem: A circular conducting loop composed of N turns of wire has a radius of r and a total resistance of R. Perpendicular to the plane of the loop is a magnetic ...
1
vote
1answer
233 views

How is the current flow perpendicular to the wire?

This answer gives a great explanation of how surface charge builds up to force the current to move perpendicular to the wire: http://physics.stackexchange.com/a/102936/41086 However, it fails to ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Drift velocity of electrons in a superconducting loop

Do electrons travel at the Fermi velocity in a superconducting loop? For metals the Fermi velocity seems to be around $10^6$ m/s. So would electrons (in a Cooper pair) travel around the loop at this ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Current vs Voltage Drive for Loudspeakers [closed]

Please see this article: here I don't know enough EMFT to comment on this but I am working on other tasks for a wireless speaker system prototype called "Busker's Friend". Completing my Schaum's ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

What happens when you pass a current through a coil made of a ferromagnetic substance?

I know when you pass a current through a length of copper coil or a solenoid, there is the induction of a magnetic flux. But what of the coil made of the ferromagnetic material, the permanent type ...
0
votes
3answers
84 views

What is Conductance?

What is conductance? I am being said that conductance is inverse of resistance?I do know that resistance is the opposition to the flow of current but do not get conductance? I do know that:it is ...
5
votes
3answers
207 views

Intuition behind Faraday's Law?

Faraday's Law seems more like an observation than an explanation. Sure, a changing magnetic current causes emf, but why? How does a changing magnetic field cause electrons to move in the direction of ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

How does displacement current come about? [duplicate]

I know that displacement current is due to time-varying electric field and its not an electric current. But then, is it charge that is actually being displaced?
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Ampere's Law and Wires?

For a current carrying wire, the magnetic field $B$ is given by: $$B = \frac{u_oI}{2\pi r}$$ Is this only valid for a cylindrical wire?
3
votes
2answers
403 views

Does a current-carrying wire running through the centre of a solenoid experience force?

Imagine looking at a solenoid from above. Current passing is through it in a clockwise direction. The direction of the field lines therefore is towards the bottom of the solenoid. Now pass a straight ...
2
votes
2answers
404 views

Does AC current produce EM waves?

Does AC current in simple wires produce electromagnetic waves? AC current entails very rapid changes in polarity and therefore the electrons in the metal will feel rapidly changing forces which should ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Is charge 'localization' implicit in the idea of current?

If it was possible for charge to assume arbitrary densities, like we often see electrostatic exercises, and one could spread charge density uniformly over a ring, then how one would, theoretically, ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Contradicting forces on a circular loop under current in magnetic field?

I have the following general conceptual concern. Think of a thin conducting loop of radius $R$ placed in the $x$-$y$-plane at $z=0$. There is a homogeneous current density $\vec{j}$ running through ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

physically modelling the Saltatory nerve impulse transmission?

The nerve impulse transmission is specifically a biophysical process. Under a resting stage, the membrane is already polarised (presence of charge on either side leading to a potential difference ...
4
votes
4answers
5k views

Why is current a scalar quantity?

Current has both magnitude and direction. As per the definition of vector defined in encyclopedia, current should be a vector quantity. But, we know that current is a scalar quantity. What is the ...
0
votes
0answers
226 views

explain how does Rectenna work to someone with some college level physics

I understand that rectifying antenna (rectenna) is supposed to convert electromagnetic energy to electric current however I do not understand how it's really working. I do get that it's kind of like ...