The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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2
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1answer
19 views

Reflection from multiple thin films: accounting for lost light due to small surface area

I have a problem similar to reflection of multiple thin films. I have light coming in from medium 1 and I want to find the total reflected intensity after being reflected inside 2 layers. However, I ...
2
votes
1answer
23 views

Is it possible to design a large permanent magnet that creates a multi-Tesla field?

Is it ever possible to create a LARGE magnet (in meters wide/long) that could potentially create a powerful magnetic field?
3
votes
2answers
47 views

Why is bandwidth, range of frequencies, important when sending wave signals, such as in radio?

So in wired/wireless networking and radio, signals are sent in form of wave. Then the concept of bandwidth comes in, which is the difference between highest frequency and lowest frequency in a signal. ...
0
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0answers
45 views

F-mu-nu notation [on hold]

This is a really simple question that I cannot find an answer to, strangely enough. What do these (similar) notations stand for: $F^{\mu\nu}$ $F_{\mu}^{\nu}$ $F^{a\mu\nu}$ etc etc.
0
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1answer
51 views

Magnetic field of a stationary electron

As far as I know, a magnetic field can only be produced by a moving electric charge, or from a particle's spin (this is how a permanent magnet works, all the spins are in the same direction) What is ...
0
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0answers
13 views

Question on envelope-carrier description of traveling wave

I'm doing a research internship in attosecond physics right now, and one of the really important things in the field is the description of a propagating laser pulse as the combination of a slowly (or ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Can the magnetic fields of EM radiation be harnessed or measured?

We use the electric component of EM radiation to create the EM radiation and to detect it (antennas and Etc.), but does anyone know of a situation where the magnetic component of EM radiation is used? ...
1
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1answer
28 views

Historical analysis of light interference - difference frequencies

It is well-known that light of two different frequencies illuminating a detector will produce an output with a component at the difference frequency. While such considerations are eminently useful ...
2
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3answers
132 views

Describing a circular current loop as delta functions

It would be really nice to see how Jackson got eqn 5.33 on his example problem for finding the vector potential of a circular current loop $$ ...
3
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3answers
77 views

In scattering, how does a particle 'know' which direction it is being illuminated from?

In scattering experiments, for example light scattering, the scattering strength from different sized particles is depicted as below. What I can't understand is: how does a particle know which ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

How does an accelerating charge radiate electromagnetic waves? [duplicate]

When a charged particle gets accelerated it emits electromagnetic waves. In reality, when a charged particle gets accelerated the electric field around the charge remains unchanged, but the magnetic ...
14
votes
2answers
956 views

Why there does not exist any Gravitational Magnetic Field?

We think that the electric field and gravitational field operate similarly with their corresponding charges/masses. With just a difference that the electric field is sometimes attractive and sometimes ...
-1
votes
2answers
47 views

Find electric field given the magnetic field [duplicate]

Given the magnetic field as a vector, how do I find the electric field?
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Where does wave frequency come from

I am trying to wrap my head around where do oscillations in electromagnetic waves come from. As an example if I would take a string of guitar and ring it, it would produce a certain sound based on the ...
-3
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0answers
31 views

Determine the emf [on hold]

A meter long metal rod of mass m is falling with a constant velocity of 10 m/s. The rod is attached to two conducting rails. Determine the emf if there is a uniform magnetic field directed ...
-1
votes
0answers
15 views

Obtain the electric field [duplicate]

Let $V=(xyt^3T)j+(x^4tT)k$. Find the curl of the magnetic field and the electric field. The curl I found to be $-(4x^3t)j+(yt^3)k$ It's sensible to leave out the units T right? How do I find the ...
-1
votes
1answer
41 views

Determine the electric field [on hold]

A loop of wire is put in a changing magnetic field. The magnetic flux through the loop is given by $4t(t+2)$. The loop is connected to a parallel plate capacitor that has a plate separation of 15mm. ...
-2
votes
0answers
61 views

Find the electric field [on hold]

Let $V=(xyt^3T)i+(x^4tT)j$. Find the curl of the magnetic field and the electric field. I've found the curl. The curl I found to be $-(4x^3t)j+(yt^3)k$ It's sensible to leave out the units T right? ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Why are magnetic fields so much weaker than electric?

In EM radiation, the magnetic field is $ 3*10^8$ times smaller than the electric field, but is it valid to say it's "weaker". These fields have different units, so I don't think you can compare them, ...
2
votes
3answers
42 views

Magnetic moment - magnetic field relation without free currents

I'm trying to understand magnetostatics in the presense of ferromagnetic material. But I'm ending up in a contradiction: Lets take a piece of iron: Assuming that we don't care about the hysteresis ...
0
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2answers
40 views

Electromagnetic Inductance: Different voltmeter readings from different positions

In the setup below, the voltmeter on the right would read differently than the voltmeter on the left even though they are both connected to point D and point A. This picture is taken from Lecture ...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

The Aharonov-Bohm effect is purely classical, right?

Every discussion I've ever seen of the Aharonov-Bohm effect makes a big deal of its being a quantum effect with no classical analogue. But as far as I can tell it is present already at the classical ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Calculating equipotential lines and current density in a rectangular conductor

(This isn't homework, I'm trying to make an illustration for an article I'm writing.) Let's say that I have a thin rectangular bar of uniform conductivity, and I have point probes at various places: ...
1
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2answers
51 views

Moving coil contradiction of Faraday Induction

In Faraday's Induction Experiment, the e.m.f. induced in the induction coil becomes zero when the relative velocity of the coil and the magnet becomes zero. But one can also argue from a stationary ...
2
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0answers
15 views

Equation describing the motion of an object attracted to magnet [on hold]

Imagine there is a strong magnet at (0, 0). There is a horizontal rail on y=1 on which a ferromagnetic object rides. The object ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Why do we take the value of the constant in Coulomb's law as $\frac{1}{4\pi\varepsilon_0}$? [duplicate]

Why do we take the value of the constant in Coulomb's law as $\frac{1}{4\pi\varepsilon_0}$?
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0answers
9 views

Does the skin effect and the proximity effect cancel each other out?

I'm interested in how the Skin Effect and the Proximity Effect interact with each other. From what I can understand: The Skin Effect is when AC current 'collects' on the skin of conductors due to ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Molecular field meaning in Liquid Crystal Theory

Given the Frank-De Gennes free energy $F = \int f(\boldsymbol{p},\nabla\boldsymbol{p}, ...)\ d\boldsymbol{x},$ for liquid crystals (see De Gennes-Prost, p. 107, formula 3.21), the vector ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

How to feel or sense magnetic fields from earth?

I know that earth has magnetic fields/forces, but why we don't feel them? So if I hold a magnet and earth's magnetic field is positive and my magnet is from the positive side, then why the magnet does ...
2
votes
1answer
23 views

Do Magnets\ Magnetic field become weaker when exposed to para magnetic objects?

I was wondering whether magnets (permanent) become weaker as they are exposed to para-magnetic object? I was thinking this after seeing this: ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

What causes radioactivity? Is it a quantum mechanical effect?

I'm just curious what causes radioactivity. I've been told that in the case of alpha decay, since the nucleus is quantum mechanical, there is a probability that the configuration of protons and ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

If light is an electric and (magnetic field), how can it be absorbed?

I was wondering how light or any electromagnetic radiation can be "absorbed" if it consists of electric and magnetic fields. For example if there is a charge at point A, and the light reaches point ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Help with a ring launcher [closed]

I'm not sure if this is the right place to be asking this question, so close it if it's not, but I need help on a physics project. My current project is a ring launcher (Elihu Thomson Apparatus). I ...
0
votes
2answers
34 views

Faraday Effect does light bend or lose energy?

I was reading upon Faraday effect when it said Faraday effect causes a rotation of the plane of polarization That in mind, does this mean the light can be bent around or does the light loose ...
0
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2answers
32 views

If outside a cylindrical solenoid exist an electrical field what does that mean to the Aharonov-Bohm Effect?

To the question "What is the electric field outside a cylindrical solenoid when inside is turned on a magnetic field" the answer is that outside exists a electric field. Does that mean that the ...
2
votes
3answers
82 views

When to use method of images in Electrostatics?

I am a bit confused about when to use the method of images in E&M? For example, in Griffith's Electrodynamics Example 3.2, the problem reads: A point charge $q$ is situated a distance $a$ from ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Positive charges “move” from higher to lower potential [closed]

It's my understanding that whenever an object gains or loses electric charge this actually corresponds to losing/gaining electrons (protons do not move). So how can a positive charge always move from ...
6
votes
1answer
145 views
+100

Reluctance of torus shaped iron core with embedded wire loop

Imagine a circular wire loop (r = 50mm), the wire has an assumed diameter of zero, which is embedded in a torus shaped iron core with a circular cross-section of R = 10mm. A current in that loop ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Aharonov-Bohm Effect electricity generation

This question is based on highly intuitive picture of the Aharonov-Bohm effect (perhaps a naive one). From what I have read, the current explanation of the AB effect is that although the electron ...
8
votes
2answers
104 views

Does the geomagnetic field rotate?

The Earth rotates about it's own axis. Do the geomagnetic field lines rotate due to this rotation or not?
0
votes
1answer
33 views

How does back-emf oppose the input-current?

A circuit, has current $A$ flowing at a certain $V$. When there is a change in magnetic-flux, based on Faraday's law of induction & Lenz's law, we know that there is change in Potential ...
0
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0answers
54 views

Understanding the mathematical formulation of the Faraday effect

The Faraday Effect is a magneto-optical effect which results in the polarisation of light being rotated I would really want to understand the theory of this, but I only have a basic EM knowledge, ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Minimum separation problem

I am trying to solve this problem where two point charges are infinite distance apart(horizontally) but separated by some finite distance vertically. Both are positively charged and projected ...
1
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0answers
32 views

compact and non-compact gauge theory [closed]

From the answer to this question, I see that the gauge theory has to be compact if the charges need to be quantized. I am not sure in what sense these are necessary and sufficient. So here is a ...
4
votes
2answers
280 views

One question about sextupole

In multipole expansion, we use monopole, dipole, quadrupole or octupole to describe an electromagnetic field. But I saw someone use sextupole to describe transition states. If we expand an ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Magnet insulation and Permanent magnets

Is magnetic insulation possible? I have seen its not.If so Why? Permanent magnets are not permanent? I read about that permanent magnets lose their magnetism after some time. What does this mean.How ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

How to wire a STRONG electromagnet? [closed]

I have a 12mm long hard ferrite core that I want to use as an electromagnet. I have wound it with 0.8mm copper as tightly as I can by hand, in a single layer, but the field is not strong enough. I ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Does a permanent magnet loose its magnetism?

The question is slightly deceiving however still simple for those academics therefore, here I present my question: If I take a para-magnetic material and put it very close to a homogeneous magnetic ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

Why does the current increase in an LC circuit while the capacitor is being discharged?

From the maths governing an LC circuit (eg. $E_B=\frac{LI^2}{2}$) we can deduce, that the current through the inductor will have a maximum value, when there's no energy stored in the capacitor, or ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Force between two current carrying wires

Is the force which acts perpendicular to a wire due to another current wire in its vicinity consistent or it is just for a brief time? I thought it should be for a brief time because only for a moment ...