The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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Question from Griffith's E&M chapter 7 [on hold]

Estimate the induction current in the copper tube assuming the magnetic field of the permanent magnet to be 1.2 tesla, the weight of the permanent magnet to be 20 grams, the diameter of the copper ...
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3answers
37 views

What is the direction of the magnetic vector potential in an electromagnetic plane wave?

The vector potential $A$ is perpendicular to $B = \nabla \times A$, by definition, and hence, in a plane wave, it is either in the direction of $E$ or the direction of propagation. I suspect it is in ...
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3answers
40 views

Non-complex proof that the electric and magnetic fields are perpendicular in a plane wave

I'm looking for a proof that the electric and magnetic fields in a plane wave are perpendicular that doesn't invoke complex E and B fields. I haven't been able to find one. If the proof requires ...
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0answers
14 views

Perpendicular Current Carrying Wires Forces?

Hi guys, I'm having trouble understanding the effect of sides BA and CD on the straight wire. With an amperian loop around the straight wire, the magnetic field on BA and CD is into the page, and ...
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3answers
297 views

Why should Conservative forces have their curl equal to zero?(intuition)

There are several conditions that must be met in order for a force to be conservative. One of them is that the curl of that force must be equal to zero? What is the physical intuition behind this? If ...
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18 views

Are there any research experiments concerning bending light around stars compared to bending light around large planets?

Concerning gravitational lensing: Are there any research experiments concerning bending light around stars compared to bending light around large planets? I want to compare, extraterrestrial, massive ...
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2answers
28 views

Electric Field At Centre Of Non Uniform Ring

In the above solved example why only the cos components have been taken for calculation of electric field at centre ? Why not the sine components ? BTW in case you say that the sine components ...
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19 views

Magnetic field of cylinder equal to two current loops?

I was reading a text about the magnetic field of a uniformly magnetized cylinder when I came across this. The author states that since \begin{equation} A_{\phi}(\rho,z) = \frac{\mu_0 a M}{4\pi} ...
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9 views

Electromagnetic boundary conditions for modelling symmetrical geometry

I stumbled upon this article: http://www.comsol.com/blogs/exploiting-symmetry-simplify-magnetic-field-modeling/ Since the article does not contain any mathematical formulations, I was wondering how ...
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2answers
78 views

What would it take to cause lightning to jump between the Moon and the Earth?

This question comes from @Floris' speculation at the end of his excellent answer about what it would take to kill everyone on the Earth with electricity. Doing all this in 1/10th of a second ...
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4 views

Relationship between plasmon resonance frequency and radius for small nanoparticles

Is there any literature that gives a functional relationship between plasmon resonance frequency and radius for small spherical nanoparticles (on the order of 10nm or less). I can't seem to pin down ...
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1answer
23 views

What is the difference in the behaviour of the commutator in a motor between DC and AC?

Is it correct to say that in DC, the split ring commutator produces direct current flow and therefore stronger voltage, as opposed to AC which produces alternating current and therefore weaker ...
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16 views

Is the electron's magnetic dipole moment influenced by the measurement method?

The electric charge of an electron at rest is a constant value and is not influenced by the measurement instrument. The measurement instrument by itself can give more or less accurate result, but does ...
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2answers
43 views

Is it possible to make an electromagnetic shield?

Is it possible to make an electromagnetic shield to protect something (or ourselves) against things like bullets, human attacks, metals thrown on us or simple dust particles to protect a spaceship ...
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1answer
36 views

Right hand rule confusion

I have a question that I am trying to figure out: Two long parallel wires placed side-by-side on a horizontal table carry identical size currents in opposite directions. The wire on your right ...
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1answer
30 views

The Electric Quadrupole

I've read the following sentence: "Every electric circuit with two pairs of accessible terminals is called a quadrupole." I was wondering why does it happen that the multipole expansion gives us a ...
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1answer
49 views

Force between two finite parallel current carrying wires

Remark: This is not a homework question...It is pure out of theoretical interest. I asked this the mathematics-community a couple days ago and got no answer, so I figured I'd try here. Most standard ...
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1answer
15 views

squared position dependent electric field [on hold]

Here's an asignment problem that got me puzzled. The thing is that I have to solve a second order non linear differential euqation, the course is an urdergraduate mechanics course. A particle of mass ...
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1answer
36 views

Finding magnetic field inside rotating sphere [on hold]

A sphere with radius $R$ has constant charge density $\rho$ per unit volume. This sphere rotates as a rigid body with an angular velocity of $\omega$ around an axis that goes through the center. What ...
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1answer
42 views

Using a circuit to make a magnetic balance to weigh objects

I understand that this is a homework question, but I am learning about magnetic fields and things like that and this certainly wasn't covered in the material, so my question is more about the actual ...
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1answer
35 views

magnetic field due to current in a wire using Biot-Savart's law

I am learning about Biot-Savart's law to calculate the magnetic field due to the electric current in a wire. ...
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0answers
36 views

Need help understanding $\oint H \cdot dl = I_{f,enc}$. Homework question [on hold]

A cylinder of radius R and magnetization $M = kr^2 \hat{\phi}$. I already found the magnetic field due to bound charges to be, $B = \mu_0 k r^2 \hat{\phi}$ inside the cylinder and $B = 0$ outside ...
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15 views

Back EMF in an electric motor [on hold]

I was wondering: If someone built a DC electric motor that somehow had no Back-EMF, would it violate energy conservation? Thanks in advance for your answers. Alberto.
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1answer
47 views

How much magnetic field will be required to levitate a human? [duplicate]

According to this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BqKeiiezqzc it should be possible to levitate humans because the water in our bodies is diamagnetic - but it is stated (at 1:14) "although ...
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27 views

How does one manipulate the frequency of alternating current? [on hold]

Suppose standard voltage, current, and frequency AC power is readily available for a project that requires the available standard voltage and current, but also requires an arbitrary number of cycles ...
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1answer
92 views

When (or what is the meaning of) $I \propto E^2$?

For a monochromatic plane wave: $$\mathbf E = \mathbf E _0e^{i(\mathbf k \cdot \mathbf r -\omega t)},\qquad \mathbf H = \dfrac{\mathbf B}{\mu _0}= \mathbf H_0e^{i(\mathbf k \cdot \mathbf r-\omega ...
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3answers
36 views

How can be effect of electric and magnetic fields on the motion of a particle be distinguished?

It's a conceptual question about magnetic field: Suppose a charged particle moves under the influence of an electric and a magnetic field, how do we distinguish the effect of the fields on the motion ...
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3answers
52 views

movement of particles in electric field

I am confused about a homework problem. Let's assume we have two electrically charged particles of which we know the charge and mass respectively. Let's say that at first they are fixed at some ...
2
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1answer
23 views

How to build a MOKE (magneto-optic Kerr effect) magnetometer at home?

I'd like to build a magnetometer at home. The type does not matter actually that much but it should be doable at home. The MOKE (magneto-optic Kerr effect) magnetometer at least appears to use ...
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1answer
18 views

Repelling a weak permanent magnet with an electromagnet

I have a question about magnetic repulsion. Suppose I have a permanent magnet (axially magnetized) placed on top of the iron core of an electromagnet. I want to switch on the elctromagnet to repel the ...
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22 views

Where can I learn about Motors and Generators?

` Where can I learn about the functionality of motors and generators, so I can answer questions such as these? I need a good textbook that starts from the basics (eg faradays) then moves up with ...
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1answer
10 views

Searl effect generator simulation

This is an scheme of SEG: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pUUvhuQtba4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wAMrTxMzrds This mechanism change the electrons around the conversor. Would be really nice to ...
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0answers
59 views

Basic question about Magnetism and Right hand rule? [on hold]

In our physics class we had a brief introduction to magnetism - the very basics, but I don't understand the right hand grip rule. Here is the question I'm stuck on: "a negatively charged object ...
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0answers
7 views

Galerkin-type weak formulation for electrokinetics

I am currently working on finite element simulations about electrokinetics. My solver (getdp) accepts directly galerkin-type weak formulation of equations. I am thus trying to write my equations in ...
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1answer
54 views

Electromagnetic braking hypothetical situation?

Let's say there is a conducting rod in space - with a constant external magnetic field. If you spin the rod - will electromagnetic braking make the rod stop eventually? I feel like there is a change ...
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0answers
22 views

Need help with physics derivation regarding RF accelerating cavities

So, below I am having the worst and hardest time getting from the third to last line (delta1) to the last line after the first order approximation is done! Ive tried everything!!! Anyone can help ...
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32 views

Error in radius squared

I am performing an experiment to determine the ratio e/m using a Helmholtz coil. I am using a chi squared minimization routine to find e/m. The data is supposed to fit, $$r^2=kV$$ Where k is ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Biot-Savart Law Clarification

I have a question concerning Biot-Savart's law. It pertains to problems where you must find the total magnetic field at some point P, $x$ meters away from a current-carrying wire. I am a bit confused, ...
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35 views

Why won't my magnet/battery move in the “tunnel” [closed]

We are recreating this for my sons science fair project. We purchased exactly what was listed. When we use a thicker copper wire (what we could find locally) it moves, but when we use the guage ...
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1answer
19 views

Why does magnetic flux linkage become negative when a coil is turned through 180degrees?

Taking a rectangular coil, in a constant magnetic field, it is understandable that BANcos(theta) should apply for the magnitude of the flux linkage. However if the coil is turned through 180 degrees ...
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23 views

What happens to the emf generated due to a change in magnetic flux in a coil?

When we move a magnet into a coil of wire (open circuit) and then out of it, we create a emf across the ends of the coil and another emf in the opposite direction. My question is what would happen to ...
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22 views

A circuit with a solenoid and no resistors

We have an electric circuit consisting only of a solenoid (its two ends are connected). Let's suppose that the total length of wire used is $l$ and the wire has a cross-section of area $S$ and ...
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15 views

Why must the deviations from equilibrium be small for zero difference in energy in this solenoid?

A long solenoid with a square cross-section is partially immersed in a magnetic, non-conductive liquid of permeability $\mu$. The solenoid's axis is parallel to the liquid's surface. ...
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1answer
38 views

How to calculate the Hamiltonian from the Lagrangian for a non-relativistic charged point particle in an EM field?

I was given the equation of the Lagrangian: \begin{equation} L~=~\frac{1}{2}m \dot{x}^2+\frac{e}{c}\vec{\dot{x}}\cdot \vec{A}(\vec{x},t)-e\phi (\vec{x},t). \end{equation} I proceeded to use the ...
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1answer
47 views

Need help understanding a simple circuit in-depth

I would like to know more in detail what's really going on in a simple circuit like this. I think I understand it, but I have a lot of things mixed up and others aren't clear to me. I'm going to ...
4
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3answers
64 views

Magnetic field in a wire with constant current

I assume I have a wire parellel to the $z$ axis and with radius $R$. A constant current $I$ flows through it in the $z$ direction. I want to know the magnetic field inside the wire at distance ...
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1answer
23 views

Explaining induced emf: directions of lorentz force and electrostatic field in two reference frames

First question, what is the direction of electrostatic field? Here is the problem: Consider a conductor rod CD moving at a speed v in a magnetic field. The three are in right angles to each other. In ...
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3answers
38 views

Magnetic Energy Density Equations

I have a plasma with a magnetic field through it and I want to know the magnetic energy within the plasma. I have the simple equation U=(B^2)/mu for the energy density. But my question is then, if ...
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1answer
23 views

Magnetic Field Along the Axis of the Current Ring - Alternative way to compute

This is Example 5.6 in Griffith's Introduction to Electrodynamics (4th Edition): Find the magnetic field a distance $z$ above the centre of a circular loop of radius $\ R$, which carries a steady ...
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1answer
26 views

Arcing through an inductor

When a current is passed through an inductor coil, potential difference across it is given as $$V=L\frac{dI}{dt} \, .$$ Now, if we suddenly disconnect the coil from the circuit, the current will ...