The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (6)

1
vote
3answers
41 views

Electromagnets, and how $H$ is the thing we set on the dial

Let's say that I have an electromagnet, consisting of Helmholtz coils with an iron core. David Griffiths, in his "Introduction to Electricity & Magnetism" text claims that $H$ is what we set, by ...
-1
votes
0answers
19 views

Can anyone list all the ways the gravitational force interacts with the electromagnetic at our energy scale?

Apart from weight does the gravitational force manifest itself in our world in any other way?also, are these two different questions?
2
votes
2answers
51 views

How does electromagnetic radiation affect the velocity of a charged particle?

I've heard that the acceleration of a charged particle releases electromagnetic waves. So let's say there is a charged electron moving forwards in a region with a downwards magnetic field. If the ...
-3
votes
1answer
19 views

Induction Oscillation [on hold]

A bar (m=100g, l=10cm) is moving in a constant magnetic field $B$ as shown above. The resistor $R$ is $1\Omega$. The bar is attached to a spring with spring constant $10N/m$, can you derive ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Triodes: Why do mesh fineness and radius of the grid affect amplification factor?

My basic understanding is that a grid which is much closer to the cathode than the anode will be more able to create a repulsive electric field than the anode's attractive field, thus current can be ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

The Aesthetics of impossible or unreal physical phenomena [on hold]

I know this may not be a typical question for the Physics board. I am a MA Design student working on a project to illustrate experiments on speculative/fictional physical events. My final work will ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Finite Value of Cross Section of (Scattering/Absorption) of Localized Surface Plasmon at Resonance

According to textbook written by Stefan A. Maier, ch.5, p.70, cross section of scattering and absorption are defined as: $$C_{sca}=\frac{8\pi}{3}k^4a^6 ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Gravitoelectromagnetism or graviton thory to derive equivelent formulas to relativity theory [on hold]

Is it possible to change the definitions of an event happening (which currently in relativistic theory is defined by the moment you see* something - the time light took to travel to you) such that ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

How much external field have to be applied to saturate a Mu metal shield till magnetization?

My main goal is to magnetize and demagnetize a Mu metal shield. Till now I am using a Helmholtz coils setup and I can generate 10 mT applying 2 A DC. I am using a DRV425 fluxgate and a hall probe ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Force on a moving charge in relative frame

Consider a particle of charge $q$ moving at velocity, $v$, enters a magnetic field $B$ which is perpendicular to its motion. Now consider two observers, one stationary and the other moving at the ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Does a correct application of the Lorentz force to find induced emf need resistance?

The emf between two points is defined as the work done per unit charge on the charge when moved (along a given and stated path) between those two points. To find the emf due to a magnetic field the ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

How come the length of a wire does not affects on the circuit current?

Today we started learning about the electromagnetic induction. Out teacher gave us the following explanation: Suppose we have a conduction frame inside a magnetic field $\vec{B}$ going towards the ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Why does the Magnetic Flux Density B, saturates in a ferromagnetic material with increasing H?

I understand that the magnetization must saturate as more and more domains are aligned. But $B$ is still directly proportional to $H$, and hence it must increase linearly with $H$. But every book ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Current carrying conductor with a loop at a distance [on hold]

In Fig, there are an infinitely long conductive wire and a circle conductive loop C with the radius r and the number of turns n. The distance L between the wire and the loop is much larger than r, ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Why diamagnetic material is not repelled?

When an external magnetic field is applied to a diamagnetic materials, their atomic current loops will tend to align in such a way as to oppose the applied field. Diamagnetism is the residual magnetic ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

In Solution of the equation $\Box A_\sigma=0$. I find some mathematical difficulties [on hold]

The solution of the equation $$\Box A^\mu(x)=0$$ has the form $$A^\mu(x)=\int\frac{d^4k}{(2\pi)^4} e^{ik^\mu x_\mu}A^\mu(k)\delta(k^2).$$ Where we take $A^\mu(k)$ of the form $$A^\mu(k)=\sum ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

How to calculate the potential energy of a magnetic dipole (with zero torque)

In the following problem, I would like to know how they arrived at their solution for finding the potential energy of a magnetic dipole (boxed in red). I understand I probably have to use the ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Explanation of different magnetic field measurements due to frame of reference

If there is an stationary infinitely long wire carrying current I, and we turn on a gaussmeter, it will record a magnetic field B. Since I know the Biot-Savart law, I am satisfied with this ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Electric field/ Gauss´s Law [on hold]

if I want to calculate the electric field, since I have 3 charged densities. The first one is -2 microC/m^2 , the second one is +4 microC/m^2 and the third one is -5 microC/m^2. What would be the ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Magnetic levitation manipulation

Suppose a small crystal or mineral piece with a completely known structure was held by magnetic levitation. Would it be possible to orientate the piece by manipulating the magnetic field so that a ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Continuity equation for charge and current densities of an accelerated point charge

For a point charge that moves with the trajectory $ \vec r(t)$, we know that it has the singular charge and current densities $$ \rho (\vec x, t) = q \delta^3(\vec x - \vec r(t)) $$ $$ \vec J(\vec x, ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Do two bodies spinning about the same axis in the opposite direction repel each other?

I recently read about the GEM equations, which look very much like the Maxwell's equations. Does this mean the behavior of mass is like the the behavior of the electric charge? So for example if you ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Is the induced EMF dependent on the conventional or actual flow of electrons?

I have been studying Faraday's Law and Lenz's Law and the flow of current to oppose change in flux linkage. My question is whether the actual flow of electrons to the top of a material makes the EMF ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Confusion regarding Changing flux

I have a confusion regarding where flux changes and where it is constant. When a flat coil moves between two opposite poles of a magnet, parallel to their faces we say the flux is constant and no ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Is there a method to detect a magnetic field within this range: 100 fT to 1 pT

Is there a method to detect a magnetic field within this range: 100 fT to 1 pT (human brain magnetic field) I know there are SQUID magnetometers currently using in primarily Medical Researches. But ...
-9
votes
0answers
64 views

Paper challenging Einstein - Thoughts and comments? [closed]

I recently came across this paper and wondered what peoples thoughts were on it. He aims to show 'On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies' by Albert Einstein is incorrect in his paper "Experimental ...
1
vote
2answers
24 views

How do I choose the right value of $r$ to find where the electric field is zero?

Sorry for the long question. I'm having a difficult time trying to explain my confusion. I have a positive point charge$\ Q_1 =+q$ at the origin and a negative point charge $\ Q_2 = -2q$ at $\ x=2$ ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Is there any macroscopic experiment that reproduces the results of Stern-Gerlach experiments on electron spin?

In a Stern-Gerlach experiment measuring electron spin, electrons are diverted to one of two areas on a detector, rather than ending up in a continuum between those two areas. I'm wondering if there is ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Physical reality of calculated wavelength from two measurable phenomena slit distance and fringes distance?

I see some difficulties in answering this question (Have we really measured the wavelength of light?) about the measurement of the light's wavelengths with double slit interference. "... we can find ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Can Ampere's law be applied to 3D loop

Usually in textbooks Ampere's law is just illustrated using 2D loops which forms a plane. Can the law be applied to 3D loops which cannot form a plane surface within the loop? In a 3D loop which ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Amplitude of eliptically polarised light

In elliptically polarized light, can one define something called amplitude of Electric field? If yes, how do we determine it?
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Since electron clouds of different atoms repel each other, does that mean that touch is the feeling of electromagnetic repulsion? [duplicate]

Also when we rest our hand on an object does that mean we are effectively levitating because of the repulsion of the electron clouds?
-2
votes
0answers
32 views

How do I convert a specific absorption rate from W/kg to eV/kg/ps [closed]

Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) is the rate at which electromagnetic energy is absorbed by water, human tissue or any other material. After performing an electromagnetic simulation i got the below ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

Voltmeters and changing magnetic fields

A changing magnetic field pierces the interior of a circuit containing three identical resistors. Two voltmeters are connected to the same points, as shown. V1 reads 1 mV. What does V2 read? ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Have we really measured the wavelength of light? [duplicate]

Have we practically measured the distances between the variations of electromagnetic radiations in space in nanometers or is it just theoritical because of calculations? Also the one who have marked ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

Voltage between conductors in single phase line [closed]

I am trying to understand capactiance between conductors in a single phase line, but I am stuck, I am following this ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

How do I show $e_r$ and its first- and second time derivative?

What does a charge q moving in a circular orbit with a constant velocity (a "rotating charge") and a stationary observer that measures the E field look like? And how do I show $e_r$ and its first- and ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

The magnetic field between two intersecting cylinders [closed]

Consider a cable of infinite length whose section has the form of two intersecting circles of same radius $a$. The first part is then a cylinder of constant volume current density $J$ along the ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Why isn't the magnitude of the electric field in a circuit zero?

I've been re-reading my knowledge of circuits and how current flows as well as the surface charge distributions in the steady state, since it's been quite some time and we've just started studying ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Units for displacement current density

The displacement current density, $$\mu_0 \epsilon_0 \frac{\partial \textbf{E}}{\partial t}$$ has units of (N/A^2) (C^2/Nm^2) N/Cs = Ns^2/(Cm^2) which is not the same for current density: C/sm^2 ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

The relation between electric and magnetic potential equation [closed]

Use the principle of duality to derive: $$\textbf{A} = \frac{\mu e^{-j\beta r}}{4\pi r}\int\int_S\textbf{J}_s\, e^{j\beta\, \hat{\textbf{r}}.\textbf{r}'}dS'$$ from this $$\textbf{F} = ...
3
votes
2answers
45 views

Does magnetic poles exist for a magnetic field generated by straight current carrying conductor?

I read that a straight current carrying conductor generates magnetic field around it in form of concentric circles. If so, where would be the poles of this field.
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Would it be efficient to run a solar panel with laser?

Would it be efficient to run a solar panel with laser? I know this question is unsual as we are using electricity powered laser to run a solar panel. Actually i am paricipating in the Google Science ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Why is gravity so weak? [duplicate]

How does physics explain the enormous disparity between the gravitational scale and the typical mass scale of the elementary particles? In other words, why is gravity so much weaker than the other ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Why are magnets made in only a few shapes?

Additionally, why are all magnets solid? For example, why can't a magnet be made in the shape of a PVC pipe (very long tube)?
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Question about DC & AC Generators

Main question: moving a alternating magnetic field past a coil can create AC, if the same pole is moved past repeatedly does this still generate the same amount as the AC version would? or is the ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Angular momentum of light in classical electrodynamis [closed]

I' reading at this time electrodynamics from Griffith's Introduction to electrodynamics. As i see, to have the conservation laws in field theory we have to consider the fields as carrying energy, ...
-1
votes
0answers
168 views

JEE MAIN 2015 Question. Electromagnetism [closed]

Two coaxial solenoids of different radii carry current I in the same direction. Let F1 be the magnetic force on the inner solenoid due to the outer one and F2 be the magnetic force on the outer ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

How to calculate earth's magnetic field by time period of suspended magnet?

Assuming that torsion of the suspension wire small enough to be neglected, how can we derive earth's magnetic field by measuring time period of an oscillating magnet suspended on a string?
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Do/May pure electromagnetic waves ( Non dual natured ) exist?

The light as well as all matter 'particles' show dual nature. But my question is if according to the Maxwell equations, Electromagnetic waves are valid events, can they actually exist in pure wave ...