The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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Do Magnets\ Magnetic field become weaker when exposed to para magnetic objects?

I was wondering whether magnets (permanent) become weaker as they are exposed to para-magnetic object? I was thinking this after seeing this: ...
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1answer
53 views

What causes radioactivity? Is it a quantum mechanical effect?

I'm just curious what causes radioactivity. I've been told that in the case of alpha decay, since the nucleus is quantum mechanical, there is a probability that the configuration of protons and ...
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1answer
37 views

If light is an electric and (magnetic field), how can it be absorbed?

I was wondering how light or any electromagnetic radiation can be "absorbed" if it consists of electric and magnetic fields. For example if there is a charge at point A, and the light reaches point ...
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0answers
16 views

Help with a ring launcher [on hold]

I'm not sure if this is the right place to be asking this question, so close it if it's not, but I need help on a physics project. My current project is a ring launcher (Elihu Thomson Apparatus). I ...
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2answers
28 views

Faraday Effect does light bend or lose energy?

I was reading upon Faraday effect when it said Faraday effect causes a rotation of the plane of polarization That in mind, does this mean the light can be bent around or does the light loose ...
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2answers
27 views

If outside a cylindrical solenoid exist an electrical field what does that mean to the Aharonov-Bohm Effect?

To the question "What is the electric field outside a cylindrical solenoid when inside is turned on a magnetic field" the answer is that outside exists a electric field. Does that mean that the ...
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2answers
60 views

When to use method of images in Electrostatics?

I am a bit confused about when to use the method of images in E&M? For example, in Griffith's Electrodynamics Example 3.2, the problem reads: A point charge $q$ is situated a distance $a$ from ...
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2answers
53 views

Positive charges “move” from higher to lower potential [on hold]

It's my understanding that whenever an object gains or loses electric charge this actually corresponds to losing/gaining electrons (protons do not move). So how can a positive charge always move from ...
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1answer
85 views
+100

Reluctance of torus shaped iron core with embedded wire loop

Imagine a circular wire loop (r = 50mm), the wire has an assumed diameter of zero, which is embedded in a torus shaped iron core with a circular cross-section of R = 10mm. A current in that loop ...
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2answers
79 views

Aharonov-Bohm Effect electricity generation

This question is based on highly intuitive picture of the Aharonov-Bohm effect (perhaps a naive one). From what I have read, the current explanation of the AB effect is that although the electron ...
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2answers
73 views

Does the geomagnetic field rotate?

The Earth rotates about it's own axis. Do the geomagnetic field lines rotate due to this rotation or not?
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1answer
27 views

How does back-emf oppose the input-current?

A circuit, has current $A$ flowing at a certain $V$. When there is a change in magnetic-flux, based on Faraday's law of induction & Lenz's law, we know that there is change in Potential ...
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50 views

Understanding the mathematical formulation of the Faraday effect

The Faraday Effect is a magneto-optical effect which results in the polarisation of light being rotated I would really want to understand the theory of this, but I only have a basic EM knowledge, ...
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1answer
69 views

Minimum separation problem

I am trying to solve this problem where two point charges are infinite distance apart(horizontally) but separated by some finite distance vertically. Both are positively charged and projected ...
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0answers
40 views

what is the composition of magnetic field? [on hold]

whenever I read electromagnetism topic then i was confused by magnetic field that what is the composition of it and why magnetic field forms from outside the current carrying conductor ...
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0answers
32 views

compact and non-compact gauge theory [on hold]

From the answer to this question, I see that the gauge theory has to be compact if the charges need to be quantized. I am not sure in what sense these are necessary and sufficient. So here is a ...
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2answers
278 views

One question about sextupole

In multipole expansion, we use monopole, dipole, quadrupole or octupole to describe an electromagnetic field. But I saw someone use sextupole to describe transition states. If we expand an ...
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1answer
24 views

Magnet insulation and Permanent magnets

Is magnetic insulation possible? I have seen its not.If so Why? Permanent magnets are not permanent? I read about that permanent magnets lose their magnetism after some time. What does this mean.How ...
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1answer
28 views

How to wire a STRONG electromagnet? [closed]

I have a 12mm long hard ferrite core that I want to use as an electromagnet. I have wound it with 0.8mm copper as tightly as I can by hand, in a single layer, but the field is not strong enough. I ...
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2answers
84 views

Does a permanent magnet loose its magnetism?

The question is slightly deceiving however still simple for those academics therefore, here I present my question: If I take a para-magnetic material and put it very close to a homogeneous magnetic ...
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2answers
36 views

Why does the current increase in an LC circuit while the capacitor is being discharged?

From the maths governing an LC circuit (eg. $E_B=\frac{LI^2}{2}$) we can deduce, that the current through the inductor will have a maximum value, when there's no energy stored in the capacitor, or ...
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1answer
36 views

Force between two current carrying wires

Is the force which acts perpendicular to a wire due to another current wire in its vicinity consistent or it is just for a brief time? I thought it should be for a brief time because only for a moment ...
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0answers
57 views

Electrodynamic multipole expansion

I am reading Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, and I have a question regarding the electrodynamic multipole expansion (with page numbers I refer to the 3rd edition). So on page 409, he gives in ...
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2answers
41 views

How do I find the perpendicular velocity of a particle to a varying magnetic field?

I am trying to find the component of velocity perpendicular to a magnetic field. This was easy when the magnetic field was static and pointing in only one direction (the $z$ axis), but now I need to ...
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0answers
60 views

How to properly construct the electromagnetic tensor in curved space-time? (Part II)

In this question, I am testing what was previously discussed. I can't seem to get my results to match D'Inverno's electromagnetic tensor for a charged point (page 239 of his book - Introducing ...
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0answers
17 views

Drag on a conductor moving in a uniform magnetic field

Given a conductor moving through a perfectly uniform magnetic field, what is the drag force experienced by the conductor (due to induced eddy currents, or any other magnetic interactions I may have ...
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3answers
58 views

Magnet motor free energy generator [duplicate]

Is it possible to run a fan without electricity? like the one show on this website? http://free-energi.com/index.php?a=2
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3answers
184 views

How to understand “accelerating charge radiate” using intuition? [duplicate]

While I know that accelerating charges produces EM radiations (at least in lots of cases), most discussion about this matter only focuses on which kind of situation will emit EM radiations and which ...
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1answer
79 views

Boltzmann Distribution of Electrons in Confining Potential

I have a particle simulation wherein many non-interacting electrons are trapped in a electric potential well. I would expect, and therefore I initialize according to this, that the electrons would ...
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0answers
30 views

Finite rod aligned with a time varying magnetic field

A finite length rod is aligned parallel with a magnetic field that has a changing magnitude (let's say a sinusoidal change), given the conductivity and permeability of the rod and assume a large ...
2
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1answer
183 views

How to properly construct the electromagnetic tensor in curved space-time?

How do I properly construct the electromagnetic tensor in curved space-time? I have my curved spacetime metric $(+,-,-,-)$ and my magnetic vector potential $A$. I tried two ways but not sure which is ...
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2answers
86 views

Physics of antenna requirements

I'm currently a junior at San Diego State University and ever since I learned on my intro physics courses that antennas are best 1/2 wavelength. I've read wimpy explanations that it is so it can ...
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1answer
53 views

Conducting rod moving in uniform B vs. stationary rod in 'moving' uniform B field

I'm trying to understand how to correctly think about a change of reference frames for a conducting rod moving sideways through a uniform magnetic field. Thinking of the rod in motion through a ...
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1answer
29 views

Repulsion and attraction of electric currents

Now, I understand that when a an electron travels, it creates a magnetic field. If you put two wires with current traveling in the same direction they repel, and current traveling in opposite ...
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5answers
177 views

Is Coulomb's law accurate for moving charges?

Can we use Coulomb's law to calculate the force between two charges which are not at rest? If not, what formula should be used to calculate the force? I searched it, but I couldn't find a clear ...
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2answers
75 views

Electrical force between two objects

I tried to solve the following problem: There are 2 objects . The object m1 with charge q and the object m2 with charge q.(same charge).The object m2 is connected with a rope to the ceiling. at the ...
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0answers
72 views

Why does Coulomb's law not hold for fast moving charges?

We all remember calculating the electric force of interaction between a stationary nucleus and a revolving electron using Coulomb's law. The electron in this case is moving. Here's what I think about ...
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1answer
56 views
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61 views

Curious about this perpetuum concept

I know it's not possible to build a perpetual motion machine, but I still got this concept running in my mind. If you take a (longer)copper coil, and insert an axis through it(right-angled) with a ...
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1answer
76 views

Why is an electric and magnetic field present in all universe?

the Earth has its fields due to the motion of molten metals in the core but how does this whole universe has its fields without any discontinuity? And we can say for sure that fields are present in ...
3
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1answer
41 views

What is the difference between Rayleigh scattering and Thomson scattering?

After reading the wiki articles I know, that both Rayleigh scattering and Thomson scattering are elastic processes. But what is the essential difference between those two processes, their cross ...
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2answers
80 views

Velocity of a Charged particle in a magnetic field according to Biot-Savart Law

According to Biot-Savart Law, if there is a charged particle in motion, there will be a magnetic field. My question is whether the counterpart of this law also holds true, i.e. if there is a magnetic ...
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2answers
73 views

Experiments which show the phenomenon of closed electric field lines

In german physics introductory texts often the following experiment is cited which "shows" that a changing magnetic field can induce an electric field with has closed field lines. Here is a picture of ...
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3answers
115 views

Finding the electric field strength of a collection of points

So I'm reading a text on electricity and it talks about using the integral to compute the total charge of a collection of points, which I mostly understand. But then we get to finding the electric ...
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4answers
426 views

How does the speed of electrons change around a circuit?

I have been thinking about ways of teaching electronics and I'm wondering if the following is true... For starters, when we talk about voltage as energy per unit charge, is this energy manifest ...
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1answer
39 views

Homogeneity and isotropy of stress energy tensor

Given the energy momentum tensor in E&M: $T_{\mu\nu} = -F_{\mu\alpha} g^{\alpha \beta} F_{\beta \nu} +\frac{1}{4} g_{\mu \nu} F_{\sigma \alpha} g^{\alpha \beta} F_{\beta \rho} g^{\rho \sigma}$ I ...
3
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1answer
81 views

Are electric field lines due to Faradays law closed?

Are the field lines of electric field produced by Faraday's law of induction (and assuming $\rho = 0$) necessarily closed? If not what would be a counterexample. If it's true, how to prove it in ...
7
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2answers
386 views

Special relativity and electromagnets

This Veritasium video explains how electromagnets can be explained by special relativity, and how the magnetic field surrounding a current-carrying wire can also be viewed as an electric field, if ...
5
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1answer
75 views

Calculate electric field induced by a changing magnetic field

I want to plot the electric field (as a vector field plot) which is induced by a changing magnetic field for some simple cases. Suppose for example that the magnetic field changes linearly (or ...
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0answers
24 views

ODE envolving current [closed]

I have to do this exercise: 9. The current $I(t)$ at time $t$ flowing in an electric circuit obeys the differential equation $$I''(t) + RI'(t) + I(t) = \sin \omega t$$ where $R$ and ...