The classical theory of electric and magnetic fields, both in the static and dynamic case. Also covers general questions about magnets, electric attraction/repulsion etc. Distinct from electrical-engineering.

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What voltage is induced between the endpoints of bar, if we swing it by an amplitude

After a long horizontal conductor carrying current of 10 A is vertically suspended 2m long insulated conductive rod. We swing it by an amplitude of 10 cm. (a) in the direction of the wire; (b) in ...
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4 views

With what frequency triangle swings if it shuns from equilibrium?

Guide V-shaped is with no friction in the swivel bearings A and B (see Fig.) Of the magnet with a vertical magnetic field of 0.8 T. The weight of the guide is 50 g, the length AB 4 cm, and the length ...
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2answers
30 views

Are spherical coordinates distances or angles?

I've become confused about spherical coordinates when dealing with electric fields. The way I always understood spherical coordinates is something like the below picture. To define a vector, you give ...
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1answer
25 views

Maxwell, speed of light and the electric permittivity and magnetic constants

When Maxwell found that the already-measured speed of light could also be derived from the already-measured electric and magnetic constants, what were the electric and magnetic constants measured to ...
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2answers
64 views

Solution of simple problems using only Maxwell equations in differential form

Solve simple electrostatic or magnetostatic problems using only Maxwell equations. For example: In every book there is an excercise to find a magnetic field outside a thin wire of radius $a$ with ...
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17 views

Is the Electric field around a loop on conducting wire always constant?

If a wire is subject to some arbitrarily changing magnetic flux inducing an electric field within, what is the E-field equal to? $\oint \vec{E} \cdot \vec{dl} = -\frac{d}{dt} \int \vec{B} \cdot ...
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1answer
24 views

Why isn't any current induced in a rectangular loop when it is moved in a uniform magnetic field with constant velocity?

It is said that the magnetic flux passing through the coil remains constant. But when the rectangular loop is moved out of field with constant velocity,then the magnetic flux decreases. Thus current ...
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0answers
20 views

Uniform field through a disc

Let us say that we have a magnetic field of the form $B_0 \sin(\omega t) \hat e_z$ in all space. Now let us say we put a conducting disc within this field. I want to find the electric field within ...
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2answers
78 views

Why does aluminium foil spark in the microwave? [duplicate]

I don't understand fully why aluminium foil sparks in a microwave oven? I think what is happening is the oven sets up an electric field, and the field induces a current in the foil (how?), and ...
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0answers
17 views

What is strength of an electromagnet at a distance?

I want to levitate a permanent magnet between two electromagnets. My two governing equations are: $$F = \frac{B^{2}A}{{2\mu_{0}}}\tag{1}$$ $$B = \frac{NI\mu}{L}\tag{2}$$ Where $x$ is the distance ...
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1answer
44 views

Electromagnetic cooling

Heat means stored kinetic energy in matter. Microwave owens and induction heaters works on increasing kinetic energy on matter. Is it possible to make inverse of this heaters like cooler. Can we ...
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0answers
23 views

In a system with a decaying magnetic field, is the induced E-field around the wire constant?

Below is an example problem that I know how to solve, particularly when the current is switched off and the magnetic field is allowed to decay. However, in systems typically like these, is it a far ...
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16 views

Magnetic field along the line which is perpendicular to the wires

Suppose we have 3 wires which cross at some point $A$. After the branching point, the electric currents in two arms are $I$. And we have the line passing through the point $A$ and perpendicular to the ...
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0answers
17 views

Calculate characteristic frequency from atomic polarizability

With Lorentz model, the plasma frequency can be calculated from electron density $$\omega_p=\sqrt\frac{4\pi N e^2}{3m}$$ But I also found in this paper that it could also be calculated from atomic ...
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0answers
20 views

understanding magnetic dipole moment and torque [on hold]

I would like yo know if I understand things correctly: Magnetic moment, which is a constant value for a solenoid or magnetic dipole, determines the torque it will experience in a magnetic field. (I ...
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1answer
32 views

What is the typical strength of the electric field in a particle accelerator?

I am working on a research project involving the closed orbits of hydrogen in the presence of an external electric field and I am curious what a reasonable approximation for the electric field ...
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1answer
37 views

Relativistic Lorentz Force with constant, perpendiuclar, and uniform E and B fields

I am trying to solve the following problem from the Fundamentals of Plasma Physics by Bittencourt (Problem 2.7): Analyze the motion of a relativistic charged particle in the presence of crossed ...
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0answers
17 views

A force in a homogeneous magnetic field [on hold]

Semi infinite parallel conductors, while on them without friction slides a crossbar . Perpendicular the plane of the conductors is a homogeneous magnetic field. To what extent of force we must act on ...
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3answers
94 views

What can change a photon's frequency?

I found this question: Is it possible to apply force to a light particle? As it states, gravity can change the frequency of light by changing its momentum. My question regards other phenomena that ...
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1answer
23 views

Current and current density

Current, $I$, is generalised as: $I=\iint_{A}^{} \vec{J}. d\vec{A}$. I know that current density always points in the direction of flow of positive charge. I wonder if the infinitesimal element, ...
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0answers
26 views

What exactly happens in an electric circuit?

After reading chapters on Electrostatics, I have been having lots of problems in understanding current electricity.I will be trying to tell what my problems are by telling what I already know.Please ...
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0answers
46 views

Why are cereals attracted by a magnet?

Many cereals (from the supermarket) are attracted by a magnet. This can be seen by crushing the cereals into a very fine powder and approaching a strong magnet. The usual explanation is that cereals ...
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2answers
40 views

Lorentz force Law

I want to ask a fundamental question about Lorentz force equation. Why is it important to incorporate both electric and magnetic forces into one single expression? I know magnetism is electricity's ...
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1answer
25 views

Constant charge density and magnetic field

Suppose we have an arbitrary number of point charges in a vacuum, described by a constant charge density $\rho$. Can they be the sources of a magnetic field $\mathbf{B}$? My intuition is that they ...
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1answer
36 views

Question about Gauss' law and dipoles

I've got a question about dipoles and Gauss' law: Consider an electric dipole $p=ql$ in free space, centred at the origin of a Cartesian reference frame. Using Gauss’s Law, discuss if the electric ...
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3answers
127 views

Technical question about 2-forms

A technical question about the electromagnetic tensor, but before that, it is know if, say, instead of being $$F_{\mu\nu}=\partial_{\mu}A_{\nu} - \partial_{\nu}A_{\mu}$$it were ...
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1answer
40 views

Why do magnets vibrate near an AC source?

Why do they vibrate and simply not get pulled closer or further from the source of emf? This may be related to the shape, but if I take a small N45 disc magnet and put it near an electrical ...
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0answers
20 views

What is the speed of the charge in this setup of spherical conductors? [on hold]

Two concentric spherical conductors respectively have radius $r_1 = 0.145\ \mathrm{m}$ and $r_2 = 0.207\ \mathrm{m}$. The inner sphere carries a charge of $-6.00 \cdot 10^{-8}\ \mathrm{C}$ . An ...
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1answer
39 views

Reflectivity of Metals - real and imaginary part of k-vector and complex dielectric function

De electric field component of an electromagnetic wave that is traveling in the $x$-direction is given as $$E(x,t) = E_0 e^{i(kx - \omega t)} $$ with $E_0$ the amplitude and $k$ the wave vector. From ...
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0answers
23 views

Semi infinite parallel conductors [on hold]

Semi infinite parallel conductors separated by a distance of 0.5 m are at the endpoints associated with the resistance R = 4, while according to the two without friction slides bar by weight: 0.1 kg ...
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0answers
37 views

The approximation of the potential field of a half wave dipole antenna

I'm currently deriving an approximation of the potential field of an dipole antenna in the far-field in two dimensions, and I have some troubles. Since using two methods give two different answers. ...
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1answer
40 views

Influence of spacetime curvature on electromagnetic wave propagation [duplicate]

Classical physics assumes that spacetime is evenly distributed in the sense that Coulomb's Law predicts that a charged particle will create a spherically symmetric electric field around its location. ...
2
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0answers
34 views

Holding magnet near CRT monitor damages the screen?

Few days ago I tried keeping my magnet in front of my CRT monitor screen and it was showing some cool effects like showing so many different color but then when I removed it ,that blurr effect was ...
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20 views

Amplitude of electric field produced by satellite dish [on hold]

A telecommunications satellite is in geostationary orbit and it has a 1 m transmitting dish optimised for coverage of Europe. If the output power from this dish is 100 W, very roughly estimate the ...
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0answers
13 views

Calculating work needed to move a charge between plates of an uncharged capacitor [on hold]

My first guess was zero work because there's no electric field(I think). E.g. a parallel-plate capacitor $4.9 cm$ on a side, spaced $1.0mm$. The work needed to move $6.8\mu C$ seems to be $1.1J$ And ...
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0answers
21 views

What does it mean for $\vec E \in C^3$ [on hold]

What is this $C^3$ and why is $\vec E$ an element of C^3?
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0answers
35 views

Finding the magnetic field [on hold]

A mechanical pendulum is made of a metal rod, one end of which is attached to a string. The mass of the rod is $m$ and the string length is $l$. The oscillation period of the thus obtained pendulum ...
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0answers
10 views

from control torque to magnetic moment

I am designing a system which generates a magnetic field to make itself move in space (a cubesat with magnetorquers). This magnetic field is known as the magnetic control torque, i.e. it will torque ...
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1answer
20 views

How can electric field accelerate fog dissipation?

I should emphasize that I view the problem as a 'research' rather than a 'textbook' level. However, as I am almost unfamiliar with the subject it may be that the answer is elementary and well-known. ...
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1answer
10 views

Magnetic field size from electric field [on hold]

An electric charge oscillates about the origin along the y axis. A distant observer is located at a point on the +z axis. You observe the wave from a given location and find that at a given ...
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0answers
14 views

How can I tell apart the composition of my soft ferrites

I have an assorted bunch of soft ferrites. I need to know which ones are MnZn and which ones are NiZn, so I can sort them for usage at different frequencies.
2
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1answer
111 views

What are the proposed theoretical explanations for the EmDrive?

The EmDrive is a proposed propulsion mechanism for spacecraft in which some form of microwave device provides the propulsion. The consensus from the physics community, including many voices on this ...
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2answers
47 views

Potential difference inside charge distributions

Always when I think about potential difference inside a symmetrical charge distribution, I think of it being equal to zero because it's dependent on the field and I imagine the directions of each of ...
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1answer
35 views

Net force between two Electromagnets considering Back EMF [on hold]

First this Q might be trivial thus apologies. Consider two bar electromagnets that can simulate bar magnets M1 and M2, placed end to end at distance D apart (North Pole of M1 facing South Pole of ...
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0answers
21 views

Magnetic field due to long current carrying conductor at a point near its end [duplicate]

How can one show that the magnetic field due to an infinite long current carrying conductor (length a) at a point near its end is given by $$B = \frac{\mu_0I}{4\pi a}$$ using Ampere's Circuital ...
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4answers
131 views
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0answers
21 views

Why is emf 0 for coil rotating in field?

Say you have a coil (that can carry a current) rotating in the field between two magnets. When the area of the coil is perpendicular to the field lines the emf induced in the coil is 0, why is this?
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1answer
58 views

What is the electric field inside a hollow sphere?

If you have a conducting hollow sphere with a uniform charge on its surface, then will the electric field at every point inside the shell be 0. The reason the electric field is 0 at the center is ...
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0answers
25 views

Phase added on reflection at a beam splitter?

If we have light of a particular phase that is indecent on a beam splitter, I assume the transmitted beam undergo's no phase change. But I thought that the reflected beam would undergo a phase change ...
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0answers
11 views

What subtopics should I read in order to understand practical electromagnetism? [closed]

I apologize if this question might be not exactly on-topic here. But it seems related enough, and I found no better place to ask. I'm a student that is fairly behind in his course. I have already ...