Propagating solutions to Maxwell’s equations in classical electromagnetism and real photons in quantum electrodynamics. A superset of thermal-radiation.

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45 views

How far will a 1Hz EM Wave propagate if it's source oscillator is running for exactly one second? [closed]

If you have an Oscillator set on 1Hz and you let it run for exactly one second connected to an Antenna , how far will the generated EM Wave travel ?
0
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1answer
16 views

Will it produce alternating magnetic field with respect to time, if l hybrid soft magnet with self decaying(Radioactive) material?

Radioactive material emits electromagnetic waves (Gamma Ray). Soft magents has low magnetic coercivity, Right. Suppose if i hybrid very soft magnet alongside with strong radioactive material, will it ...
1
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2answers
76 views

Particles radiating energy when accelerating?

Let us say we have a charged particle moving in the positive $X$ direction with velocity $v$. If we give the particle a nudge in the $-X$ direction causing it to decelerate. Then from the saying ...
21
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3answers
1k views

Looking at the sun through heavy fog, do invisible wavelengths get through?

This morning it was particularly foggy and my son was excitedly looking at the sun through the fog, since of course he normally can't look directly at it and see the disk. I told him to stop looking ...
7
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1answer
543 views

Do photons decay as they travel in free space

From maxwell's equations, it occurred to me that photons are stable. Decrease in electric field creates magnetic field and vice versa and somehow there is a harmony that allows photon to exist as long ...
2
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1answer
41 views

What information do we lose when we increase whale songs to our hearing range?

TV documentaries on marine life often feature the evocative sounds of whales communicating with each other (apparently), over very long distances. The frequency of baleen whale sounds ranges from 10 ...
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0answers
16 views

Why spurious pulses are likely in partial discharges?

My notes The gas multiplication in the proportional counters is based on the secondary ionization created in collisions between electrons and neutral gas molecules, resulting in some visible ...
2
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1answer
117 views

Intersecting Lasers

What happens at the point of intersection of 2 lasers. If 2 lasers of different colour intersect, what will be happening at the point of intersection? Won't colour mixing happen?? Won't that point ...
37
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4answers
4k views

How far out from the Sun is visible light still sufficient to read a book?

Recent pictures from the New Horizons spacecraft, shown below, seem to indicate that, at Pluto's distance, we are entering a twilight zone, with a distinct lack of colors, although that could be due ...
7
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1answer
191 views

What is the origin of blackbody radiation? [duplicate]

Of course I know what black-body radiation is, like everyone else who has taken a thermal or statistical physics course. But it was recently pointed out to me that one thing that is rarely taught ...
5
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1answer
161 views

Near Energy In the Null of a Hertzian Dipole

Since $\mathbf E = -∇Φ - ∂\mathbf A/∂t$ one expects an oscillating $\mathbf E$ field even in the null of a Hertzian Dipole unless the two right hand side terms cancel -- which they do in the far field ...
2
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1answer
106 views

Why does the laser change colour? [duplicate]

In the first image, the laser colour is green. When it is shined on the plastic cap of the pink highlighter, the colour changes, why has this happened? Tech Details about the Laser Source are; Max ...
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2answers
70 views

Gamma spectroscopy - Do annihilation photons produce a backscatter peak?

Below is a diagram of part of a structure which I find in a gamma spectrum taken from a hall in which a neutron source is undergoing spallation. The structure which I'm interested in can be seen ...
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49 views

Generation and propagation of EM waves

How EM waves are generated? How do EM waves travel in space? like in many text books they have given an electric field sine wave perpendicular to magnetic field sine wave....is it exactly like that??? ...
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1answer
73 views

If electromagnetic waves can be generated by oscillation of a coil why can't light? [duplicate]

I was recently reading how electromagnetic waves are generated using oscillation of a current in an antenna. Why is it that this principle cannot be used to generate light?
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2answers
84 views

Electromagnetism and a simple doubt [duplicate]

Why don't electromagnetic waves need a medium to propagate? How does light get such a magnificent velocity?
2
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1answer
180 views

Gamma spectroscopy - Table of radioactive isotopes with gamma energy search

For anyone doing gamma spectroscopy by hand, the task is considerably eased by tables like this: http://nucleardata.nuclear.lu.se/toi/ Where not only can you search for particular nuclides, but you ...
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0answers
38 views

Gamma spectroscopy – What is this structure?

What is this strange structure in the gamma spectrum between 450 and 550 keV (below) around the peak at 477 keV? The spectrum seems to rise to a plateau (almost like a small Compton plateau) around ...
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1answer
165 views

What wavelength of light is the least absorbed by water?

As I understand it, an infrared laser range finder will not work underwater because the infrared rays are heavily absorbed by water. What wavelength (optical, ultraviolet, microwave, etc.) of light ...
0
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1answer
53 views

Is reflection actually due to very low critical angle?

When we take an example of a plane mirror, does the reflection occur because the critical angle for the silvered surface is very small? Are all the good reflectors good at reflecting because their ...
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0answers
37 views

Coincidence summing in gamma spectrum

Question on coincidence summing here. I've been reading about the coincidence summing effect when a radionuclide has two energy levels that decay to another state in rapid succession. There is also ...
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0answers
35 views

What is the physical meaning of source function in radiative transfer?

I know that it's the ratio between emission and absorption coefficients.But what does it actually mean? Can you please explain?
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1answer
20 views

Gamma spectroscopy - neutron activation of a stable isotope

Question about gamma spectroscopy here. If I suspect that on a gamma spectrum I have a line which is a consequence of the presence of Ge-78 - which is being produced via the neutron activation of a ...
2
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2answers
55 views

In Electron Spin Resonance, what provides the energy for the transition?

I recently performed an ESR experiment at M.Sc. level. The experiment manual says that the energy for the transition is provided by magnetic field oscillating at radio frequency. I am little confused ...
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1answer
37 views

How to Vary the wavelength of UV CFL? [closed]

I have a $12$ $V$ $DC$ operated UV $[CFL]$(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compact_fluorescent_lamp) with $365$ $nm$ wavelength. I need to vary this wavelength in the $250-300-350-400-450-500$ $nm$. ...
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5answers
799 views

What direction does the evanescent wave point?

On wikipedia they say that the evanescent wave has a magnitude of: $$E=E_0 e^{\alpha y-j\beta x}$$ Where $j=\sqrt{-1}$, but what direction does this vector point in and why? (let us say the boundary ...
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3answers
178 views

Why is night vision lacking color?

When I look through night vision with a video camera or see it in movies it always seems to be sort of grey or white. Why doesn't night vision have color?
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27 views

Dipoles in an external rotating field?

Consider a bunch of magnetic dipoles in $x-y$ plane in an external magnetic field $B(t)=B_0 \hat{z}+B_1(\cos\omega t~\hat{x}+\sin\omega t~\hat{y})$. The dipoles are rotating around $z$ axis and of ...
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1answer
78 views

Would neutronium emit heat?

Since accelerating a charge creates EM radiation, and there are no charges in neutrons to be accelerated, would that mean neutronium emits no radiation? Consequently, to preserve the second law of ...
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2answers
96 views

How to determine the angular velocity of a particle with mass $m$ and charge $q$ in a constant B field? [closed]

$\textbf{PROBLEM:}$ A particle with mass $m$ and charge $q$ moves in a constant magnetic field $B$. Show that, if the initial velocity is perpendicular to $B$, the path is circular and the angular ...
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0answers
100 views

How easily can we pick up radio signals from outer space

I've always wondered about the concept of listening to radio signals from space to try and look for alien life - how accurately can we distinguish "man"made radio signals from other forms of radiation ...
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2answers
75 views

How is the virtual image reconstructed from a hologram?

To make a hologram a film is exposed to an incident plane wave and wave from the object to record the interference pattern on the film. The principle is commonly explained in a way like that in p.1212 ...
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0answers
34 views

What is ultimate AC frequency and phenomena related to it?

Just as in title. What is the top AC frequency physically possible to obtain? And are there (and if yes, what?) phenomena occuring only at large frequencies? I'm thinking about a metallic wire. I know ...
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1answer
404 views

What's the meaning of linear medium in electromagnetism?

I'm studying the book Polarimetric Radar Imaging: From Basics To Applications and on page 31, there's this sentence: In the following, we shall consider the propagation of an electromagnetic ...
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2answers
48 views

Why array of telescope is used?

To increase the resolution of an instrument, smaller wavelength and larger aperture is desirable. It is mentioned in some textbooks that the "effective" diameter of a telescope can be increased by ...
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0answers
84 views

Question about dark fringe in diffraction

In finding the angle for the mth dark fringe of single slit diffraction using Huygen's principle, they usually split the slit into equal portions. For example, to find the first dark fringe the slit ...
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3answers
116 views

If heat can't be transformed into other forms of entropy, why do hot things radiate electromagnetic waves?

The laws of entropy says entropy can only increase. On the other hand, if I take a hot object, it will naturally convert its heat into EM radiation. How is this possible? Does EM radiation count as ...
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1answer
25 views

Does resonant inductive coupling work in the presence of a strong magnetic field?

Does resonant inductive coupling work in the presence of a strong magnetic field? I am unsure because resonant inductive coupling uses magnetic fields to transmit power wirelessly and a strong ...
5
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1answer
181 views

Why is the wave equation so pervasive?

The homogenous wave equation can be expressed in covariant form as $$ \Box^2 \varphi = 0 $$ where $\Box^2$ is the D'Alembert operator and $\varphi$ is some physical field. The acoustic wave ...
2
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1answer
172 views

Should I observe single/double escape peaks for all energies above 1022 keV

I have already asked a question similar to this, but that question was specifically relating to the case of K-40. I'm going to generalize it to any case My question is to do with the field of gamma ...
2
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3answers
78 views

Observing a photon during flight

When I was reading about the double-slit experiment in quantum mechanics, everything seems to make sense in terms of the waves and the interference pattern, but if thinking more about this ...
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1answer
37 views

Reflection of EM waves

In reflection of e m waves at the boundary, to show the reflected magnetic fields we put negative sign in the unit vector, example, if the B is along z direction we put (-k) in he reflected wave, ...
2
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1answer
197 views

Physical meaning of wavelength of an EM wave

What is the physical meaning of the wavelength of light? This question has been asked before but I cannot find a satisfactory answer. Some respondents have said that the question is vague, I don't ...
27
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3answers
4k views

How many X-rays does a light bulb emit?

I read somewhere that most things1 emits all kinds of radiation, just very few of some kinds. So that made me wondering whether there is a formula to calculate how many X-rays an 100W incandescent ...
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1answer
116 views

Is the photon's wave function the same as an electromagnetic wave(light)? [duplicate]

The first that i have been taught in Quantum Mechanics is the photoelectric phenomenon. Without analyzing it, it concludes that when we shine light at the circuit(roughly speaking), the work required ...
3
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1answer
178 views

An object glows red at around 1000K while a red star is around 3000K. What causes this misalignment in spectra?

According to the H-R diagram, a red star is 3000K, a yellow star is 6000K and a white star 10000K. But a hot metal appears red at 1000K, yellow at 1500K and white at 2000K.(approximately) Why is ...
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2answers
141 views

Electromagnetic wave and quantum mechanics [duplicate]

I'm very new to physics. I studied and read about quantum mechanics and what the assumptions are (wave particle duality, uncertainty principle, observation, wave function collapse, etc.), but I also ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Why does friction produce heat?

What causes two objects sliding against each other to produce heat? Why don't they generate visible light or something else?
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1answer
96 views

Can I produce radio waves by waving my hand?

I learned that EM waves are caused by the movement of charges (e.g. electrons), because they have an electric field and the change in the particle's position doesn't update the field instantly all ...
2
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3answers
181 views

Why photons reflect off glass?

Why photon reflects and refracts through glass? Some photons pass through glass and some reflects.I know this is due to energy levels of electrons of glass, an incoming photon is unable to excite the ...