Propagating solutions to Maxwell’s equations in classical electromagnetism and real photons in quantum electrodynamics. A superset of thermal-radiation.

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1k views

What properties make a good barrier for microwave (oven) radiation?

Suppose I have plenty of food I want to heat (which will provide load) in the microwave, and one item I don't want to heat. What properties would make a material a a good shield, to reduce or prevent ...
3
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2answers
273 views

What materials focus EM radiation in the 2.4GHz range

If glass and similar materials refract visible light effectively, what materials would be best for focusing lower frequencies of EM radiation, if any? If not, what other methods exist for focusing ...
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125 views

Longitudinal EMAG wave?

I'm reading about optical waveguide analysis, and often come across the terms "transverse electric mode" vs. "transverse magnetic mode". As I unerstand, it means that the electric/magnetic field has ...
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1answer
189 views

Fundamentals of electrostatics

Suppose I have a Gold Leaf Electroscope and the leaves are observed to diverge by a certain amount. Now if I send a beam of X-rays and allow it to fall upon the electroscope for a very short period of ...
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3answers
823 views

Why doesn't a stationary electron lose energy by radiating electric field (as per coulomb's law)?

If an electron in a universe constantly generates an electric field why does it not get annihilated ? I am confused because I read that an accelerating charge radiates and loses energy. So, why won't ...
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1answer
146 views

Electromagnetic field to cool a substance?

I saw somewhere that an electromagnetic field would cause a substance to let off thermal energy, ultimately resulting in the substance to cool really quickly. If this is possible, does the strength ...
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1answer
7k views

What is the difference between Radiation and Electromagnetic Radiation

Are the two equivalent or is Electromagnetic Radiation a subset of Radiation. I am further confused by the fact that electromagnetic radiation includes both ionizing and non ionizing types of ...
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0answers
107 views

Curie's principle in electromagnetic field theory

I am looking for some explanation and if possible also some references about the applications of Curie's principle in electromagnetic field Theory, precisely in the computation of magnetic (resp. ...
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2answers
641 views

Bremsstrahlung: why is electron slowed/stopped by the positive nucleus?

I can't understand why the electron is slowed/stopped by the nucleus. The electron is a negative charge and the nucleus is positive... they should attract each other...
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0answers
224 views

Fourier Transform of ribbon's beam Electric Field

I have a monochromatic ribbon beam with $E(x)e^{i(kz-\omega t)}$ being the electric field's amplitude. I want to show that the lowest order approximation in terms of plane waves is ...
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1answer
1k views

Power radiated by the Sun at different locations [closed]

I am wondering can someone help to solve second part which extends first part; The power radiated by the Sun is ${3.9*10^{26}}_{watt}$. The earth orbits the sun in a nearly circular orbit of radius ...
3
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1answer
181 views

Can you “fold” EM or light waves? (i.e) long wave that is reflected by mirror in fragments - like in the game “Snake”

So, I was reading about the Casimir effect. Two mirrors facing each other attract to each other in a vacuum. The reason is due to pressure exerted on those mirrors from the multitude of EM waves (like ...
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2answers
8k views

What are coherent and incoherent radiation?

What are coherent and incoherent radiation? I am a mathematician who is self-learning physics. In reading Jackson's electrodynamics and other books, I often hear that radiation is incoherent or ...
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3answers
788 views

Producing electricity from all wavelengths of electromagnetic spectrum

Is it possible to produce electricity from all wavelengths of electromagnetic spectrum beside visible light ?Like using gamma rays or x-rays .
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0answers
321 views

Analytical solution of two level system driving by a sinusoidal potential beyond rotating wave approximation

A quantum mechanical two-level system driving by a constant sinusoidal external potential is very useful in varies areas of physics. Although the wildly used rotating-wave approximation(RWA) is very ...
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3answers
3k views

Is there any example where electric and magnetic fields are not perpendicular?

Perpendicular electric and magnetic field creates light or other electromagnetic waves. Is it a necessary property to have a perpendicular fields? If not what would happen when the fields are not ...
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3answers
4k views

If photons can be absorbed by electrons, wouldn't that mean light has a charge? [duplicate]

I am a biochemistry and molecular biology major. If photons can be absorbed by electrons, wouldn't that mean light has a charge? Electrons only attract positive charges. Isn't it?
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1answer
109 views

What happens to the $2\pi$ factor when calculating Raman-shifts in units of wavenumbers?

So from the classical theory, you find a formula for a dipole in a planar electromagnetic wave, where there will be two cosine terms with a frequency (actually angular velocity in $[rad/s]$, as the ...
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1answer
514 views

How to calculate beam spread of a non-point light source via an aspheric lens

I need to determine the angle, or rate of divergence of light from a single aspheric lens when I place a non-point light source (e.g. LED array) at a given distance from the lens which is less than ...
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0answers
64 views

Time reversed laser

Recently, I read an article on time reversed laser. I don't know why they call it a time reversed. I have a doubt that why they use two laser in the device. And what is an anti-laser? The device ...
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2answers
693 views

New infrared laser weapon made by the USA - How does it work? [closed]

I have seen this post: New infrared laser weapon, the Laser Weapons System, could shoot down drones or disable ships: US Navy You can watch the video as well. that exhibits a laser weapon which can ...
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1answer
386 views

Why do CD's shatter in a microwave?

Why have I heard that eggs and CD's and DVD's explode when microwaved?
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4answers
395 views

Are photons deterministic?

I propose the following scenario: At $t=0$, a photon is emitted from a star. At $t=n$, said photon is received and interpreted by some detector. My question is whether or not it is accurate to say ...
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1answer
722 views

Photon Absorption and Emission: Conductors v. Semiconductors

I'm having a hard time understanding how photon absorption and emission in metals (conductors) compares to semiconductors. Obviously, in SCs, absorbed photons lead to electron-hole pairs and emitted ...
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1answer
257 views

william herschel discovering infrared problem

when william herschel conducted the experiment of separating white light with a prism and measuring the different colors, he put a thermometer past the red color as a control finding it to pick up the ...
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5answers
3k views

The rule breaker, emissivity + reflectivity = 1

If emissivity and reflectivity are inversely proportionate, why does glass have a high emissivity of around 0.95-0.97 as well as being very reflective for IR Radiation? normally it works but not with ...
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3answers
587 views

Special Theory of relativity on electromagnetic waves

Since time slows down and length contracts, when we travel almost at speed of light, if the speed of light (or EM waves) remains same and the wavelength of light remains same, do we measure the ...
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1answer
1k views

What is longitudinal relaxation time and transverse relaxation time? [closed]

How do we define the longitudinal relaxation time and transverse relaxation time?
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1answer
511 views

Do EM waves transmit spin polarization?

Suppose you have a normal dipole antennae (transmitter and receiver) . Spin polarized current (as opposed to normal current) is sent into the transmitter, it emits an EM wave and the Receiver receives ...
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2answers
491 views

How do you calculate power at the focal point of a mirror?

I'm a Mechanical Engineering student and I'm working on my senior project, so I need help. My project is about designing a solar dish having a diameter of 1.5 meters and a focal length of 60cm. so at ...
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2answers
1k views

A charged sphere with pulsing radius

Radius increases and decreases periodically (as a pulse).And so does the charges on the surface of sphere. I can't get what is gonna happen.the EM waves are produced perpendicularly to motion of ...
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2answers
5k views

How photons represent colors that you see?

Right now, my understanding is that, a mixture of photons of many different frequencies is perceived as white by your eye. While no photons at all, is perceived as black. And photons with the blue ...
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8answers
3k views

What are the various physical mechanisms for energy transfer to the photon during blackbody emission?

By conservation of energy, the solid is left in a lower energy state following emission of a photon. Clearly absorption and emission balance at thermal equilibrium, however, thermodynamic equilibrium ...
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1answer
378 views

The length of an antenna is twice the amplitude of the wave

I have seen it remarked in some problem sets that if you have an electromagnetic wave traveling in the $x$-direction with it's $y$-coordinate given as $y(x,t)=y_0\sin (\omega t +kx)$ and you want a ...
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0answers
55 views

Does shadow fading change if obstacles are fixed?

Given a RF sender and a receiver, suppose the obstacles between them are fixed, both their material and dielectric properties, does the path loss caused by their shadowing vary? If yes, what causes ...
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2answers
727 views

Mirror problem of radiation pressure

If two perfect mirrors are placed facing one another and they are in proximity, and photons (don't ask me how) are traveling between them and toward one of them, what is to keep the radiation pressure ...
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1answer
167 views

Possible to generate an electromagnetic field from moving an object through a magnetic field?

Is it possible to generate an electromagnetic field from a stationary rare earth magnet with a hole in it by passing an object through the hole? By definition, a Lorentz Force is the force on a ...
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1answer
588 views

Can I perceive the photoelectric effect as “ionizing with EM force”

The photoelectric effect demonstrates that EM radiation has particle-wave duality and it can be used to generate electricity. I am still a novice in physics and my understanding of this phenomenon is ...
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3answers
133 views

Trapping EM radiation [duplicate]

Is there a material which can allow light (or any other EM radiation) to pass through from one side as if it is transparent but its other side reflects light like a mirror?
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1answer
1k views

Monochromatic wave

If we have an EM wave like this one: $$E=\begin{pmatrix}1\\i\\0\end{pmatrix}e^{-i(\omega t-kz)}$$ The wave has clearly only one frequency $\omega$, but is it monochromatic? My doubt is that it's ...
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1answer
867 views

Two photons transition

if an atom in its ground state is coupled to an electromagnetic field it can absorb a photon if the EM field contains one with the right frequency. These transitions depends on $⟨f|H_i|i⟩$ (from ...
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7answers
6k views

Why does the speed of light $c$ have the value it does? [duplicate]

Why does light have the speed it does? why is it not considerably faster or slower than it is? I can't imagine science, being what it is, not pursuing a rational scientific explanation for the speed ...
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2answers
746 views

Does light really “travel”?

From what I've so far understood about light, a photon is emitted somewhere and after some time it's absorbed somewhere else. Have we had experiments that confirm the path taken or something akin to ...
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0answers
53 views

Should a 1D Guassian wave oscillate?

I wrote a few lines that numerically solve Maxwell's equations. The result is a moving wave that looks like a single pulse. This looks strange to me because I expect waves to move in oscillator ...
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1answer
45 views

Produciton of EM waves with differing wavelengths

Sun is the major source of electromagnetic radiation. Then if the source is the same, how are different EM waves with differing wavelengths produced?
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1answer
157 views

Red/Blue Shift in EM Waves

A Doppler weather radar operates at a frequency of 3.40 GHz. The wave from this radar system reflects from an approaching weather system moving with a speed of 39.0 m/s. What is the difference ...
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2answers
459 views

Does the intensity of dipole radiation fall as $1/r^2$ or $1/r^3$?

I have seen this derivation: I want to estimate what is the intensity of the electrical field as function of $r$ the distance from the radiated source ? I think it is can modled as pointed source ...
6
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1answer
924 views

Explosively Pumped Flux Compression Generator = EMP strong enough to destroy my phone from a mile away?

Explosively Pumped Flux Compression Generator detonated a mile away or so, what damage would be done to my phone, and other electronics? I would imagine it would be similar to a CD in the microwave ...
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4answers
2k views

Can light waves cause beats?

My question is pretty brief. When two sound waves of nearly same frequencies interfere, we get beats. But, I have not observed something like that happening in the case of light. In fact, most of the ...
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1answer
73 views

What was the first ionization radiation?

While trying to make somewhat of a timeline of the history of ionizatig radiation, i am wondering about the following questions: The first photoelectrical effect was found 1839 by Alexandre ...