Propagating solutions to Maxwell’s equations in classical electromagnetism and real photons in quantum electrodynamics. A superset of thermal-radiation.

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Electromagnetic waves and their extremes

Why do we have electromagnetic waves only in the wave lengths between 10^2 to 10^-14 metres respectively from radio to gamma waves.? Does any scientific reason exist for that? If it is not so, Does ...
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30 views

Can accelerated charged particle gain energy from charged medium? [closed]

Suppose a charged particle is moving in a medium. If it is accelerated, it is well known that it radiates energy (even in the vacuum). I was wondering if the charged particle would accelerate through ...
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50 views

Skin depth and electromagnetic shielding

The term "Skin Depth" refers to the the depth upto which current flows from the surface of an AC-current-carrying conductor. This depth is inversely related to the frequency of the current. Does this ...
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1answer
42 views

Antennas and the electromagnetic field

I'm an electrical engineering undergrad and have some questions about radio antennas. We've just covered the electronics and maths of radio theory once the signal has reached the receiver, I'm ...
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1answer
118 views

Is it possible to synthesize an EMW which is not quantized?

( I initially started to ask, "since according to Quantum-theory of light; the energy of a photon, depends only on the frequency of light-wave (E = h * nu), and no-mention of amplitude. So, does the ...
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0answers
56 views

Why is 2000 grit good enough for a mirror finish?

The mean particles size on a 2000 grit sandpaper is ~ 1 um, which is not that smooth compared with the wavelength of visible light. But usually when I want a mirror finish, 2000 grit will provide a ...
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15 views

How to find the polarization (phase) of the virtual source if image theory is used

Consider a radiating element (actual source) is placed above a ground plane, and if we apply image theory to determine the E-filed, the virtual source will be placed below the ground plane and ground ...
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1answer
35 views

WHY are reflections stronger at an angle acording to the Fresnel equation?

When looking straight at a glass surface you can mostly see through it, but if you look at it at an angle it becomes more and more like a mirror surface. This is described by the Fresnel equation, or ...
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1answer
43 views

Can We “Tune” The Radiation Output Of a Nuclear Device.?

After reading "Project Orion", the 1950's plan to launch a large mass spaceship using small nuclear devices, (and also from common sense), I realise that a lot of nuclear research is classified. The ...
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3answers
108 views

Energy of an accelerated charge?

Thought experiment: Let's take a positively charged particle and place it in a vacuum with no electric field. It just sits there. Now, we instantaneously introduce an electric field. The moment ...
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1answer
42 views

How do we filter out radiation from galaxies from the cosmic background radiation?

When a whole sky view is done to get a picture of the cosmic background radiation the radiation from our Galaxy is filtered out, and we are left with a picture which show radiation coming, more or ...
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3answers
118 views

What is the amplitude of a light wave?

Referring to this question How can I measure the amplitude of a light wave? I'm curious about what is a amplitude of a light wave. Especially for light from a thermic source.
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1answer
73 views

How can I measure the amplitude of a light wave?

Suppose I have a light wave and I want to measure its amplitude, or check to see if it has an amplitude of a certain value: how would one go about doing this?
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1answer
104 views

Validity of the 'photon wavetrain' model of coherence

In some optics textbooks, coherence is introduced with the "photon wavetrain" model. In this model, we consider light generated by many atoms each making the same transition. During each transition, a ...
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1answer
36 views

Is it possible that propagation of acustic waves leads to emission of radiation?

Question: Consider large cloud of gas. Assume it is electrically neutral (but as always, matter is composed of smaller things which are actually charged). Is it possible that propagation of sound ...
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1answer
25 views

Absorption spectra of molecules library

Do you know where I can find a library with absorption spectra? I would like it if then I could input a wavelength and get back a specific value. More specifically I would like to see the absorption ...
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1answer
63 views

A Formula for the Phase Difference Between the Electric and Magnetic Wave Oscillations?

A) Is there a formula for the phase difference between the electric and magnetic field oscillations, in vacuum, in an electromagnetic wave emitted from an antenna, as a function of the frequency the ...
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0answers
28 views

Does a cathode ray tube emits electromagnetic waves from a steady DC electron beam?

In cathode ray tube, heated cathode emits stream of electrons but when I wrap a coil around tube a current will be inducted in that coil? after all electron beam is a steady DC current? so no emf?
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2answers
27 views

Should static electricity affect a Crookes radiometer?

I've been playing around with a Crookes radiometer for fun and I happened across something I can't figure out. I know the fundamentals of the radiometer (e.g. partial vacuum, thermodynamics, etc.), ...
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2answers
55 views

Possible Safe Areas In a Solar Flare

Which part of the earth would be the safest in case of the major solar flare? Will it be near equator or something like that?
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156 views

Can the question of a gravitationally accelerated charge radiation be tested experimentally?

I know that the question of radiation from a gravitationally accelerated charge has been discussed extensively at Does a charged particle accelerating in a gravitational field radiate?. Yet the ...
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1answer
463 views

Can we use radiation pressure to push/levitate a human?

I want to know, at least in theory, are there any safe em wavelength that could affect human body as net force and do no harm? To put it bluntly I want to know is it possible for levitate a human on ...
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2answers
107 views

Will accelerated observer see radiation from the charge that is at rest in observers's frame?

So I had a huge debate about this with my friends. Imagine that you are in a non-inertial frame of reference. For simplicity, assume that frame is accelerated along x-axis. You have held a charge in ...
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4answers
179 views

How do light waves get their size?

An atom or (small) molecule has the size of about 100pm. Elektromagnetic waves range from about 0.1nm up to 1 km. The most common way waves (like light) are caused by 'jumping' electrons to another ...
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1answer
36 views

Are stainless steel more radiation absorption than carbon steel?

Are stainless steel more radiation absorption than carbon steel? and if it is so why?
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0answers
15 views

Directivity of dipole antennas inconsistency

I'm trying to model the directivity of dipole antennas of differing lengths. There are two main ways I've thought to approach this. The predicted radiation pattern is given by $$P_{\mathrm{predicted}...
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1answer
41 views

What happens when an electromagnetic wave passes through a magnet or charged capacitor?

What are the effects or interactions between propagating electromagnetic wave that passes through static magnetic field (big neodymium magnet) or static electric field (charged plates of HV capacitor)?...
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60 views

Seeing light source from its diffracted light

Even if the line of sight is blocked by something(like a wall as in figure) will I able to see the light source if I see the diffracted light of the source? 1.Will the observer no. 2 see the light ...
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29 views

Gamma spectroscopy - Nuclide identification

I have a question about what the usual practice is for nuclide identification in gamma spectroscopy. For example, if I see a line at 477 keV, I would write that the origin of this line is $^7Be$. As ...
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3answers
655 views

Cooling down to absolute zero by radiation

Consider a system consisting of a gas, it is put in a container which is permits transmission of all kinds of electromagnetic waves. If this system is isolated and put in a perfect vacuum, and left ...
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1answer
128 views

Why one should follow Snell's law for shortest time?

whenever two media and two velocities are involved, one must follow Snell's law if one wants to take the shortest time. Why snells law must be followed to travel diffrent media in shortest time? ...
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1answer
59 views

Does amplitude of electric field and magnetic field vary with distance in em waves?

Does the amplitude of electric field and magnetic field of an em wave vary with distance?
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67 views

advantages/disadvantages of a cylindrical microwave oven cavity in comparison to a rectangular cavity

Why are rectangular cavities preferred for standard microwave ovens with a frequency of 2.45 Ghz? What is the reason that you can hardly find a circular cavity? What are the disadvantages of ...
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0answers
37 views

What is the physical meaning of a magnetic conduction current?

In electrodynamics, it is possible to have an electric conduction current, whereby $J=\sigma_e E$, with $J$ being the current, $\sigma_e$ the electrical conductivity and $E$ the electric field (this ...
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2answers
55 views

If I spin an electromagnet do I create a stationary electromagnetic wave? [closed]

Since its the same fundamental forces I would imagine it would. Or, is it radiating the waves and it would only look like a stationary "wave"?
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3answers
106 views

How do Black Bodies Absorb and Emit Radiation? [duplicate]

I have learnt how the gases of elements are able to absorb only certain wavelengths of EM radiation corresponding to the energy transitions between energy levels of orbitals. Furthermore, these ...
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1answer
72 views

How I can prove refractive index in an environment is this? [closed]

in "Applied Quantum Mechanics" by A.F.J. Levi, is a problem that I couldn't solve it can any solve it: if electrical filed is: $$ \mathbf{E}\left(\mathbf{r}, \omega \right) =\mathbf{E}_{0}\left(\...
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2answers
84 views

Why do UV lamps look purple?

UV radiation isn't visible to the human eye, so how come we can see it as a purple/violet light from a UV lamp? Is it just because the lamps aren't perfect and end up emitting some light at a higher ...
36
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4answers
5k views

How to imagine WiFi signal propagation?

When thinking about how the WiFi signal propagates through a household, can I use the following thought experiment? Assume absolute darkness. Place a strong lightbulb where the WiFi access point ...
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2answers
59 views

Explanation of ray caustics in E&M

My understanding (now) of a real caustic is that it is envelope of curves or ray-paths that arise due to reflection or refraction from the medium/manifold. My main question is, I am seeing the term "...
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2answers
45 views

Why doesn't the group velocity of a plasma EM wave equal the phase velocity here?

For plasma EM waves we have the dispersion relation $$\omega^2=\omega_p^2+c^2k^2$$ where the plasma frequency $$\omega_p^2=\frac{n_e e^2}{\epsilon_0 m_e}$$ One can show that $v_p v_g=c^2$, i.e., the ...
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1answer
51 views

Why do High Pressure Gases produce a Continuous Spectrum?

I am aware that low pressure/density gases produce an emission spectrum as there are specific energy transitions that the electrons can make, emitting certain frequencies of EM waves. However high ...
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0answers
50 views

Why is the satellite dish still needed?

How much does it amplify the signal? The receiver cannot pick up the signal without the dish? Is it possible that it will disappear in 10 years? As the sensitivity of the receiver is enhanced? ...
3
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2answers
82 views

Does a source of photon emission “sense” if the photon is absorbed? [closed]

Can the absorption of a photon be 'felt' by the source that emitted it? At least, if we assume that it emits a steady stream of photons? Is there a back reaction of some kind on the source?
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1answer
36 views

Why don't conductive objects change color when electric dipoles are induced in them?

I was playing around with a comb, my hair, and pieces of paper when it occurred to me that inducing a dipole on the pieces of paper meant that many valence electrons previously on the side closer to ...
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1answer
62 views

How do electromagnetic waves/light travel at the speed of light?

When something reaches the speed of light, then time is said to stop, or at least is perceived to have stopped. The reason is that at that speed, the object become infinitely heavy and requires ...
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1answer
27 views

Reflection and angle of refraction

Does the angle of refraction depend on the properties of the material if the angle of the incidence is the same for two different materials? Say I shed light on a surface with angle $ \theta $ and ...
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0answers
20 views

Electromagnetic Wave Impedance

In a derivation of the transmission and reflection coefficients for light incident at an angle onto a surface where we have a change in refractive indices the proof says that $$\frac{E}{H}=\frac{Z_0}{...
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2answers
51 views

How does always the magnetic field lag the elctric field in a conductor?

In conductor, the relation between the phase of the magnetic field $\delta_B$ and that of the electric field $\delta_E$ is given by $$\delta_B-\delta_E=\tan^{-1}(\frac{\beta}{\alpha})$$ where $\alpha$ ...
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Why is it that fractal antennas can filter out so many frequencies?

As known, fractal antennas are used for example in cell phones. But why is it that so many different kinds of frequencies can be filtered out of the forest of radio waves surrounding us? Is it because ...