Propagating solutions to Maxwell’s equations in classical electromagnetism and real photons in quantum electrodynamics. A superset of thermal-radiation.

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4
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2answers
398 views

Radio communication and antennas

I'm trying to understand how an antenna is able to understand, but have a few quesions: I understand that for an antenna to distinguish between 2 (or more) signals, they have to be in different ...
3
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1answer
257 views

Does $\lambda\nu = c$ hold for all the waves in the universe?

Are all waves in the universe the same as electromagnetic waves? Basically, my question arises from an equation I found in my chemistry textbook: $$\lambda \nu ~=~ c.$$ This states that the ...
21
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12answers
23k views

Why is light called an 'electromagnetic wave' if it's neither electric nor magnetic?

How can light be called electromagnetic if it doesn't appear to be electric nor magnetic? If I go out to the sunlight, magnets aren't affected (or don't seem to be). And there is no transfer of ...
0
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1answer
89 views

Does every wavenumber of IR result in a different kind of vibration?

Does every wavenumber of IR result in a different kind of vibration? If that is true, what if a molecule absorb 2 different wavenumbers (which cause different rocking and symmetrical stretching for ...
2
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2answers
171 views

Power due to dipole radiation and time reversal symmetry in classical E&M

The dipole formula for the power loss emitted by a time varying electric dipole is (in natural units) $P = \frac{\dot d_i^2}{6 \pi}$. This is clearly even under time reversal symmetry $T$, but a ...
2
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1answer
106 views

Could we really charge metal plates using microwaves?

While skimming through Dielectric heating, I read that they use microwaves to charge the plates. How do they do that?
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4answers
110 views

What kind of “camera” and “light” source should I use to detect the intermediate path of a light beam? [closed]

I would like to have an image (in any kind of space), where I see the path of a "light" source. In my understanding the most common, directed source would be a laser pointer. a) Is this correct? If ...
1
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1answer
347 views

Velocity of electron in electrostatic field. Does radiation matter?

There's a voltage difference of 1000 Volts between two points 2 meters apart. An electron starts at the point of lower potential and is left to travel alone in a straight line until it reaches the ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Why can radio wave travel through walls while imfrared can't? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: If both radio waves and gamma rays can travel through walls Does it have anything to do with the materials used to build the wall? What determines if a material can ...
5
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2answers
206 views

Xray compression of secondary in hydrogen bomb

Accounts of the "secret" of the hydrogen bomb describe Xrays from a primary fission explosion reflecting off of the bomb case (occasionally passing through polystyrene foam) and compressing and ...
3
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3answers
273 views

What if $\gamma$-rays in Electron microscope?

I was referring Electron microscopes and read that the electrons have wavelength way less than that of visible light. But, the question I can't find an answer was that, If gamma radiation has the ...
2
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2answers
365 views

What's the Significance of Color Changes Between EM-Spectrums?

As everybody knows that Black objects are black because almost all the light that falls on them is absorbed into the material. Little or no light is reflected back toward our eyes, therefore we see ...
0
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1answer
229 views

Width of Gaussian Beam and Refractive Index

I know that in free space, the width of a Gaussian beam can be written as $W=W_0\sqrt{1+(\frac{z}{z_0})^{2}}$. However, I was wondering if it was possible to express this width as a function of ...
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1answer
113 views

1MeV ray hits a band gap of 2eV : trying to understand X-rays

I am trying to understand why radio waves pass though the human body, light does not, but X-rays still pass. In my mind I imagine that radio waves don't supply enough energy and don't excite any ...
2
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0answers
597 views

What happens with photon when it is slowed down substantially?

In a dispersive media light's velocity can change substantially. Imagine we can slow it down to near 0 what the wave would look like? Frequency of light does not seem to change even at v=0 (at least ...
8
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5answers
2k views

Why is Light invisible?

Why can't we see light? The thing which makes everything visible is itself invisible. Why is it so?
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2answers
265 views

Quantum Mechanics- Antenna emitting electromagnetic radiation

Radio signals are being transmitted in a frequency of $ 8.4 \times 10^9 s^{-1} $ and being received by an antenne that is capable of receiveing power of $ 4 \times 10^{-21} watt $ ($ 1 watt = 1 J ...
0
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2answers
709 views

Is it true looking at an object from a great distance with a telescope will show the past version of the object?

Once again from my son's workbook. It discussed standing on a planet 65 million light years away from Earth, with an extremely powerful telescope pointed at Earth. It claimed that then you could see ...
2
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1answer
297 views

Where are the harmonics in the radio spectrum?

When I strike a string on my guitar and look at the audio spectrum, I can see the fundamental frequency as a large peak. I can also see the harmonic frequencies as a train of little peaks at ...
2
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2answers
495 views

What is the difference between Quantum teleportation and Radio waves?

Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed- forward What is the difference between Quantum teleportation and radio waves?
2
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0answers
92 views

Macroscopic chromodynamics

Lately I've been reading about gamma ray lasing phenomena, and I've been wondering about the applications of this. More concretely, the above fantastic question led me to wonder if we could somehow ...
-1
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1answer
614 views

Oscillating Dipole: Principle of Receiving and Transmitting Electromagnetic wave?

I am practising to Tfy-0.1064 -elementary-physics-exam and doing this practise -exam here. The problem in Finnish goes like this: "Selosta lyhyesti sähkömagneettisen säteilyn lähettämisen ja ...
6
votes
4answers
878 views

How is wireless communication possible?

Like all my questions, I fear this will be very naive, because my physics background is very limited. Please bear with me. I think of the electromagnetic field as a section of a vector bundle over ...
9
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1answer
576 views

Why is there a photon every millimeter on earth coming from a star millions of light years away?

I've been having this confusing thought for so long now it would be amazing if someone could answer me. Imagine this asterisk * . As you see, from the center point, lines go outwards, just like a ...
2
votes
3answers
276 views

What makes Poynting's theorem consistent for a charge moving in a static electric field?

Poynting's theorem is given by $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t}\int_{v}Udv + \oint_{A}\vec S\cdot \vec {dA} +\int_{v}\vec E\cdot\vec J dv =0 $$ Where, the total electromagnetic energy inside the ...
2
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3answers
1k views

Reflection of Electromagnetic Waves

Visible light - Being an Electromagnetic wave is reflected by glass (take mirror). Would all other waves in the electromagnetic spectrum be reflected in the same way by our simple mirror... For highly ...
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2answers
299 views

Origin of Electromagnetic Interactions between Molecules

What is the origin of electromagnetic interaction between molecules? Anyway, it should have some relation with atoms. Also, These electromagnetic interactions are playing a major role in different ...
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1answer
1k views

What IS reflection?

How does quantum electrodynamics actually explain HOW reflection occurs on a microscopic scale? Note that Feynman's QED lecture series/book is not sufficient, as he only assumes that light DOES ...
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1answer
2k views

Why can glass absorb ultraviolet light?

Please see the following photos. (I cannot post them...) http://i1163.photobucket.com/albums/q554/startanewww/CIMG4545.jpg http://i1163.photobucket.com/albums/q554/startanewww/CIMG4546.jpg From the ...
2
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5answers
703 views

Why do photons travel?

Photons travel at the speed of light. Is there a known explanation of this phenomenon, and if yes, what is it? Edit: To be clearer, my question is why do photons travel at all. Why do they have a ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Can a combination of two or more x-ray type beams be made to burn tumours at their intersecting focal points inside a body?

A single x-ray or similar type beam can pass through a human body with little or no damage. Has anyone ever tried to use a second beam that is phased to have no harmful reactions with the tissue ...
0
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1answer
224 views

The electron jumps and lets loose photons

Where is the source of the photon. If the photon propagates from within the electrons transit does this point to some sort of field? Does the energy come from a boundary being broken in laymens ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Bohr's model of an atom doesn't seem to have overcome the drawback of Rutherford's model

We, as high school students have been taught that-because Bohr's model of an atom assigns specific orbits for electrons-that it is better than Rutherford's model. But what Rutherford failed to explain ...
3
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0answers
338 views

What is the attenuation spectrum of radio waves in pure water?

Here is a plot of microwave attenuation in atmosphere: (source) I'm looking for a similar plot, but for pure water, and a frequency range covering at least 100 MHz to 2 GHz, hopefully more.
2
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2answers
128 views

Could you make a bar of metal glow by forcing the charge density on the surface to oscillate?

Since light is just a changing electromagnetic wave through space, could you create light by changing a charge density at a certain frequency?
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1answer
38 views

Radiation from farther galaxies

I've read many facts from NASA's webpage.. Sometimes they tell, (for example) "NASA's Chandra X-Ray Observatory discovered this ultra-luminous X-Ray source (about 15 million LY) which shows an ...
2
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1answer
333 views

why is advanced radiation absent?

the Lienard-Wiechert green functions have future and past null cones of radiation. Maxwell equations allow for a continuous range of mixtures between the retarded and advanced components, but we have ...
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2answers
319 views

Counting electromagnetic modes in a rectangular cavity and boundary conditions

The electric field in a cubical cavity of side length $L$ with perfectly conducting walls is $E_x = E_1 \cos(n_1 x \pi/L) \sin(n_2 y \pi/L) \sin(n_3 z \pi/L) \sin(\omega t)$ $E_y = E_2 \sin(n_1 x ...
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2answers
654 views

Parallel-plate capacitor

I'm trying to grasp parallel-plate capacitors in a class of electromagnetic field theory. My book leaves out a lot and I couldn't figure it out from what I found on Google. The book's procedure is ...
18
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3answers
843 views

Can light exists in $2+1$ or $1+1$ spacetime dimensions?

Spacetime of special relativity is frequently illustrated with its spatial part reduced to one or two spatial dimension (with light sector or cone, respectively). Taken literally, is it possible for ...
2
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2answers
132 views

What is the history behind the factors of 3 in the classification of electromagnetic radiation?

What is the history behind the factors of 3 in the classification of electromagnetic radiation? See e.g. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_spectrum#By_frequency Is this (just) inherited from the ...
5
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2answers
251 views

Is it possible to split a single light beam into two beams of opposite circular polarization?

A properly oriented calcite crystal will separate an unpolarized beam into two beams, one vertically polarized and one horizontally polarized. Other polarizers pass just one polarization and absorb ...
3
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2answers
82 views

limits on a gauss box of light

Consider a wall defined by $w(x,y,z) = \Theta(x-L)$ which is nonzero in the infinite semi-space of $x \ge L$, as well as a coherent planar standing EM wave travelling in the $z$ plane given by its ...
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2answers
94 views

What is difference between the miltary radar in 1940's from commercial antenna that is for the use of TV

What is difference between the miltary radar in 1940's from commercial antenna that is for the use of TV? I have read article from some of the WW2 history website that call the German radar the ...
0
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1answer
94 views

Is this claim from historician true for physicist point of view?

"The original Naxos I had a vertically polarized antenna, with poor results as the British radars initially used horizontal polarisation. (This seems to have been a case of the German designers being ...
4
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2answers
1k views

How do mirrors work?

Apparently, light is just a certain wavelength, or "the visible spectrum" of electromagnetic waves. If I recall correctly, my physics teacher explained to me that electromagnetic waves are basically ...
23
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2answers
673 views

Why does laser light not affect glowing materials?

I have this childrens rubber ball which glows in the dark after it's exposed to light. I "charge" it with a flash light then play with my dogs at night. I thought to try a very intense green laser, ...
2
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2answers
426 views

Mean free path of UV photon

I was wondering if there's a simple way to compute the mean free path of UV photons in a optically thick medium with density n. I've looked up at the literature ...
2
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2answers
550 views

Magnet and energy conservation

If we consider a steel ball falling under gravity in a cup (potential well) and being stopped at the bottom by an obstacle then energy conservation implies that the gravitational potential energy has ...
3
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2answers
190 views

Liquid crystal polarizes light reflection question

I was hoping someone could help me with understanding why a row of polarizes reflects a light wave when the whole row is the same length as the wavelength of the light. I pretty much get the ...