Propagating solutions to Maxwell’s equations in classical electromagnetism and real photons in quantum electrodynamics. A superset of thermal-radiation.

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Trapping EM radiation [duplicate]

Is there a material which can allow light (or any other EM radiation) to pass through from one side as if it is transparent but its other side reflects light like a mirror?
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1answer
317 views

Monochromatic wave

If we have an EM wave like this one: $$E=\begin{pmatrix}1\\i\\0\end{pmatrix}e^{-i(\omega t-kz)}$$ The wave has clearly only one frequency $\omega$, but is it monochromatic? My doubt is that it's ...
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566 views

Two photons transition

if an atom in its ground state is coupled to an electromagnetic field it can absorb a photon if the EM field contains one with the right frequency. These transitions depends on $⟨f|H_i|i⟩$ (from ...
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Why does the speed of light $c$ have the value it does?

Why does light have the speed it does? why is it not considerably faster or slower than it is? I can't imagine science, being what it is, not pursuing a rational scientific explanation for the speed ...
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415 views

Does light really “travel”?

From what I've so far understood about light, a photon is emitted somewhere and after some time it's absorbed somewhere else. Have we had experiments that confirm the path taken or something akin to ...
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0answers
50 views

Should a 1D Guassian wave oscillate?

I wrote a few lines that numerically solve Maxwell's equations. The result is a moving wave that looks like a single pulse. This looks strange to me because I expect waves to move in oscillator ...
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1answer
43 views

Produciton of EM waves with differing wavelengths

Sun is the major source of electromagnetic radiation. Then if the source is the same, how are different EM waves with differing wavelengths produced?
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102 views

Red/Blue Shift in EM Waves

A Doppler weather radar operates at a frequency of 3.40 GHz. The wave from this radar system reflects from an approaching weather system moving with a speed of 39.0 m/s. What is the difference ...
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335 views

Does the intensity of dipole radiation fall as $1/r^2$ or $1/r^3$?

I have seen this derivation: I want to estimate what is the intensity of the electrical field as function of $r$ the distance from the radiated source ? I think it is can modled as pointed source ...
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1answer
401 views

Explosively Pumped Flux Compression Generator = EMP strong enough to destroy my phone from a mile away?

Explosively Pumped Flux Compression Generator detonated a mile away or so, what damage would be done to my phone, and other electronics? I would imagine it would be similar to a CD in the microwave ...
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4answers
765 views

Can light waves cause beats?

My question is pretty brief. When two sound waves of nearly same frequencies interfere, we get beats. But, I have not observed something like that happening in the case of light. In fact, most of the ...
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1answer
67 views

What was the first ionization radiation?

While trying to make somewhat of a timeline of the history of ionizatig radiation, i am wondering about the following questions: The first photoelectrical effect was found 1839 by Alexandre ...
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157 views

Absorbance by using Poynting vector

How should I compute the amount of energy of an EM wave absorbed by a material? Can I just use the divergence of the Poynting vector?
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635 views

Do photons actually generate a slight kinetic force?

My question is even though photons have no (rest) mass, do they emit a external force due to EM radiation causing electrons to be excited and jump to higher energy shells which electrons have mass ...
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1answer
118 views

Holograms? Sci Fi or future fact?

Based on how light behaves when it passes through mediums, i.e. the wavelength of light changes when it passes through mediums of different refractive indexes, wouldn't it be possible to convert ...
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1answer
243 views

Classical blackbody radiation 'solution'

I never understood how the equipartition theorem was applied electromagnetic waves inside the metallic blackbody. As hyperphysics puts it ...
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1answer
72 views

How strong must a signal be at the edge of the Solar System to penetrate into the Sytem?

A sort-of follow-up to Are the Voyager probes still sending us a signal ? Still following on the news report referenced in the above question, this report indicates further magnetic surprises at, or ...
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1answer
275 views

The nature of light

I'm not sure if this has been answered before, but I figured this would be the right forum to find out. I'm not by any means an expert in physics, just someone who's interested in understanding more ...
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2answers
175 views

Radiated power from a 'source volume' outside which charge & current are zero (i.e. derive radiated power from Jefimenko's equations)

In classical electrodynamics, what is the radiated power from a generalized source (consisting of charge density $\rho$ and current density $\vec{J}$) in vacuum? Let us define $V_s$ to be the ...
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1answer
175 views

Why does electromagnetic waves travel slower in well isolated conductor?

Wikipedia writes, that Propagation speed is affected by insulation, so that in an unshielded copper conductor ranges 95 to 97% that of the speed of light, while in a typical coaxial cable it is ...
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547 views

If photons move linearly, what's actually stopping them from passing through a microwave oven mesh?

So, my understanding is that the wavelength of a photon is the distance traveled in the time it takes it's magnetic field to oscillate. And it's inversely proportional to it's energy and it's ...
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1answer
294 views

Eikonal approximation for wave optics. Why follow the unit vector parallel to the Pointing vector?

The description of the passage from wave optics to geometrical optics claims that light rays are the integral curves of a certain vector field (the Pointing vector direction, normalized to 1). Here ...
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3answers
1k views

EM waves: How do they travel for billions of km without damping

If a star is 1 billion light years away, it means that the light we see from the star is emmitted billions of years ago. How does this light not undergo a frequency change or get damped inspite of ...
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1answer
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What is light, and how can it travel in a vacuum forever in all directions at once without a medium?

I know there are many questions that are similar (maybe identical?). I am not a physicist nor a student - I am just interested in physics and have been watching many physics channels on youtube ...
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Young's Double Slit experiment question

Q-A beam of light consisting of two wavelenghts 600 nm and 450 nm is used to obtain interference in Young's Double Slit experiment (YDSE). Find the least distance from the central maximum where the ...
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1answer
316 views

Computer-Generated Holograms: I'm completely lost. How are they physically implemented?

I have been reading about holography, and I think I understand the general concept, but one thing that has me completely lost is how computer generated holography works in practice. I think I get the ...
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125 views

Can the speed of an electromagnetic wave be measured in the absence of neutrinos?

Let me explain better: from what I understand neutrinos are so pervasive they are literally everywhere. And since they have such a tiny electric charge they barely interact with anything and cannot be ...
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553 views

How much better is salt water at letting through microwaves than pure water?

Radio Wave Attenuation There are two general types of matter (substances) in the universe that affect electromagnetic waves, conductors and insulators which are called dielectrics by ...
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Can a photon get emitted without a receiver?

It is generally agreed upon that electromagnetic waves from an emitter does not have to connect to a receiver, but how can we be sure this is a fact? The problem is that we can never observe non ...
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34 views

Measuring life through radiation

Dramatic title, I know. But it's shorter than Measuring a person's effective mass through radiation and comparing it to their weighed mass and I figured this would get people's attention. I just ...
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204 views

Do Nuclear Power Plants have shutdown and cooling systems protected from a nuclear generated EMP?

Forty years ago, I read a report concerning the difficulties of protecting my companies equipment, which was to be installed in Air Force One, from a Nuclear EMP. An EMP generated by a high altitude ...
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1answer
150 views

Circular Polarization

As one observes an clockwise (cw) circular polarized electromagnetic wave which is reflected off a denser medium or metal interface it is changed to a counter-clockwise (CCW) polarized em wave plus a ...
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1answer
217 views

Photons, no energy? [duplicate]

I am only 14, so I don't know much about physics, and I would appreciate help on this topic. A photon, is said to have 0 mass. However, they carry energy, as electromagnetic radiation. Albert ...
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2answers
907 views

What exactly is the difference between a sychrotron light source and a free electron laser?

Cyclotron radiation is radiation emitted by a charged particle being bent by a magnetic field. The only difference between cyclotron and synchrotron radiation is that the latter occurs at relativistic ...
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Why wouldn't Hubble's Law be directly in units of frequency?

Maybe using this as an example: The energy of a particular color of yellow light is $3.44 \times 10^{-22}$ $kJ$ So if I want to find frequency of that light, I take that number, divide by $h$ ...
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253 views

Mirrors and light beam divergence technology limits

There are many applications for orbital space mirrors in astronomy (better telescopes) and space propulsion (solar power for deep space probes), but this is limited by the minimum beam divergence ...
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30 views

Phase functions non-existent in original (J. Strutt) Lord Rayleigh's work?

This is related to my previous Phys.SE question on the derivation of the phase function - upon sifting and scanning through 600 pages of John Strutt's collected work, there is absolutely no mention of ...
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2answers
519 views

How did Lord Rayleigh derive/determine the phase function for his scattering model?

I've been researching the question for quite some time, as I understand it the phase function is actually an approximation due to the particle-wave duality inherent in participating media such as the ...
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2answers
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Harvesting electricity in the air from power lines:

Recently I came across this quote on the internet, about a person who apparently set up devices to extract electricity from the "air", on his own property: I read an article a couple of years ago ...
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5answers
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Why Does Light Not Become Polarized In A Magnetic and/or Electric Field?

I am familiar with the Faraday Effect, but I remain confused as to why the electric and/or magnetic components of light do not naturally align themselves with a magnetic or electric field (in a ...
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2answers
826 views

How photons move along with EM wave?

So the wave moves like. a wave, it moves up and down, up and down. But how do photons move? Do they follow the same path or do they just go straight forward without oscillating?
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916 views

Why aren't the graphs for black body radiation straight lines?

We know that a wave which has greater frequency will have low wavelength and high energy. So, by decreasing the wavelength, the frequency and consequently energy (intensity) of that wave will increase ...
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1answer
74 views

Single electron non-perturbing detector

I am designing an experiment where I need to trigger the release of an electron by a radioactive source (Sr-90). The easy way to do it is to use a thin scintillator right after the source collimator. ...
2
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1answer
148 views

Commercial Infrared lights

I purchased an infrared light. It's a 100 W Philips infrared lightbulb. Says it's infrared, but I haven't done any spectrum analysis so I don't know for sure if it's just red or really infrared. As I ...
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2answers
708 views

Radiated power and energy density for a black-body

I am having an hard time trying to understand why the radiated power per unit area $P$ of a black body is given by $$P=\frac{c}{4} u$$ in terms of the energy density $u$ and the velocity of light. I ...
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1answer
617 views

Spectral radiance unit conversion [closed]

I have spectral radiance data in SRUs (spectral radiance units), as a function of wavelength: $$a = \mu W cm^{-2} sr^{-1} nm^{-1} $$ However, I am working with software which requires my data in the ...
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3answers
2k views

Intensity of light

If we have 2 beams of light with equal intensities, but with different frequencies, wouldn't the one with the higher frequency generate more power? If so, how come the intensity, which is in $W/m^2$, ...
5
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2answers
516 views

Jones vector and matrices

With Jones vectors and matrices one can describe the change in polarization of a EM wave. What is the convention of the reference coordinate system; Is it fixed or does it change whenever the ...
4
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1answer
80 views

Can I find the frequency generated by tapping a battery on a coin?

According To How Stuff Works , if you tap a 9 volt battery on a coin it will transmit Radio waves. I was wondering, because I don't have a radio with me at the moment, Is there a way I could discover ...
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3answers
1k views

Is there something special in the visible part of electromagnetic spectrum?

I always wondered how much information we get from color. Things we see have different colors; edible products change color when began to spoil so we have a notion what color a fresh product should ...