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3
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1answer
62 views

Physical distribution of salt anions and cations during electrophoresis

If I have a volume of $L$ liters of salt water at a concentration of $\approx N$ mM NaCl and I pour it into an electrophoretic apparatus (like this one: ). Once we turn the apparatus on, and set the ...
2
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1answer
49 views

What's causing the effect of salt in voltage arcs?

I just came across this video demonstrating that salt increases length of voltage arcs. There is no explanation which leaves me quite confused. Does the salt decompose during the process?
1
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1answer
25 views

Confusion about conduction of electricity in a solution

I'm trying to unserstannd conduction of electricity in a solution. Is it correct that anions give their extra electrons to the anode, which transfers the electrons to the cathode, where the cations ...
1
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0answers
31 views

Solving for the Nernst Potential in 3D

Hi guys I'm totally stuck on the following question: We know the ionic flux between two chambers due to uneven concentration can be computed by the Nernst-Planck equation $$j = -D_p \left(\nabla C ...
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0answers
54 views

How does a battery work?

How does the positive terminal of the battery attract electrons? Does the electric field emitted by the positive terminal attract the electrons?
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0answers
24 views

How does Passivation in Mercury-arc-valve cause “diode” behavior

Does passivation of lead anodes cause them to become semiconductors? Or even become diodes (eg. a p-n passage)? How does this work on an atomar level? This question has been risen by trying to ...
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0answers
27 views

Could a strong AC electric field adversely affect the capacity of a lithium battery?

I run some battery powered test equipment in close proximity (~10cm) to a conductor carrying 25kV (50Hz AC). I find the battery life is much shorter than expected, having checked the current ...
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0answers
29 views

How to work out bubble size and rising velocity in turbulent flow?

Is there a way to determine bubble size and rising velocity in turbulent flow? I know stokes law but this is only valid for laminar flow.
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0answers
97 views

Is it possible to transform chemical energy in electrical energy by modifying the equilibrium constant?

Considering a Daniell cell, is it possible to create endlessly electrical energy by using atmospheric temperature (for exemple) variations to modify the reaction's eqilibrium constant ? I apologize if ...
0
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0answers
11 views

What's the difference between electrostatic potential and electrochemical potential along a (semi)conductor?

According to wikipedia: the electrochemical potential, $\bar{\mu}$, sometimes abbreviated to ECP, is a thermodynamic measure of chemical potential that does not omit the energy contribution of ...
0
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0answers
57 views

I have got some weird data after a homemade battery experiment

Okay, so i've been searching for some time, for perpetual motion machines of the second kind. So things got into my mind, such as this homemade solar cell. And i thought in my mind:" It's not the ...
0
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0answers
30 views

Why is the Poisson - Boltzmann equation not suitable for high potential?

The Poisson - Boltzmann equation is to find the potential whose charge density obey the Boltzmann distribution. If the potential is not large compare to $k_BT$, the PBE can lead to the Debye–Hückel ...
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0answers
17 views

Zinc is more electronegative than copper,than also why it happens?

Despite the fact that zinc is more electronegative than copper,why it will lose electrons more readily than copper in the voltaic cell due to sulphate ions.