The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

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Why does resistance increase with length?

This is for the case of wires only (pipes are easy). I see that if I place a 9-Volt (constant) battery across any wire, the current is proportional to resistance. I don't understand why, for a ...
2
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1answer
225 views

What happens to gas molecules after ionization?

I know that gas molecules conduct electricity after they get ionized but what will happen if we keep increasing the voltage even after ionization? Will it explode? If it will then how much energy ...
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2answers
22k views

Why is stainless steel a poor conductor of electricity?

I recently had a metal plate put in my shoulder and was wondering why stainless steel isn't a good conductor (At least I hope it isn't). Does the alloy just lack free electrons? Why is that?
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2answers
29 views

Some Clarifications about Electricity

In the diagram below (ignoring the text), does the $V$ mean that there is some electric field outside of this system which results in a potential difference of $V$ between $a$ and $b$ or does it mean ...
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2answers
570 views

What happens when you pass a current through a coil made of a ferromagnetic substance?

I know when you pass a current through a length of copper coil or a solenoid, there is the induction of a magnetic flux. But what of the coil made of the ferromagnetic material, the permanent type ...
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1answer
83 views

What is wavelength of electric field generated in a wire? [closed]

I read link given below: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speed_of_electricity Above link says _The speed at which energy or signals travel down a cable is actually the speed of the electromagnetic ...
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1answer
36 views

How many electrons pass trough a wire? [on hold]

How many electrons pass trough a wire if I = 6,4 Amps in 15 seconds? Can you do it step by step?
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3answers
53 views

Why do bulbs dim when we switch on TV?

Why do the bulbs dim for a moment when we switch on equipments like CRT television or water pump?
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0answers
11 views

electrostatics and current electricity

What is the relationship between a closed and open circuits with electromotive force.electromotive force is the force that keeps charge moving in circuit when a potential difference is created.
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3answers
20k views

Why don't electric fish shock themselves?

Fish like electric eels and torpedoes have specially designed nerve cells that allow them to discharge hundreds of volts of electricity. Now, while pure water is usually nonconductive, the dissolved ...
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1answer
415 views

How is current produced in semiconductors or metals?

I think current is the movement of electrons through the wire or semiconductor, thus when I press the switch of the light bulb the electrons go from positive part to tungsten and light is produced. ...
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3answers
41 views

Is it possible to avoid static electricity? [on hold]

Sometimes I touch a car or a door and I feel the static electricity in my hand and it hurts sometimes. I try not to touch anything because I feel like I am going to feel this pain again. Is there a ...
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1answer
32 views

Charging with No Current

This may be a basic question, but I am not sure about the exact reason, so I'm asking this I've noticed quite a few times that when you plug an iPad charger to a socket and then switch it on, then ...
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1answer
37 views

why do light bulbs explode when in contact with water?

Is it true that when water pours on a light bulb it will explode? If so does this apply to all light bulbs and how does that happen.
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1answer
24 views

Does a capacitor experience a Newtonian reaction when being charged?

Say I have a capacitor that is being charged with a battery. There are two wires, one on the positive and one on negative terminal of the battery which go to a capacitor. During the charging, a ...
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1answer
22 views

Equation relating voltage and minimum rpm needed for generating 1V using a magnet around copper wire

I was wondering if there is any equation or law or something that relates the minimum rpm needed when a magnet spins around a copper wire to generate 1 volt? In other words, how fast does the magnet ...
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0answers
27 views

Difference between potential difference and electromotive force [duplicate]

What is the difference between potential difference and electromotive force? Potential difference is the work done when 1 Coulomb of charge move one region to another.
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2answers
33 views

Ohm's law experiment

I was going through my physics laboratory manual. In the Ohm's Law Experiment, the book states a few precautions without any reasoning. 1.The wire whose resistance has to be determined should ...
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2answers
44 views

How can “…electrons flow in metals, but not in the ground…” explain grounding rods?

I really enjoyed Why is the charge naming convention wrong? But, in the comments at the very end, the statement that "...electrons flow in metals, but not in the ground..." left me uneasy. I was ...
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2answers
44 views

How does a point charge interact with a Gaussian surface?

A spherical Gaussian surface encloses a point charge $q$. The point charge is moved to to a point away from the center of the sphere. Does the electric field at a point on the surface change? ...
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4answers
6k views

Relation between Power, Voltage and Current when one or more of them is amplified?

$$\text{Power}(P) = \text{Voltage}(V) \cdot \text{Current}(I)$$ If voltage or current is amplified or multiplied what happens to power and current. Does this affect in increase or decrease in power ...
3
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1answer
39 views

Why does energy flow between a high voltage transmission line and linemen approaching it on a helicopter?

The video High power line workers shows linemen servicing a live high voltage transmission line. As the helicopter approaches the line, the lineman reaches out with a metallic wand that is ...
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1answer
22 views

Why is a series resistor needed in a simple thermistor experiment? [on hold]

I have come across the following simple question, however I can't see any need for a fixed resistor in series. The only possible reason that I can think of is that the resistance of the thermistor ...
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0answers
10 views

Capacitor charge and current as a function of type question [on hold]

Two capacitors, one resistor and an ideal battery are connected through switches s1,s2 and s3 as shown in figure. Initially capacitor of capacitance 4C is charged, while other is uncharged. The upper ...
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1answer
142 views

Physical interpretation related to a non-linear partial differential equation

I am doctoral student in pure mathematics working on a particular problem. My question is if this problem has applications to real world phenomena. I will try to explain the direct problem starting ...
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1answer
32 views

Resistance of a general resistor [on hold]

I have some medium with a resistivity which depends on position. In this material are two electrodes, is there an integral or something which i could numerically integrate to find the resistance ...
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1answer
2k views

Can sound produce electricity?

Energies of wind and water can produce electricity. But, can sound energy also be used to produce electricity?
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2answers
548 views

How is the current flow perpendicular to the wire?

This answer gives a great explanation of how surface charge builds up to force the current to move perpendicular to the wire: http://physics.stackexchange.com/a/102936/41086 However, it fails to ...
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2answers
194 views

When two spheres of equal charge make contact, why does the larger sphere gain more charge?

Suppose that two spheres, $S1$ and $S2$, with radii $R1$ and $R2$ resp. have the same charge uniform charge $Q$ and $R1 > R2$. After they are forced to come in contact, why does $S1$ gain more ...
2
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2answers
3k views

The electric field of a conductive sphere containing a charge - grounded vs not grounded

Let's suppose we have a sphere but unlike theoretical ones it'll have some thickness say $\Delta r$ and inner radius $R$. What I was wondering about is how will it behave if we place some charge $q$ ...
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1answer
17 views

If we increase dimensions of a wire, how does electron density change?

If we increase the diameter of a wire, does the electron density change at all? When we increase the diameter or the length of a wire (while solving numericals) do we add appropriate number of ...
6
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1answer
37 views

If increasing applying energy to an atom excites electrons, why does electrical conductivity decrease as temperature increases?

Applying energy to an atom makes the electrons jump up to higher energy levels. This is known as excitation. Electrons on higher energy levels are easier to remove from an atom than those on lower ...
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1answer
26 views

I need proof for dW=eIdt [closed]

I need help to understand from where this equation is formed inorder to continue to study energy stored in an inductor.
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2answers
98 views

Charging by induction [closed]

When we charge an conductor by induction and grounding, we first bring a negative charge to the conductor. As a result the mobile electrons of the conductor get repelled and stay far from the negative ...
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2answers
147 views

Microscopic fields inside a conductor

In a neutral conductor if we assume electrons as point charges, the electric field in the space between them cannot be identically zero. This microscopic field may be very weak. What if we were very ...
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1answer
60 views

Why doesn't a fluorescent lamp implode even though the pressure difference is very high?

According to Wikipedia, the pressure inside a fluorescent lamp is 0.3% of the atmospheric pressure, so the pressure difference between the outside and the inside of the lamp is almost equal to the ...
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9answers
16k views

Why is the charge transferred by electrons and not by protons?

Charges are transferred by electrons which we all know. But why can't it be transferred by protons? Well, I searched on Google where I found similar questions already being asked on many sites. ...
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1answer
11 views

Arc reduction on curved electrical contact [closed]

Why does is arcing reduced by establishing a radius(curvature) at the sides of a relay contact?
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2answers
49 views

Does temperature have any effect on static electricity?

This is one of those questions that came up during a discussion with a friend on static electricity. His argument (which I dispute) is that there must be a relation between temperature and the ...
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1answer
40 views
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1answer
182 views

Measured voltage on coil

I have a simple circuit of coil with inductance L $$u_c(t)= -L\frac{di}{dt}$$ and AC source with output voltage $u_s$ What is actually measured by the voltmeter ($u_c$, $u_s$ or $u_s - u_c$)? If ...
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0answers
15 views

How to apply kirchoff's laws to motors in DC and AC settings

DC case: is it ok to treat a motor as a variable resistor, with resistance depending on the load? AC case: suppose I have a motor that runs at 120V AC and is rated to X watts, how can I determine how ...
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2answers
44 views

Some questions related to circuits and flow of electrons

I have some doubts related to electric fields and flow of current. So, let us assume an electric circuit, which contains a battery and a wire connecting positive and negative terminal of the battery. ...
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2answers
375 views

If we connect a block of p-type semiconductor only to a positive terminal, will it become positively charged?

Connect the positive terminal of a battery to a piece of p-doped semiconductor, say, silicon doped with boron. Will the terminal pull electrons out of the doped silicon, or equivalently, inject holes ...
9
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2answers
4k views

How Special Relativity causes magnetism

So my physics teacher assigned us an article about how special relativity causes magnetism in a wire with a current, even with the low drift velocities of electrons in a current. It seemed that the ...
2
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2answers
108 views

Question regarding Van De Graff generator Belt

I have made a VDG generator with a rubber band as the belt and a glass roller. It doesnt seem to work because I think the rubber band may be conductive. I was thinking of using other materials for ...
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1answer
32 views

Why are there no charges inside a conducting sphere?

Why is it necessarily true that all charges occupy themselves only on the surface of a conducting sphere, and not anywhere inside the sphere? One argument is that if a charge were to be inside a ...
23
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8answers
22k views

Why is the charge naming convention wrong?

I recently came to know about the Conventional Current vs. Electron Flow issue. Doing some search I found that the reason for this is that Benjamin Franklin made a mistake when naming positive and ...
2
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0answers
11 views

Does potential difference or electric field change with distance between parallel plates?

Say you have a set of parallel plates, one is positive and one is negative, if you change the distance between them would electric field strength change or potential difference, given the equation ...