The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

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Why can't mutual inductance create perpetual electricity?

Consider the following image. When the battery is connected then current starts flowing through the primary cicuit and magnetic flux changes through the coil, this causes electricity to be induced ...
4
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1answer
682 views

Do high voltage power lines attract lightning strikes?

I always thought that high voltage power lines would attract a lightning strike more than other structures in the same area. Turns out I was wrong. My neighbor's chimney got struck by lightning and it ...
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1answer
63 views

What material can achieve the highest temperature before failing when being heated by electricity?

Just as a qualifier, I barely made it through physical science in college, so... Please be detailed in your answers and assume I know nothing. Let's say I wanted to make an electrical coil for the ...
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2answers
78 views

What causes the random movement of particles inside a conductor?

I'm reading about currents in electricity right now, and it was mentioned that even if there's no electric field inside a conductor, charged particles inside are still undergoing random movement. I ...
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1answer
3k views

How Special Relativity causes magnetism

So my physics teacher assigned us an article about how special relativity causes magnetism in a wire with a current, even with the low drift velocities of electrons in a current. It seemed that the ...
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0answers
15 views

Temperatures reached in arc flashes

Good morning, I have a question regarding the arc flashes. Some papers mention that temperatures of nearly 20000 K can be reached during an arc flash. Could anyone explain how to come up with those ...
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3answers
290 views

(Why) would unmaintained water heater use more electrical energy?

I'm specifically thinking about lime/sedimentation at the bottom of water heater, and calcification of heating elements (and not possible thermal insulation deterioration). It is very often claimed ...
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1answer
23 views

charge density is a constant or a scalar-value function of position?

Since it is "density", I suppose that such values as charge density of a volume region $\rho_v$, charge density of a line $\rho_L$, and charge density of a surface $\rho_S$ is a constant but I ...
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2answers
768 views

Can we pass electricity through air?

Electricity: I was wondering, whether we can pass electricity through air over a distance of 100 meters or so as electricity means the flow of electrons and we have seen the discharge or movement of ...
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1answer
99 views

Which thermoelectric effect is better?

I am doing an experiment which requires the thermoelectric effect. I know about the Seebeck and the Peltier effects. Well, from what I have found till now on these topics is that they both can produce ...
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3answers
46 views

Electric warning signs question

I've always wandered why do the warning signs show the voltage, not the current. I mean, it's the current that kills you.
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1answer
43 views

Electricity from effervescence, is it possible?

I've had this idea for quite some time (after having a cold and seeing Tabcin sparkling tablets), is there the possibility to generate electricity from effervescence? I envisioned something like the ...
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1answer
37 views

What is the positive charge in a capacitor made of?

A capacitor is a pair of conductors separated by an insulator. When it gets charged we have negative charges in one of the plates and positive charges in the other. Negative charges are electrons but ...
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1answer
51 views

Thermometric Properties

A thermocouple thermometer with 10 ohms of resistance is calibrated with its hot junction and cold junction immersed in steam and melting ice respectively. An EMF of 5.6mv is measured. This ...
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1answer
96 views

electron-gas theory of a metal (drude model) - intuition

I'm back to studying "Microelectronics" by Millman & Grabel (2nd ed.). The book makes some references to the electron-gas theory, and I found out to have some problems with my intuition. At each ...
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3answers
139 views

If we connect a long wire to a battery, will battery produce more electrons?

I actually have three related questions: An open circuit chemical cell separates charges creating a surplus of electrons on its negative terminus and a shortage of electrons on its positive terminus. ...
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3answers
2k views

Can magnetic flux be negative

I am studying magnetic flux linkage in an ac generator and it appears to be that magnetic flux linkage is negative half the time, how can this be?? Also with lenz's law why is emf defined as negative ...
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4answers
3k views

If air cannot conduct electricity, how can lightning happen?

If air cannot conduct electricity, how can lightning happen?
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0answers
15 views

In what way can a Solar storm hitting the Earth disrupt electronic equipment [duplicate]

I was reading this Wikipedia article on the 2012 Solar Storm event, which describes a Solar storm which nearly missed the Earth by a few weeks. It says that if it had hit the Earth, it would have ...
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2answers
2k views

Flow of water and flow of electrons, how this analogy works?

If flow of electrons analogy can be imagined as flow of water, how to imagine electricity, that comes in this whole picture? When plug from bottom of sink is taken out, gravity pulls water molecules, ...
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6answers
6k views

Is it possible to generate electricity using a water tower?

Is it possible to build a water tower that will provide enough pressure to run an electricity generator? A water pump can be used to send water up to the tower. The water pump can be powered by solar ...
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1answer
52 views

What's causing the effect of salt in voltage arcs?

I just came across this video demonstrating that salt increases length of voltage arcs. There is no explanation which leaves me quite confused. Does the salt decompose during the process?
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1answer
14 views

AC Resonances - Reduction In power

I am having trouble understanding the following; Because the Q value is based on the bandwidth at the 3dB points in the frequency transfer function, we need to find a way to measure these. In our ...
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2answers
209 views

Combination of cells

There are m*n identical cells of emf E and internal resistance r connected in parallel rows. This combination of cells is connected across an external resistance R. For what arrangement of the ...
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2answers
55 views

Theoretical uncertainty of a circuit's total resistance when made entirely of resistors

My question in short(ish) is: Will the fractional uncertainty of a circuit made entirely of resistors with equal fractional uncertainties be the same as the fractional uncertainty of those resistors. ...
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2answers
55 views

What physics considerations direct the charging of cars with wireless?

Is there any frequency at which cars can be charged with using wireless? Surely, wireless transmission can be safely assumed to be a form of energy transfer, and there can be charging of cars without ...
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3answers
133 views

(Capacitance of a battery?) Finding the charge accumulated on a rod

We all know the expression for the potential difference across a conducting rod moving through a region with a uniform magnetic field: $\epsilon = B l v$ Now my question is different. Is it ...
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3answers
6k views

What happens to a fully charged battery, when you continue to charge it?

If I leave my cell-phone charging the whole night, it will be fully charged after a while. What happens with the battery and the excess energy I add? Also, I noticed my charger emitting a different ...
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1answer
46 views

Relation between Power, Voltage and Current when one or more of them is amplified?

Power(P) = Voltage(V) * Current(I) If voltage or current is amplified or multiplied what happens to power and current. Does this affect in increase or decrease in power and current values or does ...
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9answers
12k views

What is the difference between electric potential, potential difference (PD), voltage and electromotive force (EMF)?

This is a confused part ever since I started learning electricity. What is the difference between electric potential, potential difference (PD), voltage and electromotive force (EMF)? All of them have ...
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1answer
37 views

How did the author derive the distance the particle takes as $\dfrac{h}{cos\theta}$?

On Page 292 of Griffith's Introduction to Electromagnetism (3rd ed.) he mentions that the a basic for of a generator is one in which one pulls a square wire with one side of it in an uniform magnetic ...
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1answer
137 views

Relationship between electrical resistivity and density

I just read this answer on EE.SE and that triggered a doubt in me. If I were asked whether there is any relationship between the electrical resistivity and the density of a substance I'd answer ...
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2answers
74 views

What is the real derivation of Ohm's law? [closed]

$I$ is proportional to $V$. But then how it is that I directly got $V=IR$? It looks impossible to handle this thing! If $I$ is proportional to $V$, then it must be $I=RV$. Why it is $V=IR$? The ...
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3answers
5k views

Why does the current stay the same in a circuit?

I was informed that in a circuit, the current will stay the same, and this is why the lightbulbs will light up (because in order for the current to stay the same, the drift speed of the electrons need ...
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2answers
1k views

Why is the voltage drop across an ideal wire zero?

I'm having trouble conceptualizing why the voltage drop between two points of an ideal wire (i.e. no resistance) is $0~V$. Using Ohm's Law, the equation is such: $$ V = IR \\ V = I(0~\Omega) \\ V = ...
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6answers
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Why do power lines buzz?

When near high tension power lines, particularly after a good rain, the lines themselves emit a buzzing noise. A similar noise can be heard coming out of the electric meters attached to my apartment. ...
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2answers
218 views

Do glass beads show any piezoelectric property?

Do glass beads show any piezoelectric property? Since glass beads is mostly made out of SiO2 which is piezoelectric, will it show any piezoelectric property. Thanks. If anything wrong with my ...
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0answers
43 views

Electric and Magnetic Field Created by Moving Electron

From a classical perspective, what are the electric and magnetic fields created by a single electron, initially located at the origin and moving along the $x$ axis with velocity $v \ll c$? I'm ...
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3answers
45 views

Electricity consumption in fan

Does regulation in a fan vary in Electricity consumption? i.e. I want to know exactly, is the energy consumption more when regulator is tuned to highest number or lowest number?
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2answers
101 views

Why Change Of Magnetic Flux Induces Current In circuit?

Why change of magnetic flux with the time through a coil induces current in it? Please tell me that what happen to charge in the coil if the magnet or electromagnet wave around this? Also, why a ...
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3answers
198 views

Why is emf equal to PD when circuit is “open”?

I understand that the set up of a battery consists of very good, but not ideal conductor, and therefore, some internal resistance exists. Also, I get that emf is the PD that would exist if the ...
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0answers
43 views

How can I calculate the Teslas and resistance of an electromagnet?

I'm trying to build a small electromagnet to use in a generator. Right now, I have a coil of insulated 16 AWG copper wire wrapped around a large iron nail with a diameter of 1.5cm. The length of the ...
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1answer
20 views

What trioboelectric materials create the best charge?

With developing the maximum triboelectric charge in mind: What roller and belt material combinations can I easily/cheaply buy at the local hardware store to make a Van Der Graaf generator? I've ...
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0answers
20 views

Time domain reflectometry (TDR) used on conductive “block”, not wire

What would happen if you tried to use time domain reflectometry (TDR) on a conductive block, opposed to a wire? Using electrodes or something. If you could describe the physical behavior of the ...
0
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1answer
193 views

Circuit breaker Trips during thunderstorm

The circuit breaker at the electrical mains trips at home when there is a thunderstorm outside. Why does this occur?
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2answers
90 views

Does an electron move in a conductor?

The definition of current is flow of electric charge. But recently I have heard that the electrons cannot move, that they just transmit energy to the other electrons and so on.
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0answers
24 views

Why is there no charge in a capacitor connected to one battery pole? [duplicate]

Here is a very simple drawing of a battery pole and a capacitor plate connected by a wire (exaggerated in thickness). The question is, why is the capacitor not being charged? But as you will see ...
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0answers
26 views

Using theater lamp for heating [duplicate]

I'm asking myself a question about how to warm my house up, and the efficiency of such a thing : I live in a theater, and we got plenty of 1000W lighting fixture, mostly Tungsten incandescence ...
3
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1answer
30 views

Meaning of potential in a discharging capacitor

I am dealing with this thing I cannot figure out. When a capacitor is discharging, the electric field inside it varies with time so we cannot perform the line integral to determine the potential ...
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1answer
51 views

Spherical Shaped Electrical Leads for Thermal Conductivity Mitigation?

I am designing a thermionic converter and one of the biggest inefficiencies is the thermal conductivity and limited electrical conductivity of the leads. I'm trying to mitigate the loss of heat ...