The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

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48 views

What is the difference between S/cm and Scm-1?

Conductivity is noted in S.cm-1 in this http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja502765n i wanted to compare it to the conductivity values listed on wikipedia for common materials. i could not find ...
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2answers
69 views

Electricity and Dust

My question is, does an electrically charged material attract dust? Would it be possible to make a device like a vacuum cleaner based on a mechanism like this (in principle)?
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106 views

Why do the plugs in Europe and US have different voltage? [closed]

Is there a reason why plugs tend to be 110 V in America but 220 V in Europe? Is one of them better than the other?
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109 views

Why and how will the string break?

While i was searching on the identity discussed earlier that is $$1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + ... = -\frac{1}{12}$$ I found a similar identity applied to physics concept. It started by arranging long ...
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3answers
87 views

Static Electricity and Grounding Confusion

In an electroscope, you take metallic balls, and rub them with either a comb or a glass. Touching the balls with your finger is said to undo the effect of rubbing them with the comb or glass, since ...
4
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2answers
91 views

Why can't an excess of electrons or holes by themselves cause current flow?

I am a beginner in electrical engineering. Often times (most cases actually), the underlying physics aren't really explained to us and we are just left to assume that it works "because it works." This ...
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15 views

How might inducted current/ voltage in multiple coil layers connected in parallel behave?

This is a branch from this question. In the event that two or more layers are connected in parallel - would the energy created across each layer likely be significantly less? In the event of (say) ...
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2answers
58 views

Other units of resistance [closed]

Resistance is $\frac{V}{I}$, and we get the unit $\Omega$. Another unit is $\frac{W}{A^2}$. How do you derive that unit?
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1answer
59 views

Application of Displacement Current

I'm reasonably happy with the derivation and results of displacement current, however, I'd like to be aware of a few practical applications of this idea. So far, the only one I'm aware of is when ...
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6answers
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Does electricity flow on the surface of a wire or in the interior?

I was having a conversation with my father and father-in-law, both of whom are in electric related work, and we came to a point where none of us knew how to proceed. I was under the impression that ...
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1answer
22 views

Relative perimittivity of conductor?

Why is the relative permittivity $\epsilon_r$ infinite for a conductor? Where does it come from mathematically and does it make physical sense?
3
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1answer
127 views

DC current in ideal conductor and skin effect?

I know that the skin depth derived for AC current goes as $$\delta \propto \sqrt{\frac{1}{\omega \sigma}}$$ where $\omega$ is the angular frequency of the field and $\sigma$ is the conductivty. Now: ...
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46 views

How does a plasma globe work?

I am trying to simulate a plasma globe using computer. But I do not know how to model the motion of its filaments. My first guess is to construct a potential field. And the filaments are the paths ...
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2answers
81 views

How does light get from one bulb to another in a sequence of light bulb?

How does light get from one bulb to another in a sequence of light? Like in the advertisements or a smaller group? Is it the same light?
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1answer
76 views

Electric and Water Flow Analogy

I’ve been studying electricity lately and it has been quite hard to understand the terminology, and picturing it in my mind. After struggling to understand what each property of electric currents ...
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0answers
55 views

“+” and “-” sign in Maxwell Stress tensor

I have trouble in determining the "+" and "-" sign of momentum per unit time, per unit area of the following question. Why in the second part, $d\vec{a}$ is pointing in the $ -\vec{z} $ direction? I ...
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3answers
55 views

What would we observe from thompson's lamp thought experiment?

The thought experiment goes like this: Say there is some circuit which turns a lamp on/off with just a flick of a switch. Say its off; you flick it, it turns on; flick it again it turns off, ...
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1answer
59 views

Calculating kWh from time series of kW

I have a time series of kW where each sample is measured at regular intervals (10 seconds). Could anyone explain to me how could I calculate the total power consumed (kWh) over an hour? Thanks
22
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4answers
6k views

Birds sitting on electric wires: potential difference between the legs

We have seen birds sitting on uninsulated electric wires of high voltage transmission lines overhead without getting harmed, because sitting on only one wire doesn't complete any circuit. But what ...
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0answers
63 views

Power wasted and power delivered?

If a power source is supplying a current I and a voltage V, that travels to its destination through resistors of restance R is the power delivered at the destination = $VI - RI^2$, where $(Pi=) VI$ is ...
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2answers
88 views

combination of cells

There are m*n identical cells of emf E and internal resistance r connected in parallel rows. This combination of cells is connected across an external resistance R. For what arrangement of the ...
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4answers
558 views

How are electric flux calculations not double integrals?

A disk of radius 0.10 m is oriented with its normal unit vector $\hat{n}$ at 30$^{\circ}$ to a uniform electric field $\vec{E}$ of magnitude 2000 N/C. What is the electric flux through the disk? ...
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1answer
45 views

Battery Capacity vs. Battery draw

Pardon my ignorance but I just can seem to find an Answer to my question and I hope that you can help me. What is the equation for calculating how long a Lithium Battery can supply a device? For ...
11
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1answer
335 views

What are all the lines on a double circuit tower?

I understand what three-phase power is. But when I look at some pictures of a double-circuit-three-phase-power-line I see two or three lines close together? What is the purpose of these lines close ...
3
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1answer
103 views

Why does not my power stop when alternating current goes at 0 between positive and negative?

I am having some trouble understanding three-phase alternating current. I realize that most houses are not three-phase but single phase. Would that not mean that at some point when the flow of ...
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1answer
56 views

Circuits and Power

"The diagram below represents a simple circuit composed of 5 identical light bulbs and 2 flashlight batteries. Which bulb (or bulbs) would you expect to be the brightest? a) V only b) V and W ...
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2answers
270 views

Why does an electric motor burn up when you physically stop it?

As an electric motor spins, the energy from the electricity is 'conducted' to the rotor by the magnetic fields. However, when the motor is stopped, the energy becomes heat and burns up to motor. ...
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1answer
43 views

Does 1 volt cancel out 1 ohm? Can current be 0? [closed]

$V=IR$ Right? $100 (\rm{V}) = 0 (\rm{A}) \times 100 (\rm{\Omega})$ Lets say something has $100 \rm V$ potential But since this object is surrounded by air and current is not flowing therefore there ...
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3answers
195 views

If the current is increased, is there more charge flowing or is it moving quicker?

Problem Current is the amount of charge that is flowing through a component per unit of time. For a given voltage, Ohm's law tells us that if we increase the resistance, then the current must ...
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1answer
30 views

Current when the slide wire attains a constant velocity

In a slide wire generator, when the slide wire attains a final constant velocity, is the current in the circuit 0? It does not make sense if it is 0 as the area keeps increasing, allowing more flux ...
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64 views

Source of electrons in Crooks tube experiment (Inside the Discharge tube)

In the experiment, gases are put at low pressure inside the discharge tube. Now the issue that arises is a very simple one. ...
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3answers
180 views

How “earthing” electricity work?

I made a simple bulb-battery circuit and then I cut one of the wires and attached both ends to cemented floor, the bulb didn't glow, this means cemented floor is a ...
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2answers
90 views

Why does holding an electrical switch in between on and off states cause sparks?

If air is a bad conductor, then why do sparks develop when an electrical switch is held in between on and off states? Why are sparks generated when cables carrying heavy electric current are brought ...
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3answers
127 views

Electric impluses inside nerve cells

I'm not a biologist, nor physicist, but there is one thing I try to understand about the elecricity inside human body. I wasn't sure whether place this question here, or perhaps on biology portal, but ...
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3answers
776 views

Can magnetic flux be negative

I am studying magnetic flux linkage in an ac generator and it appears to be that magnetic flux linkage is negative half the time, how can this be?? Also with lenz's law why is emf defined as negative ...
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1answer
43 views

What is the relationship between the verbal definition and the mathematical definition of some quantities?

I know this is probably an easy question, but it's been a while since I've studied physics and I've started reading some circuit analysis textbooks. I'm finding hard to understand the relationship ...
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2answers
62 views

Finding the voltage of an inductor in a RL series circuit [closed]

Here is the solution: This assigned question is an odd one since it doesn't seem to have anything to do with phasors which is the chapter I am currently studying. I know that that the phase ...
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2answers
143 views

How much electricity can be produced by my thermoelectric generator?

I am using a thermoelectric cooler from a pc's heatsink to produce electricity. Its size is 30mm by 30mm. I will cool it on one side at -10 degree Celsius and the other at 24 degree Celsius. Can ...
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1answer
40 views

Circuit analysis: Two nodes as one?

Can I treat these two nodes in the center as if there were only one node connecting these four components?
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1answer
72 views

Which thermoelectric effect is better?

I am doing an experiment which requires the thermoelectric effect. I know about the Seebeck and the Peltier effects. Well, from what I have found till now on these topics is that they both can produce ...
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2answers
155 views

Water and electricity? Hot or Cold?

Is hot water or cold water more conductive for electricity or is it the same regardless?
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1answer
30 views

Steam and Electricity

If an electrical conduit with sufficient voltage were cut and lay naked inside a chamber of steam, would an electrical arc occur? As a secondary question, if the steam were subject to a stabilized ...
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1answer
38 views

Can electrons coincidentally flow along a circuit to cause current?

My understanding of circuits which are not supplied an e.m.f. is that the electrons randomly just flow about in random directions, and since there's so many of them, probability dictates that any ...
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40 views

Does back emf occur in transformers?

Does back emf occur in transformers and if so does it reduce the efficiency of the transformer and can it be reduced?
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36 views

How do the different types of energy apply to voltage in a circuit

I was just wondering what happens in a circuit in terms of different types of energy transformations. If you apply a voltage to a circuit then electrons start moving (very slowly). Since the electrons ...
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26 views

An EM problem of polarized sphere

Today, I'm doing an EM problem and my question is exactly the same as this site shows: http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=133501 To reiterate my confusion, why we can't use that integral ...
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3answers
154 views

question on dipole moment of water molecule

I read a line today and don't get it: "Molecules with mirror symmetry like oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and carbon tetrachloride have no permanent dipole moments." ...
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46 views

Why do the chargers produce persistent high pitch sound?

I have noticed that my Nexus Orb charger and a charger for the shaver produce some unpleasant high pitch sounds - near the fork. Why are they doing this? Does it indicate any problem with my ...
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1answer
49 views

Magnetic flux and transformers

I have two linked quesitons, 1. what is magnetic flux linkage's formal definitaiton and 2. when people say the flux flows better thru a soft iron core then the air what do they mean by flux flowing ...
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1answer
288 views

The shape of the graph of the equation: $V= -r I + E$

I have recently collected data (for a school experiment) in order to measure the EMF and the internal resistance of a solar cell. The data complied with the equation: $V = -rI + E$, i.e. the voltage ...