The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

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electric current in parallel circuit [closed]

If I have a parallel circuit with two resistors ($R_1=48 \Omega$ and $R_2=16 \Omega$) - and $R_1$ has a $0.1 A$ current running through, is it possible to calculate the current through $R_2$ without ...
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5answers
255 views

Field inside a wire?

This answer gives a great explanation of why the field inside a wire connected to a battery must be equal at all points: Why doesn't the electric field inside a wire in a circuit fall off with ...
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46 views

Creating electricity from mains water pressure.

Could someone cleverer than me help me out? I had a crazy thought going through my head the other day and I can't lay my mind to rest until I get an answer. Q. How much energy could be produced by ...
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1answer
51 views

Why does material resistance increase with temperature but electrolyte internal resistance decrease with increase in temperature?

The question is pretty much in the title itself, why does the internal resistance decrease with the increase in the temperature of electrolyte? Is it related to the electrolyte bring a fluid or ...
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1answer
72 views

Does a resistor absorb and dissipate energy or just regulate the charge flow?

I've this doubt regarding resistor: suppose I make a simple circuit with a power generator of 3 Volts and 1 Ampere and a resistor of $10 k\Omega$ I know from Ohm law that the current flow $i$ is: ...
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145 views

Why do both plates of a capacitor have the same charge?

How do we know that both plates of a capacitor have the same charge? You could argue conservation of charge, but I don't see how conservation of charge implies the charge on both plates is the same. ...
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2answers
47 views

Photoelectric effect: current vs wavelength

In an experiment where the type of metal,intensity of light and potential difference across a battery is kept constant at 2V the results show that an increase in wavelength, obviously in turn ...
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3answers
411 views

What happens if I throw a battery into water?

Today I have by accident thrown a AAA battery into a bucket of water. I fished it out of the water immediately (within 20 seconds or so) and nothing notable had happened and the battery is still full ...
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0answers
30 views

How do cathode ray tubes (CRT) synthesize colours?

I just read about how LCD displays were based only on black&white contrasts, and only colour filters on each subpixel generated the colour of a pixel. However, how does that happen for a CRT? Is ...
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4answers
798 views

Does current flow back to the source through earth?

We know that if Single Line to Fault occurs, then fault current flows to the earth. I want to know whether the current will return to the source or not. For the current to flow we need a closed path. ...
4
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1answer
37 views

Question on static electricity & electron transfer

Static electricity is caused by the transfer of electrons between substances right? For example, take a balloon and your hair. Both are stable and electrically neutral. So why would electrons jump ...
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24 views

Drift velocity of electrons in a superconducting loop

Do electrons travel at the Fermi velocity in a superconducting loop? For metals the Fermi velocity seems to be around $10^6$ m/s. So would electrons (in a Cooper pair) travel around the loop at this ...
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1answer
33 views

Correlation Between Hz and KWH (power consumption)

Is there a direct, or even exponential relationship between the amount of Hz and power consumed in KWH? In other words, take this example: Let's say a power company changes it's regulated output to ...
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1answer
28 views

Current and Voltage of electrostatic discharge

I conducted an experiment , i put a silver foil on a a CRT TV , then i open the TV, charging the foil (acting like a capacitor plate), if i approach a grounded rod to it , it will discharge with a ...
2
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2answers
59 views

Why doesn't alternating current produce light while a vibrating single particle with a charge will

If a vibrating atom can produce light why can't an alternating current of electrons do the same? EDIT: When I use the term "light" I mean all EMR
2
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1answer
75 views

Do batteries lose charge?

Say I have a charge of +q and -q on the positive and negative terminals of a battery. If I connect wires to each terminal, but don't connect the wires (essentially creating an open circuit), the ...
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0answers
35 views

Resistance of a cylinder contacted by two smaller circular faces

Suppose we have a solid homogeneous cylinder with radius $a$, heigth $h$ and conductivity $\sigma$. The top and the bottom face is contacted with a smaller circular face with radius $b$. How can I ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Capacitor in series?

Say you have two charged capacitors in series. Zoom in on one capacitor. For this specific capacitor, the charge on the two plates will be the same in magnitude, according to my textbook. My teacher ...
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1answer
44 views

Work-Energy-Power Relations

A wind-powered generator converts wind energy into electrical energy. Assume that the generator converts a fixed fraction of the wind energy intercepted by its blades into electrical energy. ...
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3answers
78 views

Current density?

The current $i$ can be defined as: $$i = \int \vec{J} \dot{}d\vec{A} $$ where $\vec{J}$ is the current density and $d\vec{A}$ is the area vector. Is it possible for: $$i = \int \vec{J} ...
2
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4answers
104 views

Is a capacitor in an open circuit charged?

Say I have a circuit consisting of a battery, a wire, an open switch, and a capacitor. The circuit is open since the switch is open. My book says that the capacitor will only be charged when the ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Can resistance of wire be ignored

I was doing some physics homework involving direct current circuits and resistors in series, and I started to question the accuracy of the following property of resistors in series, namely that the ...
6
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4answers
439 views

What is the current of a capacitor when the derivative of voltage is undefined?

This is from the textbook I am reading: I know this equation for capacitors: $$i=C\cdot \frac { dv }{ dt }$$ Here is my question: how can diagram (a) be allowed if the derivative of the voltage ...
4
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1answer
252 views

Why doesn't the electric field inside a wire in a circuit fall off with distance from the battery?

We studied electric fields due to point charges. The magnitude of these fields decreases with the square of the distance from the point charge. It seems to me that we could treat the positive ...
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1answer
54 views

Current vs Voltage Drive for Loudspeakers [closed]

Please see this article: here I don't know enough EMFT to comment on this but I am working on other tasks for a wireless speaker system prototype called "Busker's Friend". Completing my Schaum's ...
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0answers
22 views

Conduction and propagation

What is the difference between conduction of electric wave in conductor and propagation of electromagnetic wave in dielectric? Why propagation term is used for dielectric and conduction for ...
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1answer
252 views

Batteries and voltage?

The voltage of a battery gives you the difference in potential energy 1C of charge would have at the positive terminal vs the negative terminal. If I connect a wire to both terminals, the battery ...
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3answers
107 views

What can justify the decrease of the electrical conductivity with the increase of light intensity?

I have currently been working with a sample that "appears to" decrease its resistance when I cover it and protect it from light. Basically it presents the opposite behaviour of a photoresistor. What ...
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0answers
36 views

Is it possible that a battery goes flat faster in a cold environment?

I own an old iPod Classic with original lithium-ion polymer battery and I use it primarily while running. Recently I discovered that when a temperature outside is low, usually below 5 C degrees, the ...
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1answer
42 views

How do inductors produce current?

This is how I understand batteries and capacitors. The terminals produce an electric field which causes the electrons to move in random directions. The surface charge builds up causing new electric ...
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2answers
5k views

Definition of electric charge and proper explanation

Is there a definition of electric charge and proper explanation of it? It is said "Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when close to other ...
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2answers
20 views

How much electricity can be generated from ambient sources?

I know that recent advances in technology are doing amazing things with very low amounts of electricity, with RFID being one of the most familiar examples, but I'm not very familiar with the ...
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1answer
41 views

Energy in a Solenoid?

Consider a circuit consisting of a battery, a resistor and a solenoid inductor. Then, the emf $\mathcal{E}$, is defined as: $$\mathcal{E} = L\frac{di}{dt} + iR$$ Multiplying both sides by ...
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1answer
65 views

What is electricity?

What is electricity? I know very little physics. I know that there are neutrons, positively charged protons and negatively charged electrons in a particle. I know that electrons have some role in ...
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2answers
44 views

Voltage Drop and Charge Flow

I am hoping someone can help me with understanding voltage drop and charge flow. Here is what I think I know. The voltage drop through a circuit must equal the voltage of the battery source, and ...
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5answers
3k views

How can I prevent being zapped by static electricity every time I touch a doorknob or handle in the office?

I don't know what it is about this office, but it seems everything I touch (doorknob, bathroom faucet, edge of kitchen sink in the break room), I get zapped by static electricity. It's getting old. ...
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0answers
43 views

Kirchoff Loop and current

The pic of the circuit/problem: I got the problem right, but i want to make sure my reasoning is correct for the current left of the 2.1 V battery. Its the same current as $I_1$ because the ...
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0answers
32 views

help me.. please [duplicate]

I'm a total novice to physics so please forgive me but I'm looking for a starting point on sound, frequencies and everything to do with electricity. Preferably books because my internet usage is ...
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11answers
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Does 'electricity' have mass? Is 'electricity' tangible?

Background: I'm in a legal academic discussion about the status of electronic 'goods' and whether they qualify as 'goods' in the same way a chair and a pen do. In this context (and specifically at the ...
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0answers
46 views

Why are free electrons always moving?

Electrons move when a field acts on them. If the electrons move towards the field, they cancel out the field when enough electrons build up. Shouldn't the free electrons stop moving eventually and ...
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1answer
574 views

How much of current flows through a bird sitting on a power line?

I've been googling for hours and went through over a hundred answers. Now, some say the bird doesn't form a closed loop, some say the current is so small that it doesn't kill the bird. From as much as ...
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2answers
374 views

Why doesn't a phone charge faster, rather than slower when it is in use

In Physics class, we were building parallel circuits, and as more lights were attached in parallel, they got brighter (as more power was being provided to the lights, and the resistance decreases). ...
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2answers
111 views

Why does welding produce UV light?

Looking directly at a welder is dangerous because large amounts of UV light is produced. What makes this light? Is it electrons from the current that excites metal atoms, and these atoms sends out UV ...
3
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3answers
3k views

Capacitor circuits with light bulb

Let's say we have a normal circuit with a light bulb, with wires and a battery. When one places a capacitor in this circuit, how is the light bulb able to light up, even when the capacitor prevents ...
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1answer
96 views

Can walking provide electrical energy?

This is more of a theoretical question, but is it possible to convert the energy you use to walk into electrical energy to say, power a light bulb?
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2answers
68 views

Why is no EMF being induced in this ring passing through a magnetic field?

The book's logic is that there is no induced EMF because flux is constant as it passes through the magnetic field. Which makes sense, but this seems counter-intuitive to what I previously learned. ...
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0answers
11k views

Why do current and electrons flow in opposite directions? [duplicate]

In representing an electric circuit, we would draw the sense of the current from the positive to the negative pole and the electrons from the negative to the positive . But as I know electrons' motion ...
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0answers
39 views

Different phase in capacitively coupled RLC circuits

I was trying to work with some data for a lab report I'm writing about capacitively coupled RLC circuits. The setup is pretty simple and looks like that: Where $C^{'}$ is the coupling capacitance. ...
0
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0answers
24 views

electric charge is a intrinsic property how is there a prpoer way to explain electric charge? [duplicate]

how to define electric charge ? How to explain this term ? As learned by me electric charge is an intrinsic property of atoms like mass of different atoms.
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2answers
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Is R1 R2 and R3 parallel? [closed]

or R2 and R3 are parallel then they are in series with R1?