The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
5answers
306 views

Field inside a wire?

This answer gives a great explanation of why the field inside a wire connected to a battery must be equal at all points: Why doesn't the electric field inside a wire in a circuit fall off with ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Understanding the relationship between electric energy and force

I'm trying to do the following problem: One of the three types of radioactive decay is "β decay", during which protons decay into neutrons or vice­versa, emitting either electrons (β­) or positrons ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

Why can't I connection the anode of a battery to the cathode of an other battery and get a current flowing?

If I touch the anode of a battery or connect the anode the the cathode of an other battery, none (or rather: a very small current) flows between those two. If I instead connect the connect the anode ...
1
vote
1answer
227 views

How does current work

In all diagrams i have ever seen of circuits it's implied that electrons travel through load/bulb and bulb makes light/heat. Now there is a problem here...because of this implied logic i assumed more ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

How does the X-Y mode of an oscilloscope work?

I recently used an oscilloscope in X-Y mode to draw the phase ellipse of two voltages. I then used the formula $\phi = \arcsin(2y/B)$ where $y$ is the value of the ellipse at $x = 0$ and $B$ is the ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Microscopic fields inside a conductor

In a neutral conductor if we assume electrons as point charges, the electric field in the space between them cannot be identically zero. This microscopic field may be very weak. What if we were very ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

current passing in primary circuit of transformer

When the secondary circuit is open ,why does the self induction found in primary coil would resist the flow of current in it? whereas in the small examples that I have taken in my studies from coils ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Non-linearity of energy conversion efficiency

I have a very general question to all of you. I am wondering if there is any basic physics principle that would state that energy conversion efficiency will be always non-linear (for the practical ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Can incandescent light bulb can be brighter if fixed power?

I found that luminous efficacy of 60 W tungsten incandescent bulb is 14.5 lm/W. Is this value defined by design details listed above or it depends on something else too? Can we design 60 W tungsten ...
4
votes
3answers
7k views

Capacitor circuits with light bulb

Let's say we have a normal circuit with a light bulb, with wires and a battery. When one places a capacitor in this circuit, how is the light bulb able to light up, even when the capacitor prevents ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

What happens to gas molecules after ionization?

I know that gas molecules conduct electricity after they get ionized but what will happen if we keep increasing the voltage even after ionization? Will it explode? If it will then how much energy ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Is it possible that a battery goes flat faster in a cold environment?

I own an old iPod Classic with original lithium-ion polymer battery and I use it primarily while running. Recently I discovered that when a temperature outside is low, usually below 5 C degrees, the ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Static Electricity - Plastic comb, hair and small pieces of paper doesn't work for me?

All I have to do is run the plastic comb through my hair and hover it over small pieces of paper, right? The comb should then be charged and attract the pieces of paper... but that doesn't seem to ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

What can happen when 2.3*10^28 positrons collide with 2.3*10^28 electrons? [closed]

I'm interested in this question after a writer friend asked me what happens when a human gets bombarded with positrons. Didn't want to post this under scifi because I want more "scientific" answers... ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

Where do the electrons go?

In our house most of the plug-points have 2 holes. I know that one hole is neutral and other one supplies electricity. I can say that when i plug any device and turn the switch on electricity starts ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Static electricity experiment

My teacher always asks me to do the experiments on static electricity in winter. I don't know why? What will happen if I conduct the experiment in monsoon?
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Filament Lamp equation (Current/Voltage)

I'm starting to work with simple circuits (learning how to measure electromagnetic variables). I have been looking up on the internet for a formula or deduction of a formula that relates the current ...
4
votes
4answers
12k views

Can Gases conduct Electricity?

Liquid electrolytes ionize and hence a current can pass through them. So if a gas can ionize, can it conduct electricity too? If so, what are a few such gases?
0
votes
0answers
121 views

Resistance of a cylinder contacted by two smaller circular faces

Suppose we have a solid homogeneous cylinder with radius $a$, heigth $h$ and conductivity $\sigma$. The top and the bottom face is contacted with a smaller circular face with radius $b$. How can I ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Basic Conductor question

I have just taken a physics test in my high school in which one question posed that a positively charged rod is held near two uncharged spheres being held by silk filaments. Sphere 1 is held by a dry ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Why doesn't a levitating superconductor generate usable electricity?

Why doesn't a super cooled superconductor generate usable electricity due to the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction when placed upon a magnet? I basically mean, why can't it create electricity by ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Why is the potential difference across these two capacitors both 9V?

So above are two difference circuits, each with a 9V battery and a capacitor of the same capacitance. $C_1=C_2$ Why is the potential difference across both capacitors 9V? Shouldn't it be less than ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Electrical network of current sources - What happens if one source is defect?

Suppose you have connected in a parallel circuit a pair of, say for the sake of concretness 5 sources of 300 mA and 0,5 V each, which are themselves connected together in series. Hence, in total one ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Why are trampolines more likely to give you a static shock when it is sunny?

It could just be in my head but I have noticed that I am more likely to get a static shock from my tramp when it is sunny than when it is not sunny. Is there a reason for this?
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Potential difference on a curcuit

Above is a simple circuit. It has a voltage of 9V between the two terminals. I have drawn red lines which look like vectors, indicating how the current will flow. From the above diagram, I have a ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

Why do bowlers rub the ball before bowling in a cricket match

Why do bowlers rub the ball before bowling in a cricket match? What is the science behind it? Is it because of friction?
0
votes
0answers
35 views

How would you define a difference in potential?

I'm currently in 12th grade, and am required to write an essay about physics and biology. The topic of the essay is the artificial brain (with the researches of the Human Brain Project in Switzerland ...
1
vote
2answers
111 views

Is there a formal proof for the superposition theorem?

I was just wondering whether there is a formal prove for the superposition theorem in electric circuits? I tried searching it online but couldn't find anything sufficient. Most of the sources assume ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Is a CRT / Electron gun in need to be in a closed loop?

I'm trying to understand electricity and there for electrons. And so far i believe i am grasping it. But there are a few parts i have a hard time understanding. For example in as i understand it, in ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

My electrophorus doesn't work

I have failed in generating charge using electrophorus. The charging material was a balloon rubbed with hair until it became very full of static, as well as a small piece of Styrofoam rubbed with the ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

General integral to find resistance

My question is: is there a simple and truly general equation for the resistance between two electrical equipotential surfaces?. Obviously, if so, what is it, and if not, why? It would be very ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

How to know what materials are good conductors of electricity?

I'm not asking a question like "Is the wood conductive?". No. I'm asking what properties do they have to have to be good conductors. Theoretically I mean. Thanks.
1
vote
2answers
42 views

A question about induced fields

This is something that I just realized bothers me, after thinking about it too much. Faradays law tells us a changing magnetic field creates a circulating electric field. This electric field has a ...
12
votes
6answers
8k views

Are Fresnel lenses widely used for solar electricity? If not, why not?

I was just wondering why Fresnel Lenses are not widely used in the production of solar electricity. Their use there would mean that you could produce heat within a fraction of a second, up to a few ...
3
votes
1answer
316 views

What proved Conventional sense wrong?

What fact proved for the first time that the conventional sense of current was wrong? And when it did happen? As a corollary of this question, why do we say that electrons have negative charge? Is it ...
8
votes
6answers
36k views

Why does a glass rod when rubbed with silk cloth aquire positive charge and not negative charge?

I have read many times in the topic of induction that a glass rod when rubbed against a silk cloth acquires a positive charge. Why does it acquire positive charge only, and not negative charge? It ...
0
votes
2answers
975 views

What types of materials can be electrically charged by rubbing?

What types of materials can be electrically charged by rubbing? Is there a certain type of materials in which static electricity can be produced by rubbing together two different materials?
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there any example where electric and magnetic fields are not perpendicular?

Perpendicular electric and magnetic field creates light or other electromagnetic waves. Is it a necessary property to have a perpendicular fields? If not what would happen when the fields are not ...
6
votes
3answers
13k views

Why does increasing the temperature of a thermistor decrease it's resistance?

Surely, upon an increase in temperature, the atoms within the thermistor would vibrate with more energy and therefore more vigorously, hence making the electrons flowing through the electric circuit ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

What causes a larger (longer) electrical arc when using a tesla coil

So, I really don't know much about this subject, if any at all, but I'd like to do a project on it. I've done some testing with my tesla coil and there appears to be a trend such that a larger ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Help me understand static electricity

This is what I understand about electricity: (The following information is paraphrased from the book CODE by Charles Petzold.) Atoms are made up of protons, electrons and neutrons. Protons and ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

How do I set up the Biot-Savart equation for the magnetic field inside a circular loop of current

The way I have derived the magnetic field for inside the current loop of radius $R$ is very different from how I have seen it online. Generally they take the equation for the magnetic field at a point ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

How does current flow in the circuit during negative cycle of input?

So,as far as I know the input signal just controls the current from +Vcc as per this analogy But in the first picture during the negative half cycle of the input waveform the output wave form is ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

Why can't mutual inductance create perpetual electricity?

Consider the following image. When the battery is connected then current starts flowing through the primary cicuit and magnetic flux changes through the coil, this causes electricity to be induced ...
4
votes
1answer
622 views

Do high voltage power lines attract lightning strikes?

I always thought that high voltage power lines would attract a lightning strike more than other structures in the same area. Turns out I was wrong. My neighbor's chimney got struck by lightning and it ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

What material can achieve the highest temperature before failing when being heated by electricity?

Just as a qualifier, I barely made it through physical science in college, so... Please be detailed in your answers and assume I know nothing. Let's say I wanted to make an electrical coil for the ...
1
vote
2answers
74 views

What causes the random movement of particles inside a conductor?

I'm reading about currents in electricity right now, and it was mentioned that even if there's no electric field inside a conductor, charged particles inside are still undergoing random movement. I ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How Special Relativity causes magnetism

So my physics teacher assigned us an article about how special relativity causes magnetism in a wire with a current, even with the low drift velocities of electrons in a current. It seemed that the ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Temperatures reached in arc flashes

Good morning, I have a question regarding the arc flashes. Some papers mention that temperatures of nearly 20000 K can be reached during an arc flash. Could anyone explain how to come up with those ...
4
votes
3answers
274 views

(Why) would unmaintained water heater use more electrical energy?

I'm specifically thinking about lime/sedimentation at the bottom of water heater, and calcification of heating elements (and not possible thermal insulation deterioration). It is very often claimed ...