The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

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What's the difference between electron movement and charge movement in electricity? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: how does electricity propagate in a conductor? I have read that in an electrical wire electrons movement is very slow while the energy or charge is very fast. What's the ...
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1answer
745 views

Capacitance and Light Bulb And Dielectric Slab [closed]

An electric lamp having coil of negligible inductance connected in series with a capacitor and an AC source is glowing with certain brightness. How does the brightness of the lamp change on reducing ...
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4answers
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Why do grapes in a microwave oven produce plasma?

Some of you may know this experience (Grape + Microwave oven = Plasma video link): take a grape that you almost split in two parts, letting just a tiny piece of skin making a link between each ...
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273 views

Electrical Resistance and chemistry

Can some one describe or explain what happens when too much current is passed through lets say a copper wire, I am looking for an explanation to do with physics and chemistry. For instance we have ...
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2answers
133 views

Electric generators?

When a magnet passes through a copper coil and electricity is induced into the coil, is there a magnetic resistance on the magnet as it passes through the coil?
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220 views

Loopy lightning

What causes lightning to follow the path it does ? picture from BBC news: http://news.bbcimg.co.uk/media/images/62891000/jpg/_62891901_untitled-1copy.jpg main page: ...
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What causes an electric shock - Current or Voltage?

Though voltage and current are two interdependent physical quantity, I would like to know what gives more "shock" to a person - Voltage or Current? In simple words, will it cause more "electric - ...
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824 views

Relativistic drift velocity of electrons in a superconductor?

Is there a formula for the effective speed of electron currents inside superconductors? The formula for normal conductors is: $$ V = \frac{I}{nAq}$$ I wonder if there are any changes to this ...
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264 views

Why is the anode (+) in a device that consumes power & (-) in one that provides power?

I was trying to figure out the flow of electrons in a battery connected to a circuit. Conventionally, current is from the (+) terminal to the (-) terminal of the battery. Realistically it flows the ...
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Average power dissipated by a resistor on AC current

So let's say we have an AC current of 120 V at 60 Hz. Then i's waveform would be $$f(t) = 120 \sqrt{2} \cos(2 \pi 60 t)$$ Or rather the amplitude times $\sqrt{2}$ times $\cos(2 \pi ...
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2answers
457 views

Sum total distance of electrons on a spherical surface

What is the sum total distance between every possible pair of point charges when there are n point charges on a spherical surface? All point charges can only and are located on the infinitesimal ...
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Where does the electricity, generated by a solar panel, go if you don't use the electricity?

I'm sorry if this question is too trivial for this Q&A forum. I am a layman when it comes to physics (though I did cover the high-school physics courses). I was wondering what happens to the ...
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2answers
916 views

Can a battery charger be too powerful for a rechargeable battery?

I got the impression that a regular iPhone charger can charge the iPhone and the iPhone won't become too hot while charging, and the charging time is standard, but if using the 10W iPad charger to ...
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152 views

Battery fully loaded, pull out the chord?

I recently bought a new phone (Samsung Galaxy 3) and when the battery is fully loaded, it says like "Battery fully loaded, pull out the chord". Is this a typo from Samsung, or would there ...
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2answers
210 views

Is it possible to generate an instrument which can generate wireless electricity?

Is it possible to build an instrument which can generate wireless electricity? I ask this since at present the electricity was passes through wires and i thought about wireless electricity I am ...
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1answer
174 views

maximum positive electric charge of solid body

What are the limiting factors on the positive charge of a solid body? If I assume a 'perfect insulator' environment that would not exchange charge with my solid body, I would guess that I can remove ...
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1answer
1k views

Why porcelain Insulators are brown in colour? [closed]

The porcelain insulators are brown in colour. Why?
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123 views

A problem of approximation [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why are continuum fluid mechanics accurate when constituents are discrete objects of finite size? When we apply differentiation on charge being conducted with respect to ...
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2answers
3k views

How to charge an object with electricity

I know this is a rather basic question, but how do you charge an object? Not a battery, an object. I'm guessing it involves static electricity, but I'm not sure. Some resources I've been reading talk ...
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1answer
96 views

Is Joule heating only between charged particles?

The Wikipedia page for Joule heating explains "It is now known that Joule heating is caused by interactions between the moving particles that form the current (usually, but not always, electrons) and ...
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3answers
2k views

When I connect two charged capacitors side by side, what will be the voltage across them?

Say, I have two charged capacitors, one 3mF and one 2mF. The voltage across them are 20V and 30V respectively. Now if I connect the two capacitors side by side as shown below, what will be the voltage ...
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1answer
481 views

Non-conservative Electric Field

I was watching this video from Walter Lewin and while watching these two videos, I noticed there is a "contradiction" in what he is doing. All links direct you exactly to where he begins, so you don't ...
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1answer
145 views

How to measure electrical resistance?

Is it possible to theoretically measure the resistance of passing of electrical current through liquid electrolyte (distilled water + NaOH) ?
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3k views

What voltages are used to “safely” shock someone (as in a carnival game)

I've had this debate with some coworks. What voltage (rough order of magnitute) is used to safely shock people? "Safe" is a vague term, but as an example, there are arcade games where you hold onto ...
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311 views

Could we build a super computer out of wires and switches instead of a microchip?

I thought of this question; would too much wiring make a computer burn down? Or can you build an actual full-speed supercomputer computer using switches and wires? In other words, could simply adding ...
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1answer
1k views

The possibility of free electrical energy?

Please excuse my lack of knowledge/understanding. Question: Why Nikola Tesla's Free Energy concept was never worked upon? Even today. Context: Now that we know Nikola Tesla was a genius and did ...
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2answers
4k views

What is the approximate electrical conductivity $\sigma$ of graphene in S/m or S/cm?

I am trying to find an approximate value of the electrical conductivity $\sigma$ of graphene in units of S/m or S/cm. This table on Wikipedia gives $\sigma$ values for a variety of materials ...
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use of Mobile phone on Petrol pump

I was trying to find out the cause behind the Explosion at petrol pump due to the Mobile phones but eventually it turns out it is not Radio Frequency which may cause the explosion rather it is totally ...
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602 views

How the car keys prevent the shock caused by Static Electricity

I was reading around about the Radio Frequency and its effect on the GAS/Petrol forecourts, suddenly i came across something posted by someone, "I personally went on a trip with some friends, one who ...
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5answers
11k views

Will adding heat to a material increase or decrease entropy?

Does adding heat to a material, thereby increasing electrical resistance in the material increase or decrease entropy? Follow up questions: Is there a situation were Heat flux ie. thermal flux, ...
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2answers
225 views

Can wireless power transfer harm organic life by anyway?

Now, humanity can beam 50-60 watts power through 10 centimeter-thick concrete block. Can such wireless power transfer harm us by anyways?
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1answer
376 views

Faraday's law and superconductivity

According to Faraday's law of induction, volts = -Number of coils in a solenoid * change in strength of magnet / change in time. This doesn't take into account distance or speed, only time. If amps = ...
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199 views

pattern of moving electrons in wire under AC

when we use a DC battery into a circuit the flow of electrons in wire creates a clear picture as they flow from negative terminal to positive terminal. under AC(Alternating current) we know how energy ...
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0answers
98 views

what exactly do electric waves transfer from one point of the wire to other..? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: how does electricity propagate in a conductor? so basically i was considering the speed of the charges inside wire defined by the drift velocity and speed of electric ...
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1answer
916 views

Why does the car clock dim down so much when the headlight is turned on?

Even on a current new 2012 car, when the green LED clock inside the car is quite bright, but when the car's headlight is turned on, the clock dims down to only about 1/4 of its brightness, which makes ...
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5answers
9k views

Can the lightning be captured and used as power source?

I would like to update my knowledge in this area, that is really out-of-dated and stopped somewhere like ten years ago. I asked the very same question on my physics lecture at my studies and got the ...
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4answers
2k views

Parallel or series connection?

Are C1, C2 and C3 connected in parallel, or C2, C3 in parallel and C1 in series with C23? Btw it appeared as a question in the basic physics Albanian A-levels yesterday. You had to find the ...
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2answers
1k views

Simulator for electrostatics [closed]

I am searching for a tool that visualizes the electric field/potential for simple electrostatic configurations like conducting/polarized sphere in an uniform electric field conducting/polarized ...
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1answer
489 views

confusion about finite line charge

My physics knowledge is (sadly) very infinitesimal and I have a question about a calculation which I think is wrong, but want to be sure. I tried to calculate the potential of a finite line charge. ...
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1answer
706 views

Light bulbs with voltage source or current source

When we connect 2 light bulbs to a voltage source in parallel, the equivalent Resistance of the bulbs is R/2 (1/Req = 1/R + 1/R). If we connect these lights in parallel we have Req = 2R; I= V/Req is ...
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1answer
669 views

Pull up and Pull down register

Currently I am working with Pull up and pull down registers and trying to understand what does it mean? But could not able to understand. I searched in Wikipedia ...
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1answer
140 views

Do you think it’s possible to make a power plant of the described kind?

We are working on a science project and try to engineer a power plant of a new kind. It is called Air HES (air hydroelectric station). The idea is described on our website. Do you think it is ...
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3answers
9k views

Two 60W-lightbulbs are connected on 220 V AC-voltage - how much electric power is spent by each lightbulb? [closed]

Two 60W-lightbulbs are connected on 220 V AC-voltage - how much electric power is spent by each lightbulb? There are two scenarios: In one, these two lighbulbs are connected serially, and in the ...
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2answers
473 views

Calculate power $P=V \times I$

I have an adapter which mentions like this... Input: 100-240V~1.8A 50-60hZ So how much power does it really consume? I just knew ...
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0answers
2k views

Question on Shockley's diode equation

We owe a debt to Bell labs with Shockley, Bardeen and Brattain for inventing the semiconductor. All have now passed on. I remember seeing my first transistor radio in the early 60's. Shockley ...
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1answer
177 views

Does recharging a battery at a lower temperature lower its internal resistance?

Does temperature affect the internal resistance of batteries? And does charging a "frozen" battery allow it to charge faster than a warm or room temperature battery?
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0answers
68 views

Piezoelectrical effect in a pendulum

How can I compute the piezo-electrical effect of a pendulum of frequency $f$ and amplitude $R$? What constants of the material will enter the computation? The material in question is an electrode on ...
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2answers
35k views

Has any permanent magnet motor been proven to run?

I have read lots of articles about permanent magnet motors, some of which claim the possibility and other which refute it. Is it possible to have a permanent magnet motor that runs on the magnetic ...
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2answers
197 views

Does using batteries in a series raise the overall Wh's of the batteries used? Why/Why Not?

If one has 2 batteries of 6 Volts each with 500 mAh each, then separately the batteries should provide 6 Volts * 500 mAh = 3 Wh each or 6 Wh total. However would it be the case that if someone where ...
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552 views

Emf Of a Cell in a common circuit

My questions will be based on the above figure. The Emf Source V1 and R1 Together form a cell(R1 is internal resistance) R2 Represents the entire load on the source VoltMeter My teacher told ...