The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

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Definition of Static Electricity

The result of an imbalance of electrons between objects is called static electricity. It is called "static" because the displaced electrons tend to remain stationary after being moved from one ...
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Capacitors discharging in series [duplicate]

If you connect positive plate of a charged capacitor to ground, it doesn't get discharged. Now consider $4$ capacitors of equal capacitance connected in series to a $10\, \mathrm{V}$ battery. Connect ...
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745 views

Relativistic charge density in a closed loop

When charges of conductance are at rest, there is an average distance between them. The relativistic origin of magnetic field says that distances between electrons shrink when they are set into a ...
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555 views

Electric shock from a power line [duplicate]

A bird perches on a bare high power line and nothing happens to it. A man standing on ground touches the same line and gets a fatal shock. why?
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Voltage of open circuit

A battery with emf $\varepsilon$ and internal resistance $r$ is connected with a resistor $R$ in the following open circuit. What is the voltage $V_{ab}=V_a-V_b$? The answer is $- ...
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653 views

Is it possible create current by spinning a charged sphere?

If we have a sphere which has $σ$ surface charge density and rotate it in axis z will this create current ? Is it possible without any potential difference ?
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Light bulbs, Wattage meaning? [closed]

Light bulbs, Wattage meaning? Two incandescent bulbs (120 V, 25 Watt) and (120 V, 500 Watt) connected to the same batteries. Which one shines brighter? And why?
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353 views

Joule heating due to the (slow) electron drift velocity?

I understand the concept of why the signal speed is higher than the electron drift velocity, but I can't understand the concept of joule heating. If electrons move slow then how do they produce a lot ...
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724 views

Why do aqueous solutions always “have to be” electrically neutral?

I was reviewing some analytical chemistry and stumbled upon a section that explained the imperfection of using a salt bridge. It said that the using dissimilar ions is a problem because in, for ...
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The electric field of a conductive sphere containing a charge - grounded vs not grounded

Let's suppose we have a sphere but unlike theoretical ones it'll have some thickness say $\Delta r$ and inner radius $R$. What I was wondering about is how will it behave if we place some charge $q$ ...
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Current between supeconducting rings

How to calculate the current between two superconducting rings with radius r separated by a distance d? Please note that being unfamiliar to the concept of superconducting rings, I can't approach ...
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How electricity, and generating electricity works on the atomic level?

I am trying to understand the basics physics as to how electricity works. Unfortunately it seems most online material is either complex full blown mathematical equations, or water pump analogies. I ...
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Producing electricity from all wavelengths of electromagnetic spectrum

Is it possible to produce electricity from all wavelengths of electromagnetic spectrum beside visible light ?Like using gamma rays or x-rays .
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Is there any example where electric and magnetic fields are not perpendicular?

Perpendicular electric and magnetic field creates light or other electromagnetic waves. Is it a necessary property to have a perpendicular fields? If not what would happen when the fields are not ...
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Why is the charge transferred by electrons and not by protons?

Charges are transferred by electrons which we all know. But why can't it be transferred by protons? Well, I searched on Google where I found similar questions already being asked on many sites. ...
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Nature of electricity [duplicate]

Suppose a lightning strikes and there is an iron rod and a coconut tree. How does the electricity know that rod is the least resistant path before hand.
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AC passed to a DC motor

What would happen when an alternating current (AC) is passed to a DC motor? And a direct current (DC) passed to an AC motor? Will it work or not? What will happen to it?
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158 views

Static discharge out of 3 volts button battery

I am starting to get interested in static electricity I have found this which is very cool but I do not know how I can control the output voltage. ...
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Why isn't this capacitor charging?

Let's say you have a parallel plate capacitor and you connect one plate to the positive terminal of a battery and the other plate to the negative end. So this is like a static situation, you have a ...
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Why there is no “Edison” unit in physics? [closed]

In the popular culture the XIX-XX century competition between Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla is well-known. The example could be the Prestige movie, where there are some "Edison's agents" who sabotage ...
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How much of current flows through a bird sitting on a power line?

I've been googling for hours and went through over a hundred answers. Now, some say the bird doesn't form a closed loop, some say the current is so small that it doesn't kill the bird. From as much as ...
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How does current flow from the emitter, through the base and to the collector in a NPN transistor?

So, I understand that for a NPN transistor to work the emitter-base junction needs to be forward biased and the collector-base junction needs to be reverse biased. I understand how current flows from ...
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Can someone explain this intuitively please?

In a static situation we defined voltage as energy/unit charge, or j/c. As the distance between the charged particles increased, the voltage decreased. Now why do we not apply this in a simple DC ...
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88 views

Is there a material that changes local conductivity

I hope this is the right forum to ask this question. Is there a material (preferably thin, like a membrane) that changes its local conductivity (by that I mean the permeability for an electric field; ...
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How electrons act under rotating magnetic field?

I study Power Engineering in University. Today I asked my lecturer to explain me exactly how atom's electrons act under spinning rotor's magnetic field, that generated dynamic electricity. But he even ...
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Reducing deposition on power supply wires

From my house there are two wires, i.e. a live and a ground wire which are placed on the power supply lines by a hook. They are not tightly jointed because of some reasons. These two wires are also in ...
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280 views

If we connect a block of p-type semiconductor only to a positive terminal, will it become positively charged?

Connect the positive terminal of a battery to a piece of p-doped semiconductor, say, silicon doped with boron. Will the terminal pull electrons out of the doped silicon, or equivalently, inject holes ...
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What happens when a compact fluorescent lamp implodes?

When a incandescent lamp implodes, the filament burns up and the current is interrupted. Yesterday, a compact fluorescent lamp imploded and blew all the switches / fuses. I'm not sure if the same ...
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Why is AC more “dangerous” than DC?

After going through several forums, I became more confused whether it is DC or AC that is more dangerous. In my text book, it is written that the peak value of AC is greater than that of DC, which is ...
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Thermal conductivity affected by electrical current

Does anyone know of any materials whereby the thermal conductivity can be changed by passing an electrical current through the material?
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861 views

Does the electric field inside a sphere change if point charge isn't in center?

As i understood , if you have a point charge in the center of a hollow conducting sphere then the electric field inside it, is zero because the charge distribution is spherically symmetric. But ...
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Is it possible to get energy from electrical wire using induction?

Pardon me if this is a stupid question but my physics courses are from a long long time ago and I was a teenager back then. ;) Electricity in a wire generates electromagnetism, right? Would it be ...
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Calculating engine starter’s energy use

During a discussion on start-and-stop vehicle technology some bloke began pushing the point that re-starting the car uses stored energy from the battery, which needs to be replenished by increased ...
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How exactly does a resistance reduce current?

I've heard that resistors are used to decrease current to a particular appliance, such as in the regulator of a fan. However, I've also heard that the total current in a circuit is always the same- in ...
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pressure required for displacing a single electron off a crystal

I need to know this for my project- "power generation using the pressure applied on a keypad of a mobile electronic device". How much pressure does it take to displace a single electron off its ...
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What causes fluorescent light bulb to light up when it is near a plasma globe? Can this phenomenon be used to generate electricity in a circuit?

When a fluorescent light bulb is placed near a plasma globe, despite the fact there isn't a closed circuit, a part of the light blulb would light up. I tried measuring the voltage of the air ...
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What happens to this potential energy?

Let's say I turn on a Van de Graaff which creates a large positive charge. Now let's say I have an object with a positive charge in my hand and I start walking toward the Van de Graaff from $x$ meters ...
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Am I properly identifying the resistor terminal voltage?

The frequency applied to a circuit of voltage 120 V with a real coil and a resistor has a value of 50 Hz. The resistance of the resistor is 10 $\Omega$. The voltage at the resistor terminals ...
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Microscopic fields inside a conductor

In a neutral conductor if we assume electrons as point charges, the electric field in the space between them cannot be identically zero. This microscopic field may be very weak. What if we were very ...
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Why is electrical energy so difficult to store?

Does anyone know a general answer to these questions? (I've asked them together because they're all pretty related, it seems.) Why is it that we find electrical energy so difficult to store? Do we ...
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Why the CFL light bulb flashes even if there is a power cut?

Today when there was a power cut I saw that the CFL light bulbs were flashing time to time at regular interval. I was amazed as there was no source of power to the CFL bulbs even they were flashing as ...
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Why it happen's when I rub my finger's? [duplicate]

I have a pc with a metallic body on my CPU case. Yesterday suddenly the earthing wire of my CPU broke down and I was able to feel a little bit current on touching it's metallic body. But what I found ...
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Round bulb and Long bulb in Series Circuit

If you have a series circuit with a battery, one round bulb (with thicker filament), and one long bulb (with thinner filament), the round bulb does not light up and only the long bulb lights up. ...
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Capacitor circuits with light bulb

Let's say we have a normal circuit with a light bulb, with wires and a battery. When one places a capacitor in this circuit, how is the light bulb able to light up, even when the capacitor prevents ...
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What exactly causes an increase in resistivity?

Explain in terms of charge carriers why the resistance of copper is less than that of CuSO4 solution, which is less than that of hydrogen gas This is the question directly asked for homework, and ...
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982 views

Electric potential at a point outside a charged sphere

The question asked me to find the potential at a distance $r$ from the center of a charged sphere, where $r>r_0$ of the sphere. Actually, the question is answered, but what is confusing me is ...
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Starting vehicle on hot days

Why it is easy to start the vehicle on hot day than on cold days? Since on winter days it is diffcult to start than on hot days I thought it is due to the low temperature which in turn affects the ...
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280 views

The field of uniformly charged ball (without Gauss theorem)

The solution of Poisson equation is given by $$ \mathbf E = \int \frac{\rho (\mathbf r )(\mathbf r_{0} - \mathbf r )}{|\mathbf r_{0} - \mathbf r|^{3}}d^{3}\mathbf r. $$ I tried to use this term for a ...
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Physical interpretation of y-intercept in a Current vs Voltage graph

So I collected current and voltage data from a simple circuit with a power source and a resistor, using a multimeter. I created a graph for this data using excel and got the y-intercept (which is ...
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Why does electromagnetic waves travel slower in well isolated conductor?

Wikipedia writes, that Propagation speed is affected by insulation, so that in an unshielded copper conductor ranges 95 to 97% that of the speed of light, while in a typical coaxial cable it is ...