Tagged Questions

The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

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18
votes
7answers
11k views

Why is the charge naming convention wrong?

I recently came to know about the Conventional Current vs. Electron Flow issue. Doing some search I found that the reason for this is that Benjamin Franklin made a mistake when naming positive and ...
4
votes
1answer
490 views

Is there something like the Poynting vector for hydraulic circuits?

The Poynting vector is a representation of the energy flux in electromagnetics, showing the amount and direction of power flow at different points in space. In electric circuits, the energy is not ...
0
votes
2answers
821 views

Does power from a resistor perform work or heat transfer?

Let's say I have a cylindrical piston filled with air and fitted with an electrical resistor. The resistor has a current going across it and a voltage for a certain amount of time. My system would be ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Total Resistance of Infinite Resistor Grid?

The problem of the infinite resistor grid is very common. The solution for the resistance between any 2 nodes in an infinite resistor lattice is all over the internet. My question is somewhat similar ...
8
votes
2answers
632 views

Desperately Need Help with Grade 9 Static Electricity

I am preparing to teach Grade 9 Static Electricity next week and am going crazy trying to figure out what is happening in one of my experiments. I have a short piece of PVC pipe, 4 inches diameter, ...
3
votes
1answer
568 views

Neon lamp: minimal breakdown voltage

I am looking at this formula from wiki for breakdown voltage in gas discharge lamps, and I see its linear by length (d) (oops, I see it's divided by $ln$) $$\frac{Bpd}{\mathrm{ln}\ Apd-\mathrm{ln}\ ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Voltage and Current in transformers

In transformers, the ratio of the voltages equals the ratio of the turns - so double the output coil's turns and the output voltage doubles. Then, in order to conserve energy, current halves. This ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Measuring the Electromotive Force and Internal Resistance of a Battery?

Here is a problem that emerged some time ago: We needed to measure the emf(electromotive force) and internal resistance of a car battery. The only instruments were voltmeter and ammeter. ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Is it possible to transform chemical energy in electrical energy by modifying the equilibrium constant?

Considering a Daniell cell, is it possible to create endlessly electrical energy by using atmospheric temperature (for exemple) variations to modify the reaction's eqilibrium constant ? I apologize if ...
4
votes
1answer
106 views

Superconductors and electrical fields

I have been looking around to figure out how superconductors are made. What ways are there to create a superconductor that don't involve a coolant like liquid nitrogen? Is it possible to cause a ...
1
vote
3answers
419 views

Problem with an electricity / thermodynamics assignment

I've been trying to figure this one out for a while on my own, so I'd like to ask for your help if you could offer some. The task states: A heater made out of a wire with a diameter $R = ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How can a conductor be grounded yet there are induced charges on it?

A classic example for the method of images is the following, quoted from Griffiths's Introduction to Electrodynamics, page 121: "Suppose a point charge $q$ is held a distance $d$ above an infinite ...
10
votes
1answer
523 views

Explanation for speed of an electrical impulse

Our calculus book, Stewart, has a problem where they claim that for a metal cable (inner radius $r$) encased in insulation (outer radius $R$), the speed of an electrical impulse is given by $$v = - ...
1
vote
4answers
9k views

domestic electric AC wiring - Live and Neutral correct or not? [closed]

On electric circuits, with $120$ or $230$ AC mains, there are the wires Live and Neutral. The wiring isn't symmetrical : following the circuit, you cannot switch $L$ and $N$. However, in Italy, ...
11
votes
8answers
10k views

What is the difference between electric potential, potential difference (PD), voltage and electromotive force (EMF)?

This is a confused part ever since I started learning electricity. What is the difference between electric potential, potential difference (PD), voltage and electromotive force (EMF)? All of them have ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

How does the X-Y mode of an oscilloscope work?

I recently used an oscilloscope in X-Y mode to draw the phase ellipsis of two voltages. I then used the formula phi = arcsin(2y/B) where y is the value of the ellipsis at x = 0 and B is the total ...
1
vote
5answers
29k views

What is the relationship between AC frequency, volts, amps and watts?

In an alternating current, how are frequency, voltage, amperage, and watts related? For instance, imagining the power as a sine wave, what is amperage if voltage is the amplitude? Is there a better ...
1
vote
1answer
573 views

How to teach the concepts of “Electric Potential” & “Potential Energy” to 10th grade students

I've got to teach the concepts of "Electric Potential" & "Potential Energy" to 10th grade students. I don't understand how to express these things and make them understand. “If you can't ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

When does voltage drop occur?

Why or when does it occur in a circuit? What does it imply when you speak of a voltage drop across a resistor? (Obviously, it probably means that the current's voltage before the resistor is higher ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Would a generator in vacuum/space provide electricity endlessly?

At it's simplest, electricity generation is achieved by induced voltage due to a changing magnetic field. In a vacuum in the absence of friction, would the initial spin imparted to the rotor of a ...
2
votes
0answers
194 views

Schottky and shot noise

I am looking for a little history on shot noise: when was it first predicted and first measured? In particular, what was the role of Schottky? His 1918 paper "Über spontane Stromschwankungen in ...
2
votes
1answer
284 views

Circuit Simulation

I am making a circuit simulation program, and I am not sure how to simulate the behavior of Diodes. Take this circuit: ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What's the source of electricity for the human brain?

I keep hearing that there's always electrical activity taking place inside the human brain. Our heart and various other organs function because it receives electrical signals called impulse. But, ...
3
votes
2answers
628 views

Electrostatics:Basic question on electric current

I've got two questions for you. Electric current is the flow of electrons across a conductor.Why has it always got to do with electrons and not with protons? (I know neutrons are not eligible for ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Tying knots in power cables to prevent power surge from lightning strikes

There are plenty of references to this claim on the internet that tying knots in power cables will prevent a piece of equipment e.g. television or computer from a power surge. How can this be ...
3
votes
2answers
354 views

How to measure faster than light electric energy?

According to relativity,nothing can break light barrier.But a recent preprint shows energy transmission of commercial electric power (f=60Hz) is faster than light. (It is not the drift velocity of ...
4
votes
3answers
942 views

Why are downed power lines dangerous?

A friend of mine was telling me about a storm that knocked down a power line over at their place, and it got me to thinking. Why are downed power lines dangerous? I don't see any good reason for it. ...
2
votes
2answers
212 views

Introducing emf of a chemical cell as a hint towards quantum mechanics

Today I had a discussion with a colleague who teaches electricity and magnetism to 2nd year undergraduate physics students. He is seeking the best way to explain how is the emf generated inside a ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How can two different 12V batteries have different amperage for same resistance?

My local car parts dealer presented me his inventory of car batteries. One 12V battery had a 'cold crank amperage' of 600amps. The other 12V battery had a 'cold crank amperage' of 585amps. ...
2
votes
1answer
261 views

Practical physics: where does this current come from?

It's been a while since school and I don't remember the right laws and formulas. So I come here. :) I've got a power cord extender running from the wall outlet to my washing machine. It's about 3 or ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

What's the second terminal in corona discharge?

I don't get corona discharge. There's an electrode (say naked high-voltage wire) and a current develops from that wire and ionizes gas (air) on its way. But where does this current go? What's the ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How to calculate the exit velocity of a coil gun projectile?

First off, what quantities need to be factored in? Voltage and current through the coils, the magnetism of the projectile, the magnetic fields, etc.? Next, how would you calculate the speed of the ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

What happens if a wind mill rotates in opposite direction?

Suppose if a windmill is made torotate in clockwise direction and due to air flow if it rotates in anti clockwise direction then does it produce electricity?
2
votes
5answers
23k views

Charging 12V 150Ah battery

I want to charge a 12V battery of 150Ah with a solar panel. The solar panel specs is 12V, 25 Watt. Can anyone please provide me how to calculate that how much time it will take to charge the battery? ...
3
votes
2answers
375 views

number of electrons my laptop uses in a second

in order to confirm whether I understand the relation ship between amps, columbs and electrons I decided to try out the following. my laptop adapter's label reads 3.34 amps. I assume that: amps are ...
37
votes
5answers
19k views

Why do power lines buzz?

When near high tension power lines, particularly after a good rain, the lines themselves emit a buzzing noise. A similar noise can be heard coming out of the electric meters attached to my apartment. ...
0
votes
2answers
156 views

Why only one prong in the plugs are not showing response to tester pen?

I have 2 pin outlet for A.C current . Now when I connect a TV plug in that and when I touch one of the prongs with my tester, the tester is showing response. But on the other prong the tester shows no ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Resistance from voltage and charge [closed]

I'm sure this is pretty basic, but I'm not very good at electricity. At both ends of a conductor we apply 12 volts. For one minute an electric charge of 72 C passes through the conductor. What is ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Total power consumption of electric device

For some electric devices, like a fan or air conditioner, I read about their power consumption in watts on their specification guide. Does it tell about the power at normal or full speed? or Does the ...
12
votes
7answers
4k views

Why is electricity not transmitted wirelessly?

Why is electricity not transmitted wirelessly such that we don't need to span cables on the earth's surface? As in: electricity is transmitted wirelessly from the power plant to the household.
0
votes
3answers
5k views

Calculating time for a fully charged UPS

I have a UPS of 1000 Volts connected with 2 batteries each of 150 Amp. How much time it will take to consume the whole UPS (after fully charged) when a device of 1Amp is getting electricity form that ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Ozone generation [closed]

Another crazy question: 1) I will need to generate some ozone for chemical reactions, and what seems to be the most straightforward way is using germicidal lamps, but the question is how to estimate ...
2
votes
2answers
320 views

Small scale water power, how does water volume and hight convert into electric energy?

I was playing a little bit with the basic physics behind water power production but I can't get the numbers right. Let's say that I put a windmill that pumps water into a watertank on the top of my ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

How do I calculate the power consumed by a lightbulb?

I'm studying a lightbulb and its variable resistance, given by the expression: $R(T) = Ro[1 + α(T-T_0)]$, where $R_0$ is the resistance of the lamp at $T_0$. In this case, $R$ is not given by Ohm's ...
4
votes
2answers
477 views

Algorithm of Lightning Strikes? [duplicate]

Given an array of charge for a given area (2D or 3D), what algorithm would describe the path that lightning takes? An example algorithm would be from the highest charge of the cloud, find the lowest ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

What happens when a lightning rod is not earthed?

A Lightning rod is fixed to the building and it is not given earthing then what happens? How does the lightning reach the ground through the building?
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Function of electric water pump

What is the function of electric water pump, i.e does it push or pull water or both?
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Why and how exactly is electric motor torque limited?

Inspired by this question and specifically this answer to it. From my experience there's always some very specific limit to how much torque an electric motor can output. For example, an electric ...
33
votes
3answers
2k views

Wind generators - why so few blades?

Why commercial wind generators usually have just 2-3 blades? Having more blades would allow to increase power OR decrease diameter. Decreased diameter would also reduce stress due to different wind ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How do you produce electricity from a wind mill?

How does a spinning windmill produce electricity?What is the principle behind the windmill?