The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

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Residual Resistivity in alloys and metals

Residual Resistivity I saw that the graph of resistivity to temperature of alloys like nichrome is like so Meaning that even at 0 K it has some resistivity just like copper : I read some where ...
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2answers
250 views

Fundamentality of voltage to current

From Ohm's Law : Ohm's law states that the current through a conductor between two points is directly proportional to the potential difference across the two points. I would like to know if ...
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3k views

Why connect cells in parallel?

Say there is a circuit with two 1.5V cells, and a 100 ohm resistor. If you connect two cells in series, then the total emf is 3V. And the current will be 3/100 = 0.03 A. (Using V = IR): If you have ...
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Would you die if you put your hands on a powerline?

You know how birds perch on powerlines without getting electrocuted? What if by some chance that I find myself falling and I grab on one of them? Let's say both of my hands are on the same line, would ...
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Why does the potential drop across a battery and resistor equal the emf of the battery?

In this diagram you can see the potential difference across the battery and resistor is the same as the pd created by the battery (the battery and resistor are representing a battery with internal ...
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171 views

Resistance of superconducting wire in parrallel with standard wire

The formula for parrallel resistors is $\frac{1}{R_T} = \frac{1}{R_1} + \frac{1}{R_2}$ But how can you use this formula when one of the branches is a superconductor, eg: Where the red resistor ...
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530 views

This sentence makes no sense, electrostatics and electrons moving in a conductor - current

I highlighted the part where the confusion is. The sentence said that the potential difference is 0, yet it then immediately talks about how electrons can have motion. What are they trying to ...
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876 views

Can lightning be used to solve NP-complete problems?

I'm a MS/BS computer science guy who is wondering about why lightning can't (or can?) be used to solve NP complete problems efficiently, but I don't understand the physics behind lightning, so I'm ...
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918 views

Schematic design of the apparatus (photoelectric effect)

I think I understand the basic idea of photoelectric effect but there are two things in the schematic diagram of the apparatus for the investigation of the photoelectric effect which I do not ...
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1answer
4k views

Why does it spark when I push a plug in the electrical socket?

When I slowly push a plug into the electrical socket I can often see sparks. Can anybody explain why? Can this be possibly harmful for the devices I plug in?
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In an alternating current, do electrons flow from the source to the device?

If electrons in an alternating current periodically reverse their direction, do they really flow? Won't they always come back to the same position?
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1k views

How does a voltage independent current source work?

So I'm having some trouble understanding what a voltage independent current source is. How can you have a current without a voltage. as I understand it voltage or EMF is the force that drives the ...
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2answers
754 views

is the voltage drop of a battery that is being short circuited the same as the battery's advertised voltige

So I know this is a pretty fundamental question, but I'll ask it any way. lets say you have a 12V battery, and the positive is connected to the negative directly by a wire with negligible ...
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292 views

Equipotential Contour mapping and making it 3D [closed]

I have seen Contour diagrams for Equipotentials . That are drawn like so: I also saw One image for these contours that was in 3D (Negative Point Charge) : I was Wondering If there's any ...
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1answer
192 views

Toroid with variable current and Ampere's Law

Say you have a current $I(t)$ (notice the time dependence) flowing through a Toroid with $N$ total loops and all the usual approximations: $(b-a) \ll r,\; B=0$ outside. You are asked to calculate ...
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20 views

I want to charge 48V 108Ah battery from 48V 80Watt solar panel. Can anyone write that how much time will take this battery to fully charge? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Charging 12V 150Ah battery I want to charge 48V 108Ah battery from 48V 80 Watt solar panel. Can anyone write that how much time will take this battery to fully charge?
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3answers
364 views

Can I get anions by touching the negative electrode of a battery? [closed]

It is said that anions are good for health. Instead of using an anion generator, can I get anions by touching the negative electrode of a battery?
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3answers
771 views

How does energy depend on frequency in an alternating current circuit?

In what relation is the energy input in an alternating current circuit to its frequency? I'd guess I have to compute something like $$E=\int P(\omega,t) dt=\int U(\omega,t) I(\omega,t) dt, $$ but ...
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2answers
1k views

Can a camera flash light near high voltage wires create medium to pass electricity?

I found a story of a boy who took a picture with flash light near 40,000 voltage lines. When it flashed, current came to his camera (as a spark may be) and passed through his body making him dead. Is ...
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3k views

Is it possible to mathematically derive the formula for resistance?

Resistance is given by $\rho L/A$, where $\rho$ is the material constant, $L$ is the length, and $A$ is the area. Is there any way that this can be derived mathematically, or is the only way ...
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1answer
4k views

What defines the brightness of a bulb?

So I have a question. There are three identical bulbs, 2 of them are connected in parallel and the third is basically in series, on the same circuit. If the one of the lamps in parallel breaks, what ...
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5answers
3k views

Magnetic flying engine [closed]

I invented a flying engine moving entirely by magnetic forces (such as the force related with magnetic field of the Earth). See http://porton.wordpress.com/2011/12/23/magnetic-vehicle/ The question ...
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171 views

Theory of Space Charge in a Planar Diode

A planar diode in a vacuum bulb can support current in only one direction. To even get current flowing, you have to heat up the cathode filament to excite the electrons. However, once current is ...
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274 views

What is lambda R in Richardson's Law?

I've got to calculate the thermionic emission through a diode, so I need to use Richardson's Law. However, one thing's got me confused - according to the Wikipedia page: $$J = A_GT^2e^\frac{-W}{kt}$$ ...
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2k views

How to know what materials are good conductors of electricity?

I'm not asking a question like "Is the wood conductive?". No. I'm asking what properties do they have to have to be good conductors. Theoretically I mean. Thanks.
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273 views

Question Based On Direct And Alternating Current

A Wikipedia article on Power engineering reads, Most refrigerators, air conditioners, pumps and industrial machinery use AC power whereas most computers and digital equipment use DC power. As ...
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848 views

Why do charges enter the capacitor in the first place?

I have been studying Capacitors for the past year now and the one thing I don't understand is how a charge is stored on the capacitor. Essentially, a circuit with a capacitor is an incomplete circuit ...
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803 views

How is contact resistivity defined for a Schottky contact, or the Schottky barrier height for an ohmic contact?

Based on the transfer length method (TLM), one can accurately calculate the contact resistivity for an ohmic contact, by evaluating the absolute resistance measured through the test structure and ...
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863 views

Definition of Free Electrons and Mobile Charges?

Could someone please give me a good definition of the following electric terms? Despite what searching I have done, I have not come across a definition that I have found clear for me to understand: ...
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Resistor circuit that isn't parallel or series

What's the equivalent resistance in this circuit (between points A and B)?
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2answers
3k views

Microwaves vs Gas or Electric Coil heating of a water boiler in a typical household

Wouldn't it be more energy efficient and or safe to use microwaves to heat our home's water boiler instead of using dangerous gas or hot electric coils that could catch other things on fire? I'm kinda ...
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5answers
1k views

Can someone explain the science behind MIT's 230% efficient LEDs?

I was reading Gizmodo the other day and I didn't quite understand the Physics behind this. Could anybody shed some light on how this effect actually works?
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974 views

General integral to find resistance

My question is: is there a simple and truly general equation for the resistance between two electrical equipotential surfaces?. Obviously, if so, what is it, and if not, why? It would be very ...
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Why does electrical current start to flow?

What happens microscopically when an electrical current starts to flow? I'd like to understand microscopically what happens in detail when electrons start moving (quasi-classically). Electrons can ...
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452 views

What is a boundary condition for capacitors/dielectrics?

I am extremely confused about what boundary conditions are. One minute ago I was solving easy capacitor questions and the next minute I am being asked boundary condition questions and there is no such ...
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2answers
7k views

Are all metals good conductor of electricity?

I am writing an article for kids, which is on conductors and insulators of electricity. If I make a statement that "All metals are electrical conductors and all non-metals are electrical insulators" ...
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247 views

Tubelights+power lines pictures?

I've come across many pictures like these, sometimes in chain emails reporting the dangers of power lines. Another claim is that they run on "wasted" energy. The explanations given are that the ...
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3answers
456 views

Current in a simple circuit

I was going over my notes for an introductory course to electricity and magnetism and was intrigued by something I don't have an answer to. I remember my professor mentioning, to the best I can ...
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53 views

How can I figure out how many kWh's are in a battery using the mAh's and voltage. [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Relating milliampere-hours to watt-hours for batteries How can I figure out how many kWh's are in a battery using the mAh's and voltage. Some batteries only list mAh's ...
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1answer
765 views

How do home-made capacitator bottles affect a tesla coil?

In the tutorial I'm following, the guy uses 6 snapple bottles to make capaciter (by covering them with foil and filling them with salt water) for a 9kV 30mA input. I have a stronger transformer (15kV ...
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206 views

Asynchronous generator run in vacuum chamber

what will be happen if we put asynchronous generator in vacuum chamber & run it above its synchronous speed. After reaching its over synchronous speed we will cut off electrical supply. Can it run ...
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1k views

When the electric field in an electrostatic charged conductor is zero, is the potential within also zero?

Let's say you have a point charge inside a conducting shell with an inner radius of 5cm and an outer radius of $7cm$. The point charge has a chard of $-4C$ and the shell a charge of $6C$. This means ...
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1answer
271 views

Why does hair stand up when standing under power lines?

My initial guess would be the immense electric field around the lines, that causes hair to get charged and due to each hair having the same charge they start to repel each other. So what is exactly ...
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2answers
186 views

Differences In Potential Equations

Could someone please describe the differences between the uses each of these potential equations: Potential due to a point charge: $V = \frac{k \cdot q}{r} - \frac{k \cdot ...
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3answers
2k views

How much energy was consumed when we turn on/off light?

My parents told me to turn off the light when I am not using it. But I remember my physics teacher told me that the action of turning on/off a light can cause huge energy. I am wondering how much is ...
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240 views

Magnetic Susceptibility- Permeability

What is the permeability of magnesium sulphate and therefore the magnetic susceptibility?
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1answer
1k views

As ISA Practical - Resistors in Parallel [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Current against the inverse of resistance graph, I = V/R +c How would you set up a circuit with a fixed resistor in parallel with a variable one. We are told to measure ...
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3answers
183 views

Lightning Power?

What is the power source of a lightning? It doesn't consume fuel, nor an atomic fission/fusion, but it discharges a large amount of energy. Is it feasible to create an artificial lightning using the ...
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762 views

How can I measure the conductivity of a copper rod?

I would like to perform an experiment to measure the conductivity of a copper rod. What device can I use to perform to experiment? is there such a thing as a conductivity meter? All i found was an ...
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Can energy be extracted from clouds?

Can cloud charge imbalance be used as an energy source? First off quite some energy must be present in clouds: a lightning path is quite long, and electrical breakdown of air requires about 1MV/m. ...