The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

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199 views

Why does an armature of a generator rotate?

Why does an armature of a generator rotate? a) like poles repel b) unlike poles attract c) current flows up d) an outside force turns it I am thinking that (d) is the correct answer but ...
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2answers
393 views

Basic Physics Question [closed]

I'm having a difficult time answering this question. I think I'm just converting the units wrong somewhere: You're the CEO of a courier company, and you decide to select an electric car for your ...
1
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2answers
205 views

What's the difference in subatomic structure between a conductor and a non-conductor?

I mean, some elements don't conduct electricity, while some do. They are all atoms, and electricity is always electrons. So why won't it flow sometimes, and why does it flow in other times?
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2answers
236 views

If I switch on a generator connected to an open circuit, are the charges oscillating along wires?

If I switch on a generator connected to an open circuit, are the charges oscillating along wires? Where has the energy gone in the open circuit?
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0answers
59 views

Book recommendation [duplicate]

I already learned the Physics' basics like Newton Laws, Electricity, and Optics. Can you recommend me a good book for advancing with my learning of physics(with some math)?
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0answers
38 views

Buzzing/Vibration in body under power lines [duplicate]

I am hoping someone can please give me an answer. I was at a dog park with my dog and son (hes 12), which is directly under high/loud voltage power lines. I went to brush some dirt of my sons neck ...
1
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1answer
269 views

What is meant by boiling off electrons in a heater coil?

In my electricity and magnetism course, we used a Thompson tube to produce an electron beam. There is a heating element at the back of the tube and the lab manual claims that "electrons are boiled ...
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3answers
2k views

Calculate for Multiple Resistors with a Bridge

Background A circuit is constructed with five resistors and a battery as shown. The battery voltage is V = 12 V. The values for the resistors are: R1 = 78 Ω, R2 = 150 Ω, R3 = 132 Ω, and R4 = 83 Ω. ...
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1answer
648 views

Why the electric force does no work on the charge when perpendicular to the field?

I was reading my physics textbook and came across this sentence: When a charge moves in an electric field, unless its displacement is always perpendicular to the field, the electric force does ...
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6answers
9k views

Are Fresnel lenses widely used for solar electricity? If not, why not?

I was just wondering why Fresnel Lenses are not widely used in the production of solar electricity. Their use there would mean that you could produce heat within a fraction of a second, up to a few ...
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1answer
58 views

How to produce a bigger rotational velocity from two rotational velocities?

If I have two electronic motors, both running at the same voltage and current, delivering the same rotational velocity, how could I produce a bigger rotational velocity from them?
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1answer
80 views

Why junction removal method doesn't work like this?

This is a question from my textbook's chapter on electrical currents. It has a square circuit as shown in figure 1, where all the wires have identical resistivity. While solving the circuit the ...
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1answer
100 views

Motion in insulating fluid under high voltage

I observed the following phenomenon in an experiment (I'm not a student of physics, just an amateur) and was hoping for an explanation. A metal pan is electrically grounded and a layer of insulating ...
2
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1answer
96 views

Why isn't this working? [closed]

I just broke a 120mm computer fan in name of science and now I'm pissed; can anyone explain why this doesn't work? : The battery should create a potential difference across the motor, causing the ...
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1answer
492 views

Electric circuit question [closed]

http://www.fisme.uu.nl/nno/opgaven/bestanden/Ronde1-Theorie-2009.pdf, question 5: You have to calculate Id when the switch at S is opened, when its closed, the Id = 0.5 A. All resistors are ...
6
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3answers
308 views

Why does Joule heating not occur when no current flows through a conductor?

Joule heating happens every time when the conduction electrons transfer kinetic energy to the conductor's atoms through collisions, causing these conductor's atoms to increase their kinetic and ...
2
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2answers
707 views

How is a Lichtenberg figure created?

Related: Breakdown voltage of a dielectric When I think of the dielectric breakdown of air, an electric field of $3×10^6$ V/m is enough to accelerate initially ionized electrons created primarily ...
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1answer
158 views

What is the pressure of a gas required to ionize the gas using an electron gun?

How dense does a gas (Argon in particular ) have to be to in order to ionize it using electron bombardment and weak magnetic fields. Is there a correlation with the density of a gas and the easiness ...
2
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1answer
66 views

What is vacuum to DC flow?

I know how an air gap behaves: for lower voltages the resistance is extremely high, until spark voltage is achieved, at which point resistance rapidly drops, creating electric arc. Now, how does that ...
3
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3answers
724 views

The moving capacitor

To what extent can a charged capacitor mounted on a moving platform (e.g. a rotating wheel) be considered an electric current generator? Electric current, after all, is nothing more than the transport ...
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3answers
345 views

Potentiometer voltage change

I'm trying to understand simple things about electricity reading allaboutcircuits.com web. This chapter includes image which´s principle I don't understand. Here it is: When supplying constant ...
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1answer
149 views

Why does shorting two cells in series heat them up?

I tried this with two 9V batteries that you can interlock easily and they heat up a lot. Why does this happen? The internal resistance of the batteries would be quite small so why would they still ...
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1answer
296 views

Effective Resistance [closed]

For the combination of the resistors, shown in the figure. Calculate the equivalent resistance between A and B, please help me to find the answer of this complicated question this is a question from ...
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1answer
834 views

Voltage and parallel-plate capacitors

Suppose we have two parallel plates (each of area $A$) spaced with distance $d_1$ acting as a parallel-plate capacitor within a circuit. If the capacitor is connected to a power source with constant ...
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2answers
355 views

Conceptually, why does an electric field not require a charge flowing through it?

My son has been asking me a lot about electromagnetism and so I got to read up on it.One of the interesting and hard to grasp (for me at least) concepts is that an electric field will exist even when ...
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1answer
226 views

Voltage reading between hand and 3.3V source is only 0.1mV. Why?

I held one multimeter probe to a 3.3V source, the other probe I held in my hand. The voltage measured between these 2 points was around ...
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1answer
259 views

A question from a Physics 2 exam: About electron cloud an a constant external field:

I am trying to prepare for my exam in Physics $2$, the following is a question from an old exam (the question also have a detailed answer to it, but I don't really understand it). An acceptable ...
7
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4answers
587 views

Why does electric field intensity $E$ can be uniquely determined by its divergence and curl? [duplicate]

My question is, the number of following equations $$\nabla\cdot E=\frac{\rho}{\varepsilon}$$ $$\nabla\times E=-\frac{\partial B}{\partial t}$$ is 4 while the number of unknown variables ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Why are electrons defined to have negative charge? [duplicate]

We normally think of the "default" or "root" state of things as being on the positive side of the spectrum. For example, we don't normally use a + symbol to ...
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2answers
3k views

why does headlights dim when a starter motor is turned on

okay first of all, what exactly does the starter motor do? does it increase the current flow and decrease voltage? and does starter motor have its own internal resistance? i understand how there is a ...
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1answer
185 views

Can an AC magnetic field be measured by a hall probe?

Many hall sensors on the market have a datasheet that explain the proportional relationship between the analog voltage that is outputted and the relative gauss/tesla reading (for example: 2.5mV = ...
2
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1answer
118 views

Inductor rise time and inductor wire length

So here is an interesting question about inductors or coils in general. Suppose you had a inductor which was 12 inch's in diameter and say 12 inch's in length and has 100 turns of wire. The total ...
0
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1answer
111 views

Which physics subjects should a math major follow if s/he's interested in Smart Grid Networks? [closed]

I study mathematics and I would like to work on Smart Grid Networks in the (near) future. I would like to do so by applying optimization theory, percolation theory, Markov chains and more to problems ...
4
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3answers
18k views

Why does connecting a battery's positive terminal to the negative terminal of another battery not create a short circuit?

This is a question regarding the physics behind the observation. I have guessed the answer to the question, but I may be wrong, so I want to wait for the responses before posting it. Some major ...
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1answer
446 views

Self-sustained vs. non-self-sustained discharge systems

I don't quite understand what a self-sustained discharge is. I figure it means that the processes involved are self supporting and generate themselves, so that I don't have to put energy into the ...
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1answer
34 views

About thermionic emission

Does thermionic emission have any limits? If we continued heating the metal plate can it reach a charge of 1 C ? Will the work function increase as the charge of the metal plate increase?
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3answers
133 views

What can justify the decrease of the electrical conductivity with the increase of light intensity?

I have currently been working with a sample that "appears to" decrease its resistance when I cover it and protect it from light. Basically it presents the opposite behaviour of a photoresistor. What ...
0
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1answer
417 views

Conductor resistance calculation method

1. What are the variables that effect on a conductor resistance (I mean all of them)? First of all I would like to say that I know how to calculate the resistance of a conductor using the method ...
20
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5answers
3k views

Does alternating current (AC) require a complete circuit?

This popular question about "whether an AC circuit with one end grounded to Earth and the other end grounded to Mars would work (ignoring resistance/inductance of the wire)" was recently asked on the ...
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2answers
2k views

Path of least resistance vs. short circuit

Some sources on the web claim that "electricity follows the path of least resistance" is not true, e.g. this physics SE question. However, in every explanation of "short circuits", the author says ...
0
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2answers
403 views

Drawing electric field lines-Equations or software

Shown below in the diagram are two conducting material connected to a battery source and vacuum OR air is in between them. There will be charges developed on their surfaces. I am interested in finding ...
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0answers
62 views

What is the relationship between strain and electric current?

Strain or stress can be caused by different sources. I categorized theses sources as mechanical, thermal and electrical loads and formulated the total stress as follows: $$ \epsilon_{total} = ...
2
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1answer
356 views

Is there a way to electrically shock a person who is inside a Faraday cage?

I learned last semester that a Faraday cage shields people (among other things) from getting electrically shock, say, from a tesla coil. This was well demonstrated in lecture so I believe it. The ...
0
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1answer
58 views

What would happen if you attached a wire to an electrically charged sphere?

If you have a sphere covered in electrons, and you connected a copper wire to it, what would happen? The copper wire's other end is not connected to anything and assume that the copper wire is ...
6
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6answers
2k views

Why does electricity need wires to flow?

If you drop a really heavy ball the ball's gravitational potential energy will turn into kinetic energy. If you place the same ball in the pool, the ball will still fall. A lot of kinetic energy will ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Why do circuits work so fast?

Drift velocity (explained to me as how fast the electrons are moving) is really slow. My book says the electrons move at around 10 mm/ s. If electrons move so slowly how do circuits work so fast? If ...
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1answer
185 views

Do we need infinite energy to make 2 similar charges touch only in theory?

By Coulomb's law, say if we have 2 point particles each having a charge of +1C then by the formula, F = k/(d)^2 if we need to make the distance between them zero, clearly y the formula, we need to ...
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0answers
189 views

Projects for a physics club [closed]

It's a physics club for undergraduates (first three years of university); I'm looking for projects idea that aren't too obvious like a small rocket or an electromagnet (school projects) but also not ...
0
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1answer
3k views

Why does pushing a magnet inside a solenoid produce current?

If you push a bar magnet inside a solenoid, a current is produced. But why is that? I mean, the wire is being moved along the magnetic field, so taking the cross product: $\vec{F} = ...
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2answers
2k views

Why does the thickness of a wire affect resistance?

For small thicknesses of wire, it's pretty obvious why resistance affects thickness. (The electronics squeeze to get through). But after a certain thickness shouldn't the thickness become irrelevant? ...