The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

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6
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3answers
812 views

Why do charges enter the capacitor in the first place?

I have been studying Capacitors for the past year now and the one thing I don't understand is how a charge is stored on the capacitor. Essentially, a circuit with a capacitor is an incomplete circuit ...
2
votes
1answer
772 views

How is contact resistivity defined for a Schottky contact, or the Schottky barrier height for an ohmic contact?

Based on the transfer length method (TLM), one can accurately calculate the contact resistivity for an ohmic contact, by evaluating the absolute resistance measured through the test structure and ...
1
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1answer
812 views

Definition of Free Electrons and Mobile Charges?

Could someone please give me a good definition of the following electric terms? Despite what searching I have done, I have not come across a definition that I have found clear for me to understand: ...
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4answers
4k views

Resistor circuit that isn't parallel or series

What's the equivalent resistance in this circuit (between points A and B)?
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Microwaves vs Gas or Electric Coil heating of a water boiler in a typical household

Wouldn't it be more energy efficient and or safe to use microwaves to heat our home's water boiler instead of using dangerous gas or hot electric coils that could catch other things on fire? I'm kinda ...
10
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5answers
1k views

Can someone explain the science behind MIT's 230% efficient LEDs?

I was reading Gizmodo the other day and I didn't quite understand the Physics behind this. Could anybody shed some light on how this effect actually works?
4
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1answer
934 views

General integral to find resistance

My question is: is there a simple and truly general equation for the resistance between two electrical equipotential surfaces?. Obviously, if so, what is it, and if not, why? It would be very ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Why does electrical current start to flow?

What happens microscopically when an electrical current starts to flow? I'd like to understand microscopically what happens in detail when electrons start moving (quasi-classically). Electrons can ...
1
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0answers
443 views

What is a boundary condition for capacitors/dielectrics?

I am extremely confused about what boundary conditions are. One minute ago I was solving easy capacitor questions and the next minute I am being asked boundary condition questions and there is no such ...
2
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2answers
7k views

Are all metals good conductor of electricity?

I am writing an article for kids, which is on conductors and insulators of electricity. If I make a statement that "All metals are electrical conductors and all non-metals are electrical insulators" ...
0
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1answer
243 views

Tubelights+power lines pictures?

I've come across many pictures like these, sometimes in chain emails reporting the dangers of power lines. Another claim is that they run on "wasted" energy. The explanations given are that the ...
10
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3answers
447 views

Current in a simple circuit

I was going over my notes for an introductory course to electricity and magnetism and was intrigued by something I don't have an answer to. I remember my professor mentioning, to the best I can ...
0
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0answers
53 views

How can I figure out how many kWh's are in a battery using the mAh's and voltage. [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Relating milliampere-hours to watt-hours for batteries How can I figure out how many kWh's are in a battery using the mAh's and voltage. Some batteries only list mAh's ...
1
vote
1answer
725 views

How do home-made capacitator bottles affect a tesla coil?

In the tutorial I'm following, the guy uses 6 snapple bottles to make capaciter (by covering them with foil and filling them with salt water) for a 9kV 30mA input. I have a stronger transformer (15kV ...
2
votes
1answer
201 views

Asynchronous generator run in vacuum chamber

what will be happen if we put asynchronous generator in vacuum chamber & run it above its synchronous speed. After reaching its over synchronous speed we will cut off electrical supply. Can it run ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

When the electric field in an electrostatic charged conductor is zero, is the potential within also zero?

Let's say you have a point charge inside a conducting shell with an inner radius of 5cm and an outer radius of $7cm$. The point charge has a chard of $-4C$ and the shell a charge of $6C$. This means ...
4
votes
1answer
269 views

Why does hair stand up when standing under power lines?

My initial guess would be the immense electric field around the lines, that causes hair to get charged and due to each hair having the same charge they start to repel each other. So what is exactly ...
2
votes
2answers
182 views

Differences In Potential Equations

Could someone please describe the differences between the uses each of these potential equations: Potential due to a point charge: $V = \frac{k \cdot q}{r} - \frac{k \cdot ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

How much energy was consumed when we turn on/off light?

My parents told me to turn off the light when I am not using it. But I remember my physics teacher told me that the action of turning on/off a light can cause huge energy. I am wondering how much is ...
0
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1answer
238 views

Magnetic Susceptibility- Permeability

What is the permeability of magnesium sulphate and therefore the magnetic susceptibility?
0
votes
1answer
1k views

As ISA Practical - Resistors in Parallel [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Current against the inverse of resistance graph, I = V/R +c How would you set up a circuit with a fixed resistor in parallel with a variable one. We are told to measure ...
0
votes
3answers
181 views

Lightning Power?

What is the power source of a lightning? It doesn't consume fuel, nor an atomic fission/fusion, but it discharges a large amount of energy. Is it feasible to create an artificial lightning using the ...
0
votes
2answers
720 views

How can I measure the conductivity of a copper rod?

I would like to perform an experiment to measure the conductivity of a copper rod. What device can I use to perform to experiment? is there such a thing as a conductivity meter? All i found was an ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Can energy be extracted from clouds?

Can cloud charge imbalance be used as an energy source? First off quite some energy must be present in clouds: a lightning path is quite long, and electrical breakdown of air requires about 1MV/m. ...
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5answers
344 views

How do electrical devices suck electricity?

If the electric potential is 220V and some device needs 1500watts then how does it suck exactly that amount of electrical energy from outlet?
4
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1answer
136 views

How can there be a path to ground with thick shoes and a carpet?

I'm connecting a test light to one pin of an halogen lamp. When I touch the metallic part on the back of the test light, the light glows, as it is supposed to. However, I have thick shoes and I am ...
2
votes
1answer
490 views

Electrical flow in a simple parallel circuit

I'm having trouble understanding something in one of my text books: Let’s have a look at the implications of each circuit configuration. Figure 3.13 shows the Conventional representation of a ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

how calculate resistance between two points for arbitrary resistor grid?

I need to calculate resistance in an electrical grid. Grid is a graph. Edges of a graph are resistors. How calculate resistance between any two vertexes for arbitrary graph? I know Kirchoff law and ...
3
votes
4answers
6k views

Understanding the relationship between electricity and magnetism

I keep on hearing that magnetism is just another form of electricity and vice versa. If that's the case why can't we use magnets as batteries, and why aren't my batteries magnetic?
3
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2answers
2k views

Relating milliampere-hours to watt-hours for batteries

I've seen many batteries that are measured in milliampere hours (mAh), while others are measured in watt hours (wh). How can I convert them between each other so that I can actually compare them? It's ...
3
votes
1answer
23k views

How much energy is in a lightning strike?

According to Wikipedia an average lightning has 1TW, the whole world used 16TW in 2006. (I suppose this means the same as 16TWh in one year?) Sometimes the lightning reaches 100kA. This peak last for ...
5
votes
2answers
462 views

Why do physicists believe protons and electrons are present in equal numbers?

I tended to consider that negative and positive charges are present in equal numbers in the universe to be a known, obvious fact. But is it so? How can we rule out the possibility that there is some ...
0
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1answer
301 views

polyphase circuits

I was going through a physics book which contains a short description of Nikola Tesla . The description mentioned about poly phase circuits (power supply). Out of curiosity I googled it up and I found ...
0
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2answers
2k views

Internal resistance V=IR circuit question [closed]

I don't know how to resolve this problem. A complete circuit consists of a 18,0 V battery (internal resistance r) and a resistor R. The terminal voltage of the circuit is 15,8 V and the current is ...
4
votes
5answers
775 views

Why doesn't an electron accelerate in a circuit?

Why don't electrons accelerate when a voltage is applied between two points in in a circuit? All the textbooks I've referred conveyed the meaning that when an electron traveled from negative potential ...
0
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3answers
838 views

How can AC source with different voltage provide same power

As some of us maybe aware, USA mains connection is 110 V while those in Asian countries are 220 V. How is it still possible for the Adapter to provide the necessary power to the device, say a laptop, ...
2
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2answers
3k views

How do I join two co-axial cables?

I'm trying to join two ends of co-axial cables. I've managed to connect the two ends of copper wires but still the signal response is very low. When I try to stretch the cable signal gets good. Why ...
1
vote
1answer
644 views

What is the capacitance of a superconductor?

I heard somewhere that the capacitance of a superconductor is much higher than regular conductors, but I haven't heard or seen anything yet proving or disproving such. So whats the truth? And why?
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Effects of a Coiled Cable

Okay, I've got a little bit of a layman's question here. We're doing a bit of spring cleaning in our office and we've found a cabinet with boxes upon boxes of stored wires, so naturally, this ...
1
vote
1answer
659 views

How can a portable 5V battery charge another 5V battery?

For a device that is portable and can charge an iPhone 4 or Nintendo 3DS: http://www.amazon.com/New-Trent-iCruiser-IMP1000-Blackberry/dp/B003ZBZ64Q I wonder, if this device outputs 5V, and iPhone or ...
0
votes
1answer
267 views

Equation for finding electrical resistance

I want to know how the flow of electrons will change when I change the tempertature from 100 F to 250 F in a silicon semi-conductor (ex: computer mouse) How can I find this out?
1
vote
1answer
4k views

Current against the inverse of resistance graph, $I = V/R +c$

If I have a plot of current ($y$ axis) against 1/Resistance ($x$ axis). The circuit it is measured from is a simply 2 resistors connected in parallel to battery, where the potential across the ...
5
votes
5answers
4k views

How can I prevent being zapped by static electricity every time I touch a doorknob or handle in the office?

I don't know what it is about this office, but it seems everything I touch (doorknob, bathroom faucet, edge of kitchen sink in the break room), I get zapped by static electricity. It's getting old. ...
4
votes
5answers
706 views

Why are $\mu_0$ and $\epsilon_0$, which appear in electrostatics and magnetostatics, related to the speed of light which appears in electrodynamics?

$\epsilon_0$ and $\mu_0$ appear in electrostatics and magnetostatics. When we include time varying fields we have electrodynamics and the appearance of c which turns out to be related to $\epsilon_0$ ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

What happens to a fully charged battery, when you continue to charge it?

If I leave my cell-phone charging the whole night, it will be fully charged after a while. What happens with the battery and the excess energy I add? Also, I noticed my charger emitting a different ...
16
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7answers
8k views

Why is the charge naming convention wrong?

I recently came to know about the Conventional Current vs. Electron Flow issue. Doing some search I found that the reason for this is that Benjamin Franklin made a mistake when naming positive and ...
3
votes
1answer
458 views

Is there something like the Poynting vector for hydraulic circuits?

The Poynting vector is a representation of the energy flux in electromagnetics, showing the amount and direction of power flow at different points in space. In electric circuits, the energy is not ...
0
votes
2answers
704 views

Does power from a resistor perform work or heat transfer?

Let's say I have a cylindrical piston filled with air and fitted with an electrical resistor. The resistor has a current going across it and a voltage for a certain amount of time. My system would be ...
2
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4answers
1k views

Total Resistance of Infinite Resistor Grid?

The problem of the infinite resistor grid is very common. The solution for the resistance between any 2 nodes in an infinite resistor lattice is all over the internet. My question is somewhat similar ...
8
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2answers
616 views

Desperately Need Help with Grade 9 Static Electricity

I am preparing to teach Grade 9 Static Electricity next week and am going crazy trying to figure out what is happening in one of my experiments. I have a short piece of PVC pipe, 4 inches diameter, ...