The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

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765 views

How does the electric motor and generator vary?

what is the key difference between the windings of the electric motor and electric generator?
4
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2answers
588 views

lifetime of a PN junction in a diode

diodes are made of silicon, which have been enriched in phosphorus and boron to create the PN junction. Since the electrons are always going in the same direction, from N to P in the junction, I was ...
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2answers
374 views

Why doesn't a phone charge faster, rather than slower when it is in use

In Physics class, we were building parallel circuits, and as more lights were attached in parallel, they got brighter (as more power was being provided to the lights, and the resistance decreases). ...
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2answers
1k views

Flow of water and flow of electrons, how this analogy works?

If flow of electrons analogy can be imagined as flow of water, how to imagine electricity, that comes in this whole picture? When plug from bottom of sink is taken out, gravity pulls water molecules, ...
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2answers
620 views

What happens if you connect a hot resistor to a cold resistor?

Kind of an extension to this question: If you heat up an object, and put it in contact with a colder object, in an ideal insulated box, the heat from one will transfer to the other through thermal ...
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4answers
3k views

Why do 'dead' batteries work again after exchanging the places of the batteries in an electronic device?

My camera, which is powered by two AA batteries in series, would not power on. I removed the batteries, exchanged their locations, and the device worked again - for another 15 minutes or so. The ...
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2answers
10k views

Determine the point at which the electric field is equal to zero?

Two point charges, -2.5 micro coulombs and 6 micro coulombs, are separated by a distance of 1m (with the -2.5 charge on the left and 6 on the right). What is the point where the electric field is ...
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2answers
1k views

Why is the steam from cooling towers not used?

If I see the steam coming out of cooling towers at an altitude of 200 meters, I cannot help but think that this energy is wasted. My question is: Why isn't this steam cooled enough to become water and ...
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4answers
2k views

Calculating current used by individual resistor?

I just recently finished a test on Physics, and when receiving my scores back I missed a question. Here's what it was if I can remember it correctly: Three resistors (10.0, 15.0, and 6.00 ohms) ...
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Why do power lines sag when they are heated up?

I was reading some information about the 2003 power blackout in the Northeastern US. Beginning early in the afternoon of August 14, 2003 big transmission lines began to fail in First Energy's ...
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3answers
4k views

What is a virtual ground?

What is a virtual ground? I would like to know what it is.
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1answer
388 views

Balloon rubbing; where do the electrons go?

If you rubbed a balloon with a towel, where would the electrons go: the balloon or the towel? Why? I'm guessing the electrons would go to the object with a larger mass, but it's just a guess. :)
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4answers
5k views

A circuit with no voltage difference, but current flowing

From Michael on Skeptics Stackexchange: How about a wire that's grounded? Safe to touch, right? WRONG. ...
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4answers
1k views

How do electrons “know” to share their voltage between two resistors?

My physics teacher explained the difference between voltage and current using sandwiches. Each person gets a bag full of sandwiches when they pass through the battery. Current = the number of people ...
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5answers
4k views

Why can different batteries with the same voltage send different currents through the same object?

According to an answer in this thread on Skeptics: If you take one of the little 12V garage door opener batteries and short out (directly connect) the two terminals with a piece of wire or ...
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1answer
828 views

Salt water conduction

Does salt water conduct mostly by the ions travelling through the solution, or by electrons collectively flowing or hopping through the solution like in metals?
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1answer
230 views

determination of voltaic cell voltage

if i understood this correctly, the determination of voltage for a specific voltaic (gallvanic) cell is determined only by the chemical correlation between the two metals. is this true? for an ...
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4answers
953 views

Do Alkaline batteries, NiMH, rechargeable alkaline, Lithium AA, all have similar MAX POWER?

So in physics, one smart teacher told me, V = IR or I = V / R but it is not always true, because ...
5
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3answers
492 views

Can electricity transfer radioactivity?

If a cable used to power something is exposed to a radioactive source will it over time make the entire cable radioactive?
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2answers
971 views

What is the source of high-frequency squeal in faulty CRT monitors and TV, and what is physics of generating this sound?

Sometimes old faulty CRT monitors generate nasty high-frequency squeal sound. What element might be responsible for generating such sound? I have heard that it might be dry electrolytic capacitor; ...
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0answers
253 views

what happens if i charge a a Li-ion battery with non nominal voltage?

Suppose that i have a li-ion battery with voltage 10V (and some capacity, say 1000mAh). Can i charge it completely using 5V voltage? What will hapen if i charge it with 12V voltage? edit: Found ...
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5answers
797 views

How long would it take for electricity to flow from one terminal to other, via a 1 LY long wire?

Basically, how long does it take for electricity to determine there is a closed circuit and how does it know that the circuit exists? I'm curious to know how it knows there is a closed circuit at any ...
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1answer
99 views

Physics II Video Courseware Recommendations

I'm looking for something to supplement my Physics II class. Last year I started using these video lectures to supplement my Calculus class and it helped tremendously. I also turned to this ...
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1answer
1k views

How fast do electrons move through a conductor?

If I apply $1 \text{ V}$ across a $1 \text{ }\Omega$ resistance, I'd get $1 \text{ A}$ flowing. $1 \text{ A}$ is defined as $1 \frac{\text{C}}{\text{s}}$, and $1 \text{ C}$ is equivalent to ...
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6answers
9k views

Difference between current and voltage sources

I am confused about the current and voltage. My intuitive example would be that of a pipe of say water. The diameter of the pipe determines the amount of water flowing per second but the pressure is ...
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8answers
14k views

Electricity takes the path of least resistance?

Electricity takes the path of least resistance! Is this statement correct? If so, why is it the case? If there are two paths available, and one, for example, has a resistor, why would the ...
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3answers
1k views

Why does my body accumulate charge?

If I wander outside in cold weather for 10-20 minutes my body accumulates charges. I get electric shock if I touch metal, e.g., door knob, car door etc. Now I've two questions: Why does human body ...
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3answers
6k views

What happens when we connect a metal wire between the 2 poles of a battery?

As I remembered, at the 2 poles of a battery, positive or negative electric charges are gathered. So there'll be electric field existing within the battery. This filed is neutralized by the chemical ...
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298 views

how does a glow lamp work

First, what do you call this in English? Second, how does it work? Why do I have not only light at the gas barrier between the two wires? Thanks!
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4answers
1k views

Resistance between two points on a conducting surface

Suppose we have a cylindrical resistor, with resistance given by $R=\rho\cdot l/(\pi r^2)$ Let $d$ be the distance between two points in the interior of the resistor and let $r\gg d\gg l$. Ie. it is ...
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2answers
699 views

Electric potential in a capacitor

Im a writing a school report regarding the electric energy and potential of a capacitor. In short: An experiment was carried out where we charged a capacitor, and then decharged it with an electric ...
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8answers
24k views

How to avoid getting shocked by static electricity?

sometimes I get "charged" and the next thing I touch something that conducts electricity such as a person, a car, a motal door, etc I get shocked by static electricity. I'm trying to avoid this so if ...
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4answers
8k views

Electrical force vs gravitational force

Given that the electrical force is so much stronger than gravitational force at atomic levels, why is it that it's the gravitational force between you and the earth that keeps you on the ground rather ...
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4answers
217 views

Calculating electric field

This problem is giving me a lot of problems. So $E=k*q/d^2$. We'd want to find the distance from q1 to P, which is .1 meters (not cm) using pythagorean thereom. So we know k, which is just $9x10^9$ ...
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2answers
1k views

Transfer function of an RLC circuit

I'm trying to simulate an RLC circuit using transfer function. Circuit is there: http://i.stack.imgur.com/MC8ME.png (I'm a new user therefore I cannot post images) But I can, L.Motl... Main ...
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2answers
1k views

Special designs to reduce the electrical resistance of a wire

The numerical simulation of this nerdy question shows that the resistance decreases with the number of nodes along longest side, and converges to a finite value when the # of nodes approaches ...
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1answer
19k views

Laptop self charge cable? [closed]

Ok this is a really silly question, but I was really curious as to why this wouldnt work. I'm just starting my electricity and magnetism course, so I really dont know much about electricity. I know ...
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1answer
573 views

does current product push or pull effect [closed]

Since i was a child i was told that current has pushing or pulling effect. However, i never got a dc shock and i don't remember ac shock (i got it very long before). The day before yesterday, an ...
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6answers
15k views

Why does my wife's skin buzz when she's using her laptop?

When my wife uses her laptop, if I touch her skin, I can feel a buzz. She doesn't feel the buzz, but she can hear it if I touch her ear. So I'm guessing it's a faulty laptop, and she's conducting an ...
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2answers
12k views

How does load affect frequency on the power grid?

This story about the use of battery/freewheel based Frequency Regulators confused me about how the 60hz frequency of the North American power grid was set--saying that it was kept at that frequency by ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the Power Consumption of a desktop computer? [closed]

I read an article which tells power consumption by many devices. It say that a desktop computer (computer and monitor) use 400 to 600 watt. While when i checked my computer and monitor with meter, it ...
12
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3answers
809 views

Why are materials that are better at conducting electricity also proportionately better at conducting heat?

It seems like among the electrical conductors there's a relationship between the ability to conduct heat as well as electricity. Eg: Copper is better than aluminum at conducting both electricity and ...
12
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11answers
5k views

Does 'electricity' have mass? Is 'electricity' tangible?

Background: I'm in a legal academic discussion about the status of electronic 'goods' and whether they qualify as 'goods' in the same way a chair and a pen do. In this context (and specifically at the ...
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4answers
3k views

Is a signal traveling through fiber faster than a signal traveling through copper?

Does the transmission medium affect the speed of a signal? For instance does light traveling through a fiber cable get a bit from A => B faster than copper can transmit a bit the over the same ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between induced and motional emf?

At least from their names, it seems motional emf is induced, so what's the difference?
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1answer
1k views

Current from induced emf

If the induced emf in a circuit is negative, and current from this emf is the emf over the resistance, what happens to the negative sign in the induced emf when solving for the current? Surely there's ...
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4answers
2k views

Is there a travelling speed of for electric field? If yes, what is it?

Consider a conducting wire of 1M and 1000KM. Now if we connect a battery and a bulb to both these wires. Bulb glows instantaneously its because (my guess:) electric filed travels from positive ...
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2answers
1k views

Does Tesla's photoelectric “solar cell” really work?

Tesla patented a device for gathering energy from light, using the photoelectric effect. (US 685,957 - Apparatus for the Utilization of Radiant Energy): Basically just a sheet of "highly polished ...
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2answers
185 views

How to get the cosine of a waveform?

I have a set of samples that represents a waveform. This waveform resembles a frequency modulated sinusoidal wave (only it is not). I would like to invert this waveform or shift it by $2\pi$ shift it ...
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2answers
706 views

How is electrical energy transmitted?

My original question was in an effort to understand the electrical analogy to Markov chains, which is explained in Snell's article. There are some neat parallels that involve taking a Markov chain ...