The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

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560 views

Under what condition charges do not flow in closed circuit?

I wanted to ask under what conditions will charges not flow in a closed circuit. Or when is current through the circuit zero even when an EMF is applied? Like in the case of potentiometer, we say that ...
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1answer
1k views

Finding Current and Voltage through resistors given overall voltage and resistor values

Given a setup like: Is it possible to find current and voltage through each resistors given resistor values and overall voltage (battery voltage I suppose). I think $$I_0=I_A=\frac{\Delta ...
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3answers
189 views

computer vs heater coil comparison

If I have a computer and a heater coil that consume exactly the same amount of energy, which would be more efficient at heating my room? This is assuming that they both have the same fans and heat ...
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1answer
143 views

Charged plane in an electric field acceleration

A perpendicular plane to an electric field's lines of force has more electric flux than a plane that is in parallel with the lines of force, right? Does this mean that a charged plate would ...
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1answer
189 views

Carrier Electrons Generation and Recombination Time

When a Electron gets promoted to the conduction band from valence band (In generation) lets say for example in Silicon at room temperature. Is there any way to determine (on average) how long it will ...
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3answers
1k views

What's the difference between Capacitors, Ultra-Capacitors and Batteries

Capacitors are known to hold and release energy very quickly, unlike the slower release that batteries exhibit. If one were to bunch many (1000's of) capacitors together could they function as a ...
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1answer
283 views

why do lightbulbs sometimes unscrew by themselves?

I've seen some light fixtures which exhibit the behavior of lightbulbs gradually unscrewing by themselves.
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2answers
725 views

Resonant inductive coupling and Schumann resonances

I was reading about WiTricity (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WiTricity) a technology developed by MIT to wirelessly transmit electricity through resonance, and I have this question: Given the ...
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2answers
22k views

Why does a salt solution conduct electrical current?

How does e.g. sodium chloride (aq) conduct electricity? By accepting electrons (unlikely since they already have a full outer shell)? But they can't be hopping around themselves, can they? I mean, if ...
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1answer
524 views

Does light induce an electric current in a conductor?

I know that electromagnetic waves induce electric currents in conductors and that's the basis for radio, wi-fi etc. I also know that light is also an electromagnetic wave. So, can light induce a ...
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1answer
219 views

Photosensitivity of Photodiodes, lower wavelength -> lower sensitivity?

I saw a diagram of the photosensitivity (Current per Power) of a photodiode. So there is this diagonal stating the 100% quantum efficiency. I wondered why the sensitivity for bluer light lower ...
2
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1answer
244 views

Transformators (primary and secondary windings)

Consider the following problem: Robby wants to put a light in the shed so he puts a cable between his house and the shed. In the cable there are 2 wires with a combined resistance of $0,92 \space ...
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1answer
238 views

Does electric potential have a temperature?

When I took my first thermo class a tucked away chapter introduced Exergy in terms of electrical energy, meaning that the amount of electrical energy you could get from something is functionally its ...
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1answer
705 views

What kills you: Voltage or Electric current? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What causes an electric shock - Current or Voltage? When someone gets electrocuted, what kills them; a high Voltage or a high Electric current, and why?
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5k views

How can you have a negative voltage?

How can you have a negative voltage? I don't really understand the concept of negative voltage, how can it exist?
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1answer
506 views

Finding and plotting the current graph from a voltage graph (piecewise function)

Problem description: My attempt at making the piecewise function: Then, in order to find i(t), I took the derivative of 80x/3 and -80x/3, with respect to x, and multiplied C. Obviously, I'm left ...
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1answer
392 views

What does the current vs voltage graph of a halogen look like?

I have a halogen light with a tungsten filament. It is rated 500w at 130v but I am running it from an inverter in my car that is putting out 110v. I would like to know what the actual power usage of ...
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2answers
439 views

Lightning driven electrolysis

Could a lightning bolt be harnessed to perform electrolysis, would a useful amount of hydrogen be produced? I'm imagining some industrial scale device in the ocean with some hydrogen capture ...
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2answers
6k views

How can I calculate the wave propagation speed in a copper wire?

First of all: I am a computer science student, so I don't have much knowledge of physics. So please keep your answers simple. I recently learned something about circuit design and its problems ...
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3answers
3k views

Where do electrons in electricity come from?

Where do the electrons come from when an electric generator is making electricity? Is from the air? Would a generator work in a vacuum? Electrons have mass so where would they be pulled from if ...
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1answer
251 views

Do plastic shoes electrically insulate people from the ground?

I've read on the Internet that wearing plastic shoes doesn't allow electric charges we collect from our environment (PC, TV, appliances) to be earthed. Is this reasoning correct?
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2answers
161 views

Why do power lines buzz more when it is low-humidity outside?

I have observed that the power lines buzz louder when there is less moisture in the air. Why is this? If it will help the lines are located on the foot hills of a nearby mountain.
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2answers
611 views

Conservation of Energy in a Capacitor

Consider a parallel-plate capacitor in free space. A negatively charged point particle with initial velocity $v$ passes through the space between the pair of parallel plates (with an initial path ...
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0answers
163 views

Braess's Paradox in Electrical Circuits

According to this and other similar papers, http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v352/n6337/abs/352699a0.html, adding a current-carrying path can increase the voltage drop across a circuit. What is ...
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2answers
2k views

How exactly does static discharge work?

Assume I have built up a pretty high charge by rubbing the floor or something. I want to understand these situations: I almost always get shocked when I touch a metal doorknob with my bare hand. I ...
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2answers
308 views

What are the current possibilities for large-scale storage of electrical energy?

I'm curious as to how large-scale electrical storage is managed now, how much they can store, how well they scale and for how long (and what is their loss rate). (I'm not asking about technological ...
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1answer
301 views

Impurity scattering temperature dependence

Is there any temperature dependence of relaxation time in impurity scattering of conducting electrons? It seems to me that there is none. But, some people claim that there is. So if you could ...
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4answers
6k views

is it possible to flow current in open circuit?

First , i don't know much about chemistry and physics. I'm just a graphic designer but i have this question in my mind. I'm sorry if this question is too basic and use 'generic' language. As i know ...
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2answers
2k views

How to calculate required current and specifications for a “wet coil” to generate x Tesla of magnetic field?

A water management project requires a "wet coil" (coil will be submerged in aqueous media) designed to generate a steady-state electromagnetic field of adjustable magnetic magnetic flux density at the ...
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2answers
143 views

A problem concerning the force between currents or moving electrons

Concerning two identical wires carrying the same current (same direction, speed and magnitude), they will be attracted because of the Ampere force. But when I was in the frame moving with the same ...
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2answers
4k views

Does Fire Conduct Electricity? Why?

Recently, I have stumbled upon a YouTube video by Veritasium describing the conductivity of fire. My question is: how exactly does fire conduct electricity? I am a high school student; therefore ...
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2answers
10k views

Confusion about P=VI and V=IR

If we look at $P=VI$, we see that if the current doubles then the potential difference is halved but this doesn't seem to make sense according to $V=IR$. If we look at that equation, since the ...
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1answer
292 views

Electromotive force

EMF is defined as: "The potential difference across the terminals of a battery or dry cell when it is giving no current to the circuit." So, if current starts to flow from the ...
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1answer
1k views

How do bits get transferred over a copper wire?

I've been a programmer for a while, and I've done a little bit of network programming, but I'm wondering, how do bits get transferred over a copper wire? What counts for a 1 & what counts for a ...
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4answers
822 views

Are square wave really square or are they always relative approximations using harmonics

I'm studying the properties of waves through different mediums, and got hung up on this. Is a square wave always a sum of harmonics or can we produce a square wave by quickly changing voltage? Is ...
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2answers
3k views

Basic questions about voltage drop in DC circuit

I understand all the concepts of what voltage is using all the analogies but some things related to the drop of voltage across a circuit confuses me. If I had a short circuit and attached a ...
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3answers
465 views

What is voltage: strict but intuitive definition from accumulator's perspective

I know, that voltage is analogous to pressure for charge, but analogies lie. I don't see charge pressing anything and I don't understand definition of $U=A/q$ (voltage = work/charge), cause I can't ...
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2answers
339 views

Why doesn't a neon sign seem that hot?

I heard that neon signs contain plasma, why aren't they hot? is it because the electrons and ions do not hit the lamp's wall? Is it because it is non thermal plasma and electrons and ions are not in ...
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2answers
9k views

current in series resistors and voltage drop in parallel resistors

when we have resistors in series, the current through all the resistors is same and the voltage drop (or simply voltage) at each resistor is different. Question 1: it is fine that voltage drop ...
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2answers
14k views

Why does electricity flowing through a copper coil generate a magnetic field?

Can some one please explain to me why electricity flowing though a copper coil generates a magnetic field or where I could possibly find that information? Are there other materials that produce a ...
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1answer
846 views

What does a positive gradient on a graph of V plotted against I mean in terms of EMF and internal resistance?

According to the equation $V = E-Ir$, the gradient of a graph of $V$ against $I$ should be $-r$ (internal resistance) and the Y intercept should be the EMF. Am I right? In an experiment I used a ...
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3answers
5k views

Is the same amount of electricity used for ceiling and table fans on different speeds?

We use ceiling and table fans in home which are can be set to low or high speeds using regulators. I want to ask that does it uses or consumes same amount of electricity at different speeds? Here, ...
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3answers
38k views

Why do birds, sitting on electric wires, not get shocked?

If we would touch electric wires, we would get a shock, even if we are not touching ground (so that no connection is complete form wire to ground through us). I always see that birds sit on electric ...
5
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1answer
616 views

why sometimes touching old flickering tube lights starts them properly

In my old house there are two old tube lights. Some times they don't start properly, (specially at evening time, may be it is because of low voltage), they starts flickering i.e. on and off ...
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3answers
371 views

Compute closed line integral of electric field in circuit

I have a circuit where resistor is parallel to capacitor, which is charged with voltage U. How to compute line integral around closed loop to get the result of Kirchhof second law - ...
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1answer
124 views

Why are photons released from high-voltage electricity through a near vacuum?

I read an answer to what is inside a typical vacuum, and it suggested neutrinos from Space, and vapor from the container. So, maybe they add to this effect... But why are photons released from ...
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3answers
136 views

whether electricity that comes in our home comes directly after generated or first stored and then distributed

Please give answer that, whether electricity in our home comes directly after it is generated e.g. at a dam or nuclear plant or first it is stored somewhere and then distributed as it is needed.
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2answers
1k views

Derivation of Ohm's Law

Is it possible to derive Ohm's law (perhaps in some appropriate limit) from Maxwell's Equations?
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2answers
142 views

The Ultimate Hand Dryer

I have come across many hand dryers that attempt to dry your hands really fast after you wash them. Here are two of them: XLERATOR http://www.exceldryer.com/ Dyson Airblade ...
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2answers
9k views

Can Gases conduct Electricity?

Liquid electrolytes ionize and hence a current can pass through them. So if a gas can ionize, can it conduct electricity too? If so, what are a few such gases?