The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

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Eletric field on a semi circular ring, different charges on each quarter of a ring

In this image to calculate the net eletric field is used integration from 60 degrees to -60 degrees. Ok for me by now. But then I was doing this question, number 26: And he solves by doing that: ...
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19 views

What makes B-field not be arbitrarily large very close to an electric conductor?

Assume an inifinitely long, straight thin electrical conductor with current I. It follows from Ampere's law that the B-field intensity is proportional to 1/r, where r is the distance from the ...
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14 views

How do you calculate the electric tension between two charged entities?

If: 1) you know the coordinates and individual charge(in coulombs) of each object and 2) voltage is the difference in electric potential energy between two nodes How do you calculate the voltage in ...
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0answers
16 views

The induced electric field of an infinite current carrying wire

I am given, without motivation, that the induced electric field from an infinite, straight, current carrying wire is parallel to the wire itself. $$ \vec{I} \times \vec{E}_{\text{induced}} = ...
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21 views

Does a switched on power socket consume electricity? [migrated]

Lets say I have a TV and a power socket but the TV switch is off however the socket switch is switched on, so will it consume electricity?
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1answer
460 views

Tesla coil arc in air - where is it going?

here is a picture of a Tesla coil with a discharge that seemingly terminates in the air. What completes the circuit at the end of the streamers?
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0answers
25 views

water permittivity

I made a water sondе from one sided FR4. The plates are parallel, copper sides are counterclaims. The plates are $5\times 50$mm, spaced at $7.5$mm. The expected value of capacitance is ...
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3 views

Water flow in salt solutions contemporary exposed to an electrical and constant magnetic field

When a permanent magnet is held motionless close to a salt solution which already has been exposed to an electrical field a flow in the water will be induced and can be detected by applying some ...
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0answers
18 views

Why can xenon gas stay ionised after the “trigger voltage” is removed?

From my understanding of a Xenon flash circuit, a storage capacitor and a trigger capacitor are charged up to about 240V (both with similar RC values, but less capacitance is needed for the trigger ...
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1answer
26 views

RF disturbances produced by transmission power lines

I need a book or paper that contains "the effects of transmission lines on the radio frequency transmission and disturbances". Could you help me find a useful textbook? Thank you
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2 views

What state is needed to model AC 3 phase induction motor?

Suppose I have a regular 3 phase 50hz AC squirrel cage motor of known design. If I wanted to make a model of this motor, would I need to know more than: Angle of rotor Angular velocity of rotor ...
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9 views

Connection of circuit breaker [on hold]

I just want to know where is the circuit breaker connected in an electric installation? Is it on the live or on the neutral line of the generator? And why?
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0answers
28 views

What is ultimate AC frequency and phenomena related to it?

Just as in title. What is the top AC frequency physically possible to obtain? And are there (and if yes, what?) phenomena occuring only at large frequencies? I'm thinking about a metallic wire. I know ...
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2answers
42 views

Removal of heat from a closed system using electricity

I was thinking this morning about how heat could be removed from a system in such a way that it is stored for future use. My ideas are a form of thermo-electric system that converts heat into ...
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0answers
25 views

I need some clarification about my understanding of voltages and resistance

So I was reading through this question, and I think resolved my query about what voltage actually is. I don't understand what we really mean by voltage drop But I just want further clarification ...
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1answer
17 views

How does differing surface resistance in a parallel plate capacitor effect the field strength?

I have been trying to find out how using different conductive materials for each parallel plate for a parallel plate capacitor will effect the field strength. Meaning if one of the parallel plates ...
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1answer
30 views

When you smooth-en a surface at microscopic level, friction increases. Why?

When I was learning a chapter related to Static electricity, my teacher had mentioned that when you rub your comb with DRY hair specifically, static electricity is generated due to friction. Further ...
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1answer
37 views

Why do electrical storms cause metal objects to vibrate?

I am curious about the vibration of metal objects as a sign of an impending lightening strike. This is apparently a common occurrence; so much so that a quick google search will yield many pages ...
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1answer
35 views

Why do my fingertips spark when rubbing a blanket? [duplicate]

I was sleeping in the dark when I reached over for my blanket. It slipped out between my fingers and made a light spark. I repeated in different parts of the blanket at least ten times. I can't ...
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21 views

Circuit solving my mesh analysis [closed]

Please help me solve this question to find I
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27 views

Study electronic from (not so much) scratch [closed]

I am going to start my last year (5th) of physics. I have studied linear circuits during my 2nd, but not very good... then I did some courses about electronic, but sincerely I can affirm that I have ...
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1answer
40 views

Levitating capacitor

As the title already says, I would like to make a large capacitor levitate. Before you dismiss this question please hear me out: In essence, this is intended to be a way to avoid the constrains of a ...
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2answers
28 views

The source and sink phenomenological description of charge - how realistic is it?

I've heard over and over an electron described as a source of the electric field, but that is a misleading term. Source makes one thing of a tap, with a constant flow of something coming out of it. ...
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0answers
22 views

why do electric field is zero out side of depletion region? [closed]

Why do electric field is zero out side of depletion region? Please show electric field is zero out of depletion layer by means coulomb rule(zero bias).
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11 views

as applied to the Dirac delta homogeneous distribution in mantle of a cone [closed]

hello me a problem arises in applying the Dirac delta function in mantle of a cone with a view to seeking load distribution, this doubt is how to find Q so applicable to this type of distribution, ...
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2answers
39 views

Why do we get electric shocks when most structures are insulators?

Suppose I was standing in the sea, and touched an electric fence; I would receive an electric shock, because both my body and the sea are conductors, and create a path for the electricity to flow. The ...
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2answers
41 views

Energy in conductors with $\vec{E}$-field

The question is deceptively simple. Suppose I have a uniform circular wire in which I have created the a E-field by some mean. We that without the source the electric field should not be there, so if ...
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17 views

can I maintain the temperature of a metal by electrifying it

Let's say we have a metal that is exposed to high temperatures. This will increase the oscillation of its molecules. Is there a way by applying electrical current to it, to restrict these ...
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1answer
19 views

Calculating the output current and voltage of series and parallel connected solar panels

I have two solar panels, one is rated as $I=2A$ (current) and $V=20V$ (voltage) and the other as $I=3A$ and $V=15V$. If I connect them in parallel, how to calculate the current and voltage of the ...
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1answer
202 views

What will be effects of harnessing lightning?

In Feynman's Lectures, volume 2, chapter 9, there is a mention of earth getting charged by thunderstorm lightning. It is the thunderstorms throughout the world that are charging the earth with an ...
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4answers
127 views

Why does not a battery kept in empty space discharge on its own? If space between the terminals is empty, what prevents the electrons to flow?

Given here is the picture of a twisted battery kept in free space (vacuum). Will the battery discharge quickly? I mean, it should discharge faster than it would if we were to connect the terminals ...
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1answer
34 views

Electric potential of a sphere at a point on its surface

I'm struggling to figure out how to determine the infinitesimal area of the sphere given in the question. More specifically, in part (b) of the question. For part (a) it's the volume so $$V = ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Electron Flow Notion

I would like to ask something that bothers me. A lot of us know of the electron flow notion, which it is the technical representation of how the electron charge really flows, starting from the ...
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0answers
9 views

What size aluminum foil capacitor would power an LED?

Inspired by this video where a $9 \mu F$ capacitor is made from aluminum foil, if I had students put this together in a classroom, one question I would have is what would it take to have this power an ...
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11 views

Voltage developed along the length ofan accelerating conductor?

Does a conductor become polarized when accelerated? Starting with a conductor that is neutral and polarized. Electrons are evenly distributed within the volume and do not feel any net electric field ...
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1answer
16 views

Colour changing material/ink

i am not sure if this is the right place to ask but is it possible for me to make an ink or material that changes colour when electricity goes through it at home? (as much colours as possible and low ...
2
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1answer
31 views

Tesla Coil stops sparking until restart [closed]

I have a tesla coil with NT-1530-OUT Transformer, 23 turns (max) primary, 1m secondary(~1600turns), with MMC and rotary sparkgap. Gets 50cm sparks but try to tune the tesla coil by shifting top ...
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1answer
32 views

Necessary requirements for current

So i was in a course yesterday and the "teacher" told us the following (which i had a hard time believing/understanding) There is a load connected to a transformer. Applied potential difference is ...
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7 views

Enough high&configured field disabling electron avalanche?

The electron avalanche starts after sufficient high electric field through the hole where one electron is, often >300keV. However, I seem to be getting results, that at some energy instances of the ...
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2answers
34 views

Would an ordinary or fluorescent lightbulb generate electricity when exposed to light?

I was wondering whether the physic laws or the nature in which lightbulbs are constructed would allow for lightbulb to generate electricity when subjected to strong (intensive and concentrated) ...
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2answers
55 views

How can be the neutral wire at 0 volts when current flowing through it?

Voltage is potential difference, and current flows because of voltage. So if the voltage is zero, how can current flow through the neutral wire.
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1answer
44 views

Reproducing electricity [closed]

We all know reproducing solar energy is possible. Same stands for mechanical energy (air, water, coals) - they are all reproducible. But what about other types of light ? A diode light for example ...
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13 views

Off resonance operation of tightly coupled coils for maximum efficiency?

On Wireless Power Consortium webpage there is an article about Magnetic Resonance. These paragraphs in the page surprised me: You might expect that operating tightly coupled coils at resonance ...
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1answer
26 views

Why does flux in closed surface remain constant if exterior charge is altered?

Q. Charges $q_1$ and $q_2$ lie inside and outside respectively of a closed surface $S$. Let $E$ be the field at any point on $S$ and $\Phi$ be the flux of $E$ over $S$. One of the answer is: if $q_2$ ...
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0answers
13 views

How to measure resistance of gel electrolyte using multimeter

How can I measure the resistance of a gel electrolyte using a multimeter? I know the formula to measure the conductivity of a gel electrolyte is k = (1/R) * (d/a) where k is the conductivity (S/cm), ...
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0answers
16 views

Alternated current and EMF

Can peak value of ac greater than ac voltage? I think this question is clear. What would be the value of peak voltage if the resistor is less than one?
2
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1answer
32 views

Doppler-shift of AC-electricity

A tram is powered by overhead wire, the wire has alternating voltage of 1000 V RMS, the frequency of the alternating voltage is 50 Hz. The rails are the other wire. The tram is moving at speed 100 ...
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3answers
60 views

Why is there no change in speed of a charged particle in a uniform perpendicular magnetic field?

When the initial velocity is perpendicular to the magnetic field, the force acting on the charged particle F = qvBsin(theta) ...
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1answer
32 views

How does a bulb light up when it's connected in a circuit with an uncharged capacitor and a cell?

Since there is a capacitor, isn't it an incomplete circuit? How does the current flow across the dielectric medium? If a bulb was connected to a cell alone and if there was a break in the wires of the ...
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1answer
17 views

Moving coil through space

Programmer here, I have simple question about existence of magnetic field relative to the coil, when moving in space. Imagine we have coil L, that is connected to battery / power supply and coil is ...