The study of the presence and flow of electric charge. Charges, currents, fields, potentials.

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Why didn't 0.2A at 2V kill me?

I was recently connecting a circuit together like here: and I had the voltage set at 2V, with a 10Ω resistor. By Ohm's law, there was a current of 0.2A (and was confirmed by my multimeter). I ...
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2answers
43 views

How to find the current source Is and the voltage V1 of this circuit schematic?

I have Vs= 1.5V, R1=1 Ohm, R2 =6 Ohms, I got the equivalent resistance to be 7 Ohms. Then I set equal Req to Vs for 7I=1.5 and got my current source to be 0.214A. Since it is only Vs and Req in the ...
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0answers
11 views

Hydro electric energy transformation

Suppose you have a water source of 2L/s at a given altitude. Suppose you carry that water down to a reservoir 200m below. At that point you settle a hydro electric water turbine to convert the energy ...
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0answers
28 views

Generating electricity [on hold]

Why is it when we talk about generating electricity we only try predominately using only one type, eg. Solar, fossil.etc. Why do we not use them in series to ensure a greener generation of power? ...
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3answers
45 views

Inductance coil with self-inductance and resistance

If a coil has $L$ henry self-inductance, resistance of $R$ ohms and potential deferens of $V$ volts what will be the current through it? In my opinion this case should be considered as resistance and ...
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1answer
11 views

electric potential and other potentials

We know that without potential difference no electric current can flow.If two conductors carrying positive and negative charge respectively then the first one will have positive and the rest one will ...
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1answer
23 views

Zero or non zero electrical potential energy of the system

Say you have this scenario: and you wanted to find the electric potential energy of the +q charge Now if you were to find the potential energy of +Q and +q system and add that to the potential ...
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1answer
16 views

calculation od stacked plate capacitor capacitance [on hold]

how we calculate the capacitance of a stacked plate capacitor ? is it the summation of the capacitance of each capacitor $Ci$ ?
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15 views

Discharged AA cell

Why does a discharged AA cell fall over when dropped vertically? A new AA cell will not fall over when dropped vertically from distance of 2.0 cm. A discharged AA cell falls over when dropped ...
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1answer
34 views

AC electricity. I dont know what happens when thevenergy flows both ways in AC electricity [on hold]

I know that electricity in AC flows both ways but I do not know what happens when it flows both ways. Whats the difference
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2answers
35 views

Some Clarifications about Electricity

In the diagram below (ignoring the text), does the $V$ mean that there is some electric field outside of this system which results in a potential difference of $V$ between $a$ and $b$ or does it mean ...
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1answer
40 views

How many electrons pass trough a wire? [on hold]

How many electrons pass trough a wire if I = 6,4 Amps in 15 seconds? Can you do it step by step?
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0answers
13 views

electrostatics and current electricity

What is the relationship between a closed and open circuits with electromotive force.electromotive force is the force that keeps charge moving in circuit when a potential difference is created.
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3answers
53 views

Why do bulbs dim when we switch on TV?

Why do the bulbs dim for a moment when we switch on equipments like CRT television or water pump?
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1answer
33 views

Charging with No Current

This may be a basic question, but I am not sure about the exact reason, so I'm asking this I've noticed quite a few times that when you plug an iPad charger to a socket and then switch it on, then ...
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1answer
41 views

why do light bulbs explode when in contact with water?

Is it true that when water pours on a light bulb it will explode? If so does this apply to all light bulbs and how does that happen.
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1answer
32 views

Does a capacitor experience a Newtonian reaction when being charged?

Say I have a capacitor that is being charged with a battery. There are two wires, one on the positive and one on negative terminal of the battery which go to a capacitor. During the charging, a ...
0
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1answer
23 views

Equation relating voltage and minimum rpm needed for generating 1V using a magnet around copper wire

I was wondering if there is any equation or law or something that relates the minimum rpm needed when a magnet spins around a copper wire to generate 1 volt? In other words, how fast does the magnet ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Difference between potential difference and electromotive force [duplicate]

What is the difference between potential difference and electromotive force? Potential difference is the work done when 1 Coulomb of charge move one region to another.
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3answers
46 views

Is it possible to avoid static electricity? [on hold]

Sometimes I touch a car or a door and I feel the static electricity in my hand and it hurts sometimes. I try not to touch anything because I feel like I am going to feel this pain again. Is there a ...
0
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2answers
37 views

Ohm's law experiment

I was going through my physics laboratory manual. In the Ohm's Law Experiment, the book states a few precautions without any reasoning. 1.The wire whose resistance has to be determined should ...
3
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2answers
48 views

How can “…electrons flow in metals, but not in the ground…” explain grounding rods?

I really enjoyed Why is the charge naming convention wrong? But, in the comments at the very end, the statement that "...electrons flow in metals, but not in the ground..." left me uneasy. I was ...
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2answers
52 views

How does a point charge interact with a Gaussian surface?

A spherical Gaussian surface encloses a point charge $q$. The point charge is moved to to a point away from the center of the sphere. Does the electric field at a point on the surface change? ...
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1answer
22 views

Why is a series resistor needed in a simple thermistor experiment? [closed]

I have come across the following simple question, however I can't see any need for a fixed resistor in series. The only possible reason that I can think of is that the resistance of the thermistor ...
3
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1answer
40 views

Why does energy flow between a high voltage transmission line and linemen approaching it on a helicopter?

The video High power line workers shows linemen servicing a live high voltage transmission line. As the helicopter approaches the line, the lineman reaches out with a metallic wand that is ...
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0answers
15 views

Capacitor charge and current as a function of type question [closed]

Two capacitors, one resistor and an ideal battery are connected through switches s1,s2 and s3 as shown in figure. Initially capacitor of capacitance 4C is charged, while other is uncharged. The upper ...
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1answer
33 views

Resistance of a general resistor [closed]

I have some medium with a resistivity which depends on position. In this material are two electrodes, is there an integral or something which i could numerically integrate to find the resistance ...
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1answer
17 views

If we increase dimensions of a wire, how does electron density change?

If we increase the diameter of a wire, does the electron density change at all? When we increase the diameter or the length of a wire (while solving numericals) do we add appropriate number of ...
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1answer
26 views

I need proof for dW=eIdt [closed]

I need help to understand from where this equation is formed inorder to continue to study energy stored in an inductor.
6
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1answer
42 views

If increasing applying energy to an atom excites electrons, why does electrical conductivity decrease as temperature increases?

Applying energy to an atom makes the electrons jump up to higher energy levels. This is known as excitation. Electrons on higher energy levels are easier to remove from an atom than those on lower ...
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1answer
60 views

Why doesn't a fluorescent lamp implode even though the pressure difference is very high?

According to Wikipedia, the pressure inside a fluorescent lamp is 0.3% of the atmospheric pressure, so the pressure difference between the outside and the inside of the lamp is almost equal to the ...
2
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1answer
51 views

Does temperature have any effect on static electricity?

This is one of those questions that came up during a discussion with a friend on static electricity. His argument (which I dispute) is that there must be a relation between temperature and the ...
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1answer
41 views

What happens when the switch in this circuit is flipped? [closed]

what would happen to lights A and B if the switch in this circuit is flipped?
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0answers
15 views

How to apply kirchoff's laws to motors in DC and AC settings

DC case: is it ok to treat a motor as a variable resistor, with resistance depending on the load? AC case: suppose I have a motor that runs at 120V AC and is rated to X watts, how can I determine how ...
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1answer
30 views

how come if you rub polythene with wool it gains electrons, but if you rub perspex with wool it loses electrons? [closed]

what makes a substance gain or lose electrons when it is rubbed with wool?
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2answers
49 views

Some questions related to circuits and flow of electrons

I have some doubts related to electric fields and flow of current. So, let us assume an electric circuit, which contains a battery and a wire connecting positive and negative terminal of the battery. ...
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1answer
35 views

Why are there no charges inside a conducting sphere?

Why is it necessarily true that all charges occupy themselves only on the surface of a conducting sphere, and not anywhere inside the sphere? One argument is that if a charge were to be inside a ...
2
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0answers
11 views

Does potential difference or electric field change with distance between parallel plates?

Say you have a set of parallel plates, one is positive and one is negative, if you change the distance between them would electric field strength change or potential difference, given the equation ...
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0answers
23 views

Efficiency of resonant inductive coupling as a function of distance

What is the relationship between the efficiency of energy transfer between resonant inductive coupling between two coils, and the distance between the coils?
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0answers
36 views

How to increase Resistance of a conductive material?

I'm working on a project that I should measure the resistance of conductive sample ( like brass ). But I've a problem. Resistance of conductive samples is too low which requires a miliohm meter to ...
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2answers
43 views

What is meant by “current” in this context?

This is a quote from Optics by Hecht: A stationary charge has a constant E-field, no B-field, and hence produces no radiation—where would the energy come from if it did? A uniformly moving ...
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2answers
27 views

Confused about two formulas for electric field magnitudes

So I am going through my notes and I come across these two equations which both describe electric field magnitudes (I think.) $$\frac{k q}{r^2}$$ and $$\frac{Q}{A \epsilon_0}$$ Could someone ...
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0answers
13 views

Force on a magnetic dipole due to a magnetic field

Imagine a solenoid which has current $i$ and is producing a magnetic field $B$ which equals $$B=\mu N i$$ Now, imagine we put a small cylindrical magnet at the end of the solenoid. Then because at ...
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0answers
23 views

Force Exerting on a magnetic train

A question is already asked ( How does this “simple” electric train work? ). But I've got a question about it. In order to calculate the force which is being exerted on the system including magnets ...
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0answers
20 views

How do electrons choose their way through nodes? [duplicate]

Suppose I have a circuit, powered by some emf ($V$). If I put two resistors $R1$ and $R2$ of different resistances in parallel, the current at the node is divided following Kirchhoff's circuit laws. ...
2
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0answers
23 views

Van der pauw method for an isolated hole

Van der pauw method is a way to measure the resistivity of a material with arbitrary shape while it meets some specifications ( being homogeneous and ...). One of the conditions is that the sample ...
0
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1answer
22 views

Do we need wires for current conduction in ionosphere?

As we all know in ionosphere there are free ions and electrons present. So if we somehow take a bulb and a battery in the ionosphere then will the bulb glow due to conducting nature of environment ...
0
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4answers
54 views

Electrons flowing through a circuit make it warm, where does that heat come from

in a circuit I have a low resistance device that consumes many watts, in normal operation this device will get warm; where does this heat come from? the law of conservation of energy states that the ...
0
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0answers
28 views

How to figure out if an element in a circuit is absorbing or delivering power?

. Eg: In the above circuit. 50v source and 0.2Va current source is said to absorb power.If power is absorbed,what work is done with the absorbed power.
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0answers
90 views

Which scientist is this?

Okay so I was watching discovery channel, in that i saw a man cleaning live electric wires of 10k volts in the air, he was not touching the ground. They said he was able to do this because of the ...