For questions that utilize the concept of electric fields (commonly denoted by the letter E), or for questions whose answers likely involve electric fields. More specific than the [tag:electricity], as questions about the phenomenon & theory of electricity do not necessarily involve the discussion ...

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3
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1answer
190 views

Electric Field inside a diode

When a voltage is applied to a diode (Forward or Reversed bias) the depletion zone is changed due to charges change in this region. My question is in both case (Forward or Reversed bias), how the ...
1
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1answer
648 views

Apply Gauss' law to find electric field around nonconducting plastic sheets

The question: Two very large, nonconducting plastic sheets, each 10.0 cm thick, carry uniform charge densities $\sigma_1$,$\sigma_2$,$\sigma_3$ and $\sigma_4$ on their surfaces, as shown in the ...
0
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0answers
9 views

Can $\rho_{bound} = \rho_{free} = 0$ while still being in a kind of matter (non-vacuum)?

I have a question considering the physical feasibility of a problem. Consider this proof on Wikipedia (screencapture attached too): ...
0
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1answer
83 views

What is wavelength of electric field generated in a wire? [closed]

I read link given below: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speed_of_electricity Above link says _The speed at which energy or signals travel down a cable is actually the speed of the electromagnetic ...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

How does parallel plate lose energy when deflecting charged particles

Say you have a parallel plate setup, each plate is charged with ±Q of charge, and is then disconnected from the power source and is insulated from the environment. There is no way the plates can be ...
4
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4answers
3k views

How does a magnetic field cause objects to move?

I understand electricity and magnetism and the relationship between them. What I never understood, and never actually seen explained in any book or website, is how opposite magnetic fields cause ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Ampere's circuital law and Maxwell's correction based thought experiment [closed]

I just learned about Maxwell's correction in Ampere's law, when he realised that there is a magnetic field near a capacitor even if there is no current. I was wondering about other possible ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Gauss' Law and Electric Field Close to a Ball

So I've learned about Gauss' law and I have something in my head. Why does electric field that is very close to a ball is not close to infinity. Take a look at this image: As we can see, if we make ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Linear Charge distribution in thin (conduction) beam due to electric field

I'm trying to figure out the linear charge density in a very, very thin conductive beam of 0 net charge due to an electric field generated by a source very, very far away. Since the beam is ...
1
vote
2answers
312 views

Should the electric potential of a positively charged sphere be negative?

Because the indefinite integral of the electric field results in a negative value? (As the function is proportional to $r^{-2}$? I've got to be missing something... Help please!! Thanks! Also, I ...
1
vote
2answers
147 views

Microscopic fields inside a conductor

In a neutral conductor if we assume electrons as point charges, the electric field in the space between them cannot be identically zero. This microscopic field may be very weak. What if we were very ...
-2
votes
0answers
38 views

What is the electrical potential at point A, 15.4 cm from the center of the charge? [closed]

I am simply looking for a place to start or a correct formula to use. Physics isn't my strong suit so if I could just get a lead then hopefully that will help. I've tried the electric potential ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Eddy current induce emf

Q1Suppose there is a wire having AC current so as ac current is alternating it creates back emf wether that back emf produces current ?? If yes then that current is same as eddy current or not?? ...
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0answers
47 views

Gravitational and electrical field [closed]

Electric field is due to charges and nagnetic field is due to magnet poles right my question is why the charges exits in electron and proton and why magnetic poles exist . And why masses attract each ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Electric fields with different frequencies, total intensity?

What happens when electric fields with different frequencies are combined? Is it possible to calculate the intensity of the total electric field? For a project, I need to simulate a brain treated ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Symmetry arguments and plane sheet of charge [duplicate]

The electric field due to a infinite plane sheet of charge is given by $\sigma/\epsilon_o$. Now could we have deduced by symmetry that the electric field's magnitude won't depend on distance?
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Electrostatic force of interaction between two hemispheres [closed]

We are given a hollow sphere with charge Q. Now this hollow sphere is cut into two identical hemispheres. We have to find the electrostatic force of interaction between them / force required to hold ...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

Some confusions regarding electrostatic shielding

A spherical conductor A contains two spherical cavities as shown. The total charge on conductor itself is zero. However, there is a point charge q1 at the centre of one cavity and q2 at the centre ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Charge outside a Sphere given charge density

If a sphere has a charge density of $\rho =\alpha r^2$, I want to calculate the Electric field outside of the sphere. Starting with Maxwell's equation $\bigtriangledown\cdot E=\frac{\rho }{\epsilon ...
0
votes
3answers
37 views

relation between amplitude and frequency of a rotating electric field [closed]

I generated a rotating electric field produced by Ex=cos(wt) Ey=cos(wt-pi/2) in x and y directions. I ran a simulation and seems only in certain amplitudes and frequencies it makes a rotating field. ...
5
votes
2answers
41k views

What is the electric field in a parallel plate capacitor?

When we find the electric field between the plates of a parallel plate capacitor we assume that the electric field from both plates is $${\bf E}=\frac{\sigma}{2\epsilon_0}\hat{n.}$$ The factor of two ...
0
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0answers
20 views

strength of each dipole charge

If I have a two dimensional dipole whose line charges are located on the y axis, I know that the electric flux through a gaussian pill box containing both the charges will be zero, that is ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Upper limit to electric charge confinement?

The following questions are not intended for conventional capacitors (which stores excess charge on the outside surface), rather a type of hypothetical capacitor which is designed to confine charge by ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

A question when using $E= - \nabla V$

This problem is from Problems and Solutions on Electromagnetism. A thin but very massive disc of insulator has surface charge density $\sigma$ and radius $R$. A point charge $+Q$ is on the axis of ...
3
votes
1answer
325 views

What factors cause the velocity saturation to occur at different electric fields for different materials?

In semiconductors the velocity of carriers gets saturated after a certain value of electric field. In silicon it occurs at around $10^4 kV/cm$ and in GaAs at some other value. What factors are ...
0
votes
2answers
143 views

Electric Potential Energy

When work is done on a positive test charge by an external force to move it from one location to another, does the potential energy increases or decreases, and does the electric potential increases or ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

How can electric field representation be obtained from Enge representation using Maxwell's equations?

Suppose we have a long electric capacitor. Let $L$ be its length ($z$ coordinate), $W$ its width ($y$ coordinate), and $D$ its full height (full aperture; $x$ coordinate). Let $L\gg W\gg D$. The ...
0
votes
1answer
738 views

Mean-free-time between collisions and drift-velocity

In a physics text book I need help to make sense of the part highlighted in yellow: This is out of context of course, so just to make it clearer: $\tau$ is the mean free time of the electrons in a ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Force Exerting on a magnetic train

A question is already asked ( How does this “simple” electric train work? ). But I've got a question about it. In order to calculate the force which is being exerted on the system including magnets ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

How can the position of charge be determined without EM waves?

 The EM waves produced by accelerating charges can perhaps be used to locate the position of the charge, as usually done with the de Broglie waves. The stronger the oscillations of the electric and ...
2
votes
2answers
60 views

How virtual photons give rise to electric and/or magnetic field? [duplicate]

Say a neutron which have magnetic moment despite carrying no charge. Isn't both the electric field and magnetic field consist of virtual photons? So how can the same virtual photons give rise to 2 ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

Electric field in space created by intersection of spheres of charge

I am trying to calculate the electric field in space created by a body assembled by the intersection of 2 spheres. The upper sphere, its center is at $$\frac{d}{2}\mathbf{\hat{z}}$$ with radius $R$ ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

if there is no electric field then any charge exists or not? [closed]

If we assume a region of space in which there is no electric field, can we say that no electric charge exists? I think that there is no electric charge particles to create electric field for this ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Van der pauw method for an isolated hole

Van der pauw method is a way to measure the resistivity of a material with arbitrary shape while it meets some specifications ( being homogeneous and ...). One of the conditions is that the sample ...
3
votes
2answers
178 views

Difference between $E$ field configuration, sheet of charge: infinite sheet of charge, conducting vs. non-conducting

This is a very easy question, but I often confused myself. Perhaps someone could explain this concept again: A non-conducting infinite sheet of charge has the electric field configuration ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Why don't simple circuits cause the electrical breakdown of air surrounding them?

Electrical breakdown of air occurs when the electric field exerted by a charged object exceeds the electrical breakdown limit of air which is $3.10^6 V/m$. Since even 1 Coulomb of charge can exert an ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

Static electricty and fields inside of the conductor?

I have a few related questions about static electricity and conductors. 1. when we say static electric field inside a conductor is zero, let us take an example of two concentric conductors, outer one ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

How and why do electric fields occur when we put a voltage difference between two point?

When we put a voltage differences between two points on a certain sample, I would like to know how and why the electric field occurs. In addition, I would like to know in what shape does the electric ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Which scientist is this?

Okay so I was watching discovery channel, in that i saw a man cleaning live electric wires of 10k volts in the air, he was not touching the ground. They said he was able to do this because of the ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

Non-conservative electric fields due to changing magnetic flux?

What I read in several places, tells me that, the fact Coulomb's Law follows inverse-square law and gives a force which is radial, implies that a static electric field must be conservative.(In short, ...
1
vote
2answers
33 views

electric field inside a conducting body [closed]

From Gauss' Law, we know that the electric field inside a solid conducting sphere varies linearly with the distance from the centre. But we also know that electric field inside a conductor is zero. ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Theoretical model of MRI scanner

Recently I have gained strong interest in studying the Physics of an MRI scanner. Most of the physics resources I have found are strongly practically orientated and do not so much approach the ...
0
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1answer
31 views

What does the tangent line to a general curved electric field line denote?

Just want to see the tangent line which indicates the line of electric force. What is tangent line?
0
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0answers
20 views

Potential difference across a resistor

I would like to know if the potential difference between the two ends of the resistance is same as the potential difference between any tow points in the resistance whose length is smaller than the ...
3
votes
2answers
45 views

Kirchoff's rules and inductance

Can Kirchoff's loop rule be applied in a scenario involving an inductor? Kirchoff's loop rule states that the closed loop integral of E dot dl is equal to zero. But, in a situation with an inductor, a ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Is there an electric field within a superconducting inductor?

I have learned that the magnitude of the EMF (potential difference) between the terminals of an inductor is equal to L*di/dt. Does this imply that an electric field does indeed exist in an ideal ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Electric field along a wire and load

I have referred to many books and all of them apply loss in potential across a resistor only in case of circuits. However, the electric field is present in the whole conductor. Hence the electrons ...
11
votes
8answers
33k views

Why does the voltage increase when capacitor plates are separated?

In lab, my TA charged a large circular parallel plate capacitor to some voltage. She then disconnected the power supply and used a electrometer to read the voltage (about 10V). She then pulled the ...
1
vote
1answer
258 views

Dielectric sphere placed in another dielectric medium with uniform external field: is there a surface charge density?

Consider a dielectric sphere placed within a dielctric medium. There is a uniform electric field $E_0$ present throughout in the medium. Would there be surface charge on the sphere?
0
votes
1answer
321 views

Calculating voltage in piezoelectric material

The piezoelectric constitutive law is defined by the two equations: $$S=s T+dE\\ D=d T+\epsilon E$$ $S$: Strain. $T$: Stress. $E$: Electric field. $D$: electric charge-density displacement. ...