For questions that utilize the concept of electric fields (commonly denoted by the letter E), or for questions whose answers likely involve electric fields. More specific than the [tag:electricity], as questions about the phenomenon & theory of electricity do not necessarily involve the discussion ...

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3answers
1k views

How does a magnetic field cause objects to move?

I understand electricity and magnetism and the relationship between them. What I never understood, and never actually seen explained in any book or website, is how opposite magnetic fields cause ...
4
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5answers
1k views

Why is the electric field of an infinite insulated plane of charge perpendicular to the plane?

I'm studying Gauss' Law, and I came across a section where we're supposed to find the electric field of various shapes (like an infinite line of charges, etc), and for an infinite plane with a uniform ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Electric dipole moment(EDM) underlying physics [duplicate]

I read in a physics today paper, The electron can have nonvanishing EDM only if nature violates symmetry under time reversal (T) and under the combined operations of charge conjugation (C), which ...
1
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2answers
147 views

Ion Optics: Electric and Magnetic field. A comparison with Light Optics

When we compare ion optics with light optics, normally we consider electric field. For example Snell's law. $n_1\sin\theta_1$=$n_2\sin\theta_2$. When an electron move from one electric potential to ...
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2answers
90 views

Weird Kinematics Homework [closed]

Here's another "hard" homework question I was given on how printers work. (I find it more confusing than it is hard.) I'm supposed to find the horizontal velocity of a charged droplet as it leaves ...
0
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2answers
148 views

Why is work in a constant electric field equal to the force times distance?

Let's say, for example, that an infinite plate generates a constant electric field that exerts a force of 6N on a 1C charge. To move the charge from a distance of 5m to 1m from the plate, the work ...
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2answers
71 views

Charge inside a sphere

Suppose I have a sphere of radius $r$ with all the charge residing on the surface, distributed uniformly i.e. charge density $\sigma$ is constant. I want to find the electric field created by this ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Finding the electric field around an electric eel

I'm having problems solving for the electric field and the current that an electric eel generates. Would I use Gauss's law and treat it as a long charged wire? How would I find the charge of the ...
12
votes
2answers
890 views

What is the nature of electric field? is it quantized? is it a wave?

What I seek here is to understand whether the electric field in its pure form as in between the electron and the proton is uniform or does it have some kind of wave/particle nature or both, does it ...
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votes
2answers
109 views

Gauss's Law for a Uniformly Charged Solid Sphere [duplicate]

We want to calculate $\vec{E}$ at a distance $r$ from the center $O$ of a spherical polar coordinate system. Let the point on the Gaussian surface at which we want to calculate $\vec{E}$ is ...
1
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1answer
115 views

Upper limit to electric charge confinement?

The following questions are not intended for conventional capacitors (which stores excess charge on the outside surface), rather a type of hypothetical capacitor which is designed to confine charge by ...
-1
votes
1answer
95 views

Finding the direction of the electric field of several charges? [closed]

A clock has negative charges -q, -2q, -3q,...., -12q fixed at a the position of the corresponding numerals on the dial. The clock hands do not disturb the electric net electric field due to pont ...
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0answers
43 views

What would happen if…? (Scenarios involving a ball in an electric field) [closed]

First I shall define two table tennis balls: Ball $A$ is coated with a conducting material and ball $B$ is an insulator. Then I'll define two scenarios: Scenario $I$ is a ball held from a ...
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votes
1answer
68 views

Finding V in a electric field? [closed]

How will we find $V_{ab}$ when $\vec E = (2i+3j+4k)$ N/C , $\vec R_a = (i-2j+k)$ m and $\vec R_b = (2i+j-2k)$ m ? I know $\vec E= -\frac{d V}{d\vec r}$, but I don't know what should be my initial ...
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1answer
241 views

Why does electric field remain constant in parallel plates when distance changes?

Given the formula E0 = ∆V/d, why does electric field stay constant when distance changes? If a property of parallel plates is that ∆V is constant, shouldn't E0 change as d changes?
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vote
1answer
67 views

How is the charge concentrated at the centre of shell for calculating potential from it? [duplicate]

While calculating electric potential due to a spherical shell at a point outside the shell, why do we say that the entire charge is present at the centre of shell? Is this true even if the charge on ...
4
votes
1answer
967 views

Do high voltage power lines attract lightning strikes?

I always thought that high voltage power lines would attract a lightning strike more than other structures in the same area. Turns out I was wrong. My neighbor's chimney got struck by lightning and it ...
1
vote
3answers
377 views

Does a conductor need to touch the battery terminal for electric field to be set up inside it?

I understand that an electric field is setup inside a conductor when it is connected to the terminals of a battery and that this field is caused by induced surface charges on the conductor. These ...
0
votes
1answer
179 views

Is there a surface charge density?

Consider a dielectric sphere placed within a dielctric medium. There is a uniform electric field $E_0$ present throughout in the medium. Would there be surface charge on the sphere?
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3answers
151 views

Why the electric field inside a conductor is zero? [duplicate]

In electromagnetism books, such as Griffiths or the like, when they talk about the properties of conductors in case of electrostatics they say that the electric field inside a conductor is zero.
0
votes
1answer
507 views

Electric Field at surface/side of cylinder [closed]

I know I can use Gauss's law to find the Electric Field inside and outside the cylinder very easily. We can select Gaussian surfaces for different cases (i.e. $r \lt R$ and $r \gt R$, where $R$ is the ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

The force on an infinite line of charge perpendicular to a on a rod of charge

Essentially the question is to calculate the force exerted by a charged rod perpendicular to an infinite line of charge: $\vec{F}_{\text{rod}\rightarrow \text{line}} =\dots$ My question is it okay to ...
4
votes
1answer
207 views

Simulate / plot electrostatic field

I have something like this: For given voltage (9 V red wire, 0 V blue wire) I want to simulate electrostatic field. I already know, for example that in the point (10.5;0) there are 10 V and etc. I ...
1
vote
1answer
250 views

Find the points where potential is null

Let's say we have two charges called $q_1$ and $q_2$, respectively $20 \, C$ and $-40\,C$, at a distance $d=1\,m$ We want to find all the points where electric potential is null. I solved the ...
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votes
2answers
190 views

A little question about Gauss' Law

So I've just learned Gauss' Law a few days ago. I also worked out some applications of Gauss' Law. But I have a little confusion. In a couple of books that I referred, I found a statement that I don't ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Electric Field due to a disk of charge. (Problem in derivation)

This might be a really silly question, but I don't understand it. In finding the electric field due to a thin disk of charge, we use the known result of the field due to a ring of charge and then ...
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2answers
2k views

Gauss’s Law inside the hollow of charged spherical shell

Use Gauss’s Law to prove that the electric field anywhere inside the hollow of a charged spherical shell must be zero. My attempt: $$\int \mathbf{E}\cdot \mathbf{dA} = \frac{q_{net}}{e}$$ $$\int E ...
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votes
1answer
110 views

Electric Field Homework Question

Can a charged particle move through an electric field that exerts no force on it?
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0answers
55 views

Where does the potential energy associated with the field go if it is removed? [closed]

I have an electric field and a certain charged particle in it that has a certain potential energy associated with it. Where does the energy go if I remove the field?
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Light Waves and Light Photons gedanken Experiment

Suppose you have a source of light that emits light with a wavelength of 2 meters, and you set the device to be turned on and switched off alternately. You also set it so that each interval the device ...
1
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1answer
317 views

How to find the electric field due to a point charge in 3 dimensions?

A point charge with charge $+q$ is situated at $(x,y,z)$. How do I find the electric field at $(p,q,r)$? $E=k\frac{q}{r^2}$, right? So why isn't the electric field, ...
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2answers
4k views

Field between the plates of a parallel plate capacitor using Gauss's Law

Consider the following parallel plate capacitor made of two plates with equal area $A$ and equal surface charge density $\sigma$: The electric field due to the positive plate is ...
2
votes
2answers
374 views

Does the induced charge on a conductor stay at the surface?

My textbook says that when a conductor is placed in an electric field, the electrons in it realign so that the net electric field inside the conductor is zero. There isn't a proof for this. It merely ...
1
vote
0answers
277 views

Charge distribution inside a parallel plate capacitor [closed]

I'm having difficulty deriving a known expression for the magnitude of the Electric Field within a parallel plate capacitor with applied potential difference $V$ and an immobile charge distribution ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Electric Field inside a regular polygon with corner charges

If we have equal charges located at the corners of a regular polygon, then the electric field at its center is zero. Are there other points inside a polygon where the field vanishes? The simplest ...
4
votes
2answers
545 views

Electric field in a sphere with a cylindrical hole drilled through it

Suppose that you have a sphere of radius $R$ and uniform charge density $\rho$; a cylindrical hole with radius $a$ ($a\ll R$) is drilled through the center of the sphere, leaving it like a "necklace ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Does it really make sense to talk about field lines?

Field lines should only provide a visual representation of a field. There is a rule for their construction: take an object subject to a field, move it by d$\mathbf{r}$ and draw the direction of the ...
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votes
0answers
23 views

What's the proof that the polarization occur s to the electric field of the light? [duplicate]

What's the proof of the light polarization that it happens to the electric field and not the magnetic field? How did Malus discover that the light is polarized although he didn't see the waves ...
3
votes
2answers
917 views

Why doesn't the magnetic field polarize when polarizing light?

If the magnetic field doesn't polarize does it follow the electric field path of propagation? or does it vanish?
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0answers
33 views

Is this expression of electric field correct?

I know that the electric field component of electromagnetic wave should be written as the first equation shown, but some times it can be expressed in terms of complex amplitude of electric field as in ...
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2answers
228 views

Interaction energy between dipole and potential

It is known that interaction energy = $-\vec{p}.\vec{E}$ where $\vec{p}$ is dipole moment and $\vec{E}$ is the electric field. I have to calculate the interaction energy of a system whose dipole ...
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2answers
763 views

How electromagnetic fields travel through vacuum?

How electromagnetic fields travel through vacuum is it right to say that they propagate or travel? do they alternately form each other by charged particles?
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1answer
119 views

What is the outcome of a changing Magnetic Field?

The question might sound elementary. However, the thing is this. Changing Magnetic field produces a changing electric field. That changing electric field would produce a changing magnetic field. So, ...
8
votes
7answers
10k views

Why can two (or more) electric field lines never cross?

The the title is self explanatory, I guess. Why can two (or more) electric field lines never cross?
2
votes
2answers
660 views

Does field line concept explain electric field due to dipole?

Consider an electric dipole consisting of charges $-q$ and $+q$, separated by a distance $2a$ and placed in free space. Let $P$ be point on the line joining the two charges (axial line) at a distance ...
9
votes
9answers
5k views

Why can't electrostatic field lines form closed loops?

My physics textbook says "Electrostatic field lines do not form closed loops. This is a consequence of the conservative nature of electric field." But I can't quite understand this. Can anyone ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

charged oil drop in electric field [closed]

I am currently doing coursework for my A2 physics course. I am dropping a charged oil drop in a horizontal electric field and I was wondering how to calculate how much the droplet would deviate given ...
5
votes
1answer
156 views

Poynting theorem and entering power

I refer to the time-domain version of the Poyinting theorem in electro-magnetism: $- \displaystyle \oint_S (\mathbf{E} \times \mathbf{H}) \cdot d\mathbf{S} - \int_V \mathbf{E} \cdot \mathbf{J}_i \ dV ...
1
vote
1answer
300 views

Field from non-conducting plate?

For a non-conducting sheet, the electric field is given by: $$E = \frac{\sigma}{2\epsilon_0}$$ where $\sigma$ is the surface charge density. This equation holds well for a finite ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Electric field near surface of a conductor? [duplicate]

If the electric field on a positive charge is non-zero, then the charge accelerates in the direction of the field. The field at the surface of a conductor is perpendicular to the surface. Why ...