For questions that utilize the concept of electric fields (commonly denoted by the letter E), or for questions whose answers likely involve electric fields. More specific than the [tag:electricity], as questions about the phenomenon & theory of electricity do not necessarily involve the discussion ...

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Determination of the electric field of charged object using Gauss's law

when we determine the electric field of a charged rod of infinite length,we consider a circular cylinder to be the gaussian surface for convenience.In the case of a charged sheet we choose the ...
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0answers
19 views

Particles A and B have different masses and net electric charges [on hold]

is the size of the electric force on particle A due to particle B the same as that on B due to A??
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1answer
54 views

Does changing a closed surface in the manner outlined contradict Gauss' Law?

As I understand it, Gauss' Law states that the electric flux on any arbitrary closed surface is equivalent to the sum of all charges enclosed within the surface times a constant. Mathematically, this ...
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0answers
33 views

Determine potential function given initial conditions?

Assuming a radially symmetric circular disk (let's say r=1). Given two simple initial conditions: Potential at the centre is 4 V Potential at the edges is 0 V How would I determine the potential ...
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0answers
27 views

Charged particle in rest frame and their magnetic field [on hold]

I’m wondering how statements like "A charged particle at rest creates an electric field, but no magnetic field" are right. An electron has an electric field and it has a magnetic dipole moment. Both ...
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1answer
28 views

Electric field inside an insulator's cavity [on hold]

I'm trying to find the electric field inside insulating sphere's cavity, and I don't know how. However, if there was an conductor I'd know that $E=0$ from Gauss's Law.
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0answers
27 views

What is the meaning of the Fourier Transform of the electric field of a well guided mode in a dielectric waveguide?

I have been studying waveguiding in dielectrics for a while now; however, I cannot understand the meaning of the Fourier transformed electric field. I will first give some background information. ...
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2answers
38 views

Zero electric field in empty region of hollow conductor

A hollow conducting shell having a net charge of +Q has a point charge -Q placed at its centre. From the diagram, it looks like Suppose the radius of the inner shell from the origin is a and the ...
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0answers
20 views

Grounding system of conducting plates

So, I always make mistakes on problems such as this (the grounding part), so I'm hoping someone could really explain to me how the process works . There are n large parallel plate conductors carrying ...
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3answers
106 views

Composition of energy of electron? [closed]

Mass energy of electron is 0.510 998 9461MeV/ c2 1) Does it include energy of electron due to electric field too? 2) If yes, how much? I am more interested in second part. Links:Here John Rennie ...
2
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1answer
72 views

Electric field due to a time and space varying current density?

Let us say I have a current density: $$\vec J\equiv\vec J(\vec r, t)$$ This will produce both a time varying magnetic field and a net charge density. Both these effects produce an electric field. If ...
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1answer
21 views

Charging capacity and capacitance of a conductor

I know that charging capacity of a conductor is the maximum charge a conductor can hold And capacitance is the ability of a conductor to hold charge in a given potential . But how are these two ...
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1answer
21 views

Finding the maximum magnitude of an electric field?

I'm working on a lab report on electric fields and I need to calculate the magnitude of the maximum electric field given by the formula $E= ∆φ/∆s, $ where ∆φ is the change in ...
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2answers
52 views

Is Kirchhoff's Law Applicable for non-conservative electric field?

The question title sums it up pretty well, but to elaborate, is Kirchhoff's Law valid for situations where the emf is due to non-conservative electric field, like one produced due to a varying ...
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0answers
20 views

Electric field of an infinite plane (with and without an infinite conductor)

Suppose we have an infinite and uniformly charged (of surface charge density $\sigma \gt 0$) plane at $z = 0$. We can find the electric field at any point $(x, y, z)$ by computing an integral all ...
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1answer
27 views

Electrostatics, System of Charges [closed]

At $t=0$, a positive point charge of mass $m$ is projected toward another positive point charge of mass $m$ in free space. At the instant of minimum separation kinetic energy of the system of two ...
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1answer
53 views

Integrating by parts [closed]

I am having little trouble with my professor's note. $$F=-\int{(dr)}{(\vec{\nabla} \cdot \vec{P}) \vec{E} }=\int{(dr)}{(\vec{P} \cdot \vec{\nabla} ) \vec{E} }$$ where F is force, P is polarization, ...
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2answers
35 views

Measuring potential

I apologize if the question below has been asked -- I could not find an answer. A charged conductor some distance above ground generates an electric field and corresponding potential profile. How ...
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1answer
28 views

Finding the electric field in a bar moving through a magnetic field [closed]

In this diagram: I'm supposed to find the electric field through the bar at equilibrium. I know that at equilibrium, the accumulated positive charge on the bottom of the bar results in a field that ...
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1answer
13 views

Methods to ioniz air molecules

What are other alternatives ways to ionize air molecules, except the electric field charging and the use of the so-called corona discharge?
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3answers
110 views

How does the Electric Field create a force? [closed]

If we have 2 charged particles which are a certain distance away from each other, they either attract of repel due to the electric field created by both of them. But I don't understand the mechanism ...
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2answers
60 views

What is beyond Gamma Rays and Radiowaves in the Electromagnetic Spectrum?

The electromagnetic spectrum is commonly refered to as consisting of; Radio-waves, Microwaves, Infrared, Visible Light, Ultraviolet, X-rays, Gamma Rays - of increasing frequency from left to right. ...
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2answers
36 views

electrical field in coaxial cable

When getting the electric field between the outer and inner cylinder. why is it that we are only concerned with the field generated by the positive charge distribution on the inner surface and not ...
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1answer
30 views

What does potential mean in capacitor?

Technically potential means work done to move a unit positive charge from one point to another against electrical field but What does potential mean in a capacitor?
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1answer
30 views

Why is the electric field homogenous inside a circuit?

In a circuit between to poles of a battery, there is an electric field accelerating the charges in the wire towards lower potencial (but due to resistivity they only travel at drift velocity). Is ...
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3answers
66 views

how could Kinetic energy increase if no energy was there in the system?

i was reading Physics-Halliday, Resnick, Krane(fifth edition) there on page 638 it is written: if the external agent does positive work in assembling the charge ...
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0answers
23 views

Charge Magnitude Based on Isoline Spacing

Suppose we have two positive charges of unknown magnitudes. We are given the isoline map (the equipotential lines) for the two-charge system. One has isolines more "squashed together" (more closely ...
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0answers
21 views

Reversibility of uniqueness theorem

If we use uniqueness theorem then we know that if the boundary conditions and the charge distribution is same in 2 setups in a certain region then the electric field and potential in that region in ...
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1answer
25 views

Understanding zero field inside a conductor?

Imagine a neutral conductor of any shape, the charges are randomly distribuited among the object. No way we can say the electric field inside is zero. If I'm wrong, then what can we say about the ...
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0answers
16 views

Which way does the force due to current point

The current is towards the right. The particle with charge $-q$ is going with velocity towards the right. How does one find the force due to the current on $-q$? (The RHR doesn't do anything here). ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Motion of an electron in a magnetic and electric field [closed]

I have this problem where i should find the direction and magnitude of the electric and the magnetic force on the electron. E = 1000 N/C B = 2,5 T v = 500 m/s ...
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3answers
36 views

Understanding Capacitors [duplicate]

I cannot understand how capacitors work. Electric field is supposedly uniform between the parallel plates of a capacitor. But how? Since $E=\frac{kq}{d^2}$, shouldn't the electric field approach ...
8
votes
5answers
491 views

Can one deduce absolute motion through magnetism? [closed]

I am trying to understand forces in relativity: Suppose there are two electrons A , B travelling side by side at 1 cm distance at .99 c (in space or at lHC, ignoring all other factors). I know that ...
0
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1answer
41 views

electron in magnetic and electric field

I have this problem where i should find the direction and magnitude of the electric and the magnetic force on the electron. And then I'm supposed to find the direction and magnitude of the ...
4
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2answers
93 views

What happens to the electric field at the boundary of a dielectric?

The question in the title is a broader one, but for now, I want to confine myself to the following problem. I have the task to find the potential difference between points A and B shown in the ...
3
votes
2answers
50 views

Electric field inside a material

I was thinking about the polarisation, and how the electric field behaves inside the material of permittivity greater than one. I think to have understood what happens to D and P, but is not clear ...
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2answers
67 views

Whats the meaning of this equation relating electric field and potential energy?

My electrodynamics teacher was explaining that it is required to apply some energy (or do some work) on charges in order to arrange them in space. When he stated an example about energy in a capacitor ...
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0answers
26 views

Macroscopic electric field

How does the integral over potentials due to dipoles equal the macroscopic field as given in Griffiths page 174. Does that mean macroscopic electric field is numerically equal to the potential?
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0answers
24 views

Polarisation inside a sphere

Why is the electric field inside a uniformly polarised sphere not zero? I am confused because charge enclosed is zero and by Gauss' law electric field has to be zero.
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1answer
78 views

Electric Flux is zero

When is the Electric Flux zero through a closed surface? I know that if number of field lines entering is equal to leaving then it is true. Which I think is always true for a closed surface. So can ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

High Level Understanding Q: What *is* a magnetic/electric field?

Note: I have seen this question -> (What is a magnetic field) and would still like some clarification. I have also seen https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hFAOXdXZ5TM and ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

What is maximum energy we can extract from electric field?

I was reading Does Electric field has mass Energy; it gives energy density k stored around an electric charge as $ k = \dfrac{q^2}{r^4}$ in skeleton form without any constants. So, a definite amount ...
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0answers
36 views

electrostatic shielding in paradox

We have electric field in side a sphere with formula E=q×r\4π€R^2 But according to electrostatic shielding electric field inside a conductor is zero. How to solve the paradox. In the above equation r ...
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1answer
29 views

Relation between potential difference and electric field

I was reading an article about resistivity when I faced this equation: $$V_P-V_O=\int_P^O E.dr$$ The equation is in one dimension and $P$ and $O$ are points on the $x$ axis. The Electric field is ...
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1answer
44 views

Surface density charge, divergence of the electric field and gauss law

It´s known that the divergence of the electric field at a certain point is given by this formula: $$\nabla \cdot E=\dfrac{\rho (r)}{\epsilon_{0}}$$ Being $\rho (r)$ the volume charge density at that ...
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3answers
1k views

How is the curl of the electric field possible?

Taking the curl of the electric field must be possible, because Faraday's law involves it: $$\nabla \times \mathbf{E} = - \partial \mathbf{B} / \partial t$$ But I've just looked on Wikipedia, where it ...
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0answers
13 views

Why does a 2-sided propagating EM wave become 1-sided if B is made proportional to E?

If you simulate the propagation of an electromagnetic wave in 1D free space (no charges or currents) with initial conditions of $E\neq0$ and $B=0$, and you look at a movie of $E$ vs time, then after ...
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2answers
54 views

Non-Zero Electric Field Inside A Conducting Shell

Statement: "The electric field is zero everywhere inside the conductor, whether the conductor is solid or hollow." Question: A coaxial cable consists of a long, straight filament surrounded by a ...
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1answer
60 views

Energy stored in electric field [duplicate]

I know that energy stored in electric field / unit volume = $\frac{1}{2} \epsilon\,E^2$. so can I say that for any configuration calculating $\int \frac{1}{2} \epsilon\, E^2 \,d^3r$ over whole space ...
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0answers
29 views

How do we calculate electric field on the axis of a disc using gauss law and the concept of solid angle?

We can easily find the electric field at the axis of the disc by considering a differential ring and then integrating it to form a disc, but I was searching for rather a bit simplified proof using ...