An electronic system, with closed loop current flow, and relative electrical potentials present across electrical components.

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What is the area in Faraday's law if we have only a piece of metal moving in a magnetic field?

If a piece of metal of length $l$ is moving with a speed $v$ in a region where there is a uniform magnetic field $B$ perpendicular to it, there will be a potential difference across its terminals ...
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0answers
12 views

Wattage of a motor need to move a load?

How can I calculate the wattage needed for a motor at 48 volts that is directly attached to a wheel with a diameter of 17" to move a 200 pound load that is above the single axle/wheel? Assuming the ...
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1answer
62 views

How can current be a smooth curve?

The following is a graph of the current across some circuit element: Note how the current is treated like a smooth continuous function. Even in the analysis of things (i.e. analysis of the ...
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4answers
78 views

Why can computer circuits recognise only two states? [on hold]

Computers can only understand binary (that is 0s or 1s). I want to know Is there any way that computers can understand more than 2 states. I know that It is much harder to build components that use ...
3
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2answers
53 views

How to model “Doppler Distortion” of speakers?

Simple Model w/o Doppler I have a speaker driven by an electrical signal. The pressure at the sampling point is some linear operator acting on the input signal: $L[ s(t)]$. Where $L$ combines the ...
2
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2answers
133 views

What does E/M field look like when I close a circuit?

Suppose that we have a charged capacitor with two pins: $ C_+ $ and $C_-$. Suppose that we have a long wire with fixed geometry, that is already connected to the pin C+. Let the ...
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1answer
35 views

Circuits and Power

"The diagram below represents a simple circuit composed of 5 identical light bulbs and 2 flashlight batteries. Which bulb (or bulbs) would you expect to be the brightest? a) V only b) V and W ...
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1answer
85 views

Batteries and fields?

Batteries generate fields in wires that essentially cause the movement of electrons. I think of batteries as two charged plates that essentially contain a mechanism between them to move electrons from ...
2
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1answer
41 views

Sign convention for EMF

When we define the field generate by EMF, why there is not negative sign in $\mathcal{E} = \oint \vec{E} \cdot d\vec{l}$? Usually we talk about potential, there should be a negative sign, right?
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1answer
24 views

Ohms Law Voltage/Potential Difference [duplicate]

Three 2.0 Ω resistors are connected in series to a 12 V battery. What is the potential difference across each resistor? � This question requires Ohms law because V is needed right? So I would use I = ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Round bulb and Long bulb in Series Circuit

If you have a series circuit with a battery, one round bulb (with thicker filament), and one long bulb (with thinner filament), the round bulb does not light up and only the long bulb lights up. ...
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1answer
16 views

Back EMF & Current, how can we make I stable?

Lets assume we have a wire that has $10V$ across and $1$ $Amp$ flowing, now if this conductor is introduced to a changing magnetic field, $-EMF$ is induced, can we control our voltage to increase it ...
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3answers
58 views

How “earthing” electricity work?

I made a simple bulb-battery circuit and then I cut one of the wires and attached both ends to cemented floor, the bulb didn't glow, this means cemented floor is a ...
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0answers
36 views

Circuit problem: Kirchhoff's current law [closed]

For this question, I try to use this three formula to solve it. $30 = 13I1 +18I2$ $24 = 5I3 - 18I2$ $I1 = I2 + I3$ Am I correct? Please advise me.
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3answers
4k views

Does a current carrying wire produce electric field outside?

In the modern texts of electromagnetism in the presence of stationary currents the electric field is assumed conservative $\nabla \times E =0 $. Using this we get $E_{||}^{out}=E_{||}^{in}$ which ...
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1answer
123 views

Which direction does the electron move?

If my phone is charging that means it's mass increasing by this Youtube video. Now if an current is flowing from the power station to home, does it mean that electron is flowing from house to the ...
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5answers
4k views

Why does voltage remains same over Parallel Circuit

Why does voltage remains same over parallel circuit. If a resistor is connected in the circuit some of the charge should be transformed into heat and make a lack of charge after the resistor (in my ...
0
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1answer
22 views

Voltage across parallel combination on adding another resistance

Suppose we have a battery with terminal PD $V$ connected to an external resistor of resistance $R_1$. Now if another resistor say $R_2$ is added in parallel to $R_1$ , does the potential drop across ...
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0answers
18 views

What is the best way to measure bioimpedance using AC bridges

What is the best way to measure bioimpedance using AC bridges? and capacitances?
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0answers
6 views

Phasor Diagram with AC circuits [migrated]

Suppose you take a 2.0×102 resistor and a 0.40 inductor and make a series circuit with a voltage source that has voltage amplitude 30 and an angular frequency of 2.5×102 . **Part F (The part that I ...
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4answers
178 views

What is Electromotive force (EMF)? How is it related to potential difference?

What is Electromotive force (EMF)? How is it related to potential difference? Is it the creation of potential difference in any conductor??Is it a process?Why is it called force?
4
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1answer
93 views

Dimension of the space of solutions in an electric circuit

Consider an electric circuit with dc sources ( voltage and current) and resistors. Write down the equations. In the most general case, the solution of the system is not unique. The set of solutions ...
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2answers
34 views

Finding the voltage of an inductor in a RL series circuit [closed]

Here is the solution: This assigned question is an odd one since it doesn't seem to have anything to do with phasors which is the chapter I am currently studying. I know that that the phase ...
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1answer
47 views

Current through two inductors after a long time

I'm having trouble with visualizing the following problem, which is asking me for the final, steady current in both inductors $L_{1}$ and $L_{2}$. I was thinking that after a long time, essentially ...
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1answer
27 views

Circuit analysis: Two nodes as one?

Can I treat these two nodes in the center as if there were only one node connecting these four components?
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0answers
71 views

Weird resistor patterns [closed]

I came up with the following question: The vertices of tetrahedron ABCD are all connected by 1-ohm resistors. What is the total resistance between A and B? I haven't the faintest idea how to ...
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0answers
21 views

Thermal noise from capacitor; circuit analysis

I'm trying to model the thermal noise from a capacitor. The capacitor is connected directly into an amplifier with resistance $R_{A}$ and capacitance $C_{A}$. A noisy capacitor is modelled as a ...
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1answer
41 views

The effects of reversing the leads of an ammeter

I was playing around with a battery, an ammeter, and a light bulb. The ammeter originally read 1.99 A, but after reversing the leads going into and out of the ammeter the ammeter read -1.98A. I know ...
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3answers
2k views

How exactly does a resistance reduce current?

I've heard that resistors are used to decrease current to a particular appliance, such as in the regulator of a fan. However, I've also heard that the total current in a circuit is always the same- in ...
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2answers
38 views

Is this way of solving Thevenin theorem correct?

This thevenin theorem is really giving me a headache, and I've really searched many sources in the internet but they confused me more and more. Take this as an example: The guy in the above link ...
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1answer
63 views

Wheatstone bridge Capacitor,Dead Capacitor [closed]

I want to know that if in a Wheatstone Bridge ,that is made of capacitors only we have this condition $c_1c_3=c_2c_4$. The $c_5$ capacitor would be dead and it's voltage would be zero? Actually I ...
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4answers
2k views

Finding equivalent resistance in complex circuit

In my previous question , situated here , I asked about finding the equivalent resistance of the following circuit : I got some very good answers and some tips. Now what if the same circuit is ...
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0answers
32 views

What is a non-linear capacitor?

I'm new here. I have a (maybe dumb) question: What are non-linear capacitors? I'm given a circuit including a capacitor and the question says The given capacitor is non-linear with the ...
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0answers
24 views

Does back emf occur in transformers?

Does back emf occur in transformers and if so does it reduce the efficiency of the transformer and can it be reduced?
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0answers
28 views

Charge Amplifier response and frequency response [closed]

I am getting ready for my final and have completed everything on my study guide except for two questions I cannot figure out. Here is the first question: I have gone through all my lectures and ...
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0answers
18 views

How do the different types of energy apply to voltage in a circuit

I was just wondering what happens in a circuit in terms of different types of energy transformations. If you apply a voltage to a circuit then electrons start moving (very slowly). Since the electrons ...
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1answer
35 views

Resistances connected in series

When resistances connected in series then why through each resistances the different potential difference occurs?
0
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1answer
28 views

The shape of the graph of the equation: V= -rI + E

I have recently collected data (for a school experiment) in order to measure the EMF and the internal resistance of a solar cell. The data complied with the equation: $V = -rI + E$, i.e. the voltage ...
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2answers
219 views

What do we mean exactly by the positive/negative charges in cathode and anode?

In batteries, what exactly do we mean by negative and positive charges? My understanding is that the negative charge of the anode is basically an atom with an extra electron in the last orbital and a ...
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1answer
72 views

Kirchoff's rules and RC circuits [closed]

You can view the image bigger: http://i.stack.imgur.com/4moUP.png I'm studying RC circuits and I can't understand the part when we use Kirchoff's rule. When working with batteries, when we're ...
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1answer
41 views

If you have $N$ 1ohm resistors, how many distinct equivalent resistances can you create?

If you have $N$ 1ohm resistors, how many distinct equivalent resistances can you create? Assume that only parallel and series and mixture of them is allowed and no bridging between two parallel ...
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1answer
57 views

Understanding Counter - EMF?

When an coil rotor is moving around a magnetic field there is -V induced to resist the input V. Let's take an example, a 12 V DC motor induces -10V, and the actual running voltage is 2V. If there ...
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2answers
137 views

How do I combine three resistors which are in parallel with each other?

For this circuit (a and b are connected by a battery), Will I be able to find the total resistance of the circuit by adding resistors that are in series and combining resistors that are in ...
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0answers
57 views

How does a Photocell/Photoresistor work? [closed]

I'm just curious highschooler beginning an interest in electronics and this concept of light detecting resistance component is really intriguing to me. I assume it's an application of the ...
7
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3answers
2k views

Is it safe to use any wireless device during a lightning storm?

I need "educated" reasons whether it is safe to use any wireless device during a lightning storm. Most people said don't use it but they cannot explain why.
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3answers
1k views

Tying knots in power cables to prevent power surge from lightning strikes

There are plenty of references to this claim on the internet that tying knots in power cables will prevent a piece of equipment e.g. television or computer from a power surge. How can this be ...
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0answers
27 views

What is standalone circuit?

What is standalone circuit? I was researching about circuits and just came to a very complex one, and that is standalone circuit. I am not able to understand how it works and for what is it used. Can ...
0
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1answer
22 views

The value of current and voltage in a circuit

The picture is just for example. I don't know why $i$ and $i_1$ have different directions and $i+i_1=0$ according to KCL. Also, the value of voltage at each element. I mean in why the $V$ of the end ...
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5answers
78 views

How does series circuit differ from parallel circuit?

Why does same current $I$ flow in the series circuit but it isn't the case with resistors in parallels?
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3answers
45 views

electric current in parallel circuit [closed]

If I have a parallel circuit with two resistors ($R_1=48 \Omega$ and $R_2=16 \Omega$) - and $R_1$ has a $0.1 A$ current running through, is it possible to calculate the current through $R_2$ without ...