An electronic system, with closed loop current flow, and relative electrical potentials present across electrical components.

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Capacitors discharging in series [duplicate]

If you connect positive plate of a charged capacitor to ground, it doesn't get discharged. Now consider $4$ capacitors of equal capacitance connected in series to a $10\, \mathrm{V}$ battery. Connect ...
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1answer
529 views

How we approach RLC circult from RLGC model?

In the text, it introduces a practical model to investigate a transmission line (like BNC cable), it considers the transmission line has resistive $R$, inductance $L$, conductance $G$ and capacitance ...
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293 views

Finding the Steady State Charges

Here the problem states to find the steady state charges on the condensers.<<<< According to me the charges on second at steady must be ...
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3answers
189 views

Impedance of a circuit [closed]

I am trying the following problem. A resistor with $295\Omega$ and an inductor are connected in series across an AC source that has voltage amplitude of $550V$. The rate at which electrical energy is ...
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3answers
158 views

Voltage of open circuit

A battery with emf $\varepsilon$ and internal resistance $r$ is connected with a resistor $R$ in the following open circuit. What is the voltage $V_{ab}=V_a-V_b$? The answer is $- ...
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1answer
655 views

measuring electromagnetic induction

There is a famous law which says that a potential difference is produced across a conductor when it is exposed to a varying MF. But, how do you measure it to prove? It is quite practical. ...
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When does Thevenin's theorem not apply (modelling a power source with a ohmic internal resistance)

Most physics text books say that a power source can be modelled as an EMF with a internal resistance. This is also know as Thevenin's theorem or Norton's theorem. However I have read in some sources ...
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1answer
109 views

Confused on Calculating Resistance Distance Matrix

I am trying to create a computer program to compute the equivalent resistance over any points on any rectangular set of resistors (all with a resistance of 1 ohm). It seems that the resistance ...
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1answer
89 views

Differentiating a sinusoid [closed]

http://i.stack.imgur.com/ndLgm.png I don't see the how the author derived that $\frac { dv }{ dt } \leftrightarrow\overrightarrow { V } j\omega$.
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How can a circuit function with two negative battery terminals facing each other?

Here is a drawing of the circuit that is confusing me: I don't quite understand how batteries work in this diagram. If a battery has a negative and positive terminal, there must be a barrier ...
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6answers
6k views

Does a current carrying wire produce electric field outside?

In the modern texts of electromagnetism in the presence of stationary currents the electric field is assumed conservative $\nabla \times E =0 $. Using this we get $E_{||}^{out}=E_{||}^{in}$ which ...
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1answer
365 views

Electromotive Force Definition for Induced Current

If in DC , Emf is the work done to carry a unit positive charge from -ve to +ve terminal . What is induced EMF then , in a similar sense ? To carry a unit charge around a loop once along a fixed ...
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Frequency Response RLC circuit - Current against Frequency graph - Symmetry?

I understand that in a Frequency Response experiment dealing with an RLC circuit, the graph of Current against Frequency is supposed to be symmetrical about the resonant frequency theoretically. ...
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735 views

Why does a capacitor discharge?

Suppose a charged capacitor (parallel plates), the negative and positive charges on two plates attract each other. Which force cause the negative charge carriers (electrons) move through the circuit ...
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1answer
87 views

Can someone explain this intuitively please?

In a static situation we defined voltage as energy/unit charge, or j/c. As the distance between the charged particles increased, the voltage decreased. Now why do we not apply this in a simple DC ...
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0answers
139 views

Transfer functions of active filters

I've been looking for some straightforward method or trick to obtain the transfer functions of active filters (like the Sallen-Key filter, the butterworth or Cauer topology etc...) since KCL or KVL ...
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2answers
482 views

Out of phase voltage current source and resulting power

Examining the following graph, I am trying to understand the power plot. The power appears to take on a negative value when the current changes direction or the voltage changes polarity. Negative ...
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3answers
3k views

Path of an electron through an electric circuit

When a potential difference is applied across a conductor, and if an electron moves from the negative terminal of the battery and reaches the positive terminal, then I want to know if the electron ...
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3answers
4k views

How exactly does a resistance reduce current?

I've heard that resistors are used to decrease current to a particular appliance, such as in the regulator of a fan. However, I've also heard that the total current in a circuit is always the same- in ...
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1answer
169 views

Full wave rectification [duplicate]

In the construction of a full wave rectifier, why is there central tapping in the secondary winding of the power transformer? What's the pure reason behind it? If there was no central tapping, what ...
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3answers
216 views

Electronic filter

Can you explain, please, step-by-step how an electronic filter does work? For example, high pass filter. I know It's a trivial things, but I can't get it completely. Don't bring me formula and etc. ...
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1answer
157 views

Am I properly identifying the resistor terminal voltage?

The frequency applied to a circuit of voltage 120 V with a real coil and a resistor has a value of 50 Hz. The resistance of the resistor is 10 $\Omega$. The voltage at the resistor terminals ...
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2answers
355 views

Why the CFL light bulb flashes even if there is a power cut?

Today when there was a power cut I saw that the CFL light bulbs were flashing time to time at regular interval. I was amazed as there was no source of power to the CFL bulbs even they were flashing as ...
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6answers
10k views

Parallel circuits - Overall resistance decreases with additional resistor [closed]

Let's say that there is a parallel circuit with two identical resistors in parallel with each other. If a third resistor, identical to the other two, is added in parallel with the first two, the ...
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2answers
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Round bulb and Long bulb in Series Circuit

If you have a series circuit with a battery, one round bulb (with thicker filament), and one long bulb (with thinner filament), the round bulb does not light up and only the long bulb lights up. ...
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Capacitor circuits with light bulb

Let's say we have a normal circuit with a light bulb, with wires and a battery. When one places a capacitor in this circuit, how is the light bulb able to light up, even when the capacitor prevents ...
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1answer
12k views

What is the role of center-tapping in a full wave rectifier?

Note: I have already tried googling. Although similar questions have been asked on different forums, I couldn't find a detailed explanation, which I could really understand. Circuit diagram ...
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1answer
3k views

Relationship between resistance and voltage drop

In a series or parallel circuit, if two bulbs have the same resistance, do they have the same voltage drops? The problem I am asking about is below. Do A, B, and C have the same voltage drops since ...
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1answer
254 views

a metal bar on a pair of conducting rails that carries a current

This is a homework question, and I solved it already, but something bugs me. So the problem is stated as following: A metal bar of mass M sits on a pair of long horizontal conducting rails separated ...
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1answer
315 views

Cable TV version of infinite ladder network [closed]

This is a problem in a college physics textbook, and its bugging me that I can't get it. The figure shows a circuit model for the transmission of an electrical signal, such as cable TV, to a large ...
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4answers
365 views

Why is there a potential difference?

The question then asks for the potential difference between $X$ and $Y$, which is claimed to be $3.6\text{ volts}%$. Why would there be a potential difference in this case? If I connect a lightbulb ...
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631 views

kirchhoff's law.Simple question [closed]

So far I calculated total resistance and it is 4.66 ohms and there is 12 volt voltage across them, what is the best way or HOW to calculate current for each resistor ?
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1answer
566 views

AC Circuit Theory Maximum Power Transfer

I am currently hitting a barrier with regards to the basics of this question. A 50HZ supply is connected to various given impedance's, calculate the maximum power transfer. Maximum power transfer I ...
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2answers
4k views

Ohmic and Non-Ohmic devices

Why do some conductors follow Ohm's law and some do not? Isn't there any universal law that can explain the flow of current?
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2answers
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Why does the current stay the same in a circuit?

I was informed that in a circuit, the current will stay the same, and this is why the lightbulbs will light up (because in order for the current to stay the same, the drift speed of the electrons need ...
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Why are AC quantities represented by sine waves always?

Usually we use a sinusoidal wave form to represent a alternating quantity. Why not a cosinusoidal wave or a ramp wave form? In sine wave forms we can indicate the maximum and minimum amplitude and ...
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Inductively coupled DC circuit

The circuit under consideration has two inductively coupled loops, one with a DC battery, inductor, and resistor in series. The other loop has two inductors, one inductively coupled to the first, the ...
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1answer
97 views

Why does the presence of a battery change whether a circuit is in parallel or series?

If I take a closed circuit with two capacitors and a voltage difference, the circuit is apparently in parallel, but if I introduce a battery, the circuit is in series. Why does the presence of the ...
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2answers
1k views

Why and how does symmetry work in circuits?

Why symmetry work in circuits? In my book there is no mention explanation as such for symmetry arguments and circuits. But there are circuits that are very difficult to solve without symmetry. Also I ...
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2answers
512 views

Under what condition charges do not flow in closed circuit?

I wanted to ask under what conditions will charges not flow in a closed circuit. Or when is current through the circuit zero even when an EMF is applied? Like in the case of potentiometer, we say that ...
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2answers
680 views

Flow of electrons in a circuit

When the electrons flow in a circuit, so are those the electrons from the battery or are those the electrons of conductor like copper wire, etc..which are flowing in the circuit?
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1answer
590 views

Positive test charge

Protons have positive charge on them. Protons aren't mobile. So how can a positive test charge move from the negative terminal of a cell to the positive terminal and gain electric potential energy? ...
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1answer
200 views

What are the statuses of Silicene and Graphene for real world circuit production?

A lot of hype is out there about both of them (especially the latter) and I was wondering if there is more concrete information about them other than the news IBM posted on a circuit 2 years ago and ...
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2answers
185 views

Are there general circuits that differentiate/integrate empirically?

Is it possible to construct simple circuits, that given a time-varying input, produce an output that represents the derivative or integral of the input with respect to time?
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21 views

How are current and voltage out of phase in capacitive circuit? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Physical explanation for capacitive circuit We say that in capacitive circuit, the voltage and current are out of phase. Current is 90 (degrees) ahead of voltage. What ...
3
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3answers
508 views

What is the current through the lamp?

We have the following circuit: A neon lamp and a inductor are connected in parallel to a battery of 1.5 $V$. The inductor has a 1000 loops, a length of $5.0 cm$, an area of $12cm^2$ and a ...
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1answer
433 views

Explanation of the Graetz circuit

My knowledge of circuits is pretty rudimentary and I've never really understood circuits, so I'm having trouble with the concept of Graetz circuits: When you register the voltage on the resistor R ...
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2answers
301 views

Explanation of NMOS processes

Gate (poly-Si + $SiO_2$) and $p^{-}$ silicon operate as capacitors. But how are voltages and charges applied? In order for inversion to occur, there should be charges formed in poly-Si, right? How ...
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1answer
1k views

Capacitor charging and discharging

I have a conceptual question. The circuit is shown below. Let us assume that the capacitor shown in the figure is of 2.2 micro-farads having rated level of 5 volts and we decide to charge it up to 2 ...
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1answer
631 views

Physical explanation for capacitive circuit

In capacitive circuit, the voltage and current are out of phase. the current leads the voltage by 90 degrees. this can be explained by these two equations: $$V = V_{\max} \sin \omega t$$ $$I = ...