An electronic system, with closed loop current flow, and relative electrical potentials present across electrical components.

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Voltage across parallel combination on adding another resistance

Suppose we have a battery with terminal PD $V$ connected to an external resistor of resistance $R_1$. Now if another resistor say $R_2$ is added in parallel to $R_1$ , does the potential drop across ...
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0answers
62 views

What is the best way to measure bioimpedance using AC bridges

What is the best way to measure bioimpedance using AC bridges? and capacitances?
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2answers
76 views

Finding the voltage of an inductor in a RL series circuit [closed]

Here is the solution: This assigned question is an odd one since it doesn't seem to have anything to do with phasors which is the chapter I am currently studying. I know that that the phase ...
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1answer
46 views

Circuit analysis: Two nodes as one?

Can I treat these two nodes in the center as if there were only one node connecting these four components?
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3answers
149 views

Weird resistor patterns [closed]

I came up with the following question: The vertices of tetrahedron ABCD are all connected by 1-ohm resistors. What is the total resistance between A and B? I haven't the faintest idea how to ...
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0answers
139 views

Thermal noise from capacitor; circuit analysis

I'm trying to model the thermal noise from a capacitor. The capacitor is connected directly into an amplifier with resistance $R_{A}$ and capacitance $C_{A}$. A noisy capacitor is modelled as a ...
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2answers
87 views

Is this way of solving Thevenin theorem correct?

This thevenin theorem is really giving me a headache, and I've really searched many sources in the internet but they confused me more and more. Take this as an example: The guy in the above link ...
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1answer
629 views

Wheatstone bridge Capacitor,Dead Capacitor [closed]

I want to know that if in a Wheatstone Bridge ,that is made of capacitors only we have this condition $c_1c_3=c_2c_4$. The $c_5$ capacitor would be dead and it's voltage would be zero? Actually I ...
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0answers
57 views

What is a non-linear capacitor?

I'm new here. I have a (maybe dumb) question: What are non-linear capacitors? I'm given a circuit including a capacitor and the question says The given capacitor is non-linear with the ...
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0answers
62 views

Does back emf occur in transformers?

Does back emf occur in transformers and if so does it reduce the efficiency of the transformer and can it be reduced?
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0answers
66 views

Charge Amplifier response and frequency response [closed]

I am getting ready for my final and have completed everything on my study guide except for two questions I cannot figure out. Here is the first question: I have gone through all my lectures and ...
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0answers
65 views

How do the different types of energy apply to voltage in a circuit

I was just wondering what happens in a circuit in terms of different types of energy transformations. If you apply a voltage to a circuit then electrons start moving (very slowly). Since the electrons ...
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1answer
62 views

Resistances connected in series

When resistances connected in series then why through each resistances the different potential difference occurs?
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1answer
486 views

The shape of the graph of the equation: $V= -r I + E$

I have recently collected data (for a school experiment) in order to measure the EMF and the internal resistance of a solar cell. The data complied with the equation: $V = -rI + E$, i.e. the voltage ...
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1answer
136 views

Kirchoff's rules and RC circuits [closed]

You can view the image bigger: http://i.stack.imgur.com/4moUP.png I'm studying RC circuits and I can't understand the part when we use Kirchoff's rule. When working with batteries, when we're ...
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1answer
87 views

If you have $N$ 1ohm resistors, how many distinct equivalent resistances can you create?

If you have $N$ 1ohm resistors, how many distinct equivalent resistances can you create? Assume that only parallel and series and mixture of them is allowed and no bridging between two parallel ...
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2answers
426 views

Simultaneous Charging and Discharging Capacitor

sorry if I sound little noobish. Though I have a fairly good understanding of physics, I sometimes don't understand the electrical aspects. Say there is a capacitor. This capacitor is expected to act ...
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0answers
515 views

How does a Photocell/Photoresistor work? [closed]

I'm just curious highschooler beginning an interest in electronics and this concept of light detecting resistance component is really intriguing to me. I assume it's an application of the ...
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1answer
40 views

The value of current and voltage in a circuit

The picture is just for example. I don't know why $i$ and $i_1$ have different directions and $i+i_1=0$ according to KCL. Also, the value of voltage at each element. I mean in why the $V$ of the end ...
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5answers
508 views

How does series circuit differ from parallel circuit?

Why does same current $I$ flow in the series circuit but it isn't the case with resistors in parallels?
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3answers
78 views

electric current in parallel circuit [closed]

If I have a parallel circuit with two resistors ($R_1=48 \Omega$ and $R_2=16 \Omega$) - and $R_1$ has a $0.1 A$ current running through, is it possible to calculate the current through $R_2$ without ...
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0answers
213 views

Power dissipated through resistor in RC circuit with charged Capacitor [closed]

so here's the problem: A simple RC circuit where the capacitor has been charged, and two resistors are in parallel configuration. How does one find the power (as function of time) through any of the ...
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3answers
104 views

Current through two inductors after a long time

I'm having trouble with visualizing the following problem, which is asking me for the final, steady current in both inductors $L_{1}$ and $L_{2}$. I was thinking that after a long time, essentially ...
6
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3answers
2k views

What happens if I throw a battery into water?

Today I have by accident thrown a AAA battery into a bucket of water. I fished it out of the water immediately (within 20 seconds or so) and nothing notable had happened and the battery is still full ...
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1answer
307 views

How is the current flow perpendicular to the wire?

This answer gives a great explanation of how surface charge builds up to force the current to move perpendicular to the wire: http://physics.stackexchange.com/a/102936/41086 However, it fails to ...
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2answers
317 views

capacitor in ac and dc circuits

In a dc circuit work done by battery=QV while energy stored in capacitor =(QV)/2 loss in energy=(QV)/2 While a capacitor in ac circuit has a no power loss.why is it so? Shouldn't heat be lost in ac ...
2
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1answer
105 views

Do batteries lose charge?

Say I have a charge of +q and -q on the positive and negative terminals of a battery. If I connect wires to each terminal, but don't connect the wires (essentially creating an open circuit), the ...
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3answers
673 views

Why do both plates of a capacitor have the same charge?

How do we know that both plates of a capacitor have the same charge? You could argue conservation of charge, but I don't see how conservation of charge implies the charge on both plates is the same. ...
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5answers
300 views

Field inside a wire?

This answer gives a great explanation of why the field inside a wire connected to a battery must be equal at all points: Why doesn't the electric field inside a wire in a circuit fall off with ...
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4answers
953 views

Is a capacitor in an open circuit charged?

Say I have a circuit consisting of a battery, a wire, an open switch, and a capacitor. The circuit is open since the switch is open. My book says that the capacitor will only be charged when the ...
2
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1answer
118 views

Can resistance of wire be ignored

I was doing some physics homework involving direct current circuits and resistors in series, and I started to question the accuracy of the following property of resistors in series, namely that the ...
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1answer
477 views

Changing the resistance of a circuit

I am wondering, when we change the resistance in a circuit, does the voltage tend to increase or the ampere decrease? More specifically, under what conditions does what happen? E.g. If we have a ...
2
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2answers
1k views

How to Determine the voltage polarity of inductor in a circuit? [closed]

The Voltage polarity across the inductor is same as that across the capacitor since both are in parallel and the voltage across them must be same. But when Inductor, capacitor and resistor are ...
5
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1answer
668 views

Why doesn't the electric field inside a wire in a circuit fall off with distance from the battery?

We studied electric fields due to point charges. The magnitude of these fields decreases with the square of the distance from the point charge. It seems to me that we could treat the positive ...
6
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4answers
1k views

What is the current of a capacitor when the derivative of voltage is undefined?

This is from the textbook I am reading: I know this equation for capacitors: $$i=C\cdot \frac { dv }{ dt }$$ Here is my question: how can diagram (a) be allowed if the derivative of the voltage ...
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1answer
53 views

Quadrupling Power in a Circuit

If I have a heating wire with resistance $R$ to be connected across a constant potential difference $V$, it would seem like cutting the wire into two (thus each having half the resistance) and ...
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1answer
184 views

How can electrons move along the conductive wire? ( seems to be a paradox )

Tangential components of the electric field across an interface between two media, with no impressed magnetic current densities along the boundary of the interface, are continuous. So: $ n \times (E_2 ...
4
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1answer
2k views

How can KVL & KCL be derived from Maxwell equations?

How can KVL (Kirchhoff's Voltage Law) & KCL (Kirchhoff's Current law) be derived from Maxwell equations in lumped circuits?(Lumped network : if $d$is the largest dimension of the network and ...
6
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6answers
2k views

What is Electromotive force (EMF)? How is it related to potential difference?

What is Electromotive force (EMF)? How is it related to potential difference? Is it the creation of potential difference in any conductor??Is it a process?Why is it called force? Does writing emf ...
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1answer
73 views

Energy in a Solenoid?

Consider a circuit consisting of a battery, a resistor and a solenoid inductor. Then, the emf $\mathcal{E}$, is defined as: $$\mathcal{E} = L\frac{di}{dt} + iR$$ Multiplying both sides by ...
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2answers
163 views

Voltage Drop and Charge Flow

I am hoping someone can help me with understanding voltage drop and charge flow. Here is what I think I know. The voltage drop through a circuit must equal the voltage of the battery source, and ...
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0answers
58 views

Kirchoff Loop and current

The pic of the circuit/problem: I got the problem right, but i want to make sure my reasoning is correct for the current left of the 2.1 V battery. Its the same current as $I_1$ because the ...
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4answers
98 views

Wrong positioned Ampere-meter and Voltmeter [closed]

I'm dealing with a problem here and even that I'm trying to solve it i can't It says: In what figures the voltmeter and ampere-meter are wrong positioned? I think that all the the others are ...
0
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1answer
103 views

The effects of reversing the leads of an ammeter

I was playing around with a battery, an ammeter, and a light bulb. The ammeter originally read 1.99 A, but after reversing the leads going into and out of the ammeter the ammeter read -1.98A. I know ...
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0answers
116 views

Different phase in capacitively coupled RLC circuits

I was trying to work with some data for a lab report I'm writing about capacitively coupled RLC circuits. The setup is pretty simple and looks like that: Where $C^{'}$ is the coupling capacitance. ...
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2answers
128 views

Is R1 R2 and R3 parallel? [closed]

or R2 and R3 are parallel then they are in series with R1?
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0answers
51 views

Balanced three phase circuit Y-Y with neutral

Here is my equivalent balanced three phase circuit Y-Y with neutral: Rla + jXla is my line impedance by phase. L1 and L2 are my loads. The exercise is saying that L1 absorbs 180 W and 240 VAr, L2 ...
0
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1answer
84 views

Understanding Counter - EMF?

When an coil rotor is moving around a magnetic field there is -V induced to resist the input V. Let's take an example, a 12 V DC motor induces -10V, and the actual running voltage is 2V. If there ...
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2answers
3k views

Conversion of Moving coil galvanometer to ammeter

A galvanometer can be converted into an ammeter by connecting a low resistance (called shunt resistance) in parallel to the galvanometer. Firstly, why do we need to connect the resistance? If a ...
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2answers
64 views

Is there current flowing though a power source?

Would there be any current flowing though an ideal voltage source? I am asking this more specifically when you are analyzing a circuit and you are doing nodal analysis. I know i=v/r, but since the ...