An electronic system, with closed loop current flow, and relative electrical potentials present across electrical components.

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Loaded Quality Factor

I came up with an expression for the reflected power of a resonator: $$\left| \Gamma \right|^2 = 1 - \frac{1-\left(\frac{\kappa - 1}{\kappa + 1}\right)^2}{1 + 4 \left( \frac{Q_U}{(\kappa + 1)} ...
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1answer
105 views

How to find power dissipation of bulbs [closed]

The following circuit is connected in series and $240V$ power supply. Bulb $A$ has $240V$, $100W$ rating. Bulb $B$ has $240V$, $500W$ rating. Calculate the power dissipated at bulb $A$ and $B$ ...
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0answers
37 views

Physical interpretation of Convolution

Let us say that we are interested in finding the voltage (potential difference) $y$ across the resistor. The circuit consists of a battery, a resistor and an inductor. The problem can be solved by ...
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1answer
144 views

A working “mechanical” model that explains current in a wire/circuit?

In class we learned about point charges, electrostatic force, voltage, current etc. and discussed circuits along the way. Now problems arise when I try to apply the learned concepts to explain how ...
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67 views

Is this the reason why a circuit with no components (except wire) would discharge the battery faster?

I read that if I simply connect two ends of a battery it would discharge really quick and it would last longer if the circuit contained e.g. a light bulb. I wondered why is this happening and my ...
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1answer
133 views

Why can gold be drawn out finer than light?

The metal gold is extremely malleable. Gold is also ductile and one ounce can be drawn into 80 km (50 miles) of thin gold wire (5 microns diameter) to make electrical contacts and bonding wire. I ...
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0answers
52 views

On resonance of an RLC circuit

How do I prove that the width of resonance in an RLC circuit is the inverse of the proper time of the circuit? I know that the amplitude of charge in the condensator is ...
3
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3answers
193 views

$\vec{E}$-and $\vec{B}$-fields in RCL circuit

Consider a basic RCL-Circuit consisting of an ideal resistor, an ideal capacitor and an ideal inductor in series. Assume that at time $t = 0$ the current is zero and the capacitor is charged with ...
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1answer
25 views

Number of electrons flowing in a circuit [closed]

Does the number of electrons flowing in a circuit get affected when we turn on the light? If yes or no, then why. Help please.
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2answers
91 views

how current flows in a parallel circuit as the potential difference is same?

Since we know current can not flow in a wire if there is no potential difference in its two terminals. How current flows in a parallel combination where each load has equal potential difference in ...
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0answers
51 views

Why can xenon gas stay ionised after the “trigger voltage” is removed?

From my understanding of a Xenon flash circuit, a storage capacitor and a trigger capacitor are charged up to about 240V (both with similar RC values, but less capacitance is needed for the trigger ...
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0answers
35 views

What is ultimate AC frequency and phenomena related to it?

Just as in title. What is the top AC frequency physically possible to obtain? And are there (and if yes, what?) phenomena occuring only at large frequencies? I'm thinking about a metallic wire. I know ...
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2answers
117 views

Battery charging a Capacitor

Ok I know there is a similar question already on here, but mine takes it just a step further. What I would really love to know is exactly how much energy is being transferred from a battery into a ...
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1answer
211 views

Calculating the output current and voltage of series and parallel connected solar panels

I have two solar panels, one is rated as $I=2A$ (current) and $V=20V$ (voltage) and the other as $I=3A$ and $V=15V$. If I connect them in parallel, how to calculate the current and voltage of the ...
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0answers
67 views

Resistor and conductor and inductor

What I am gonna to have if: -an inductor is in parallel with a capacitor and all that group is in parallel with a resistor. I know that a capacitor in parallel with an inductor is: ...
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5answers
265 views

Why does not a battery kept in empty space discharge on its own? If space between the terminals is empty, what prevents the electrons to flow?

Given here is the picture of a twisted battery kept in free space (vacuum). Will the battery discharge quickly? I mean, it should discharge faster than it would if we were to connect the terminals ...
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2answers
43 views

Time constant for this RC circuit

Well one problem boiled down to the following RC ciruit- $C_1$ was initially charged with $q_o$ and I thought after closing switch connecting $C_1$ and $C_2$ the maximum current discharging will be ...
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1answer
214 views

Calculation of RMS current in half wave rectifier

While calculating RMS current in half wave rectifier, why we will consider only half wave that means only we consider the limits 0 to pi. But here RMS current is for AC input..so why don't we consider ...
3
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1answer
37 views

Tesla Coil stops sparking until restart [closed]

I have a tesla coil with NT-1530-OUT Transformer, 23 turns (max) primary, 1m secondary(~1600turns), with MMC and rotary sparkgap. Gets 50cm sparks but try to tune the tesla coil by shifting top ...
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2answers
2k views

How can be the neutral wire at 0 volts when current flowing through it?

Voltage is potential difference, and current flows because of voltage. So if the voltage is zero, how can current flow through the neutral wire.
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2answers
705 views

Rate of flow of electrons in a simple circuit, given the current? [closed]

I have this question: The correct answer is C. I understand that the flow of electrons should be from Y to X because electrons flow opposite to "conventional current", which is from positive to ...
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1answer
45 views

How will open-circuit voltage affect the Fermi Level Difference

The circumstances of my question consists of this: I have two materials, copper and cesium, and they are sandwiched together with a layer of cesium in the middle. It is connected only on a single side ...
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1answer
572 views

How does a bulb light up when it's connected in a circuit with an uncharged capacitor and a cell?

Since there is a capacitor, isn't it an incomplete circuit? How does the current flow across the dielectric medium? If a bulb was connected to a cell alone and if there was a break in the wires of the ...
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0answers
13 views

Current pass through different branch of network [duplicate]

How current knows that resistance in any branch of network is law show that more proportion of it pass through that branch?
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4answers
71 views

Many cells in parallel

If two or more cells of unequal voltages are connected in parallel (with the same terminal on the same side), is there a formula that gives the net potential difference? Also, by Kirchoff's loop law, ...
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1answer
60 views

Potential difference in a circuit of n cells = 0? How?

I was supposed to find the potential difference across any one cell in an arrangement consisting of n cells of EMF E connected in series in a closed circuit and internal resistance r. I proceeded by ...
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2answers
80 views

Why is this circuit component on without a potential difference?

From the following graph, determine whether (h) will be on or off: I think (h) should be off because there is no potential difference across it. Is this correct? Edit: Using the method provided ...
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1answer
99 views

Transfer function of an RC circuit

I'm trying to reach the transfer function of an RC circuit which I am told is $$\frac {V_R} {V_\text{in}} = \frac{R}{\sqrt{(R^2 + \frac {1}{\omega^2 C^2})}} \cos(\omega t - \theta) \, .$$ Is this ...
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2answers
172 views

What's the max speed a man-made satellite can travel in space before its circuitry stopped working?

Assume it could withstand extreme temperatures in either direction. I'm mainly curious what would happen to its circuits as it approached the speed of light.
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1answer
72 views

About the combination of two signals with capacitors

Here is a link of an article I've been reading. http://www.analoguehaven.com/moog/thereminblack/hotrod.pdf In page 4 there is a circuit schematic. Notice there is a part called variable pitch ...
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2answers
301 views

How long does it take for a capacitor to be fully charged if voltage is decreased? [closed]

Above is the picture of the circuit pertaining to this question. The question asked for the time it will take for the capacitor to get fully charged when the switch is in position B? So i guess the ...
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0answers
63 views

Approximate of self-inductance of a square wire coil

Imagine you have a square coil of wires with n turns. In order to calculate the self-inductance coefficient I should know the magnetic field. Is it acceptable to consider the 4 sides as infinitely ...
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1answer
125 views

What is the strength of the magnetic field required to penetrate an average human body?

Introduction Suppose you are an experimental nanobot researcher trial-ling a new form of medication that involves activation and control of nanobots within the cells of the interior of the human body ...
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2answers
217 views

Current on both sides of a capacitor

When a capacitor is connected to a DC circuit, what ensures that the current on both sides of the capacitor is the same? When charges arrive at one end of the capacitor they stop moving; presumably ...
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2answers
46 views

A circuit that is net charged

What differences would you measure if a circuit were significantly charged negatively? Would the resistance change? To be clear, I mean that excess electrons are added to the system. The circuit can ...
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2answers
44 views

Resistors and dependent voltage sources

why not $i(2\;kΩ)=15\;mA$ and $i(5\;kΩ)=4\;mA$?
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1answer
50 views

Will the current flow from the battery?

I am just trying to find out if the current enters into the positive terminal of the battery (if there is a battery with bigger emf ) will it get charged and charge will be stored and current will ...
3
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4answers
273 views

How does an inductor store magnetic energy?

I am trying to figure out what the potential energy of an inductor with a current really means. In a capacitor, the energy stored works like this: if you let the plates attract each other, before ...
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2answers
61 views

Doubt on resistor circuit [closed]

How are we able to flip the triangular resistor to the opposite breaking its connection with the lower 2r resistor?
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2answers
68 views

Why is voltage essential in circuits?

I understand what voltage is, but why is it necessary for an electric circuit to function? Why can't current flow without a voltage?
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0answers
32 views

What is the capacity of this circuit? [duplicate]

I simply can't figure out what the capacity of this circuit is. I can do the math myself, I just need a hint how to create an equivalent circuit where it is obvious what is parallel and what is in ...
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1answer
131 views

Electric Motors: why do they draw more current when stalled, and less when moving? [duplicate]

I'm familiar with how an electric motor works, and also familiar with what stall current and free current refers to in an electric motor. I'm also somehow familiar with the notions of energy being ...
3
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2answers
562 views

Why do high voltage transmission line workers need a Faraday cage suit?

In this video the high voltage transmission line workers are wearing a Faraday cage suit. Why is this needed? Without the Faraday cage, the resistance of the human would be very high compared to the ...
1
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1answer
105 views

Highly inductive circuits question in general

I've been reading about self-inductance in circuits in M. Purcell's Electricity and Magnetism and came across an interesting fact: "What happens if we open the switch after the current $I0$ has been ...
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1answer
56 views

Are LC circuits preferred as series or parallel? Why? [closed]

Are LC circuits preferred as series or parallel? I recently studied about LC circuits in parallel and asked my tutor about whether the inductor and capacitor could be connected in series. He said it ...
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1answer
50 views

Does the power of the resistor change when the battery is changed?

Wanted to know whether the changing of a battery (potential difference)affects the change of power consumption of a resistor of a bulb. please tell me how the change will occur?
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0answers
78 views

Kirchoff's circuit law matrix representation

A couple of recent Kirchoff's law questions with wacky geometries got me thinking. "Solving" any circuit that consists only of resistors and e.m.f. sources can be reduced to solving a linear system of ...
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1answer
69 views

Calculating resistance [duplicate]

I am really confused please help me! I want to find the resistance between a and b! But i am not able to understand which resistances are in series or which are in parallel! What i think- e and a ...
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2answers
179 views

potential difference across a bulb

I am doing some self studying over the summer for fun and I'm working from a book that does not provide answers. I came across the following question, and I will present my solution. I was hoping ...
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0answers
20 views

Total current - differential equation [duplicate]

Consider the circuit below consisting out of a capacitor C and two identical resistors R. For $t<0$ the switch is open and the capacitor is uncharged. At $t=0$ switch is shut and the circuit is ...