An electronic system, with closed loop current flow, and relative electrical potentials present across electrical components.

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Electrical circuits problem

Batteries have a circuit which looks like this : The electrons go around the circuit and then return through the battery where they get charged again and flow around. My issue is, what about ...
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126 views

Find current in a nontrivial circuit

Let us assume that we have this circuit: We know that: $$I_1 = I_2 + I_3$$ $$I_1R_1 + I_3R_3 = V$$ $$I_1R_1 + I_2R_2 + \dfrac{q_c}{C_1} = V$$ Therefore we can write: $$I_1 = k_1 - k_2*q_c$$ ...
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0answers
110 views

How is derived the relation between capacitances when a $Y-\Delta$ transformation is applied in a capacitors network?

A $Y-\Delta$ transformation can be applied to circuits in order to make an equivalent circuit (but simpler to put in terms of series/parallel devices). Wikipedia and other books show how to deduce the ...
2
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5answers
387 views

Current division in ideal inductors?

The Question is:- Find the current distribution in the inductors at steady state (i.e. assuming $t\rightarrow \infty$ after the switch is closed and circuit established and consider the ...
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3answers
4k views

Why current through all the resistors in series is considered to be same? [duplicate]

Consider the circuit shown, where $R_{1} > R_{2}$. I meant to say that resistance offered by the resistor 1 is greater than the resistance offered by the resistor 2. Keep $t$ constant i,e ...
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2answers
95 views

can resistance be found without knowing length?

is it possible to find to resistance without knowing the length? i am tryigng to solve a problem that requires me to find the resistance.I cant seem do so without knowing the length of the circuit ...
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1answer
88 views

Resistances in a circular loop

I have no idea what formula I'm supposed to use.I just want to know the concept that would allow me to get the answer. I know basic concepts of electricity like charge, currents, etc., but as far ...
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1answer
572 views

Why the electric bulb turns on almost instantly when the switch is closed? [duplicate]

The electron drift speed is estimated to be very low.How could there is current almost the instant a circuit is closed?? By the discussions it is known that The information about beginning of the ...
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1answer
88 views

How uncertainties affect values

If I calculate the equivalent resistance of a circuit, for example: $$1/R_{eq} = 1/R_1 + 1/R_2 + 1/R_3 = 1/1472 + 1/3260 + 1/5580 \Rightarrow R_{eq} = 858.22\,\Omega$$ And then calculate its ...
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1answer
130 views

Kirchoff's Junction Rule

I understand that the Junction rule states that the algebraic sum of currents going into a junction equals the current going out of the Junction. There is just a wrinkle that I don't understand. If ...
2
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2answers
128 views

Strange electrical circuit

This is a question I would like to have an explanation with: It's in this PDF, question 9. In that circuit, if switch 1 is closed, bulb A burns normally. If 2 is closed as well, do other lamps ...
3
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4answers
787 views

Physical meaning of Impedance

So I have been thinking about the way impedance is defined for electrical systems, and the way it is derived. Even after looking through some websites, I cannot seem to grasp something, which every ...
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2answers
99 views

How long should I leave the light on?

I remember my old physics teacher at school saying that if you switch a light on in a room and you're planning to return relatively quickly, it uses less electricity if you leave the light on until ...
4
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2answers
837 views

Why is the voltage drop across an ideal wire zero?

I'm having trouble conceptualizing why the voltage drop between two points of an ideal wire (i.e. no resistance) is $0~V$. Using Ohm's Law, the equation is such: $$ V = IR \\ V = I(0~\Omega) \\ V = ...
10
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3answers
536 views

How does electricity 'decide' on it's pathway? [duplicate]

I'm struggling to understand the fundamental concepts of electricity, more specifically, the way in which it 'chooses' its optimal pathway. I appreciate electricity will always choose the path of ...
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5answers
9k views

Why does voltage remains same over Parallel Circuit

Why does voltage remains same over parallel circuit. If a resistor is connected in the circuit some of the charge should be transformed into heat and make a lack of charge after the resistor (in my ...
0
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1answer
77 views

Simple circuit with resistances

I have a question about a circuit that I made in class! So, we had a circuit with 2 resistors, one of $R_1 = 330 \Omega$ and one of $R_2 = 470 \Omega$. The tension applied to the circuit should be ...
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3answers
134 views

Will the rms current be affected by inserting dielectric in the capacitor in an LCR circuit?

MY thoughts: I think it will not be as the expression for RMS value is dependent only on the peak value of current. Is my thinking correct?
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2answers
250 views

Does the heat produced in an inductor affected by the total current in the resistance in the circuit?

The energy stored in an inductor depends on the inductance of the inductor and the current flowing through it. But, assume that the switch is opened. Then, does the heat generated in the inductor ...
0
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1answer
83 views

Loop Rule Parts Problem

[Loop Rule Diagram] The problem is thus: Apply the loop rule to abcdefghia and find the expression which adds to zero. I tried this, but I was not able to get it correct. I know that when crossing ...
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4answers
3k views

Finding equivalent resistance in complex circuit

In my previous Phys.SE question, situated here, I asked about finding the equivalent resistance of the following circuit : I got some very good answers and some tips. Now what if the same circuit is ...
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4answers
4k views

Detecting if resistances are parallel or series in complex circuits

I know how to detect when resistors are arranged in parallel or series arrangement and I can also find their equivalent resistance in simple circuits or when resistances are connected in form of ...
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1answer
196 views

Is this a series or parallel connection?

I am confused how the capacitors in this circuit are connected. $C_4$, $C_6$ and $C_5$, $C_3$ appear to be parallel, but both $C_4$ and $C_6$ seem to be in series with $C_1$ as do $C_5$ and $C_3$. Am ...
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3answers
1k views

Calculate for Multiple Resistors with a Bridge

Background A circuit is constructed with five resistors and a battery as shown. The battery voltage is V = 12 V. The values for the resistors are: R1 = 78 Ω, R2 = 150 Ω, R3 = 132 Ω, and R4 = 83 Ω. ...
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3answers
2k views

Magnitude of magnetic field at the center of circular wire

I'm preparing for an exam by solving the sample questions , here is the one I'm having difficulty with : Following is the given circuit. Which contains two resistance $R_1$ and $R_2$ in form of ...
2
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1answer
319 views

$\pi/2$ phase shift in RC circuit

I just recently learnt Alternating Current and RCL circuits and I also learnt about phasers and various graphs. Now I also know that current lags in an LR circuit. My intuitive understanding of this ...
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1answer
71 views

Why junction removal method doesn't work like this?

This is a question from my textbook's chapter on electrical currents. It has a square circuit as shown in figure 1, where all the wires have identical resistivity. While solving the circuit the ...
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1answer
380 views

Electric circuit question [closed]

http://www.fisme.uu.nl/nno/opgaven/bestanden/Ronde1-Theorie-2009.pdf, question 5: You have to calculate Id when the switch at S is opened, when its closed, the Id = 0.5 A. All resistors are ...
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0answers
63 views

How power affects heating of a coil

So I am doing a little research on my own about electronic cigarettes. Most Ecig users value high power at a standard current. This means they buy very expensive, high voltage batteries and put high ...
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1answer
180 views

Drawing the circuit from a differential equation

Can you please help me in modelling a circuit using the differential equation? In the following equation, $u(t)$ is the input voltage and $y(t)$ is the output voltage. ...
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1answer
83 views

While finding the equivalent resistance why isn't the 8 ohm in series with the 5 ohm?

Is there any way to tell if the circuit below is in series or parallel quickly and accurately?
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3answers
234 views

Potentiometer voltage change

I'm trying to understand simple things about electricity reading allaboutcircuits.com web. This chapter includes image which´s principle I don't understand. Here it is: When supplying constant ...
0
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1answer
677 views

Voltage and parallel-plate capacitors

Suppose we have two parallel plates (each of area $A$) spaced with distance $d_1$ acting as a parallel-plate capacitor within a circuit. If the capacitor is connected to a power source with constant ...
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1answer
178 views

Voltage reading between hand and 3.3V source is only 0.1mV. Why?

I held one multimeter probe to a 3.3V source, the other probe I held in my hand. The voltage measured between these 2 points was around ...
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2answers
152 views

What does E/M field look like when I close a circuit?

Suppose that we have a charged capacitor with two pins: $ C_+ $ and $C_-$. Suppose that we have a long wire with fixed geometry, that is already connected to the pin C+. Let the ...
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2answers
62 views

Does resistance in second circuit changes in transformed circuit?

Let $V_1$, $I_1$, $R_1$ and $V_2$, $I_2$, $R_2$ be voltages, currents, resistance in first, second circuit. And we assume $R_1=R_2$, $I_1\neq I_2$. The conservation of electrical power ...
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2answers
253 views

Is $Q=CV$ still acceptable formular on the capacitor charged by the transformed circuit?

Assume there is a 100V to 1000V transformer and the capacitor connected in the second circuit.(You know, transformers have two circuits) The second circuit's voltage is 1000V, but the amount current ...
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3answers
2k views

Can single DC 1.5V battery generates 1500 Watts power?

Suppose there is a DC $1.5\mathrm{V}$ battery connected with $1.5\times10^{-3}\mathrm{\Omega}$ resistor. Then the amount of circuit current is $I=V/R=10^3\mathrm{A}$. (according to Ohm's law) I know ...
2
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1answer
96 views

Inductor rise time and inductor wire length

So here is an interesting question about inductors or coils in general. Suppose you had a inductor which was 12 inch's in diameter and say 12 inch's in length and has 100 turns of wire. The total ...
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3answers
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Why does connecting a battery's positive terminal to the negative terminal of another battery not create a short circuit?

This is a question regarding the physics behind the observation. I have guessed the answer to the question, but I may be wrong, so I want to wait for the responses before posting it. Some major ...
2
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1answer
2k views

How to find the total current supplied to the circuit?

Recently, I came across a question based on finding electric current of a circuit. Here's the image... I know, by using the formula $I=V/R$, we can easily calculate the current as $V$ is given and ...
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2answers
282 views

Cause of electromagnetic induction?

The rate of change of magnetic flux through a surface (open) is related with the line integral over the closed loop binding the selected surface by one of the Maxwell's equation. But that means even ...
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5answers
2k views

Does alternating current (AC) require a complete circuit?

This popular question about "whether an AC circuit with one end grounded to Earth and the other end grounded to Mars would work (ignoring resistance/inductance of the wire)" was recently asked on the ...
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2answers
1k views

Path of least resistance vs. short circuit

Some sources on the web claim that "electricity follows the path of least resistance" is not true, e.g. this physics SE question. However, in every explanation of "short circuits", the author says ...
2
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1answer
412 views

Graphene batteries/super capacitors

A while ago, there was some news about micro-scale graphene-based supercapacitors and these devices can charge and discharge a hundred to a thousand times faster than standard batteries. Question: ...
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2answers
1k views

Why does the thickness of a wire affect resistance?

For small thicknesses of wire, it's pretty obvious why resistance affects thickness. (The electronics squeeze to get through). But after a certain thickness shouldn't the thickness become irrelevant? ...
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3answers
2k views

Equivalent resistance in ladder circuit

I have stumbled upon a given question I really have a hard time to solve. Basically I need to find an equivalent resistance in some form of "ladder" configuration. Where the chain is an infinite ...
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1answer
216 views

Which direction does the electron move?

If my phone is charging that means it's mass increasing by this Youtube video. Now if an current is flowing from the power station to home, does it mean that electron is flowing from house to the ...
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1answer
484 views

Power factor for impedance

I need to compute the power factor for two ideal impedances, a capacitor: $$Z_C=\frac{-j}{\omega C} $$ and a inductor: $$Z_L=j\omega L $$ I know that the power factor is defined as a term ...
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1answer
138 views

Are two touching conductors connected in parallel or in series?

Consider the following problem: There are two spherical conductors $A, B$, with capacitances $C_A, C_B$ resp. Conductor $A$ is supplied some charge and is found to have a potential of $160 \space V$. ...