An electronic system, with closed loop current flow, and relative electrical potentials present across electrical components.

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4
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2answers
108 views

What exactly is ''electric energy''?

If the two fundamental types of energy are kinetic and potential energy, is electric energy simply the kinetic energy of charge carriers? Also, is the statement "A cell converts chemical potential ...
0
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2answers
55 views

Back $emf$ and power?

The formula relating current to back emf is $V-E=IR$ where $V$ is the source pd and $E$ is the back Emf. Thus it can be seen that as the back emf increases the current decreases. But what is the ...
-1
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1answer
36 views

High Current at first and then steady from a battery

I just came up with a question, When a battery is connected to a circuit, the current first suddenly peaks up and slowly goes down to a steady value. Why is it so? I have not actually observed this, ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Proof of Thevenin and Norton theorem

How can I prove Thevenin's and Norton's theorem? Thévenin's theorem can be used to convert any circuit's sources and impedances to a Thévenin equivalent.
0
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0answers
23 views

How to apply faraday's law to lc circiut

I am having problem on using Faraday's law correctly. When I try to apply Faraday's law to the LC circuit: Assume the top plate of capacitor is positively charged and bottom is negative. So no ...
1
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1answer
82 views

Calculating decibel gain and loss

I'm doing a mobile/wireless networking subject and the physics aspect is giving me some trouble. I'm mainly confused about the conversion of dB, dBm and dBW and how to calculate the gain/loss from an ...
1
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1answer
61 views

Do I understand impedance correctly?

$$Let\quad \vec { Z } =R+Xj$$ If $X>0$,then the impedance is lagging (current lags behind voltage).If $X<0$, then the impedance is leading (current leads voltage or more accurately, voltage lags ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Energy conservation when capacitor charges in a zero resistance circuit

We know that when a capacitor charges from a source $E$, it stores energy of $E=\frac{1}{2}QV $. This is derived without taking into consideration any resistances present in the circuit. We also ...
15
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4answers
2k views

What's the physical meaning of the imaginary component of impedance?

As you know, impedance is defined as a complex number. Ideal capacitors: $$ \frac {1} {j \omega C} \hspace{0.5 pc} \mathrm{or} \hspace{0.5 pc} \frac {1} {sC} $$ Ideal inductors: $$ j \omega L ...
0
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0answers
88 views

Power wasted and power delivered?

If a power source is supplying a current I and a voltage V, that travels to its destination through resistors of restance R is the power delivered at the destination = $VI - RI^2$, where $(Pi=) VI$ is ...
0
votes
4answers
396 views

What happens in a circuit, when the wire and the battery are superconducting. And shorted

When a wire with no resistance is connected to the terminals of an ideal battery, will a current exist in the circuit? If a capacitor is added to the circuit, will it be charged by the battery or will ...
1
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1answer
82 views

How can current be a smooth curve?

The following is a graph of the current across some circuit element: Note how the current is treated like a smooth continuous function. Even in the analysis of things (i.e. analysis of the ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Circuits and Power

"The diagram below represents a simple circuit composed of 5 identical light bulbs and 2 flashlight batteries. Which bulb (or bulbs) would you expect to be the brightest? a) V only b) V and W ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

How to model “Doppler Distortion” of speakers?

Simple Model w/o Doppler I have a speaker driven by an electrical signal. The pressure at the sampling point is some linear operator acting on the input signal: $L[ s(t)]$. Where $L$ combines the ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Sign convention for EMF

When we define the field generate by EMF, why there is not negative sign in $\mathcal{E} = \oint \vec{E} \cdot d\vec{l}$? Usually we talk about potential, there should be a negative sign, right?
1
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1answer
132 views

Batteries and fields?

Batteries generate fields in wires that essentially cause the movement of electrons. I think of batteries as two charged plates that essentially contain a mechanism between them to move electrons from ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Ohms Law Voltage/Potential Difference [duplicate]

Three 2.0 Ω resistors are connected in series to a 12 V battery. What is the potential difference across each resistor? � This question requires Ohms law because V is needed right? So I would use I = ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Back EMF & Current, how can we make I stable?

Lets assume we have a wire that has $10V$ across and $1$ $Amp$ flowing, now if this conductor is introduced to a changing magnetic field, $-EMF$ is induced, can we control our voltage to increase it ...
1
vote
3answers
289 views

How “earthing” electricity work?

I made a simple bulb-battery circuit and then I cut one of the wires and attached both ends to cemented floor, the bulb didn't glow, this means cemented floor is a ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Voltage across parallel combination on adding another resistance

Suppose we have a battery with terminal PD $V$ connected to an external resistor of resistance $R_1$. Now if another resistor say $R_2$ is added in parallel to $R_1$ , does the potential drop across ...
0
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0answers
58 views

What is the best way to measure bioimpedance using AC bridges

What is the best way to measure bioimpedance using AC bridges? and capacitances?
0
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2answers
66 views

Finding the voltage of an inductor in a RL series circuit [closed]

Here is the solution: This assigned question is an odd one since it doesn't seem to have anything to do with phasors which is the chapter I am currently studying. I know that that the phase ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Circuit analysis: Two nodes as one?

Can I treat these two nodes in the center as if there were only one node connecting these four components?
0
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3answers
111 views

Weird resistor patterns [closed]

I came up with the following question: The vertices of tetrahedron ABCD are all connected by 1-ohm resistors. What is the total resistance between A and B? I haven't the faintest idea how to ...
0
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0answers
127 views

Thermal noise from capacitor; circuit analysis

I'm trying to model the thermal noise from a capacitor. The capacitor is connected directly into an amplifier with resistance $R_{A}$ and capacitance $C_{A}$. A noisy capacitor is modelled as a ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

Is this way of solving Thevenin theorem correct?

This thevenin theorem is really giving me a headache, and I've really searched many sources in the internet but they confused me more and more. Take this as an example: The guy in the above link ...
0
votes
1answer
420 views

Wheatstone bridge Capacitor,Dead Capacitor [closed]

I want to know that if in a Wheatstone Bridge ,that is made of capacitors only we have this condition $c_1c_3=c_2c_4$. The $c_5$ capacitor would be dead and it's voltage would be zero? Actually I ...
0
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0answers
51 views

What is a non-linear capacitor?

I'm new here. I have a (maybe dumb) question: What are non-linear capacitors? I'm given a circuit including a capacitor and the question says The given capacitor is non-linear with the ...
0
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0answers
49 views

Does back emf occur in transformers?

Does back emf occur in transformers and if so does it reduce the efficiency of the transformer and can it be reduced?
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0answers
59 views

Charge Amplifier response and frequency response [closed]

I am getting ready for my final and have completed everything on my study guide except for two questions I cannot figure out. Here is the first question: I have gone through all my lectures and ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

How do the different types of energy apply to voltage in a circuit

I was just wondering what happens in a circuit in terms of different types of energy transformations. If you apply a voltage to a circuit then electrons start moving (very slowly). Since the electrons ...
-2
votes
1answer
60 views

Resistances connected in series

When resistances connected in series then why through each resistances the different potential difference occurs?
1
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1answer
412 views

The shape of the graph of the equation: $V= -r I + E$

I have recently collected data (for a school experiment) in order to measure the EMF and the internal resistance of a solar cell. The data complied with the equation: $V = -rI + E$, i.e. the voltage ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Kirchoff's rules and RC circuits [closed]

You can view the image bigger: http://i.stack.imgur.com/4moUP.png I'm studying RC circuits and I can't understand the part when we use Kirchoff's rule. When working with batteries, when we're ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

If you have $N$ 1ohm resistors, how many distinct equivalent resistances can you create?

If you have $N$ 1ohm resistors, how many distinct equivalent resistances can you create? Assume that only parallel and series and mixture of them is allowed and no bridging between two parallel ...
1
vote
2answers
307 views

Simultaneous Charging and Discharging Capacitor

sorry if I sound little noobish. Though I have a fairly good understanding of physics, I sometimes don't understand the electrical aspects. Say there is a capacitor. This capacitor is expected to act ...
1
vote
0answers
418 views

How does a Photocell/Photoresistor work? [closed]

I'm just curious highschooler beginning an interest in electronics and this concept of light detecting resistance component is really intriguing to me. I assume it's an application of the ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

The value of current and voltage in a circuit

The picture is just for example. I don't know why $i$ and $i_1$ have different directions and $i+i_1=0$ according to KCL. Also, the value of voltage at each element. I mean in why the $V$ of the end ...
1
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5answers
397 views

How does series circuit differ from parallel circuit?

Why does same current $I$ flow in the series circuit but it isn't the case with resistors in parallels?
0
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3answers
68 views

electric current in parallel circuit [closed]

If I have a parallel circuit with two resistors ($R_1=48 \Omega$ and $R_2=16 \Omega$) - and $R_1$ has a $0.1 A$ current running through, is it possible to calculate the current through $R_2$ without ...
1
vote
0answers
205 views

Power dissipated through resistor in RC circuit with charged Capacitor [closed]

so here's the problem: A simple RC circuit where the capacitor has been charged, and two resistors are in parallel configuration. How does one find the power (as function of time) through any of the ...
1
vote
3answers
102 views

Current through two inductors after a long time

I'm having trouble with visualizing the following problem, which is asking me for the final, steady current in both inductors $L_{1}$ and $L_{2}$. I was thinking that after a long time, essentially ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What happens if I throw a battery into water?

Today I have by accident thrown a AAA battery into a bucket of water. I fished it out of the water immediately (within 20 seconds or so) and nothing notable had happened and the battery is still full ...
1
vote
1answer
275 views

How is the current flow perpendicular to the wire?

This answer gives a great explanation of how surface charge builds up to force the current to move perpendicular to the wire: http://physics.stackexchange.com/a/102936/41086 However, it fails to ...
-1
votes
2answers
232 views

capacitor in ac and dc circuits

In a dc circuit work done by battery=QV while energy stored in capacitor =(QV)/2 loss in energy=(QV)/2 While a capacitor in ac circuit has a no power loss.why is it so? Shouldn't heat be lost in ac ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Do batteries lose charge?

Say I have a charge of +q and -q on the positive and negative terminals of a battery. If I connect wires to each terminal, but don't connect the wires (essentially creating an open circuit), the ...
1
vote
3answers
482 views

Why do both plates of a capacitor have the same charge?

How do we know that both plates of a capacitor have the same charge? You could argue conservation of charge, but I don't see how conservation of charge implies the charge on both plates is the same. ...
2
votes
4answers
700 views

Is a capacitor in an open circuit charged?

Say I have a circuit consisting of a battery, a wire, an open switch, and a capacitor. The circuit is open since the switch is open. My book says that the capacitor will only be charged when the ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Can resistance of wire be ignored

I was doing some physics homework involving direct current circuits and resistors in series, and I started to question the accuracy of the following property of resistors in series, namely that the ...
0
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1answer
315 views

Changing the resistance of a circuit

I am wondering, when we change the resistance in a circuit, does the voltage tend to increase or the ampere decrease? More specifically, under what conditions does what happen? E.g. If we have a ...