An electronic system, with closed loop current flow, and relative electrical potentials present across electrical components.

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118 views

Will the rms current be affected by inserting dielectric in the capacitor in an LCR circuit?

MY thoughts: I think it will not be as the expression for RMS value is dependent only on the peak value of current. Is my thinking correct?
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0answers
128 views

Microscopic model of RLC circuit equation by analogy to continuous medium mechanics

According to the analogy of mechanics and electricity, the 1-D system of damped oscillation is similar to the RLC circuit. The equation of damped oscillation is $$ f=m\frac{dv}{dt}+\gamma v+kx$$ ...
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2answers
101 views

Batteries connected in Parallel

"If we connect two batteries in parallel, the battery with higher voltage will discharge into the other one." What is the intuition behind this?
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1answer
43 views

Electrode potential

If I connect a zinc half cell (Left hand side) and a copper half cell (right hand side), I get an E cell value of 1.1V taken from the voltmeter. If I replace the voltmeter with a light bulb, I will ...
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2answers
620 views

Why is there no current flow when i connect two opposite terminals of two separate batteries

I don't understand this..maybe there is something wrong with my understanding of battery or electricity. I am learning about electricity more deeply this time. So please spare with me... So lets ...
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1answer
1k views

Electron flow and electric potential

In the physics tutorial topic on current electricty it defines the positive terminal as the high potential terminal and the negative as the low potential. When talking about positive test charges this ...
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2answers
1k views

Pn junction voltage drop?

This image from wikipedia, explains that there occurs a potential drop across a pn semiconductor junction, and an electric field confined to the depletion region. I already know the reason for the ...
2
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0answers
73 views

The origin of contact noise?

I was trying to measure the noise of a device with metal probes. I was not sure whether I should trust the results because I was told contact noise might contribute to some degree. I am a little ...
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1answer
49 views

Applying more current? [closed]

An electric motor draws 20 Amps, when at maximum load of x. Can that value of current be applied even if the load was ten times less than x from a certain power source?
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1answer
139 views

Traditional Kirchoff voltage law in AC circuit?

The traditional (not taking into account phasor addition or complex addition) application of Kirchoff Voltage law, i.e. $\Sigma\Delta V=0$ along a loop, does not work for AC circuits. We can sum the ...
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3answers
3k views

Why current through all the resistors in series is considered to be same? [duplicate]

Consider the circuit shown, where $R_{1} > R_{2}$. I meant to say that resistance offered by the resistor 1 is greater than the resistance offered by the resistor 2. Keep $t$ constant i,e ...
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3answers
348 views

Resistors in series vs parallel

I understand that for resistors in series we need to add R for each resistor to get the equivalent resistance, where R is resistance. I also understand the mathematical manipulations that show that ...
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2answers
95 views

Complex impedance triangle, why is there a complex part?

Why is the inductive reactance written as jωL? I know that multiplying by j rotates the inductive reactance on the j axis, but why do we do that? Why is it not on the same axis as the resistance?
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4answers
633 views

Physical meaning of Impedance

So I have been thinking about the way impedance is defined for electrical systems, and the way it is derived. Even after looking through some websites, I cannot seem to grasp something, which every ...
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0answers
153 views

Variation of power factor with impedance in a series RLC circuit

I am solving this problem from a previous year question paper A series RLC circuit has resistance of 1k at resonant frequency and half power frequencies are 20kHz and 100kHz. Determine (i) The ...
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3answers
178 views

Current without voltage?

Suppose you have a 120 volt, 20 amp circuit which only has a light bulb connected. When measuring the voltage going to the light bulb my meter reads 120 volts. The basics taught me that a circuit is ...
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1answer
77 views

Capacitors in parallel and capacitors in series

How can I recognize clearly when I deal with capacitors in parallel or capacitors in series? Can follow a "rule" or a intuitive method? I have to do difficult exercises regarding system of capacitors ...
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2answers
250 views

Explanation of NMOS processes

Gate (poly-Si + $SiO_2$) and $p^{-}$ silicon operate as capacitors. But how are voltages and charges applied? In order for inversion to occur, there should be charges formed in poly-Si, right? How ...
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1answer
125 views

Voltage and current in parallel circuit

I am having a bit of a tough time understanding the following: ...
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3answers
153 views

Voltage of open circuit

A battery with emf $\varepsilon$ and internal resistance $r$ is connected with a resistor $R$ in the following open circuit. What is the voltage $V_{ab}=V_a-V_b$? The answer is $- ...
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1answer
262 views

Power loss and Joule's law of heating

I really can't understand the power loss law. If we have a wire carrying a $15\:\mathrm{V}$ and $1\:\mathrm{ A}$ going into an inverter, giving $150\:\mathrm{V}$ and $0.1\:\mathrm{A}$, if we want to ...
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3answers
7k views

What happens when we connect a metal wire between the 2 poles of a battery?

As I remembered, at the 2 poles of a battery, positive or negative electric charges are gathered. So there'll be electric field existing within the battery. This filed is neutralized by the chemical ...
2
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2answers
837 views

Measuring human resistance with a DMM

When I attach a Digital Multimeter (DMM) to read the resistance between my right and left hands, the resistance starts off high and reduces over time. It appears almost like "RC-type" behavior. Can ...
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3answers
4k views

What is a virtual ground?

What is a virtual ground? I would like to know what it is.
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2answers
1k views

how does an electric field comes inside a conducting wire inside the circuit? [duplicate]

This has been a really great confusion for me now .... Many places i have read in books that when a potential difference is applied across the ends of a wire a constant electric field is generated ...
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4answers
466 views

How can there be a Current and an Electric field in an idealized wire with no voltage drop?

In an ideal circuit, How can there be a current b/w points a & b, when there is no potential difference and thus no electric field between a & b? If there is no current, then where does ...
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0answers
37 views

Determine the current and voltage for every component in the following circuit [closed]

Determine the current and voltage for every component in the following series circuit What is the voltage and current through R1 and what is the voltage and current through C1? $V_1= 20\,V$ $R_1= ...
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1answer
375 views

Graphene batteries/super capacitors

A while ago, there was some news about micro-scale graphene-based supercapacitors and these devices can charge and discharge a hundred to a thousand times faster than standard batteries. Question: ...
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1answer
118 views

Kirchoff's Junction Rule

I understand that the Junction rule states that the algebraic sum of currents going into a junction equals the current going out of the Junction. There is just a wrinkle that I don't understand. If ...
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2answers
124 views

Is there a differential equation that can represent a circuit with an arbitrary voltage source connected acrorss an antenna?

An RLC circuit with a voltage source can be characterized by the differential equation: $$ LC\;\ddot{I}\left(t\right) + RC\; \dot{I}\left(t\right) + I\left(t\right)-C \;\dot{V}\left(t\right) = 0 $$ ...
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1answer
125 views

Magnetic core, and a DC solenoid

A DC solenoid creates a magnetic field B. A highly permeability magnetic core is added to solenoid to increase B. Now, there is change in flux, due to the increase in magnetic field. What would be ...
2
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2answers
8k views

Different batteries connected in parallel

If we have 2 batteries one of emf x and the other is of emf y and we connect them in series we get an effective emf of x+y. But what if we connect them in parallel, how to calculate the emf now?
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1answer
132 views

Voltmeter Question [closed]

I understand that a voltmeter is used for measuring potential electrical difference, but how exactly should said voltmeter be connected with the resistor in circuit?
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2answers
63 views

Calculating the power of a lightbulb [closed]

How do I calculate the power of a lightbulb? I have values but I don't know the equation to use.
2
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1answer
88 views

Calculate required voltage in mixed circuits [closed]

Q: Calculate the voltage that V1 has to provide Given: The following circuit. The voltage through LAMP1 is 5.0V. A (U,I) chart (not shown). LAMP1 and LAMP2 are identical, non-ohmic lightbulbs. ...
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404 views

Finding potential difference (PD) between two points [closed]

How do I find the potential difference between two points in a circuit without using Kirchhoff laws?
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1answer
322 views

Hard circuit problem [closed]

I want to find the p.d. between points A and B. I'm not sure how to approach this problem though, could I have a hint?
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1answer
540 views

Zener diodes - how do they work?

I was going through some of the theory behind Zener diodes. I know what they're used to work at constant voltage, but I don't know how they work. Actually, I kind of get that too, I know that voltage ...
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3answers
83 views

Electric Current Power Calculations [closed]

With regards to the equations: $P=VI$ ; $P=V^2/R$ and $P=I^2R$, if you are given $P$, $V$, $I$ and $R$ for a circuit, how do you know which equation to use? Does the use of an equation have to do ...
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1answer
56 views

In what way do passive circuit elements change the functional form of the voltage?

I heard capacitors affect the valleys and mounds of voltage sine curves, so that you get DC from AC. It's related to Graetz bridge, flipping signs of sine waves and seemingly afterwards smoothing ...
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1answer
748 views

Sign conventions for voltage drop and gain in circuit

In Sears and Zemansky's University Physics book and in many other books in English they define the following sign conventions (used for Kirchhoff loop rule for example): While in many other books ...
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2answers
86 views

Time difference in transmission of AC and DC

Is there any time difference while considering the transmission of AC and DC ? Is either one of them faster than the other one in terms of transmission of energy/power from one point to another? I ...
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1answer
196 views

How to imagine the first few moments of an LR circuit?

For example, there's a very simple circuit which only contains on resistor. So according to Ohm's law, we have: $\mathrm{emf} = IR$ As we know when time $t = 0$, the current must be $I = 0$. However, ...
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2answers
66 views

Direct current and metallic conduction

Suppose we have a circuit with and EMF source and a resistor. We know that when electron moves from one terminal of a voltage source to another it encounters resistance, which is basically collisions ...
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1answer
120 views

Resistance and current

I'm not a current student at any school, but I am learning a new profession, and some of it is a basic understanding of elecrticity. I have some knowledge, but definitely not enough, and I have had to ...
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5answers
366 views

Intuitively, Why is Power Proportional to $I^2R$

As the resistance of a circuit goes down, the power increases because the current increases, assuming constant voltage. Why is this? I feel like resistance and current are inversely proportional, so ...
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0answers
90 views

Circuit Analysis: Help getting the Thevenin equivalent [closed]

I am attempting to solve this problem which requires me to get the Thevenin equivalent of a circuit, and I've gotten as far as getting the equivalent resistance of the circuit (which I believe is 5 ...
-2
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1answer
91 views

Electrical circuits problem

Batteries have a circuit which looks like this : The electrons go around the circuit and then return through the battery where they get charged again and flow around. My issue is, what about ...
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1answer
121 views

Find current in a nontrivial circuit

Let us assume that we have this circuit: We know that: $$I_1 = I_2 + I_3$$ $$I_1R_1 + I_3R_3 = V$$ $$I_1R_1 + I_2R_2 + \dfrac{q_c}{C_1} = V$$ Therefore we can write: $$I_1 = k_1 - k_2*q_c$$ ...
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95 views

How is derived the relation between capacitances when a $Y-\Delta$ transformation is applied in a capacitors network?

A $Y-\Delta$ transformation can be applied to circuits in order to make an equivalent circuit (but simpler to put in terms of series/parallel devices). Wikipedia and other books show how to deduce the ...