An electronic system, with closed loop current flow, and relative electrical potentials present across electrical components.

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Can there be an electric current drawn through a resistor from just one terminal of a battery?

The question will appear a little more sincere from the attached diagram. Will there be any flow of charge at all once the switch S is closed? If yes, then by what mechanism? for how long? What ...
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5answers
209 views

Why does not a battery kept in empty space discharge on its own? If space between the terminals is empty, what prevents the electrons to flow?

Given here is the picture of a twisted battery kept in free space (vacuum). Will the battery discharge quickly? I mean, it should discharge faster than it would if we were to connect the terminals ...
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1answer
12 views

Phase angle of a circuit

Above is the problem at hand. I know how to calculate the angular frequency and total impedance of the circuit given the information provided. However, I'm not really sure what the question is ...
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0answers
20 views

Setting up current directions in multiloop circuits with more than one battery

I'm currently working on this problem: I must find the current in each battery. I have certain doubts when estipulating the currents: How many $i$ exists in this problem? The current going in a ...
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650 views

How do electrons actually move in a circuit?

Last year, we were taught about electricity, about how electrons move in a closed circuit. But as our teacher had not taught us about electric fields yet, she gave us a simplified model of motion of ...
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47 views

Why does a capacitor in an AC circuit allow a lamp to glow continuously

How does the capacitor allow the lamp to glow continuously, but would not do so if the circuit was DC.
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694 views

Why do Capacitor Inductor circuits Oscillate instead of reaching equilibrium?

When the capacitor is fully charged there is a potential difference between its poles and that creates a current. This current would create a magnetic field that is changing in the Inductor (because ...
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3answers
39 views

How to detect if resistors are in parallel or series?

Some circuits are easier to see which resistors are in parallel or series. However, when faced with a more complex circuit, I can't figure out which ones are in series or parallel. I am currently ...
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41 views

Coupling of LC circuits

I am reading an old article in a physics journal in which the author explains that the frequency between two identical, but capacitively coupled oscillators becomes ...
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0answers
51 views

Can a magnetic lock be negated or overcome by a stronger electro magnet? [closed]

Magnetic locks seem to be fairly standard on modern buildings. Is it, though, possible to negate a magnetic lock my placing an oppositely-polarized, strong electromagnet across from the magnets on the ...
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26 views

How can the response at the terminal end of an infinite ladder network be solved?

In a recent post: How can the transfer function of an infinite ladder network be used to solve real world problems? I reference how one can solve the transfer function (impedance) of an infinite ...
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536 views

What creates voltage? What causes electrons to move in a wire?

I was trying to break down how a transistor works to a friend, and I took a moment to think about electric current and voltages. I realised I do not understand where these phenomena come from. I ...
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1answer
21 views

Short Circuit Fires

I understand that if there’s low resistance, Ohm’s law shows that the current drawn will be very high. However, isn’t resistance what causes heat in a wire? I get there’s a lot of current going ...
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32 views

Open Circuits vs. Charging a Capacator

When you attach a capacitor to a battery via two wires, charge transfer occurs from one of the plates to the other. However, in an open circuit, there is infinite resistance in the dead-ended wire, ...
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20 views

How many electrons pased in electrical circuit

Assume I have electrical circuit that is connected to 5V power supply and current straight is 1A. How to know how many electrons are passed in single point per hour?
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38 views

If I lick a 9V battery, why doesn't my tongue noticeably get hotter?

Power dissipated is I^2*R, I don't know the resistance of my tongue so I can't tell how much current goes through my tongue. A resistor I have does get hot and I'm guessing it has a higher resistance ...
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45 views

Reference for Kirchhoff's Circuit Laws

Does anyone know the reference where Gustav Kirchhoff published his famous circuit laws?
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1answer
9k views

What defines the brightness of a bulb?

So I have a question. There are three identical bulbs, 2 of them are connected in parallel and the third is basically in series, on the same circuit. If the one of the lamps in parallel breaks, what ...
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0answers
28 views

If a heater was turned on its' own wire, would heating of the wire cause the resistance to increase, thus the current into the heater to decrease?

I'm thinking not, because; A) It wouldn't make much sense in the real world because you'd need to avoid ever turning a heater towards its own wire, and you'd have to regulate the temperatures of any ...
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2answers
22 views

Determine the size of a conductive medium

Are there any measurable characteristics that would allow one to discern the size of a conductive medium? Say I apply the same voltage to a two foot long wire and a four foot long wire. Is there ...
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1answer
44 views

Thevenin theorem

Hi i got the trouble and i miss the concept about v out in thevenin i have the circuit like this so i used voltage divider for finding the voltage at point 1, but how to finding voltage at Vo , ...
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4answers
213 views

Ohmic Heating in Wires

please could someone tell me why Ohmic losses are always referred to as $I^2 R$ losses? Here is my problem. If the power coming from a power station is fixed then you can either deliver this power as ...
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1answer
287 views

Significance of Time constants in LR and RC circuits [closed]

What is the significance of a time constant in a circuit? Is there any use of knowing the time at which the charge in a capacitor is 1-1/e times its total charge? What is special about the capacitor ...
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1answer
37 views

How soon would electrons start flowing once I closed a switch on a circuit that was one light minute away from the battery

In a circuit, how do electrons "know" when the circuit is closed? To my understanding, they do not start flowing unless the circuit is closed. How soon would they start flowing once I closed a ...
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43 views

Current through moving bar on rails with non-constant magnetic field

I am working on the problem pictured below and I cannot figure it out. I have been using the equation d[flux]/dt = -BLv and V = -d[flux]/dt. However, since the magnetic field is not constant through ...
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1answer
62 views

How big of a capacitor would I need to release 5 amps for 0.2 seconds? [closed]

Just what the title says, 5 amps for 0.2 seconds. Please bear in mind that I have absolutely no grasp on electrical wiring, so I would appreciate simple terms. What I need to do is release a burst of ...
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1answer
51 views

Voltage Circuit

I feel that I don't understand how voltage works in a circuit. I understand voltage to be electric potential energy per unit charge (kq/r). In the case of a circuit, electrons flow from low potential ...
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1answer
41 views

How do i interpret the following electric potential diagrams?

We recently started to learn about electricity in school and I'm trying to understand the concept of voltage(potential differance). From what i understand, electrons flow from the negative terminal to ...
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46 views

Deriving Loop Equations in a Circuit with 2 batteries?

First time posting here, so please help with formatting. I need help deriving loop equations for this becaue the 2 batteries/power supplies are throwing me off. https://i.imgur.com/MJH6mIM.jpg The ...
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1answer
52 views

What is voltage in a circuit?

What is voltage in a circuit? We just started learning about electricity in my school. From what I understand; potential is potential energy per Coulomb and voltage means difference in potential. So, ...
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2answers
7k views

Electron flow and electric potential

In the physics tutorial topic on current electricity it defines the positive terminal as the high potential terminal and the negative as the low potential. When talking about positive test charges ...
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1answer
46 views

Given a large, multiloop circuit with resistors and batteries and I'm not sure how to simplify it. (When NOT to combine resistors?) [closed]

So here's the circuit, and the question is looking for current i: All resistors are 2 ohms and the batteries are 5 volts. I'm trying to apply the resistance combination Kurchov rules to make this ...
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0answers
20 views

energy conservation in an electric circuit

Define a reactive (lossless) and reciprocal two-port by its impedance matrix $[Z]$, so that $[Z]+[\bar Z] = [0]$ and let the source impedance and open circuit source voltage be $Z_s$ and $V_s$ at ...
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23 views

Electrostatics effect on resistance values [closed]

Consider two parallel metallic plates separated by a silicon dioxide layer of thickness tox (like a capacitor). In this case I am applying a positive voltage to the top metallic plate. Now due to ...
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44 views

Physical intuition behind the fact that current in an inductor lags behind the emf/voltage by $\frac{\pi}{2}$ in an AC circuit

What exactly is the reason that current through an inductor in an AC circuit acquires maximum value after quarter a time period ($\frac{T}{4}$) of the emf getting the max value?
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2answers
70 views

Inductive reactance 0 for dc current?

Inductive reactance: $$X_L=\omega L=2\pi f L$$ is the opposition to the flow of current by an inductor. Frequency $f$ being $0$ for a DC current, the inductive reactance too is $0$. But doesn't the ...
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4answers
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Current in series resistors and voltage drop in parallel resistors

When we have resistors in series, the current through all the resistors is same and the voltage drop (or simply voltage) at each resistor is different. Question 1: It is fine that voltage drop ...
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2answers
96 views

Is this circuit a series or parallel circuit?

I saw a definition of a parallel circuit as a circuit with more than one path for current to flow. Is that the definition that's accepted? It seems like a good definition to me, but does that mean ...
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1answer
54 views

Finding the resistance of platinum wire [closed]

Im currently lost on solving this potentially simple electricty question and was wondering if anyone in this community could hint me or tell me which equations and why these equations would be ...
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3answers
16k views

Why do current-carrying wires heat up?

Obviously wires heat up too, but why do they heat up? And for the same reason, why do we get electrical burns?
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0answers
43 views

Is there a way to draw a thermodynamic diagram analogous to an electrical schematic for simple ideal systems?

I have a small system in air (which should be part of the schematic), consisting of several cylinders within one another and contacting ideally at various spots. How do I model it as if it were an ...
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145 views

Why does all the current flow through a short circuit if its voltage drop is considered zero?

Path of least resistance vs. short circuit I know the path of least reisistance has been clarified already However, to derive the equations you need to assume that the voltage of each parallel ...
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1answer
31 views

magnetising the material using coil

I studied that when alternating current is passed through the coil ,the coil produce magnetic field (primary) as shown in figure,when any conducting material placed near to that field, eddy current ...
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3answers
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What happens if I throw a battery into water?

Today I have by accident thrown a AAA battery into a bucket of water. I fished it out of the water immediately (within 20 seconds or so) and nothing notable had happened and the battery is still full ...
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2answers
2k views

Why doesn't the electric field inside a wire in a circuit fall off with distance from the battery?

We studied electric fields due to point charges. The magnitude of these fields decreases with the square of the distance from the point charge. It seems to me that we could treat the positive ...
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1answer
64 views

Must a universal motor always rotate at the frequency of the AC current?

So here I have a picture of a motor (I think it is a universal motor but I am not sure). My question is if this motor is connected to an A.C. supply, does it have to rotate at the frequency of the ...
3
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2answers
62 views

Parallel resistances

How is the net resistance lesser than the least resistance when resistances are connected in parallel? The electrons will have to flow through one of the resistances, right? To me, it seems like the ...
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2answers
222 views

Why is the voltage output equal to the voltage drop?

I have a very basic question about measurement of voltage output on some simple circuits. Considering the circuits of the figure: Supposing one wants to measure the voltage output $V_2$, on the ...