An electronic system, with closed loop current flow, and relative electrical potentials present across electrical components.

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5k views

Resistor cube problem solving method

I was solving problems from Irodov when I came across the method called point of symmetry method. I cant find this method anywhere. So what is this method? Here is the link to the problem solution ...
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2answers
3k views

Why do voltmeters and ammeters have high and low resistance respectively?

I understand why voltmeters are connected in parallel and ammeters are connected in series, but why is it that to measure voltage, you must have high resistance, and to measure current, you must have ...
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1answer
36 views

Inductor potential difference direction

If you have increasing current going down an inductor, the inductor will produce a potential difference to produce a counter current in the opposite direction, or up. The lower potential is then on ...
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1answer
41 views

Kirchhoff's laws in phasor domain

While analysing AC circuits, we write voltage, current etc all with complex numbers namely "phasors". While studying the same, I wondered if Kirchhoff's laws held good with current and voltage in ...
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2answers
58 views

Is power still consumed when we switch off the lights?

I was having heated discussion with one of my friends. We were discussing Earth Hour and its role in saving electricity, and creating awareness. He stated that even if you turn off the lights, the ...
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2answers
3k views

Why does voltage change in series circuit but not in parallel circuit?

Voltage divides after every resistor in series but not when placed in parallel. Please explain this with using very less or no mathematical equations. I have tried searching for an answer online but ...
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0answers
53 views

Finding Inductance in an AC RLC Circuit?

In the laboratory you find an inductor of unknown inductance $L$ and unknown internal resistance $R$. Using a dc ohmmeter, an ac voltmeter of high impedance, a 1 microfarad capacitor, and a 1000 Hz ...
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1answer
54 views

What happens in the RC circuit when being charged?

Say I have this RC circuit and at the start, the switch is off (current going from left to right and the starting point is just above the battery). I understand that then the capacitor acts just ...
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1answer
224 views

Measured voltage on coil

I have a simple circuit of coil with inductance L $$u_c(t)= -L\frac{di}{dt}$$ and AC source with output voltage $u_s$ What is actually measured by the voltmeter ($u_c$, $u_s$ or $u_s - u_c$)? If ...
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4answers
228 views

Optimal method for solving circuit

This problem seems quite simple, and I can easily find a way to solve it but the possibility of error in my method is extremely high. This is just a sub-task of a bigger task but this is the only part ...
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0answers
19 views

With the help of a given charge is it possible to obtain a charge many times greater in magnitude

Consider a spherically conducting sphere. If a charge(say positive) is placed near the sphere, then it will lead to separation of charges inside the sphere.My question is, can we create charges more ...
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3answers
158 views

How does voltage divided by EMF show efficiency?

I get that electromotoric force (emf) is energy per coulomb supplied and that voltage is energy per coulomb used but I don't get what it means when we say that the voltage divided by the emf gives the ...
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2answers
56 views

Series circuit of capacitor and ohmic resistance: Voltage drop at Capacitor? [closed]

I have a question to an exercise I am currently trying to solve. It is given an Capacitor and an ohmic resistance in a series circuit. The whole voltage is 40V, the resistor has an resistance of ...
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2answers
178 views

What's the max speed a man-made satellite can travel in space before its circuitry stopped working?

Assume it could withstand extreme temperatures in either direction. I'm mainly curious what would happen to its circuits as it approached the speed of light.
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0answers
16 views

Making a conductive paint out of graphite powder [closed]

I want to make a conductive paint out of graphite powder and gum to use as an electrode. What shall be the best gum to use, as i need a low resistance of around some kilo Ohms. I am getting very high ...
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3answers
61 views

Which makes for a better equivalent capacitor? In series or in parrallel?

I understand how capacitors in series and in parallel work. However, I am wondering if it makes a difference, in terms of making a better capacitor that can store more charge, would you connect them ...
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1answer
30 views

Imaginary component in capacitive reactance

This is a trivial question in first year but, unfortunately, this popped up in an elementary yet compulsory lab experiment. The capacitive reactance is defined as $$X_{c}=\frac{1}{\omega c}$$ The ...
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1answer
41 views

How can current remain same when potential difference decreases?

According to Ohm's law, $$\text{potential difference} = \text{resistance}\times\text{current}$$ Also, current remains the same everywhere. Now when current passes through a bulb, the electric ...
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1answer
36 views

Adding two same DC voltage source in parallel

In a parallel circuit(imagine two branches),with one DC voltage in a branch and another DC voltage in a branch, what is the method of computing the total DC voltage? The voltage through each component ...
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1answer
41 views

What is the current passing through wire AB as a function of angle theta? [closed]

This is a high school contest(CAP) question: Consider a circuit made of a wire with uniform resistance in a shape of a circle as shown in the picture. The circle is connected diagonally from point A ...
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1answer
15 views

Reducing voltage with resisitors [closed]

I am working on a project in structure, in which i have to rotate the second storey of my building, now my assembly consists of 12 v battery connected in parallel with 12v motor which is connected to ...
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1answer
42 views

Why is it said that electric current always flow from higher potential to lower potential?

Why is it said that electric current always flow from higher potential to lower potential? It is said that current flows from positive terminal to negative terminal, but it is actually the negative ...
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1answer
20 views

How does electricity travel through a set of resistors arranged parallel to each other? [duplicate]

For calculating net resistance in a combination of parallel resistors we use 1/R=1/r1+1/r2+1/r3....but electricity must travel through least resistance. Then how does this relation come in use? I am ...
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0answers
30 views

Logarithm of the voltage of the inductor in RL circuit experiment is nonlinear with time

I performed an experiment about the RL circuit, with following circuit: (I used the PASCO RLC circuit lab.) By Kirchhoff's voltage law, (denoting the emf of the signal generator $\mathscr E$, ...
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0answers
20 views

Resistance of a plate of smaller plates made up of different materials?

This problem propped in my head yesterday related to a project I'm working on and I just can't figure out how to crack it! If we have a large plate made up of nxn smaller plates, what is the ...
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5answers
54k views

Why the bulb glows brighter?

If the total current is divided into the branches in a parallel configuration and it is constant in series. How come the bulbs glow brighter when connected in parallel than when connected in series?
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3answers
124 views

Power dissipation in AC RC circuit [closed]

Can anyone help me with this question? A 20 A peak-to-peak 60 Hz current passes through a 0.01 µF capacitor which is in series with a 33 Ω resistor. What is the power dissipation? I have ...
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4answers
32 views

Is impedance the ratio of voltage to current at any instant?

My book defines impedance as the ratio between the amplitude of voltage to that of the current (Vmax to Imax), I just wanted to make sure whether its also true for the instantaneous values of voltage ...
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1answer
35 views

To determine the path of current in a complex circuit. (CAP contest question) [closed]

How to determine the path of current in this diagram ? Intuitively, I guess the current won't pass through wire DC... Any help will be appreciated!!!
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1answer
27 views

Things that must be considered when mass producing a capacitor [closed]

The question is to list four things that must be considered when a capacitor is chosen for inclusion in a circuit which is to be mass produced. Are there a specific set of four things? I've come up ...
2
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4answers
161 views

Why current loses its energy?

Can someone explain or give a link to explanation why current looses its energy? For example in simple circuit with lamp. I understand that the energy is spent for heating and lighting. But how ...
2
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4answers
266 views

Path of EM wave propagation in a circuit wire

The image is my visualization of drift velocity and electromagnetic (EM) propagation of charge wave in a closed circuit. The slow drift velocity of the electrons follows the path of the circuit (a ...
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3answers
448 views

If we connect a block of p-type semiconductor only to a positive terminal, will it become positively charged?

Connect the positive terminal of a battery to a piece of p-doped semiconductor, say, silicon doped with boron. Will the terminal pull electrons out of the doped silicon, or equivalently, inject holes ...
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3answers
156 views

Why electrons flow through a wire connected to a battery?

I would like to know why does electrons flow through a wire connected to a battery as said in AC/DC: What's the Difference?.It tells that "the electrons that are stripped from the carbon electrode is ...
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2answers
22 views

Opposing currents in a Ciruit

If I have two currents flowing in opposite directions in a wire where both currents are equal magnitude and their is a bulb on the same wire does the bulb light up at all or is it bright/dim ?
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3answers
10k views

Why is equivalent resistance in parallel circuit always less than each individual resistor?

There are $n$ resistors connected in a parallel combination given below. $$\frac{1}{R_{ev}}=\frac{1}{R_{1}}+\frac{1}{R_{2}}+\frac{1}{R_{3}}+\frac{1}{R_{4}}+\frac{1}{R_{5}}.......\frac{1}{R_{n}}$$ ...
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1answer
47 views

what is the analog of electronics for quarks or protons?

Is there an equivalent field for quarks or for protons as there is electronics for electrons where you can build engineer and mess around with things? May be even hack ?
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1answer
37 views

Why does this circuit work and the other doesn't? [closed]

if we connect the set up like this the bulb glows but if we connect the [right wire] to the [earth of the left] then the bulb [doesn't glow]. Why does that happen?
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2answers
40 views

Movement of charges in presence of electric potential difference

This might appear to be a bad question to some but i can't figure out the answer. While reading about an electric circuit, i found this on the web: Over the course of time, one could think of ...
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3answers
55 views

Why does adding more components in parallel increase the current?

Why does adding more components in parallel increase the current? Shouldn't the charges be more distributed, so they can't 'push' each other at the same rate anymore?
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2answers
142 views

Ambiguity on the notion of potential in electrical circuits?

As everybody else I have been taught elementary electrical circuits from secondary school to engineering level in analog electronics at university. Invariably, the notion of potential used to ...
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1answer
48 views

Potential Dividers - Why do I need the second resistor?

So I am doing the OCR Physics GCSE course, and I have just learnt about potential dividers in electronic circuits. I get that the first resistor steps down the voltage so a component with a lower ...
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0answers
13 views

solution of the equivalent resitance [duplicate]

I searched and I found answer to my question.Although there are many solution, I did not understand logical mean properly. my question is that in the below circuit, How can I find equivalent ...
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0answers
23 views

question about solution [duplicate]

I think it is not dublicate question. Although there are many solution, I did not understand logical mean properly. my question is that in the below circuit, How can I find equivalent resistance? ...
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0answers
9 views

explanation of the solution of equivalent resistance [duplicate]

I think it is not duplicate I wonder that explanation of the solution I searched and I found answer to my question.Although there are many solution, I did not understand logical mean properly. my ...
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3answers
66 views

Potential Difference Across Components in Parallel & Series Circuits

So I have two questions, but they're kind of linked so I'm putting them in one. 1) I have a simple circuit with a battery connected to three lamps in series. If I then add a second battery but ...
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2answers
38 views

What actually goes on in RLC circuit?

I already have difficulty understanding how each of the RLC circuit elements work individually as it is, and I have no idea how they work simultaneously in an RLC circuit. My schoolbook represents the ...
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3answers
207 views

In which direction should flow of electric current be taken while solving problems?

Consider a simple circuit with a battery of $\theta\ \text V$s, and two resistors of $R_1 \ \Omega$s and $R_2\ \Omega$s connected in series. Let us assume that $R_1$ is connected nearer to the ...
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1answer
22 views

Voltage in a circuit across a metal wire

I have a cell of e.m.f. 2.0V and negligible internal resistance, which is connected to a variable resistor R and a metal wire. The resistance of the metal wire is 3.4 Ohms. The resistance of the ...
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0answers
17 views

Ion Source Design

I want to design a DC arc discharge ion source but I can't find a good book that explains how to do it. Can anyone please recommend me a book or paper that explains this? thanks