An electronic system, with closed loop current flow, and relative electrical potentials present across electrical components.

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20 views

Find the equivalent capacitance

On the plane capacitor below, the surface of the boards is $A$ and the distance between the boards is $d$, the dieletrics constants are $k_1$ and $k_2$. Find the capacitance of the capacitor in ...
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1answer
32 views

Ohmic Heating in Wires

please could someone tell me why Ohmic losses are always referred to as $I^2 R$ losses? Here is my problem. If the power coming from a power station is fixed then you can either deliver this power as ...
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2answers
31 views

Find the total current supplied to the circuit

I tried but could not manage to find the correct equivalent resistance. Please tell the process. The answer is 3A
-1
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0answers
13 views

Relation of current with frequency and voltage [on hold]

I tried to solve a numerical problem but I got stuck and I think it very necessary I will drwa certain basic conclusions when I would found its solution. The question is: An incandescent lamp ...
-3
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0answers
24 views

Resistors in series [on hold]

Let $P$ be the equivalent power of three resistors of powers $P1$, $P2$, and $P3$, and let $I$ be the current flowing through the circuit. We know that voltage is $V = v1 +v2 + v3$ and: $$V = PI\\ ...
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0answers
17 views

Initial current, RC Circuit

The task goes like this: The voltage between the points A and B, in the circuit diagram below, is 100 V. What's the initial current through the resistor when we close the switch S? (Other components - ...
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3answers
86 views

Why does the resistance halve when two resistors of equal resistance are in parallel? [closed]

This is the question and answer to a homework question and I do not understand why this is the case. What is the logic behind it?
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0answers
33 views

Why there is a difference in brightness of bulbs in series and parallel connection? [closed]

Yesterday I connected two bulbs of 40 watt/220 v and 60 watt/220 v in both series and parallel connections. I noticed that when i connected the bulbs in parallel the bulb having low power i.e of 40 ...
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1answer
39 views

Equivalent Resistance [duplicate]

I've never had problems in finding the $R_{eq}$ of a circuit, but in this case I don't really know how to do it:
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0answers
21 views

Current Electricity [closed]

Two cells of emf 1.5V and 2V and internal resistance 1Ω and 2Ω respectively are connected in parallel to pass a current in the same direction through an external resistance of 5Ω. calculate the ...
0
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0answers
7 views

Calculating Voltage Drop over a transistor [migrated]

I have the circuit below with a Bipolar NPN transistor I have a whole bunch of currents measured with the Amp Meters for various different resistances. How do I calculate the drop in voltage across ...
0
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0answers
13 views

What is variable resistors? [closed]

What is the role of variable resistors in the electric circuit? Please give an example of electric circuit for variable resistors.
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1answer
54 views

Confusion with potential difference [closed]

I was trying to solve a hard problem involving a circuit like this: Find the reading on the voltmeter (red ones are resistors) I don't know how to think about potential difference across branches ...
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2answers
22 views

Calculating the energy supplied by a battery

If you wanted to calculate the energy supplied by a battery in time $t$ you would use $E=VIt$ where $I$ is the current through the battery. If the internal resistance is $r$ we could also use ...
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1answer
41 views

Calculating resistances in parallel

I was playing around with a question involving resistances in parallel. I realized that $n$ equal resistors (resistance $R$) in parallel have combined resistance $R/n$. I proved this using ...
1
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2answers
48 views

Resistors in parallel: How do I make this rigorous? [closed]

In my revision guide it says "when two resistors are in parallel, the current has two paths it can flow through so there is less opposition to the current. This is why the combined resistance is less ...
2
votes
1answer
13 views

Need help understanding appliance ratings

I keep coming across things like "A filament lamp rated 12 V, 1.0 A", or "a heating element rated 230V, 500W". I think the first one is saying that a 12V potential difference across it will make a ...
0
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1answer
22 views

Experiment for finding resistivity

I was reading an experiment to measure the resistivity of a wire. I understand everything except for why the variable resistor is connected to the side of the positive terminal of the battery. Since ...
0
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0answers
10 views

Circuit providing output? [migrated]

What does it mean for a circuit to provide an output power of say 1000W? Is "circuit providing power" referring to the battery supplying energy to the external circuit, or is it referring to the power ...
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1answer
31 views

Difficulty understanding electricity concepts

In circuit diagrams what does it mean for energy to be used in going through a component? I usually see this when emf is being described: total energy supplied per coulomb by battery = total energy ...
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0answers
32 views

Is shaking a phone enough energy to charge a smartphone?

Is shaking a phone enough energy to charge a smartphone? For example I'd like to use some kind of power generator to charge smartphone's battery but I'm wondering if shaking (by hand, or motion when ...
1
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1answer
43 views

What happens here in this capacitor?

What happens when we earth the circuit as shown below, why should it matter? because potential at a point is relative? So if the earlier potential was $V_p$ at that point, it becomes $0$, so every ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

Why an inductor parallel with a light bulb makes it flash as a key closes the circuit?

The title is a simplified form of my question. To be precise, I'm talking about the following circuit: The inductor has a resistanse equal to the resistor in the circuit. So, the question is that, ...
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2answers
45 views

What is the rigorous definition for current in a closed circuit?

I know that $I = \frac {dq} {dt}$, but I have trouble reconciling that derivative definition with my intuitive understanding of current. At an arbitrary point in wire, the current is obviously the ...
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0answers
8 views

Ambiguity with circuit symbols [migrated]

If I wanted to draw say a verical thermistor in a circuit diagram, it can look like any one of these four: Is there a convention for which one to pick, or are all of them valid in any situation ...
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2answers
36 views

Voltmeter in series with a component?

I always see voltmeters connected in parallel with a component, but what happens if you connect it in series? I think it's due to the high resistance of a voltmeter but I don't really see why this ...
-3
votes
1answer
124 views

What would be the resistance of a wire, if it is stretched to double length? [closed]

If there is a wire of resistance $R$ and we stretch it such that it becomes 2 times longer, then what should be the new resistance of the wire?
2
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1answer
77 views

Circuit analysis (Kirchoff's laws) for multi terminal resistors

Consider a four terminal resistor as shown here There exists a matrix resistance equation of the form $V_i=R_{ij}I_j$ for some $4\times 4$ matrix $R$ for each such four terminal resistor. I want to ...
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3answers
55 views

Deriving ODE for voltage across capacitor-RC circuit [closed]

I need to derive an ODE for the voltage across the capacitor in a specific RC circuit. The circuit has 1 resistor, one input, one capacitor and a switch. So far I have $$\frac{dv}{dt} ...
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1answer
22 views

How long can a cellphone battery(pictured) power a LED light that produces light equivalent to traditional 60W bulb(800 lumens)?

Assuming Energy Star rated LEDs which produces 100 lumens/watts. Battery rated as 9.88Wh. Power consumption by LED = 800 lumens/100lumens/watt = 8 Watts Does it mean that it will power circuit for ...
1
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1answer
22 views

Calculating half power frequency (frequency response)

I am having a doubt in calculating half power frequency for a given RLC AC circuit. I have attached images of two questions with their solutions. In the first question, the equation for ...
0
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1answer
47 views

Cryptic remark in physics revision guide

I am currently revising for my AP physics and I couldn't understand one of the end-of-section summary notes. It says: "Remember that the direction of magnetic field is from North to South, and that ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Diodes in AC current

If in AC current, the direction of the current is always changing, then if one was to place a diode (for simplicities sake lets say an LED) in an AC current, would it flash to the frequency of the ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Typo in physics book (capacitors)

I'm currently working through an AP revision guide. The section on charging a capacitor outlines the following steps: When a capacitor is connected to a battery, a current flows in the circuit until ...
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1answer
25 views

Faraday's Law: Current loop and proton

A single circular loop of wire with radius R carries a large clockwise current I(loop)=I0, which constrains a proton of mass M and charge e to travel in a small circle of radius r at constant speed ...
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1answer
29 views

Question on an unbalanced Wheatstone bridge

Let, P/Q = R/S in the usual sense of a Wheatstone bridge where PQRS are resistances. Then we know that the potential between midpoints of PQ and RS are equal and there's no potential difference ...
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5answers
2k views

Is current in superconductors infinite? If they have 0 resistance then I (V/R) should be infinite? [duplicate]

I learned many years ago that according to Ohm's law, current is equal to voltage divided by resistance. Now if superconductors have zero resistance then the current should be infinite. Moreover the ...
1
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1answer
26 views

Why doesn't the electric potential constantly decrease in a circuit as the current moves from the positive to the negative terminal?

Why doesn't the electric potential constantly decrease in a circuit as the current moves from the positive to the negative terminal? Details and Assumptions: 1. The wires show no resistance.
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0answers
22 views

What is the theoretical reasoning behind calculating emfs in series or parallel?

First off, I did some research on my own but the answers weren't satisfactory. The analogy of the water pump makes zero sense as I see no way how "Potential" is even comparable with "Dynamic ...
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0answers
32 views

RC Circuit Analysis

I want to correct three misunderstandings about the following RC circuit. 1) How does current move directly after switch S gets closed? Current runs through all three circuit components to begin ...
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0answers
33 views

Fastest converging series of resistors

I am looking for a recursive circuit which grows very fast and has a finite resistance but an infinite number of resistors. I have found many ways to get a finite given resistance with an infinite ...
2
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1answer
32 views

How can I physically demonstrate potential difference in a circuit to a 14 year old?

Children of this age have a fair idea about current, resistance, and batteries. Potential difference is a thing that cannot be felt or physically visualized. A teenager asked me if he can touch ...
0
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1answer
22 views

Circuit with inductor

How would I find the current through each resistor/inductor as a function of time? I am lost conceptually here. (I made these numbers up, so they may not be "pretty" if/when taking equivalent ...
1
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0answers
29 views

Origin of chaos in Chua's circuit

I am doing a project on Chua's circuit, but I can't seem to find anything that explains where the chaotic nature of the system comes from. Does anyone know of articles that explain it well on an ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

How can I rearrange an equation to find a gradient for a capacitor?

If I plot R on the x axis and T on the y axis to give a straight line graph, and I am given that $V$ = $V_0$ * e^(-t/RC) then how can I prove that the gradient of the graph is equivalent to $C$ * ln3, ...
2
votes
3answers
235 views

Finding current in the circuit

Hi anyone. I try to de-draw the circuit in the simpler to calculate i1 and i2. But can not. Anyone have any hint to do this question ? . Or just give me the specific name of the way of how to do ...
2
votes
2answers
66 views

Homework: electrical circuit with 2 voltage sources & 1 switch

I can't figure out how to handle this circuit. I am asked to calculate the total resistance and the current over each resistance (R1-R4) when the switch is open. However I'm not getting anywhere ...
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0answers
11 views

Wave velocity (R)LC circuits.

I'm attempting to simulate some fluid like mechanics using circuits. Specifically wave propagation. I am attempting to measure the wave propagation velocity using an oscilloscope on the circuit below, ...
0
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0answers
54 views

Does earth conduct electricity?

if we connected a voltage source with its two terminals in the earth does it conduct electricity ? and why they use something like " ground or earth " in safety to let the residual charges go to the ...
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0answers
25 views

How do I find the electron confinement energies in a spherical quantum dot?

So if I've got a spherical quantum dot, we'll say it has a 10nm diameter for simplicity. This dot is a semiconductor and it has an electron with an effective mass altered by a factor of 0.2. How do I ...