An electronic system, with closed loop current flow, and relative electrical potentials present across electrical components.

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0answers
15 views

Kirchhoff's junction and loop rules [on hold]

How does the conservation of charge justify Krchhoff's loop rule. Also, how does the conservation of energy justify the junction rule?
0
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0answers
19 views

What is the theoretical reasoning behind calculating emfs in series or parallel?

First off, I did some research on my own but the answers weren't satisfactory. The analogy of the water pump makes zero sense as I see no way how "Potential" is even comparable with "Dynamic ...
0
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0answers
25 views

RC Circuit Analysis

I want to correct three misunderstandings about the following RC circuit. 1) How does current move directly after switch S gets closed? Current runs through all three circuit components to begin ...
-5
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0answers
30 views

Electric circuit question [on hold]

A 100W bulb is connected in series with a room heater.If now 100W bulb is replaced by a 40W bulb,the heater output will (Decrease) (Increase) (remain same)? And explain why?
0
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0answers
36 views

Find resistance of inductor in series RLC circuit [on hold]

We have a resistance of 350 Ohm, an inductor of 0.15H and a capacitor of 10 microfarad, connected in series to an AC source of voltage 240 V and frequency 50 Hz. The measured effective voltage over ...
0
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0answers
30 views

Fastest converging series of resistors

I am looking for a recursive circuit which grows very fast and has a finite resistance but an infinite number of resistors. I have found many ways to get a finite given resistance with an infinite ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

How can I physically demonstrate potential difference in a circuit to a 14 year old?

Children of this age have a fair idea about current, resistance, and batteries. Potential difference is a thing that cannot be felt or physically visualized. A teenager asked me if he can touch ...
0
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1answer
22 views

Circuit with inductor

How would I find the current through each resistor/inductor as a function of time? I am lost conceptually here. (I made these numbers up, so they may not be "pretty" if/when taking equivalent ...
1
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0answers
25 views

Origin of chaos in Chua's circuit

I am doing a project on Chua's circuit, but I can't seem to find anything that explains where the chaotic nature of the system comes from. Does anyone know of articles that explain it well on an ...
0
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1answer
26 views

How can I rearrange an equation to find a gradient for a capacitor?

If I plot R on the x axis and T on the y axis to give a straight line graph, and I am given that $V$ = $V_0$ * e^(-t/RC) then how can I prove that the gradient of the graph is equivalent to $C$ * ln3, ...
0
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0answers
17 views

What does an electrical circuit failure mean? [closed]

When does an electric circuit fail or break ? I thought it is due to the flow of excess current or when no current flows. Is my view correct ? I also need details about electrical circuit failure ...
2
votes
3answers
209 views

Finding current in the circuit

Hi anyone. I try to de-draw the circuit in the simpler to calculate i1 and i2. But can not. Anyone have any hint to do this question ? . Or just give me the specific name of the way of how to do ...
2
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2answers
55 views

Homework: electrical circuit with 2 voltage sources & 1 switch

I can't figure out how to handle this circuit. I am asked to calculate the total resistance and the current over each resistance (R1-R4) when the switch is open. However I'm not getting anywhere ...
1
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0answers
10 views

Wave velocity (R)LC circuits.

I'm attempting to simulate some fluid like mechanics using circuits. Specifically wave propagation. I am attempting to measure the wave propagation velocity using an oscilloscope on the circuit below, ...
0
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0answers
38 views

Does earth conduct electricity?

if we connected a voltage source with its two terminals in the earth does it conduct electricity ? and why they use something like " ground or earth " in safety to let the residual charges go to the ...
1
vote
0answers
5 views

Why is the voltage drop across this transistor the full voltage of the battery? [migrated]

I am currently learning about transistors from allaboutcircuits.com. He presented the following schematic: He claims that when the transistor is in its cutoff state, V.output will read the full ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

How do I find the electron confinement energies in a spherical quantum dot?

So if I've got a spherical quantum dot, we'll say it has a 10nm diameter for simplicity. This dot is a semiconductor and it has an electron with an effective mass altered by a factor of 0.2. How do I ...
0
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0answers
15 views

How does one measure the power factor?

How does one measure the power factor? $$\text{power factor}\equiv\frac{\text{power}}{|V||I|}=\frac{R}{\sqrt{R^2+(1/\omega^2C^2)}}$$ for an RC circuit driven with $V(t)=V_0\cos{(\omega t)}$.
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Shouldn't the currents be time-continuous here?

My intuition is that the current upon an inductor (say, a solenoid) will always be time-continuous, without "sudden changes". But below is a case that seemingly contradicts this point of view. There ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

self inductance basic example: meaning of current flow AFTER opening circuit

while studying self-inductiance, I got into a tricky point... Consider this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0IVJaXO_0XA (minute 13.00). At this moment, opening of the R-L circuit is ...
0
votes
3answers
42 views

How does the voltage across an inductor and a capacitor vary in series LCR circuit about resonance?

I am aware that at resonance, the voltage across the inductor and the capacitor are equal in magnitude and opposite in phase. However, I want to know how the voltage across $L$ and $C$ vary if I vary ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

Simple Circuits [closed]

I have a small and easy dilemma, judging by how sophisticated the website is, and need a simple answer for it So $P=E/t$. And $P=I*V$. Therefore $E/t=I*V$. I just need an explanation on how this is ...
1
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1answer
52 views

Wheatstone bridge intuition - and the potential divider

I am having trouble understanding the working of a Wheatstone bridge. I am looking for an intuitive understanding of the process. Basically, I would like to have the following questions answered: ...
4
votes
2answers
634 views

Do the copper connectors we used in measuring the resistance of a wire contribute to the said measurement?

We measured the resistance of a wire by setting the multimeter to ohmmeter mode and connected the ends of the ohmmeter to the ends of the wire; and we also calculated the theoretical value using a ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Induced-EMF in a parallel circuit, vs a series circuit?

I wanted to know the difference between the induced-EMF in a series circuit layout, vs a parallel circuit layout. In a series the current would stay the same,however, the induced-EMF would increase? ...
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votes
2answers
68 views

Which lamp is brighter, the one through which electrons flow or current

I was thinking about problem that i don't really know the answer to. A circuit is set up with one battery and two identical lamps in series. Like so I know that electrons flow in the opposite ...
-2
votes
1answer
50 views

How to find the voltage?

How to find the voltage ? Given is the following mixed circuit below, every resistor has the value $1$ ohm, the current flow through the last resistor is $1$A and I have to find the voltage V ...
-1
votes
0answers
14 views

What is Switch Contact Rating? [migrated]

If Contact Rating of switch is 5A 240V AC & 0.25A 240 DC, Then is this switch can be used for contact rating of 220V (+10, -15% voltage variation) AC & 127V (+10, -15% voltage variation)
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Power dissipation across resistors in series

Suppose we have a simple circuit with an input voltage source $V$ and two resistors. Now if we want to find the power dissipated by each resistor using the formula $V^2/R$, should the voltage be the ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Explanation for: A monopole antenna must contain a resistor (or equivalent) and therefore must have 2 terminals?

Could someone explain why this sentence makes sense: A monopole antenna transfers energy from electrical domain to the electromagnetic domain, hence must contain (equivalently) a resistor, hence ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

According to the Kirchhoff's law, what's the ratio between currents in output branches of a node?

How the current distribute in branches of a node in a circuit? Is it randomly? Can it be zero in an output branch when all branches have ~same physical features? For example, suppose the current as ...
-4
votes
1answer
51 views

Equivalent Capacitance [closed]

What is the equivalent capacitance between A and B?
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Potential Difference between 2 points in a curcuit

3 Cells and 3 capacitors are connected as shown in the diagram. What is the potential difference between points A and B ? What are the final charges on each of the plates of the Capacitor ? Does the ...
1
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3answers
33 views

EMF in circuits help?

Can someone explain EMF in the most simple way possible? I understand the equation i.e. $ε=I(R+r)$ but don't fully understand what is going on in the circuit.
0
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1answer
32 views

What is the difference in the behaviour of the commutator in a motor between DC and AC?

Is it correct to say that in DC, the split ring commutator produces direct current flow and therefore stronger voltage, as opposed to AC which produces alternating current and therefore weaker ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Final charges on Capacitors connected in a curcuit

Capacitor C1 is charged to a Potential Difference of 10V. It's capacitance is 2 microFarad. Capacitor C2 is charged to a Potential Difference of 15V. It's capacitance is 4 microFarad. Now the ...
-1
votes
1answer
43 views

The Electric Quadrupole

I've read the following sentence: "Every electric circuit with two pairs of accessible terminals is called a quadrupole." I was wondering why does it happen that the multipole expansion gives us a ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

How does Ohm's law relate to transferring energy?

Potential difference = Current x Resistance where Resistance is a constant. Walking through a circuit I have 1 battery, a wire and 2 components. I start of with 6 volts at the battery and after the ...
-1
votes
0answers
14 views

How much is the gain of this Op Amp? [migrated]

I have a circuit like this. I want to calculate the gain of this circuit. If there is no R4 then it is easy to calculate.But now I have a problem. If I have a input current I=0.5A, then what is the ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Need help understanding a simple circuit in-depth

I would like to know more in detail what's really going on in a simple circuit like this. I think I understand it, but I have a lot of things mixed up and others aren't clear to me. I'm going to ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

Kirchoffs voltage law [closed]

There are many books which relate KVL with law of conservation of energy and I'm having trouble understanding how they are related so can anyone explain their relation to me, concept wise and if ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Resistor and voltage

Considering this simple circuit : The potential is supposed to be constant along each wire (because they're conductors), such that the left wire in its entirety is at the same potential as the ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Arcing through an inductor

When a current is passed through an inductor coil, potential difference across it is given as $$V=L\frac{dI}{dt} \, .$$ Now, if we suddenly disconnect the coil from the circuit, the current will ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

How does insulating footwear prevent an electric shock?

The reason I have always heard to explain the reduction of electric shock when we wear insulating footwear goes as follows: When electricity passes from our body to the ground, an electric circuit ...
2
votes
3answers
73 views

How does an Inductor “store” energy?

It seems to me that an electromagnetic field is nothing more than a collection of photons, which as I've heard, extends through space infinitely. Why is it, then, that an inductor such as simple ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

How does a synchronous motor know to increase current when the mechanical load is increased?

Consider a very simple singe phase synchronous motor, such as the one shown in figure 1. This motor will not be self starting, but if an AC voltage is applied and the permanent magnet is given an ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

What does “Receptor” convention refers to in RC circuits?

my question is How can we choose the convention in a circuit and what does it refer to ? Especially for a Capacitor I hear the terms "passive sign convention..." "receptor convention ..." "generator ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Capacitor discharging

We know that discharge a capacitor will cause the voltage of capacitor to drop with time. But how about the bleeder resistor? Will the voltage of bleeder resistor increase or remain unchanged?
3
votes
2answers
88 views

Why is the voltage of a battery equal to the emf?

We know that there is an electric field inside the battery that works against the moving electrons of a circuit. But there is also the chemical force of the battery that at some point become equal. ...
0
votes
2answers
24 views

Why is cap voltage negative in KVL for discharge circuit?

I was just trying to derive the equation for a capacitor discharging through a resistor, and I've run into in a problem. If I set up my KVL, then I would say $iR = V_c$ (where $i$ is instantaneous ...