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21
votes
4answers
966 views

In quantum mechanics, given certain energy spectrum can one generate the corresponding potential?

A typical problem in quantum mechanics is to calculate the spectrum that corresponds to a given potential. Is there a one to one correspondence between the potential and its spectrum? If the ...
14
votes
6answers
1k views

Why are Only Real Things Measurable?

Why can't we measure imaginary numbers? I mean, we can take the projection of a complex wave to be the "viewable" part, so why are imaginary numbers given this immeasurable descriptor? Namely with ...
14
votes
1answer
434 views

Discreteness of set of energy eigenvalues

Given some potential $V$, we have the eigenvalue problem $$ -\frac{\hbar^2}{2m}\Delta \psi + V\psi = E\psi $$ with the boundary condition $$ \lim_{|x|\rightarrow \infty} \psi(x) = 0 $$ If we ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

How to tackle 'dot' product for spin matrices

I read a textbook today on quantum mechanics regarding the Pauli spin matrices for two particles, it gives the Hamiltonian as $$ H = \alpha[\sigma_z^1 + \sigma_z^2] + ...
11
votes
2answers
220 views

Eigenfunctions of the Runge-Lenz vector

The hamiltonian for the hydrogen atom, $$ H = \frac{\mathbf{p}^2}{2m} - \frac{k}{r} $$ is spherically symmetric and it therefore commutes with the angular momentum $\mathbf{L}$; this causes all its ...
9
votes
4answers
412 views

Why are the inner products of the eigenfunctions of an operator with a discrete eigenvalue spectrum guaranteed to exist?

I was reading through a textbook, and the statement was made that the inner products are guaranteed to exist if the eigenvalue spectrum of the operator is discrete. I have come across no support for ...
8
votes
0answers
268 views

Lower bounds on spectral gaps of ferromagnetic spin-1/2 XXX Hamiltonians?

Question. Are there any references or techniques which can be applied to obtain energy gaps for ferromagnetic XXX spin-1/2 Hamitlonians, on general interaction graphs, or tree-graphs? I'm interested ...
7
votes
2answers
610 views

Bounded and Unbounded (Scattering) States in Quantum Mechanics

I understand that bounded states in quantum mechanics imply that the total energy of the state, $E$, is less than the potential $V_0$ at + or - spatial infinity. Similarly, the scattering state ...
5
votes
2answers
643 views

Quantum Mechanics Notation for BRA KET

I've been given this homework problem, but I do not understand its notation. Please perform the following where the wavefunctions are the normalized eigenfunctions of the harmonic oscillator ...
5
votes
3answers
687 views

Momentum of particle in a box

Take a unit box, the energy eigenfunctions are $\sin(n\pi x)$ (ignoring normalization constant) inside the box and 0 outside. I have read that there is no momentum operator for a particle in a box, ...
5
votes
2answers
123 views

Eigenvalue problem for differential equations in QM

I have a very simple question with regard to numerical methods in physics. I want to solve the eigenvalue problem for a particle moving in an arbitrary potential. Let's take 1D to be concrete. I.e. I ...
5
votes
0answers
155 views

Physical meaning of Laplace-Beltrami eigenfunctions?

The eigenfunctions of Laplace-Beltrami operator are often used as the basis of functions defined on some manifolds. It seems that there is some kind of connection between eigen analysis of ...
4
votes
1answer
218 views

Imaginary Eigenvalue Of A Hermitian Operator

The eigenfunctions of a Hermitian operator are real. But consider a function $\psi(x)=e^{-\kappa x}$, $x\in\mathbb{R}$, where $\kappa$ is a real constant. Then, $$\hat p \psi(x)=-i\hbar ...
4
votes
5answers
344 views

Math of eigenvalue problem in quantum mechanics

I learned the eigenvalue problem in linear algebra before and I just find that the quantum mechanics happen to associate the Schrodinger equation with the eigenvalue problem. In linear algebra, we ...
4
votes
2answers
452 views

Eigenvalues of a quantum field?

Fields in classical mechanics are observables. For example, I can measure the value of the electric field at some (x,t). In quantum field theory, the classical field is promoted to an operator-valued ...
3
votes
1answer
293 views

How does a state in quantum mechanics evolve?

I have a question about the time evolution of a state in quantum mechanics. The time-dependent Schrodinger equation is given as $$ i\hbar\frac{d}{dt}|\psi(t)\rangle = H|\psi(t)\rangle $$ I am ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Eigenvalues of Infinite Dimensional Matrix [duplicate]

If I take a infinite-dimensional square matrix, what can I say about its eigenvalue spectrum? Will they have a discrete infinity of eigenvalues or continuous infinity of them?
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Spectral properties of CFT

What are the general spectral properties of CFT? I mean what is the "spectrum"/eigenvalues of CFT in 2d and d>2 spacetime dimensions? I understand the "spectrum" and "Fock space" realization of Dirac ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Random Hankel matrix and eigenvalues distribution

I would like to know if there are any theoretical results on the distribution of the eigenvalues of Hankel matrices. I seek a result like the Marchenko–Pastur distribution for random matrices.
3
votes
1answer
356 views

Why are eigenfunctions which correspond to discrete/continuous eigenvalue spectra guaranteed to be normalizable/non-normalizable?

These facts are taken for granted in a QM text I read. The purportedly guaranteed non-normalizability of eigenfunctions which correspond to a continuous eigenvalue spectrum is only partly justified by ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Determinant and adjunct of $k-\omega^2m$ in terms of natural frequencies

Given is a mechanical multiple degree of freedom system described by the following matrices and equation: mass matrix ${\bf{m}} = \left[\begin{matrix} m & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & m & 0 \\ 0 ...
2
votes
1answer
392 views

Why are orthogonal functions and eigenvalues/functions so important in quantum mechanics?

The mathematics and physics we have studied so far at university are heavily focused around the idea of orthogonal functions, orthogonality, sets of solutions, eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. Why ...
2
votes
2answers
305 views

How do we know that $\psi$ is the eigenfunction of an operator $\hat{H}$ with eigenvalue $W$?

I am kind of new to this eigenvalue, eigenfunction and operator things, but I have come across this quote many times: $\psi$ is the eigenfunction of an operator $\hat{H}$ with eigenvalue $W$. ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Is continuous evolution from one eigenstate of operator $O$ to another $O$-eigenstate possible?

Eigenvectors associated with distinct values of an observable are orthogonal, according to quantum mechanics. Does this entail that a quantum system cannot continuously evolve from one eigenstate ...
2
votes
2answers
198 views

Angular momentum of quantum system

Problem: A physical system is in the common eigenstate of $\hat{L^2}$ and $\hat{L_z}$. Calculate the following quantities: $\langle L_x\rangle,\langle L_y\rangle,\langle L_z\rangle,\langle L_x L_y + ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

Perturbation method & eigenvalues

I have a problem but I don't understand the question. It says: "Show that, to first order in energy, the eigenvalues ​​are unchanged." What does it mean? It means that if the Hamiltonian has the ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Are Quantum Physics and statistical theory always the same as semiclassical approximations?

Quantum Mechanics and Statistical physics is a bit hard , could we then study only the WKB approximation ? In the form: replace $ \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}exp(- \beta E_{n})=Z(\beta)\sim\iint ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Product of position eigenvectors at different times

I've been thinking about this, and it might sound like a stupid question, but I can't seem to find an answer anywhere, here goes: Whenever we calculate expecation-values between two position ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

Relationship between two eigenfunctions of the time-independent Schrödinger Equation in one dimension?

What is the relationship between two eigenfunctions of the time-independent Schrödinger Equation (in one spatial dimension) if they both have the same eigenvalue?
2
votes
1answer
318 views

Eigenvectors of a 4D rotation, and their interpretation

Let us define a 4D rotation by using two unit quaternions: $$\mathring{q}_l=\frac{a+ib+jc+kd}{\left|a+ib+jc+kd\right|}$$ and $$\mathring{q}_r=\frac{e+ib+jc+kd}{\left|e+ib+jc+kd\right|}.$$ They differ ...
2
votes
2answers
509 views

Non-Degeneracy of Eigenvalues of Number Operator for Simple Harmonic Oscillator [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Proof that the One-Dimensional Simple Harmonic Oscillator is Non-Degenerate? I'm trying to convince myself that the eigenvalues $n$ of the number operator ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

NP-completeness of non-planar Ising model versus polynomial time eigenvalue algorithms

From the papers by Barahona and Istrail I understand that a combinatorial approach is followed to prove the NP-completeness of non-planar Ising models. Basic idea is non-planarity here. On the other ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Schriffer Wolff Transformation - for first order change in eigenvalues

Step 1 Let me formulate the problem to convey my notation. I have a matrix $A$ which is hermitian - and is diagonalisable by a transformation $$ U_A A\,\,U_A^{-1} = A_{diag}$$ Now the matrix is ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Using eigenvalues to determine the stability/behaviour of the system

first time I've been on physics.se but have used the math and cs before... Anyway, here's my question: If we have a damped pendulum described by the equation $$y'' + ay' + b = 0 , a>0$$ Using the ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Eigenenergies and eigenkets given the Hamiltonian

For a two level system the Hamiltonian is: $$ H=a(|1\rangle \langle1|-|2\rangle\langle2|+|1\rangle\langle2|+|2\rangle\langle1|) $$ where $a$ is a number with the dimension of an energy. I need to ...
2
votes
0answers
139 views

Adiabatic quantum evolution of single photon or biphoton system

The prerequisite for adiabatic quantum evolution of single photon or biphoton system is as follows. We have to prepare a single photon or biphoton quantum system which has a ground and a higher level ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

How to get from angular velocity to acquired phase for neutrino oscillations in matter?

I am reading Akhmedovs 2000 paper on parametric resonance, and I cannot figure out the math of this particular passage: The difference of the neutrino eigenenergies in a matter of density $N_i$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Eigenvalues of a mean correlation matrix (integral over correlation matrices with arbitrary density)

Consider a stationary dynamic system with state $s(t)$ and correlation structure described by $C_{ij}(\tau)=\mathbb{E}[(s_i(t+\tau)-\bar{s_i})(s_j(t)-\bar{s_j})]$. Given an arbitrary density function ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

When does the “norm of quasi-eigenvectors” matter in calculations? For which physical results are these even used?

Which physical system in nonrelativistic quantum mechanics is actually described by a model, where the norm of the "position eigenstate" (i.e. the delta distribution as limit of vectors in the ...
1
vote
2answers
959 views

The Energy Eigenvalue of a Wavefunction

I've been reading an introduction to quantum mechanics online, and while constructing the Schrodinger equation for a free particle, the equation $i\hbar \frac{d \Psi}{dt}=\hbar\omega\Psi$ is obtained. ...
1
vote
2answers
132 views

eigenvalue staircase and hamiltonians

Let two Hamiltonians $H_{1}$ and $H_{2}$ be defined in such a manner that their eigenvalue staircases satisfy $ N_{1} (E) = N_{2} (E)+A +O(E^{-1})$ What can we say about their potentials $ V_{1} ...
1
vote
3answers
94 views

Expectation Values and Derivation of Heisenberg Equation?

Consider a system of particles with wave function $\psi$(x) (x can be understood to stand for all degrees of freedom of the system; so, if we have a system of two particles then x should represent ...
1
vote
3answers
55 views

Help understanding proof in simultaneous diagonalization

The proof is from Principles of Quantum Mechanics by Shankar. The theorem is: If $\Omega$ and $\Lambda$ are two commuting Hermitian operators, there exists (at least) a basis of common eigenvectors ...
1
vote
2answers
132 views

The eigenspinors for the spin operator in the $x$-direction?

$$S_x= \frac{\hbar}{2}\quad\begin{pmatrix}0&1\\1&0\end{pmatrix}\quad$$ $$S_x{X_+}^{(x)}=\frac{\hbar}{2}{X_+}^{(x)}$$ How can I find the eigenvalue of $S_x$? My book says $$ \left| ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Weird Behaviour of the act of measurement to a quantum system

I and my friend were disputing about some weird behaviour of the act of measuring some observables quantities e.g. Energy, position. But I still don't think what he said is strictly true. He said" ...
1
vote
2answers
132 views

Complex Versus Real Wave Velocities in Quantum Mechanics

There's a fantastic quote in Schrodinger's second 1926 paper1 that apparently provides some motivation for the discrete energy levels (I think) that I'm having trouble interpreting: I would not ...
1
vote
2answers
392 views

Angular Momentum Operators Non-Degenerate

Typically one writes simultaneous eigenstates of the angular momentum operators $J_3$ and $J^2$ as $|j,m\rangle$, where $$J^2|j,m\rangle = \hbar^2 j(j+1)|j,m\rangle$$ $$J_3 |j,m\rangle = \hbar ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Normalizing continuous eigenstates

As far as I understand, to normalize the eigenfunctions, corresponding to the continuous spectrum, we use Dirac delta function: $\langle \psi_\lambda \mid \psi_{\lambda'} \rangle = \delta(\lambda - ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Spin eigenvalues and eigenvectors problem. Is this the correct way to solve it?

An electron is described by the Hamiltonian $ H=\frac{e}{mc}\bar{S}\cdot\bar{B} $ where $\bar{S} =(S_x,S_y,S_z)$ is the spin operator and $\bar{B}$ the magnetic field. For $t>0$ ...
1
vote
1answer
218 views

Diagonalization of a hamiltonian for a quantum wire with proximity-induced superconductivity

I'm trying to diagonalize the Hamiltonian for a 1D wire with proximity-induced superconductivity. In the case without a superconductor it's all fine. However, with a superconductor I don't get the ...