The tag has no wiki summary.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

6
votes
3answers
277 views

Eigenvalues of the Lagrangian?

It is often stated that the Lagrangian formalism and the Hamiltonian formalism are equivalent. We often hear people talk about eigenvalues of Hamiltonians but I have never ever heard a word about ...
7
votes
0answers
95 views

Role of physics in the zeta function $\zeta$ and the Riemann hypothesis

Hilbert and Polya suggested a physical way to verify the Riemann hypotesis about $\zeta(x)$. If the Riemann hypotesis is true, we can state all eigenvalues of physical problems are real. What is the ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Is there some quantum potential producing exponential eigenvalues?

Usual central potentials produce quantum spectra with energy levels going as $n$, $n^2$, $n^3$ and so on, being $n$ the quantum number of the orbit. In the other extreme we have "dirac-delta" ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Expectation value and Dispersion of an Operator

Suppose we have an operator $Q$ with eigenvalue $q$. Expectation value is $\langle Q \rangle$ and dispersion $D(Q) = \sqrt{\langle \left( Q - \langle Q \rangle \right)^2 \rangle} $. I want to find ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Nuclear Physics: Eigenvalues of nucleus angular moment

In the shell model of nuclei, when we talk about collective motions, we describe any nucleus deformation, expanding its radius on spherical harmonics base like this $R(\theta,\phi) = ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Quick question on sketching wavefunction in well

Usually for an infinite well, the sketch for n=3 level is this: Now I think if one side of the potential barrier is higher, the particle will be more likely to spend time on the left side than ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

What is the eigenvalue of $J_z$?

In the calculation of the Zeeman Effect, the most important calculation is $$\langle J_z + S_z\rangle.$$ Suppose we want to find the Zeeman Effect for $(2p)^2$, meaning $l = 1$. In Sakurai's book, ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Reduced density matrix of coupled oscillators and entanglement entropy

This paper describes a way to find the entanglement entropy of $N$ entangled harmonic oscillators, after tracing out the first $n$. A few statement made within have royally confused me, and I haven't ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Eigenstates of a density matrix of continuous variables

Consider a system of two entangled harmonic oscillators. The normalised ground state is denoted by $\psi_0(x_1,x_2)$. The reduced density matrix of the second oscillator is given by: $$\rho_2 = ...
5
votes
1answer
119 views

Eigenstate of field operator in QFT

Why don't people discuss the eigenstate of the field operator? For example, the real scalar field the field operator is Hermitian, so its eigenstate is an observable quantity.
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Some question about symplectic transformation

I read Arnold's book Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics and come across with three problems in page 229. 1.Let $\lambda$ and $\bar{\lambda}$ be simple (multiplicity 1) eigenvalues of a ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Normalizing continuous eigenstates

As far as I understand, to normalize the eigenfunctions, corresponding to the continuous spectrum, we use Dirac delta function: $\langle \psi_\lambda \mid \psi_{\lambda'} \rangle = \delta(\lambda - ...
1
vote
3answers
128 views

Expectation Values and Derivation of Heisenberg Equation?

Consider a system of particles with wave function $\psi$(x) (x can be understood to stand for all degrees of freedom of the system; so, if we have a system of two particles then x should represent ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Are Negative Eigen Values of a Hessian Matrix physically acceptable?

Suppose I have a Hessian Matrix of a System with 3N degrees of freedom, What are the physical significance of eigen values of the Hessian, Are negative Eigen Values physically acceptable?
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Showing that the maximum possible uncertainty for any observable is half the difference between its maximum and minimum eigenvalues

Show that the maximum possible uncertainty for any observable is $\frac{1}{2}|x_2 - x_1|$ where $x_1$ and $x_2$ are the extreme eigenvalues of X (Maximize $\Sigma_i p_ix_i^2 - (\Sigma_i p_ix_i)^2$) ...
1
vote
3answers
58 views

Help understanding proof in simultaneous diagonalization

The proof is from Principles of Quantum Mechanics by Shankar. The theorem is: If $\Omega$ and $\Lambda$ are two commuting Hermitian operators, there exists (at least) a basis of common eigenvectors ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

Momentum Operator in Quantum Mechanics

1) What is the difference between these two momentum operators: $\frac{\hbar}{i}\frac{\partial}{\partial x}$ and $-i\hbar\frac{\partial}{\partial x}$? How are these two operators the same? My ...
3
votes
2answers
148 views

Eigenenergies and eigenkets given the Hamiltonian

For a two level system the Hamiltonian is: $$ H=a(|1\rangle \langle1|-|2\rangle\langle2|+|1\rangle\langle2|+|2\rangle\langle1|) $$ where $a$ is a number with the dimension of an energy. I need to ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Meaning of Eigenvalues/Eigenvectors of a linear system of equations

I have a 41x41 system of linear equations (inhomogen) which I derived with Eureqa by describing the timecourse of fMRI haemodynamic data from a brain area as a function of the timecourses of 40 other ...
6
votes
2answers
167 views

Eigenvalue problem for differential equations in QM

I have a very simple question with regard to numerical methods in physics. I want to solve the eigenvalue problem for a particle moving in an arbitrary potential. Let's take 1D to be concrete. I.e. I ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Eigenvalues of Infinite Dimensional Matrix [duplicate]

If I take a infinite-dimensional square matrix, what can I say about its eigenvalue spectrum? Will they have a discrete infinity of eigenvalues or continuous infinity of them?
4
votes
1answer
275 views

Imaginary Eigenvalue Of A Hermitian Operator

The eigenfunctions of a Hermitian operator are real. But consider a function $\psi(x)=e^{-\kappa x}$, $x\in\mathbb{R}$, where $\kappa$ is a real constant. Then, $$\hat p \psi(x)=-i\hbar ...
0
votes
1answer
195 views

Proof of the time-independent Schrödinger equation

I have a question regarding the proof of the time-independent Schrödinger equation. So if we have a time-Independent Hamiltonian, we can solve the Schrödinger equation by adopting separation of ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Spin eigenvalues and eigenvectors problem. Is this the correct way to solve it?

An electron is described by the Hamiltonian $ H=\frac{e}{mc}\bar{S}\cdot\bar{B} $ where $\bar{S} =(S_x,S_y,S_z)$ is the spin operator and $\bar{B}$ the magnetic field. For $t>0$ ...
1
vote
1answer
275 views

Classify equilibrium points and find bifurcation points of a non-linear dynamic system

Context: The question refers to computational physics of non linear systems with Mathematica. Excercise: Given the system $\{f_1: \dot{x} = a x + y + x^3, f_2: \dot{y} = x - y \}$: Find the ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Clarify formula in quantum perturbation theory

I'm studying perturbation theory in the context of quantum mechanics. My lecture notes say that in order to calculate the first-order correction of eigenfunction $\psi_n$, that is $\psi_n^{(1)}$, I ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Determinant and adjunct of $k-\omega^2m$ in terms of natural frequencies

Given is a mechanical multiple degree of freedom system described by the following matrices and equation: mass matrix ${\bf{m}} = \left[\begin{matrix} m & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & m & 0 \\ 0 ...
12
votes
2answers
293 views

Eigenfunctions of the Runge-Lenz vector

The hamiltonian for the hydrogen atom, $$ H = \frac{\mathbf{p}^2}{2m} - \frac{k}{r} $$ is spherically symmetric and it therefore commutes with the angular momentum $\mathbf{L}$; this causes all its ...
1
vote
2answers
182 views

The eigenspinors for the spin operator in the $x$-direction?

$$S_x= \frac{\hbar}{2}\quad\begin{pmatrix}0&1\\1&0\end{pmatrix}\quad$$ $$S_x{X_+}^{(x)}=\frac{\hbar}{2}{X_+}^{(x)}$$ How can I find the eigenvalue of $S_x$? My book says $$ \left| ...
0
votes
1answer
265 views

Eigenvectors of the angular momentum operator $S_x$ [closed]

For a spin of $\frac{1}{2}$ the angular momentum operator can be written as $\vec{S} = \frac{\hbar}{2} \vec{\sigma}$ in matrix form. Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of $S_x$ where $\sigma_x = ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Product of position eigenvectors at different times

I've been thinking about this, and it might sound like a stupid question, but I can't seem to find an answer anywhere, here goes: Whenever we calculate expecation-values between two position ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Unit for expressing energy eigenvalue in infinite potential well problem

How are the energy eigenvalues expressed in a infinite potential well problem( Joules/eV)?
0
votes
1answer
287 views

Harmonic Oscillator Energy to Momentum Expectation Value

If we are given a wave function written in terms of harmonic oscillator energy eigenfunctions how can we determine the maximum possible momentum expectation value? It's a combination of the first two ...
2
votes
1answer
432 views

Why are orthogonal functions and eigenvalues/functions so important in quantum mechanics?

The mathematics and physics we have studied so far at university are heavily focused around the idea of orthogonal functions, orthogonality, sets of solutions, eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. Why ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

Matrix operations on Quantum States in a composite quantum system

Intro (you may skip this if you're an expert, I'm including this for completeness): Say I have two bases for two systems, The first is a spin-1/2 system $|+\rangle = \left(\begin{array}{c} 1\\0 ...
14
votes
6answers
1k views

Why are Only Real Things Measurable?

Why can't we measure imaginary numbers? I mean, we can take the projection of a complex wave to be the "viewable" part, so why are imaginary numbers given this immeasurable descriptor? Namely with ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Weird Behaviour of the act of measurement to a quantum system

I and my friend were disputing about some weird behaviour of the act of measuring some observables quantities e.g. Energy, position. But I still don't think what he said is strictly true. He said" ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

Relationship between two eigenfunctions of the time-independent Schrödinger Equation in one dimension?

What is the relationship between two eigenfunctions of the time-independent Schrödinger Equation (in one spatial dimension) if they both have the same eigenvalue?
2
votes
2answers
232 views

Angular momentum of quantum system

Problem: A physical system is in the common eigenstate of $\hat{L^2}$ and $\hat{L_z}$. Calculate the following quantities: $\langle L_x\rangle,\langle L_y\rangle,\langle L_z\rangle,\langle L_x L_y + ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Expectation Values in Quantum Mechanics

Why is the expectation value what it is? Why don't you apply the operator, then multiply that by it's conjugate?
1
vote
2answers
154 views

Complex Versus Real Wave Velocities in Quantum Mechanics

There's a fantastic quote in Schrodinger's second 1926 paper1 that apparently provides some motivation for the discrete energy levels (I think) that I'm having trouble interpreting: I would not ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Is continuous evolution from one eigenstate of operator $O$ to another $O$-eigenstate possible?

Eigenvectors associated with distinct values of an observable are orthogonal, according to quantum mechanics. Does this entail that a quantum system cannot continuously evolve from one eigenstate ...
1
vote
1answer
351 views

Total angular momentum - single electron

I have been dealing with total angular momentum of the single electron which is outside the closed shells in which sum of the angular momentums is zero. My book says that total atomic angular ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Arbitrarily using Sin and Cos as eigenfunctions of a Hamiltonian? [closed]

In the context of quantum optics, the rotating wave Hamiltonian can be written: $\hbar\begin{pmatrix} -\Delta & \Omega/2\\ \Omega/2 & 0 \end{pmatrix}$ The eigenvalues can then be calculated ...
1
vote
0answers
233 views

Eigenvalues of the square of Pauli-Lubanski operator

Let's have Pauli-Lunanski 4-operator: $$ \hat {W}^{\nu} = \frac{1}{2}\varepsilon^{\nu \alpha \beta \gamma}\hat {J}_{\alpha \beta}\hat {P}_{\gamma}, $$ which easy transforms to $$ \hat {W}^{\nu} = ...
1
vote
1answer
241 views

Diagonalization of a hamiltonian for a quantum wire with proximity-induced superconductivity

I'm trying to diagonalize the Hamiltonian for a 1D wire with proximity-induced superconductivity. In the case without a superconductor it's all fine. However, with a superconductor I don't get the ...
0
votes
0answers
205 views

Dirac Delta Potential and bound/scattered states

Why does the attractive Dirac Delta distribution (function) potential $V = \alpha\delta$(x) (for negative $\alpha$) yield both bound AND scattered states? Is this due to the definition of the Dirac ...
7
votes
4answers
807 views

Bounded and Unbounded (Scattering) States in Quantum Mechanics

I understand that bounded states in quantum mechanics imply that the total energy of the state, $E$, is less than the potential $V_0$ at + or - spatial infinity. Similarly, the scattering state ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Finite potential well problem - calculating the ground state

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Electron of is in a 1-D potential well of depth $20eV$ width $d=0.2 nm$ in his ground state $N=1$. What is the energy of the ground ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

The Energy Eigenvalue of a Wavefunction

I've been reading an introduction to quantum mechanics online, and while constructing the Schrodinger equation for a free particle, the equation $i\hbar \frac{d \Psi}{dt}=\hbar\omega\Psi$ is obtained. ...