Earth is the planet on which we live, the 3rd planet from the Sun. Questions using this tag should be about Earth the planet and not Earth-like planets nor earth, as in dirt or soil.

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Static model of the Earth motion

Believe it or not, an old man I know in 2015 still negates the Earth orbital motion around the Sun. He believes the earth is rotating on itself and acknowledges this gives day and night on every ...
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Proportional acceleration due to changing density of the Earth

My question has to to do with a recent video Minutephysics posted about the time it takes for a person to fall through the earth, found here http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=urQCmMiHKQk At around 4:05,...
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Estimation of the age of Earth

By calculating the ratio of U-238 to Pb - 209 the age of the earth can be estimated. Is it not a possibility that non radioactive lead already there formed during the birth of earth it self alter the ...
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How do gravity anomalies on Earth comply with conservation of energy?

Gravitational acceleration varies from place to place on Earth in a range of about 0.02 percent and is caused by density distributions within the Earth. Imagine an experiment where you move around the ...
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How did the Moon survive next to the Earth since earth and Moon came into existence?

What mechanism(s) prevented the gravitational effect of the earth on the moon from shattering the moon when it was closer to the earth than the Roche Limit some 4.5 billion years ago?
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differences of Aurora Borealis (North) vs. Aurora Australis (South)

I was wondering about the differences between the Northern vs. Southern lights: will one pole collect the positive charges, and the other the negatives? I know that the solar wind is composed mainly ...
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Effect of radiation pressure on Earths orbit in large timescales

I have seen some posts concerning the radiation pressure exerted by the Sun on Earths surface (Force on Earth due to Sun's radiation pressure). Though it is fairly small may it have a considerable ...
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Earth as a conductor

In a lightning rod or other safety devices, charge is directed towards the earth. How the surface of the earth can be used as a conducting path despite being composed of material that is not a good ...
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1answer
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What is the longitudinal difference between the sub­solar point and the magnetic poles at time $t$ (hours)?

I'm trying to convert geomagnetic coordinate to geographic, but there are some steps in the paper which I'm reading, that I don't understand. I have the geomagnetic latitude centered around the ...
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Would a non-rotating Earth collapse on the Sun?

If the earth stopped rotating on its axis, would this influence its revolution motion? In particular, could it collapse on the sun? I ask this because on the one hand I thought the two degrees of ...
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What is the voltage difference between the Moon and the Earth?

The Moon and Earth are approximately spherical conductive balls and the Earth has a self-capacitance of around 710uF. Is there ever a significant potential difference in the Earth-Moon system? Is ...
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Different time between equinoxes

I calculated from here that there are 16 104 096 seconds between the vernal and autumnal equinox, if I made no mistake, this is some 650 592 s longer than the other half orbit. I imagine this is due ...
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Velocity Profile of the Upper Atmosphere

Consider an Earth-Centered Inertial (ECI) frame in which the tangential (to Earth's surface) velocity is measured. Now consider obtaining constant average velocity profiles of the atmosphere as a ...
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Is there a resonance within the earth, separate from the Schuman resonance?

In a very recent biography of Nikola Tesla by Bernard Carlson, the author explains that Tesla measured the resonant frequency of the earth using his invention - the amplifying transmitter. Tesla came ...
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Could water physically makeup the core of a planet or otherwise large celestial mass?

Knowing very little about the nature of water, wondering how it might behave at the centre of a planet or centre of an another massive gravitational body. Could water take such pressures or might it ...
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Computing Latitude Given Quiescent Gyroscope Data

Suppose I place a gyroscope in a theoretically perfectly quiescent, closed room. Let its output be given as a vector ${\bf v} = (v_x, v_y, v_z)$ indicating rate of rotation around three orthogonal ...
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Maximum temperature possible on earth

What is maximum temperature that can we have on earth on a single day? Lets say an air mass is static over an area and there is no way for air mass to move, sun warming it up would increase ...
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Current length of the solar day?

As can be seen in this diagram, the length of the solar day has varied Question considerably the last century. But the diagram is incomplete and doesn't show the very last years. Can anyone tell me ...
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Why are the cores of planets melted?

We all know that the core of Earth is in liquid form, as are most other planets as recently read. Why is this the case? Obviously, high temperatures are the cause, but what causes the high ...
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What is this bright spot in the sky?

This is my first question here so please be gentle! I took this picutre a few minutes ago (35 minutes ago, currently 1828 here) As you can see there's a VERY bright spot on the right that shows a ...
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To what altitudes does cosmic radiation penetrate?

How far does high energy (Cosmic) radiation penetrate(km above sea level) into the planet earth? And at what rate(/m^2/s)? (limited set of rates here) (The Aurora is low energy protons that stop at 90 ...
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Earth's magnetic effect on my magnet

My magnet seems to work independently of, and unaffected by, the Earth's magnetic field, yet the magnetic field of my magnet changes as I introduce some other similar magnets of varied sizes into its ...
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Terrestrial Space Elevator Construction - Plausability

Framework If there was a cable constructed at the equator about the circumference of the Earth, and if this cable had sufficient strength to remain intact while erect, call this tensile strength T. ...
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Could there be a planet just as the Earth, but bigger?

Could there be a planet twice or thrice the size of Earth but while being the same? and by the same I mean, hosting the same life as Earth, having a day last 24 hours and a year 365 days. Basically, ...
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Compute and plot satellite position on 2D Earth map

I would like to create a simple satellite tracking software, that will compute the position of a satellite at any time, and show its location on a 2D map of Earth. Let's assume it is possible to ...
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Interaction of geomagnetism on free falling coil

Take the Earth, or a similarly large body with an Electromagnetic field. For now - expect atmosphere. Then take a much smaller object - say the size of bus, containing a coil with many windings. If ...
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How far is the horizon, if a 2m tall man watches to the sea?

How far is the horizon, if a $r=2 m$ tall man watches to the sea? I have calculated that it would be even just about 6 km. if R = radius of earth( $6370 \cdot10^3$ m ). By pythagorean theorem we get....
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If Earth's atmosphere would be cooled, how would its pressure change relative to its temperature?

I have a feeling it would not behave like an ideal gas? For example, if the atmosphere were to cool down at a constant 1 atm to 90 K, oxygen would liquefy. If changing of pressure would be considered,...
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Earth's magnetic field

New researchs found that very high pressure on certain materials may reduce the degree of temperature required to change to superconductor. So is it possible that the high pressure in earth core ...
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How does magnetic field gets generated by friction between high temperature molten metallic cores?

I was watching "Strip the cosmos" show on Discovery science channel last day and they explained that earth produces magnetic field due to rubbing of the two concentric cores, both the molten metal ...
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Are these reasonings about tides correct?

This is a picture of the "M2 tidal constituent": The nodes corresponds to fixed points, for which the moon has no influence on the altitude. 1. Static VS Dynamic problem? I was first wondering if ...
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Variation on the “Hole through the Earth” problem

In the news recently was the announcement that the answer to the classic Newtonian mechanics question of the time it takes for a body to fall all the way through the Earth was corrected to account for ...
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If I am a light travel around Earth, what relativistic phenomenons do I have?

In school, or even in university, we are only taught Lorentz transformation in one direction. It is quite easy: $$\begin{align} t' &= \gamma \left( t - \frac{vx}{c^2} \right) \\ x' &= \...
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Direction of CMB and magnetic fields?

Measurements show the CMB is warmer to the North. Could more photons coming from that direction of the sky, cause metals in the Earth to move in that particular direction? As the Earth orbits the ...
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Variance of daylight over short periods of time?

I've searched various publication archives but I'm a signal processing engineer and not an applied physicist, so I might not be using the right terms. While I can find various average values for the ...
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Imagine a 50-mile tower spanning from desert floor to the Karman Line

CORRECTION: The structure weighs 1.568E15 kg.s Does the structure effect the equilibrium of earth's rotation? Would momentum from Earth's rotation apply lateral force to the structure? What else do ...