Earth is the planet on which we live, the 3rd planet from the Sun. Questions using this tag should be about Earth the planet and not Earth-like planets nor earth, as in dirt or soil.

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30
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12answers
10k views

What is the simplest way to prove the Earth is round?

Assume you've come in contact with a tribe of people cut off from the rest of the world, or you've gone back in time several thousand years, or (more likely) you've got a numbskull cousin. How would ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

I was told that if the Moon had a retrograde orbit, tides would have a faster rhythm. Why is that?

Would this be because tidal deceleration causing the Earth to spin faster or are there other actions in play that I haven't considered? Would the Earth even spin faster because of the tidal ...
37
votes
4answers
2k views

Why has Earth's core not become solid?

The Earth is billions of years old, yet its core has not yet cooled down and become solid. Will this happen in the foreseeable future?
0
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0answers
38 views

What is it exactly Earth's shape? [on hold]

What is it exactly Earth's shape? If Earth is 90% water, with so many oceans on Earth. Shouldn't Earth be not round in shape? shouldn't it be something really different?
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Electromagnetic radiation bending on Earth

Most articles say that a radiowave is able to propagate itself beyond the horizon because it is reflected off by the ionosphere (and the Earth itself). But do radio waves also get bent according to ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Direction of CMB and magnetic fields?

Measurements show the CMB is warmer to the North. Could more photons coming from that direction of the sky, cause metals in the Earth to move in that particular direction? As the Earth orbits the ...
-5
votes
1answer
115 views

From where we can view earth moving?

Earth moves with a speed around $100000 \,\,km/h$, which will be amazing, but from where we can see that moving speed? If we far away from earth (outside of earth gravity) then can view its moving? is ...
10
votes
2answers
169 views

Where did the energy released due to gravitational binding energy of the Earth go?

The gravitational binding energy of the Earth is $2×10^{32} J $, so the same amount of energy must have been released during the Earth's history. According to this and this, the current internal ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Relativity question [duplicate]

If a rocket is traveling away from earth, why does time pass slower for the rocket if from the rocket's perspective, earth is going away from it?
2
votes
1answer
26 views

Why is there a rainbow after the rain?

Usually rainbows are present after the rain. But if a rainbow is caused by diffraction of rain droplets, shouldn't rainbows be present during the rain, not after?
3
votes
3answers
942 views

If the Earth left the solar system for interstellar space. How long would it take for atmosphere to freeze?

If the Earth left the solar system for some reason. Assuming its moving at the same velocity it's currently exhibiting. How long would it take for the atmosphere to freeze. Would we get methane clouds ...
3
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6answers
1k views
9
votes
8answers
3k views

Why does the Sun always rise in the East?

Why does the Sun always rise in the East? Earth is rotating on its own axis & also revolves around the Sun, then how come the Sun always rises in the East?
0
votes
1answer
51 views

What is the longitudinal difference between the sub­solar point and the magnetic poles at time $t$ (hours)?

I'm trying to convert geomagnetic coordinate to geographic, but there are some steps in the paper which I'm reading, that I don't understand. I have the geomagnetic latitude centered around the ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

How the earth's internal heat exists

How the earth's internal heat exists? Is it available from it's creation as collation heat? Or is there any other source feeding the heat to the core?
5
votes
1answer
175 views

How much power would be needed to make a substitute for natural Earth magnetic field?

Imagine the Earth's magnetic field will take a "maintainance pause" for 1000 years and there is gigant 10 years "doomsday countdown timer" ticking in the sky. The magnetic field will be just normal ...
1
vote
1answer
391 views

True or false: the Moon was touching the Earth 1.2 billion years ago

A creationist website makes this argument for the 6,000 year old earth. I'm embarrassed to say I don't know how to do the math to evaluate the claim myself. However, the time scales involved seems ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

How many hours will there be in a day 5,000,000,000 years from now?

It is known that the moon is moving away from Earth 2cm a year, and in doing so makes the days longer. I want to know how many hours will have one day, when our planet is near its end.
20
votes
5answers
6k views

Build a ring around Earth, then remove the supports

What would happen if we decided to build a giant ring that managed to wrap around the whole world, end to end that was supported with pillars all along the ring and then the supports all suddenly ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Effect of Earth's rotation on apparent weight (acceleration due to gravity) [duplicate]

What would be reason for change in weight due to rotation of Earth? How can the direction of $g'$ (The value of $g$ at any point on Earth) be the apparent vertical direction? Why isn't $g$ the ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Why do we have to use an integral in this scenario to figure out $v_{max}$? [duplicate]

$$\int_0^R mg\frac{r}{2}dr=\frac{m}{2}v_{max}$$ and can't write $$\frac{m}{2}v_{max}=mgR$$ don't we usually equal potential energy to kinetic energy? A stone is falling through a tunnel towards the ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

If you could ride an elevator through the earth [duplicate]

What if it was possible to ride an elevator straight through earth. If we take all the heat and pressure problems away, and assume it would be possible: What would happen with gravity? Would gravity ...
4
votes
2answers
89 views

Why is the current atmosphere made of nitrogen (75.5%)?

As I read a book on meteorology, 4 billion years ago, atmosphere was made by steam, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide and a few nitrogen. Then photosynthesis came, run by underwater organisms, which led ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Why does Earth behave like Natural Bar Magnet?

What is the reason for the Earth to behave like a bar magnet and have poles (North and South poles)?
1
vote
6answers
429 views

The earth is spinning, so why don't we jump and land on a different location?

I know there are similar questions in stackexchange but i think it's different and detailed. The earth is spinning 465 meters/second so why don't we jump and land on a different location ? I have ...
116
votes
15answers
35k views

How do I explain to a six year old why people on the other side of the Earth don't fall off? [closed]

Today a friend's six year old sister asked me the question "why don't people on the other side of the earth fall off?". I tried to explain that the Earth is a huge sphere and there's a special force ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the scientific reason for the inclination of earth's rotation axis?

This titled position of the earths axis is known as inclination of the earths axis. The earth's rotation axis makes an angle of about 66.5 degrees with the plane of its orbit around the sun, or about ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

How much effort would be required to fix the Earth's rotation?

Given that the earth's rotation has been slowing down by very slight amounts over time, forcing us to introduce leap seconds and so forth into our clocks and calendars, I would like to ask if this ...
4
votes
2answers
82 views

Can a Storm make the day longer/shorter?

I've read that changes in jet streams can affect the speed that the Earth rotates on its axis, thus making the day longer or shorter?
-1
votes
2answers
96 views

Properties of an object whose collision with Earth would completely disintegrate Earth

This picture got me thinking, whether such collision would be possible, and would it really look like that from the moon. What would be the properties (mass, size, velocity etc.) of an object, whose ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

Why does the Earth rotate on its axis?

I know that the earth moves around the sun because of the gravity force, because the spacetime around the sun is curved. But why does the earth rotate on its axis, and which parameters can affect ...
2
votes
3answers
662 views

While finding escape velocity, does human mass counts as the mass of Earth?

Escape velocity depends upon the mass of earth. my doubt is whether human mass adds into it or not? If it add then Earth's escape velocity would be increasing!
0
votes
0answers
24 views

how to find whether molecules will absorb radiation of a particular wavelength or not?

I am trying to understand vertical temperature profile of Earth's atmosphere. We know that different frequencies get absorbed by molecules at certain heights. I want to show this mathematically. For ...
4
votes
3answers
184 views

Why is Earth's gravity stronger at the poles?

Lots of places state that the Earth's gravity is stronger at the poles than the equator for two reasons: The centrifugal force cancels out the gravity minimally, more so at the equator than at the ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How does Earth carry Moon with it, if it can not force Moon to touch it by gravitational force?

Earth's gravitational force is acting on its Moon in such a way that it forces the Moon to rotate round its orbit by centripetal force and carries it while rotating round the Sun by gravitational ...
7
votes
2answers
689 views

Why heavy elements don't sink to the core?

If earth assembled out of space dust, how come we find heavy elements like gold, silver, uranium and bunch of others that are heavier than iron on the surface? I mean silicon (Si mass 28.084) being ...
11
votes
6answers
625 views

Are metals more heavy due to the Earth's magnetic field?

Non-metal objects are attracted to the Earth due to gravity. So the weight of non-metal objects can be only dependent on their mass. On the other hand metals can be attracted to the Earth's magnetic ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Correcting for oblateness of the Earth [duplicate]

I'm trying to model numerically the effects of the Earth's oblateness on satellite orbits. I'm seeing precession of the orbit, but not in the plane that I'm expecting. Here's my corrected grav. ...
6
votes
2answers
493 views

How would gravity change on a planet rotating around itself very fast?

Let's take a planet identical to Earth, but with rotation speed multiplied by ten thousand. What would happen with the gravity if it was spinning madly around itself? Would the centrifugal force make ...
4
votes
3answers
105 views

Why does the sea horizon line always seems to be at the same height as one's eyes?

I wonder why, when I look at a sea/ocean, the horizon line always seems to be at the same height as my eyes, no matter how many meters I am above the sea level. This is something I noticed when I ...
33
votes
4answers
4k views

Why is Earth's climate so stable?

Earth wasn't always the only water-world in the solar system. Mars also appear to have started out wet but, as conditions changed, Mars lost its oceans. So, how has Earth managed to avoid a ...
3
votes
6answers
7k views

Where on Earth can you find plasma?

Ok, so not that 'where on earth', like literally - 'Where on Earth'. Where on Earth, can you find matter in the 4th state, i.e. the plasma state?
0
votes
2answers
95 views

Gravitational field strength inside the Earth [duplicate]

please could someone give me a relatively straight forward answer why the gravitational field strength follows a straight line (linear) relationship with distance from the center of the Earth but when ...
-1
votes
2answers
81 views

Is Water the only Liquid of Life? [closed]

What makes scientists think that water is better at sustaining life than every other substance? every organism we know of needs water to survive. In fact, without water, life on Earth would have ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

If earth generates magnetic field does it attract metal? [duplicate]

If earth generates magnetic field does it attract metal objects at the surface of the planet and make them heavier?
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Why is the Earth's moon so big?

It could just be me, but it seems like our Moon is WAY bigger than it should be for a planet of our size. If you look at satellite-to-planet mass ratios for the largest moons of Jupiter, Saturn, ...
0
votes
2answers
97 views

Does angular speed of the earth around the sun remain constant?

I presume that angular speed is nothing but angular velocity without direction. So, since the earth always takes nearly 365 days to complete one revolution around the sun, can't we conclude that it's ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Reason behind the rotation of Earth? [duplicate]

I want to know what is the reason that the Earth rotates on its own axis? What are the forces responsible for the Earth's rotation?
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Is the density of air in the mountains higher at the equator?

I have heard that at e.g. 5000 m altitude, the subjective feeling is better in the Himalayas than e.g. Tien Shan, because Himalayas are located near the equator, and due to Earth's rotation "air is ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

How much energy is necessary to set a year to exactly 360 days

How much energy would be necessary to slow down Earth rotation such that a year was 360 days long? In the same spirit: how much energy would be necessary to make the Earth rotate faster around the ...