Earth is the planet on which we live, the 3rd planet from the Sun. Questions using this tag should be about Earth the planet and not Earth-like planets nor earth, as in dirt or soil.

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1answer
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Calculating the length of day at any time of the year? [duplicate]

Is it possible to calculate the length of the day at various location (distances) from the sun? I hear agricultural scientists are able to do that. To make calculations easier assume there is no axis ...
3
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2answers
106 views

Does spin of the earth vary at different locations?

Does the spin of the earth around its axis vary at different distance from the sun?,if so how does it correspond to the length of day and night,?
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8answers
19k views

Proof that the Earth rotates?

What is the proof, without leaving the Earth, and involving only basic physics, that the earth rotates around its axis? By basic physics I mean the physics that the early physicists must've used to ...
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0answers
2k views

Does gravity change the closer you are to the Earth's core? [duplicate]

Very simple question that has bugged me for some time, does the acceleration produced by gravitation (e.g. $9.8\: \mathrm{m/s^2}$) would change if we placed an observer closer to the planet's core? I ...
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2answers
2k views

Argument for proving Earth-Centered Earth-Fixed (ECEF) reference frame is non-inertial

Today I heard an argument to prove that the Earth-Centered Earth-Fixed (ECEF) reference frame is non-inertial. It seriously doesn't make any sense to me but I also heard that same argument was made by ...
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2answers
915 views

Huge buildings affect Earth's rotation?

Does constructing huge buildings affect the rotation of the Earth, similar to skater whose angular rotation increases when her arms are closed comparatively than open?
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1answer
1k views

How much negative charge do I accumulate by touching the earth?

The Earth carries a negative electric charge of roughly 500 thousand Coulombs (according to different sources I've seen). If I touch the Earth I should therefore pick up some of this electric charge ...
3
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2answers
150 views

Orbits within a $-\vec{r}$ field

Let's say that we have a cold dark matter theory, so we imagine weakly interacting particles. Now, let's say that one of those dark-matter particles has a rare interaction while traveling through the ...
2
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1answer
108 views

What is the Earth's magnetic field in space?

I have looked around a bit, but haven't found a simple answer. At an altitude between 100-1000 km, Is the magnetic field B still around $\sim 10^{-5}\ T$? Is there a simple equation that would provide ...
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3answers
253 views

How to create frame of reference?

Is this possible to create a inertial frame of reference in the earth? How it is possible?
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2answers
5k views

What is geostationary orbit radius?

I'm asking this apparently "general reference" question for the simple reason: I was unable to find whether the quoted everywhere "35,786 kilometers (22,236 mi) above the Earth's equator" means ...
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2answers
1k views

Cancel out Earth's Magnetic field

Is there any tools except helmholtz coil to cancel out earth's magnetic field to calibrate magnetometers in practice.
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2answers
393 views

Attenuation mass-thickness for sunset light

We are able to look directly at the sun near sunset and sunrise, which clearly demonstrates the fact that our atmosphere attenuates visible light. Let's imagine it follows the typical attenuation ...
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1answer
108 views

How small the earth should be for it to become a black hole

How small would the earth have to be squashed so that it would become a black hole?
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3answers
863 views

What would happen to the Moon if Earth is turned into a black hole?

Assume that all of sudden the Earth is turned into a black hole. And the moon revolves around the Earth (before turning into a black hole). What would happen to the Moon after earth changes to black ...
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1answer
163 views

Based on what does Hawking give 1000 years of time for humans to escape the planet earth? [closed]

I read it news that: Hawking Gives Humans 1,000 Years to Escape Earth How did he arrive at this figure? Whats gonna make human race extinct in 1,000 years?
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2answers
344 views
-6
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1answer
141 views

Energy flows in the core also responsible for another of the planet’s unique [closed]

Energy flows in the core also responsible for another of the planet’s unique features: a strong magnetic field. Scientists believe that the earth has had a magnetic field for at least 3.5 billion ...
3
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1answer
189 views

Under what practical conditions would Earth's atmosphere be a dilatant?

I have read and heard in many places that when the astronauts of Apollo were coming back to Earth, they had to determine the best angle of attack to re-enter the atmosphere. This is usually indicated ...
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8answers
11k views

Would it matter if the Earth rotated clockwise?

In the Futurama episode "That Darn Katz!" they save the world by rotating the Earth backwards saying it shouldn't matter (which direction Earth rotates). If Earth rotated clockwise and remained in ...
4
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1answer
141 views

Link between Earth and Mars

I am trying to the calculate the link budget for link between a ground station on Earth (with a particular latitude and longitude) and a rover at a particular location on the surface of Mars, either ...
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4answers
401 views

Why a day is divided by 12/24 hours? Why the number 12?

Why a day is divided by 12/24 hours? Why the number 12? Why not using 10 or 6 or 14, 16? Who invented this? Any physical reasons behind this?
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3answers
1k views

Speed of the Moon

Why the motion of the Moon looks very slow in the sky? Doesn't it need the high speed in order to escape the earth's gravity?
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2answers
142 views

Spot of my light on the moon

This is a funny question, but worth answering. The distance between the moon and the Earth is 384,400 km. The speed of light is 299792.458 km/s. It will take 1.3 seconds (Approx.) for my laser beam to ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

How much energy would it take to blow up the earth?

There is a common statement running around that we as a species has enough nuclear weapons to blow up the earth several times over. What I want to know is: by how many orders of magnitude is that a ...
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0answers
35 views

What is the formula for calculating the length of any given day (sunrise to sunset)? [duplicate]

In a specific date what law gives us perfect measurements and how will we measure if latitude is given?
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1answer
115 views

How much energy is needed to curve the space so the Sun will come 1 meter closer to our planet? [closed]

How much energy/work will it take if our planet is: 5.9736×1024 kg or 3.0×10−6 Suns to move Sun and Earth 1 meter closer ...
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1answer
59 views

What role has our Moon played in creating a persistent geomagnetic field?

The question comes from a comment by Mark Rovetta on my earlier question about the Earth's core going cold.
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8answers
61k views

Why doesn't the Moon fall upon Earth?

Why doesn't the Moon, or for that matter anything rotating another larger body, ever fall into the larger body?
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1answer
23k views

What is the extent of Earth's gravitational pull? [closed]

Where the gravitational pull of Earth exist up to? What distance from Earth it will be zero? How do the skydivers fly at a same altitude? Won't they feel gravitational pull? What is the Earth's ...
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1answer
44 views

What is the Willmore energy of the Earth (or the geoid)?

Wikipedia defines the Willmore energy as: $$e[{\mathcal{M}}]=\frac{1}{2} \int_{\mathcal{M}} H^2\, \mathrm{d}A,$$ where $H$ stands for the mean curvature of the manifold $\mathcal{M}$. What is the ...
44
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2answers
8k views

Was the 2013 meteor over Russia stronger than an atomic bomb?

Reports of the Russian meteor event (2013) say that it released more energy than 20 atomic bombs of the size dropped on Hiroshima, Japan: Scientists estimated the meteor unleashed a force 20 times ...
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1answer
163 views

How can the properties of the Earth be determined?

How can the properties of the Earth be determined? And how is the gravitational constant then determined from them? A satellite can determine the G.M.. But, how they are individually determined ...
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2answers
159 views

Assuming that the Sun wouldn't evolve into a red giant, how long would the Earth's atmosphere last?

It's not going to last forever - Jeans Escape is going to eventually act on the atmosphere after trillions of trillions of years: see http://faculty.washington.edu/dcatling/Catling2009_SciAm.pdf
12
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1answer
326 views

Relationship between Mars and Earth rotation

Is it by pure random chance that Mars and the Earth have nearly the same day duration (Mars day is barely 40 minutes longer, which is just 3% difference), or there is some causal relationship between ...
2
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1answer
216 views

Does the Earth rotate the same encased in ice during the height of an Ice Age as it does when the bulk of it's water is liquid and always in motion?

Ice Age vs. Now. Does the Earth rotate at the same rate when encased in ice during the height of an Ice Age as it does when the bulk of it's water is liquid and always in motion?
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0answers
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Interaction of geomagnetism on free falling coil

Take the Earth, or a similarly large body with an Electromagnetic field. For now - expect atmosphere. Then take a much smaller object - say the size of bus, containing a coil with many windings. If ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Finding radius of Earth through observation of Sun's motion

The question I'm about to pose is from a physics book I had recently bought. Since I am very interested in physics I am quite keen in understanding how this question can be solved. Before I present ...
11
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1answer
77 views

Why did the june 2011 lunar eclipse last so long?

It was kind of hard to miss the lunar eclipse this week, although I didn't see it in person (Sod's law means that on every relatively major astronomical event clouds cover where I am). From what I ...
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2answers
431 views

Was the early Earth radioactive?

I've been reading of the (surprising) fact we are uncertain on whether there is nuclear fission in the center of the Earth or not (yet we know so much detail on structures at the other end of the ...
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1answer
162 views

Effect on mass of Earth if it stops revolving around Sun

If the object in motion gains mass, will it affect the change in mass of Earth if it stops revolving around Sun, since mass is responsible for gravity how will be the gravitational force change?
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4answers
10k views

How long would a lever have to be to move the planet Earth?

Give me a lever long enough and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I shall move the world. -Archimedes How long would that lever have to be? That is to say, how long a lever ...
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1answer
318 views

How can the Earth's day increase and its rotation slow down at the same time? [closed]

I heard that the Earth rotation is slowing down, but I also heard the Earth's length of day is increasing. Does the two theories go together or conflict with each other?
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2answers
939 views

Is the length of the day increasing?

In Frontiers of Astronomy, Fred Hoyle advanced an idea from E.E.R.Holmberg that although the Earth's day was originally much shorter than it is now, and has lengthened owing to tidal friction, that ...
3
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1answer
389 views

The Moon is slowly moving away from the earth. Does this mean that a total solar eclipse wasn't possible at some point in earth's history?

When the moon was closer to earth, was it still possible to witness a total solar eclipse millions of years ago? Or was the view-able space so small that it was impractical to even witness it?
2
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2answers
986 views

Minimum size of an asteroid to actually impact earth

From what I understand, an object entering the atmosphere will start to burn up from the tremendous resistance of the atmosphere. Presumably, for asteroids under a certain size, they will burn up ...
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4answers
1k views

Angular momentum power plant on Earth

If tidal power plants are slowing down Earth's rotation then is it theoretically possible to build a power plant that would drain energy from Earth's angular momentum (thus slowing down it's ...
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1answer
152 views

Is the Earth's atmosphere a Faraday cage?

X-ray telescopes are required to be above the atmosphere as the atmosphere blocks EM waves with wavelengths < UV . Does this mean that the Earth's atmosphere can be thought of as a Faraday cage ...
7
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3answers
122 views

Are there any Earth-Meteorites on Earth?

A follow-on from this question, if meteorites can come from Mars, it seems they could have come from Earth and ended up back here (though I'm guessing that to be less likely). Do we have any evidence ...
2
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1answer
84 views

what would my path look like using the sun for navigation

A theoretical question which thought about instead of writing my C++ code. I know it is poorly defined however I am now intrigued as to the answer! If you got into a boat in the middle of the sea ...