Earth is the planet on which we live, the 3rd planet from the Sun. Questions using this tag should be about Earth the planet and not Earth-like planets nor earth, as in dirt or soil.

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Computing Latitude Given Quiescent Gyroscope Data

Suppose I place a gyroscope in a theoretically perfectly quiescent, closed room. Let its output be given as a vector ${\bf v} = (v_x, v_y, v_z)$ indicating rate of rotation around three orthogonal ...
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1answer
1k views

Why did the Earth cool down?

In physics text books, it has only stated that Earth cooled down and so, water vapour condense and other life form develop and et cetera. But, why did Earth cooled down in the first place? What caused ...
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1answer
108 views

Why was Galilei “right”? [duplicate]

Considering that all frames are equivalent, isn't it up to the observer to say "The earth turns around the sun" or "The sun turns around the earth"? Isn't this more or less like arguing about which ...
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1answer
403 views

How do “gravity hills” work?

There are many "gravity hills" throughout the world http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravity_hill I just visited one here yesterday in Burkittsville, Maryland: http://www.roadsideamerica.com/tip/600 ...
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2answers
253 views

Proofs that Earth is not flat? [duplicate]

Well, I do not believe that Earth is flat, but I met some conspirationistas believing that all physics we learn in school is twisted, all the Earth's pictures from space are photoshopped by NASA, etc, ...
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1answer
390 views

Measuring temperature at a distance

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gKYrXHZwtPw In this video it is explained that Land Skin Temperature (LST) are measured by NASA's Aqua and Terra satellites. It seems it works by collecting the ...
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1answer
209 views

What do you call the period after sunrise when the sky is bright?

At sunrise, the sky isn't actually up in the sky yet. Twilight occurs before sunrise, then at sunrise the leading part of the sun crosses the horizon. But, the sky isn't bright yet. It takes some time ...
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3answers
339 views

Do volcano blast changes earth's course?

Volcano blasts are one of the most powerful calamities on earth. When they blast they release large amount of mass in the air just like a jet does. Does such a blast have any effect on the course of ...
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2answers
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Is it better to build a space elevator from GEO down to the surface of the Earth?

Having just finished Arthur C. Clarke's "The Fountains of Paradise", Clarke seems to make a distinction between starting construction of a space elevator from geosynchronous orbit and working on our ...
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396 views

How would the solar system change if Earth was to just disappear? [closed]

Having just finished Arthur C. Clarke's "Childhood's End", my question is, what exactly will happen to the stability and configuration of our solar system if our planet Earth was to just disappear? I ...
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1answer
696 views

How fast is the Earth-Sun distance changing

This is inspired by Evidence that the Solar System is expanding like the Universe?, which referenced an article by G. A. Krasinsky and V. A. Brumberg, "Secular Increase of Astronomical Unit from ...
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3answers
351 views

Would a sea level rise (on the other side of the Earth) if you would dip your finger into the ocean?

(I'm not a physicist & I hope this question isn't too basic/lame) The question says it all & assuming: No atmosphere No Earth rotation Not a single object in the ocean(s) Ignore all other ...
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4answers
118 views

Revolution of Earth [duplicate]

If all motion is relative, how do we know that the Earth revolves around the sun? Or we are just making the above statement from the frame of reference in which Sun is at the origin?
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50 views

Is it possible to generate usable electricity from the motion or magnetic field of the Earth? [duplicate]

Let me start by saying that my knowledge of physics is almost nil (only high school level and I pretty much forgot everything) so bear with me, if I am asking naive questions the answers of which may ...
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1answer
399 views

What is the evidence for the super-rotation of Earth's inner core?

What are the geophysical observations that support (or contradict) the hypothesis that the Earth's inner core rotates at a faster rate than the Earth's mantle? Summary of Answers: 1) Studies of ...
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557 views

Mars just collided with Earth! A question of eccentricity

One of the standard theories behind the formation of our Moon is the giant impact hypothesis, according to which Earth was struck by a Mars-sized body (about $10\%$ the mass of Earth) early in its ...
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2answers
275 views

Triple-right triangle experiment: what's the minimum distance?

Among the other ways, one way to prove the Earth is round is the triple-right triangle. The idea is simple: Starting from point A you move in a straight line for a certain distance. At point B, ...
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1answer
232 views

Calculating the length of day at any time of the year? [duplicate]

Is it possible to calculate the length of the day at various location (distances) from the sun? I hear agricultural scientists are able to do that. To make calculations easier assume there is no axis ...
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2answers
100 views

Does spin of the earth vary at different locations?

Does the spin of the earth around its axis vary at different distance from the sun?,if so how does it correspond to the length of day and night,?
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Does gravity change the closer you are to the Earth's core? [duplicate]

Very simple question that has bugged me for some time, does the acceleration produced by gravitation (e.g. $9.8\: \mathrm{m/s^2}$) would change if we placed an observer closer to the planet's core? I ...
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3answers
177 views

Could we use the coriolis effect to travel

Given a platform that is floating independent of Earth's gravity, would it be possible to put a platform over the equator and over the day, would the Earth rotate from under it allowing you to travel ...
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8answers
13k views

Proof that the Earth rotates?

What is the proof, without leaving the Earth, and involving only basic physics, that the earth rotates around its axis? By basic physics I mean the physics that the early physicists must've used to ...
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3answers
965 views

How is it that the Earth's atmosphere is not “blown away”?

The Earth moves at a high rate of speed around the Sun, and the solar system is moving quickly around the Milky Way. How is it that the Earth's atmosphere is not “blown away”?
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2answers
706 views

Huge buildings affect Earth's rotation?

Does constructing huge buildings affect the rotation of the Earth, similar to skater whose angular rotation increases when her arms are closed comparatively than open?
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1answer
803 views

How much negative charge do I accumulate by touching the earth?

The Earth carries a negative electric charge of roughly 500 thousand Coulombs (according to different sources I've seen). If I touch the Earth I should therefore pick up some of this electric charge ...
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3answers
7k views

Can the Earth's magnetic be used to generate electricity?

Since the Earth has a magnetic field, can it, in theory, be run through a conductive metal coil to create electricity?
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492 views

How would gravity change on a planet rotating around itself very fast?

Let's take a planet identical to Earth, but with rotation speed multiplied by ten thousand. What would happen with the gravity if it was spinning madly around itself? Would the centrifugal force make ...
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2answers
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Orbits within a $-\vec{r}$ field

Let's say that we have a cold dark matter theory, so we imagine weakly interacting particles. Now, let's say that one of those dark-matter particles has a rare interaction while traveling through the ...
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1answer
101 views

What is the Earth's magnetic field in space?

I have looked around a bit, but haven't found a simple answer. At an altitude between 100-1000 km, Is the magnetic field B still around $\sim 10^{-5}\ T$? Is there a simple equation that would provide ...
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1answer
182 views

What is the most optimal earth's axial tilt in terms of variation of seasons?

What is the most optimal earth's axial tilt in terms of variation of seasons? What would be optimal axial tilt for earth that life would exist and change of seasons would be at minimal level?
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3answers
197 views

How to create frame of reference?

Is this possible to create a inertial frame of reference in the earth? How it is possible?
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2answers
837 views

Cancel out Earth's Magnetic field

Is there any tools except helmholtz coil to cancel out earth's magnetic field to calibrate magnetometers in practice.
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1k views

Why the water remains on the surface of the Earth?

What makes the water stay on the surface? Why the earth does not absorb the water in it?
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2answers
302 views

Attenuation mass-thickness for sunset light

We are able to look directly at the sun near sunset and sunrise, which clearly demonstrates the fact that our atmosphere attenuates visible light. Let's imagine it follows the typical attenuation ...
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652 views

What would happen to the Moon if Earth is turned into a black hole?

Assume that all of sudden the Earth is turned into a black hole. And the moon revolves around the Earth (before turning into a black hole). What would happen to the Moon after earth changes to black ...
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How small the earth should be for it to become a black hole

How small would the earth have to be squashed so that it would become a black hole?
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1answer
151 views

Based on what does Hawking give 1000 years of time for humans to escape the planet earth? [closed]

I read it news that: Hawking Gives Humans 1,000 Years to Escape Earth How did he arrive at this figure? Whats gonna make human race extinct in 1,000 years?
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1answer
116 views

Energy flows in the core also responsible for another of the planet’s unique [closed]

Energy flows in the core also responsible for another of the planet’s unique features: a strong magnetic field. Scientists believe that the earth has had a magnetic field for at least 3.5 billion ...
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285 views

Does Earth produce metallic elements in its core?

Does Earth produce metallic elements in its core?
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1answer
177 views

Under what practical conditions would Earth's atmosphere be a dilatant?

I have read and heard in many places that when the astronauts of Apollo were coming back to Earth, they had to determine the best angle of attack to re-enter the atmosphere. This is usually indicated ...
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4answers
2k views

What cosmic event would cause Sun rising from the west?

I'm wondering what kind of astronomical or geological events would cause the reversal of Earth's rotation. For instance, Is a meteorite passing very close to Earth able to reverse its rotation? Can ...
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343 views

Why a day is divided by 12/24 hours? Why the number 12?

Why a day is divided by 12/24 hours? Why the number 12? Why not using 10 or 6 or 14, 16? Who invented this? Any physical reasons behind this?
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2answers
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Spot of my light on the moon

This is a funny question, but worth answering. The distance between the moon and the Earth is 384,400 km. The speed of light is 299792.458 km/s. It will take 1.3 seconds (Approx.) for my laser beam to ...
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1answer
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How much energy would it take to blow up the earth?

There is a common statement running around that we as a species has enough nuclear weapons to blow up the earth several times over. What I want to know is: by how many orders of magnitude is that a ...
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What is the formula for calculating the length of any given day (sunrise to sunset)? [duplicate]

In a specific date what law gives us perfect measurements and how will we measure if latitude is given?
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3answers
1k views

Do mankind and manmade activities/constructions have any effect on the rotation of the Earth?

We walk or ride on our vehicles to our destinations daily. Does our movement have any effect on the rotation of the earth according to Newton's law? What will be the effect if we move all the peoples ...
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1answer
94 views

How much energy is needed to curve the space so the Sun will come 1 meter closer to our planet? [closed]

How much energy/work will it take if our planet is: 5.9736×1024 kg or 3.0×10−6 Suns to move Sun and Earth 1 meter closer ...
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1answer
53 views

What role has our Moon played in creating a persistent geomagnetic field?

The question comes from a comment by Mark Rovetta on my earlier question about the Earth's core going cold.
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1answer
1k views

What if the earth's core goes cold?

What effects would occur if the earth's core goes cold? Would the planet stay liveable after this happens?
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858 views

Speed of the Moon

Why the motion of the Moon looks very slow in the sky? Doesn't it need the high speed in order to escape the earth's gravity?