Earth is the planet on which we live, the 3rd planet from the Sun. Questions using this tag should be about Earth the planet and not Earth-like planets nor earth, as in dirt or soil.

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Why New Zealand/cold countries has volcanoes? [migrated]

I understand that volcanoes are caused by the heat that causes high intense pressure inside the earth surface. This intense pressure gets released and causes magna which becomes hot lava to float out ...
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1answer
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Centrifugal force on objects rotating around Earth

Suppose two objects travel around the equator on Earth at the same speed, $v$, in opposite directions, where the speed $v$ is measured relative to the Earth's surface. Will they experience different ...
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Forces that fall under gravitational forces [on hold]

I was explaining the air motion in the atmosphere, so I introduced Gravity, Pressure Gradient and Coriolis Forces. Then one of the Professors asked me this question, which I couldn't answer. He said ...
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Reduction of Earth's Rotation due to increase in humidity

I came to know that, moon is moving away from earth, resulting reduction of Earth's rotation. Similarly, if Earth's humidity increases, water vapor will be move up to the air from water sources, will ...
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Density and pressure of the earth core [duplicate]

According to some sources the density of the earth core is about 9.5kg / m^3 and the pressure: 4*10^11 Pa I know the gravitational force decreases, if you get closer the center of the earth, ...
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2answers
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Is the Earth the center of the Solar System? [duplicate]

Alright guys, so I attracted you with the title. Now, to preface the question, I am fully aware of the work of Copernicus, as well as the concepts of Heliocentrism and Barycentric Coordinates. I have ...
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1answer
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Motion of a ball in a tunnel along Earth's diameter [duplicate]

Suppose, a tunnel is made along the diameter of Earth and we drop a ball inside it. How will the ball behave? Please help me in the stand.
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3answers
117 views

How often does the earth rotate around the common center of mass with the moon?

I could not find anywhere how long does it take for the earth to rotate around the center of mass of the earth moon system, which is located inside the earth but off-center. And does this motion have ...
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1answer
118 views

if the Earth's rotation was slowed down, would it naturally speed back up as it was before? [closed]

Fact: The Earth is rotating on it's own axis every 24 hours. Question: If, for some reason I won't specify the current speed of the Earth and could slow it down(say by 5%). Will it speed up again ...
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1answer
49 views

Is sunlight like a spotlight? [closed]

It is believed that if earth would have no atmosphere then the sunlight would fall on earth like a spot light. According to this fact the sunlight on moon must fall like a spot light. Does it? Then ...
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1answer
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What forces carry hovering objects around the earth with its rotation?

My questions are: a) What significant forces “carry” flying objects around with the rotation of the earth, b) How do each of those forces contribute to that “carrying”, and c) How relatively ...
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1answer
52 views

Does earths gravitational force decreases?

I feel that attractive gravitational forces on Earth is somewhat similar to attractive magnetic forces. However, because the magnet loses some of its attractive force over time, will gravitational ...
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1answer
27 views

How bright would the Earth be at night without the moon?

How bright would the Earth be at night without the moon? Specifically, how much light would reach the surface of the Earth at sea level?
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2answers
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It's All About Earthquake! [closed]

All the following informations i've got are from a book.(i want to check that whether the informations are correct or not,that book isnt a science book though) There is a limit to which earth can ...
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1answer
57 views

How is it we have helium on earth?

Earth gravity isn't strong enougth to hold helium so we are loosing it constantly. If earth assembled out of space dust how come we have helium? Where did it come from?
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1answer
90 views

Drift of Earth's orbit?

How much has Earth drifted (inwards or outwards) from its orbit about the sun? Or has Earth has not moved at all, compared to, say, 1000 years ago? 10,000 years ago?
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Is there evidence to support that the Earth has a molten core?

I am told the Earth has an molten core. Is this a theory or has this been proven?
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3answers
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Milky Way galaxy central black hole and time contraction of life story

We know that life is almost 4 billion years old on Earth. We also know that time contracts as we approach the event horizon of the massive black hole at the center of the Milky Way galaxy. Now the ...
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1answer
205 views

What does this sentence mean?

"The acceleration of free fall on the surface of the Earth is 6 times its value on the surface of the Moon." I interpreted it as: "The acceleration of free fall due to the Earth's ...
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1answer
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How did the Moon survive next to the Earth since earth and Moon came into existence?

What mechanism(s) prevented the gravitational effect of the earth on the moon from shattering the moon when it was closer to the earth than the Roche Limit some 4.5 billion years ago?
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4answers
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How to measure the mass of Earth?

I was wondering how you can measure the mass of Earth. From what I find on the internet, people are using Newton's Laws. But how can you do that ? Newton's Laws are assumed to work because you know a ...
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1answer
54 views

Why Earth is not a cuboid? [duplicate]

There must be some scientific reasons for why earth is a spheroid but what are they? If Earth would be a cuboid, Would it matter?
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3answers
95 views

Why is Earth's gravitational pull only at its center?

Why is Earth's gravitational pull only at its center? Does acceleration due to gravity remain constant wherever I go in and on the Earth?
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0answers
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Variation on the “Hole through the Earth” problem

In the news recently was the announcement that the answer to the classic Newtonian mechanics question of the time it takes for a body to fall all the way through the Earth was corrected to account for ...
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Why isn't $g$ larger on the equator? [duplicate]

I understand that at the equator, you will have maximum centripetal force acting on you, whereas if you're standing directly on the pole you will have none. But because centripetal is a resultant ...
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1answer
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Is it possible that Mercury collided with Earth, thus creating the Moon?

I recently heard a theory that Mercury might have been bigger before a massive collision that shrunk it and sent it on its current orbit. I also heard that a possible explanation for the formation of ...
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2answers
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Will the day/night cycle change when the poles melt?

I want to know what will happen to day and night if poles melt i think it will change but I don't know why? ^_^
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2answers
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How do we age if we tunneled to Earth's core?

Scenario Suppose there exists an advanced technology that can hypothetically transport living humans to study the center of the Earth, as they goes deeper underground most of the Earth's mass would ...
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1answer
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Since Earth spins, would an aircraft travelling opposite to direction of Earth spin take less time? [duplicate]

Suppose we want to reach the point on earth which in relative terms is exactly on the opposite end of the sphere we call earth (I know it is not an exact sphere). We either dig vertically downwards, ...
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If the Earth is a good conductor of electricity, why don't people get electrocuted every time they touch the Earth?

Since the Earth is a good conductor of electricity, is it safe to assume that any charge that flows down to the Earth must be redistributed into the Earth in and along all directions? Does this also ...
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1answer
85 views

Earth's direction in space [closed]

After watching videos about the rotation of the planets being helical and not heliocentric, I wondered, as Earth travels through space, which part of Earth is the forefront?
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Does the rotation of the Earth affect time?

If the Earth were to spin from east to west instead of west to east, how would that affect time or our perception of it?
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1answer
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Wouldn't dark matter throw off the calculation of Earth's 'light' mass and estimates of its composition?

The Cavendish experiment first determined the mass of the Earth and (arguably) the gravitational constant. However, given the ubiquitous nature of dark matter, it seems reasonable that at least some ...
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1answer
81 views

What happens if the Russians decide to nuke the Kola borehole?

I recently came across research on the Kola Superdeep Borehole in Russia. It's one of the world's deepest at 12 km (7.5 mi) down. If someone decided to hoist a nuclear weapon all the way down and set ...
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1answer
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How would a huge ball of air look in space from outside and from inside?

If you replaced the Earth (except the atmosphere) with air and kept the pressure linear to the center (of the now non-existing Earth) while ignoring the effects this would have on gravity and leaving ...
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3answers
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If the Earth's atmopsphere spins with the earth due to friction, why is there no horizontal spiralling drag?

Imagine a bucket of paint with a spinning ball in it. The paint would form a spiral and would not all move in synchronous movement with the ball. To clairfy - In order for the Earth's atmosphere to ...
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2answers
81 views

Name for Earth?

What is the proper word for 'Earth', as in 'Solar' and 'Lunar'? I cannot find this anywhere; I am guessing there is a word that starts with geo?
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Average surface temperature of Earth [duplicate]

I had a question in my school exam. Will the average surface temperature of the Earth be lower or higher, if there was no atmosphere? Now, the answer expected is "The avg temp will be lower, because ...
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1answer
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Does the strength of a beam of light determine how much distance it can travel?

If I point a light torch to a cloudless, crystal clear and an absolutely pristine sky, will the light beam exit the planet and travel forever in the vacuum of space? (assuming it doesn't get perturbed ...
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2answers
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Which will collide first, the moon and Earth, or Sun and Earth?

As time progresses, which scenario will happen first? The moon colliding with Earth, or the Earth colliding with the Sun? I figure the Moon and Earth will happen first, based on proximity, but the sun ...
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1answer
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How does the Earth rotate, given that the torque acting on it while revolving is zero?

I've come to understand that the torque acting on the Earth while revolving the Earth is zero. Torque is the force responsible for rotation of a body. So how does the Earth rotate?
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How does the earth do a negative work on a static body? [closed]

If a body is in rest and the earth acts with a force on it 10 N Is there a negative work done by the earth though the body doesn't move? how? does it have a common thing with potential energy?
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1answer
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Does the Moon have rotation about its axis?

As I understand, the Moon is following Earth's curved space. If that's the case, shouldn't the Moon have no rotation if it's tidally locked, and only appear to have rotation? If the Earth suddenly ...
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How much time would it take for a free-falling ghost-like object to cross the entire Earth? [duplicate]

We have an object of mass $m$ which can go through matter like a ghost. It's only affected by gravity, not by any other force, so it's in free fall. At the instant $t=0$ it is at the surface of the ...
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If the gravity at the center of the Earth is zero, why are heavy elements like iron there?

If gravity is zero at the center of the earth, why is there a core of heavy elements, such as iron? Alternate question for the opposite hypothesis: If gravity is greatest at the center of the ...
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Chemical composition and structure of Earth's inner layers?

How exactly do scientists determine the chemical composition and structure of Earth's inner layers, for example that the outercore is composed of liquid iron and nickel, and that the mantle is is ...
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Earth's magnetic effect on my magnet

My magnet seems to work independently of, and unaffected by, the Earth's magnetic field, yet the magnetic field of my magnet changes as I introduce some other similar magnets of varied sizes into its ...
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1answer
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Can we get energy from the Earth's rotation?

Is there any way to harvest large amounts of energy from the Earth's rotation?
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How can one know for one's self how big the earth is?

I want to know how big the earth is. I have heard of double sun set experiments, but it appears that you need to know you latitude, which I do not. I want to do this without using any outside ...