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11
votes
0answers
279 views

“S-duality” between confinement and the Higgs mechanism?

I feel picked by the second to last sentence in this answer to a question about what would happen if EM and QCD were spontaneously broken, which says "In fact, there is a sense in theoretical ...
6
votes
0answers
107 views

String landscape in different dimensions

For D = 11 large (uncompactified) spacetime dimensions, the only "string theory" vacuum is M-theory For D = 10, there are 5 vacua. Or maybe it's more correct to say 4, since type I is S-dual to ...
5
votes
0answers
88 views

Intuition for Homological Mirror Symmetry

first of all, I need to confess my ignorance with respect to any physics since I'm a mathematician. I'm interested in the physical intuition of the Langlands program, therefore I need to understand ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

Type I string theory on $K3 \times \mathbb T^2/\mathbb Z_2$ and the K3 orbifold limit

Consider Type IIB string theory with 4 O7-planes and 32 D7-branes on $K3 \times \mathbb T^2/\mathbb Z_2$. The K3 induces D3-charge on their world-volumes which can be cancelled by the introduction of ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Seiberg Duality Applications

I am interested in why people are interested in Seiberg duality? Can it be used for something? Does it (or may it) correspond to any 'real world' physics? I don't have enough background to understand ...
3
votes
0answers
176 views

Transition of electric charge to “magnetic charge” when $\alpha$ gets >> 1 in QED?

I`ve just learned that electrically charged particles and magnetically charged monopoles in QED are S-dual to each other such that it depends on the value of the fine structure constant which of the ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

T duality for lower codimension branes or ALF spaces

These are purely mathematical questions in some sense but I believe this is relevant in string theory as the title says. I wonder if it is possible to perform T-duality of Taub-NUT space not along ...
2
votes
0answers
510 views

Electromagnetic duality

A key aspect of modern physics is the mapping of theories or different descriptions of a theory into a one-to-one correspondence. As I am trying to further understand the electromagnetic field tensor, ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

D-brane tension of type I D9-branes after T-duality

Type I contains branes with a brane tension which is $\frac{1}{\sqrt 2}$ times that of type II branes. The reason is that, e.g., in the computation of the D9-D9 amplitude the open string is ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Abelian and non-Abelian T-duality

What are the advantages and the troubles of performing an Abelian and a non-Abelian T-duality over a type IIB/IIA solution? I have seen that Maldacena and Alday found some correspondence between the ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

$G_{\mu\nu}$'s field equations in electromagnetic duality

Given $$G^{\mu\nu} = -2 \frac{\partial L}{\partial F_{\mu\nu}}$$ it is written in http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9506035 that the field equations are (eq 1.8) $$\partial_{[\alpha} \star G_{\beta ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

On self-duality of N=4 super Yang Mills theories

I am looking at S-duality a bit, and was wondering if anyone had the answer to the following question. It is known that the supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in 4 space dimensions is self-dual with ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Dual photon in d=3

In some papers (such as http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9910184 and http://arxiv.org/find/all/1/all:+AND+kapustin+AND+topological+disorder/0/1/0/all/0/1) I am reading it is always referred at "the dual ...
1
vote
0answers
161 views

Holographic principle and holograms

Holographic principle or Maldacena's duality is a theory that says that the volume of space can be described by just looking the information encoded on a boundary to the region of that space. ...
1
vote
0answers
156 views

N=2 Dualities; k-differentials on the riemann sphere and a spectral curve

Currently I am working on my masters thesis about dualities in QFT and their geometric realizations. As of now, I am trying to understand the article 'N=2 Dualities" by Davide Gaiotto. On the ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

How to obtain deconfined theory from an s-confined N=1 susy gauge theory?

Is there a systematic procedure for obtaining a deconfined theory from an s-confining theory (as defined in hep-th/9610139 for example)?
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Basic question in electromagnetic duality

In electromagnetic duality, where does this relation come from? $$\overrightarrow{E} \rightarrow \cos \alpha\overrightarrow{E} - \sin \alpha\overrightarrow{ B}$$ $$\overrightarrow{B} \rightarrow \cos ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Electromagnetic duality and (electric induction D and magnetic intensity H)

We originally have $$\overrightarrow{\nabla}\cdot\overrightarrow{B} = 0$$ $$\overrightarrow{\nabla}\times\overrightarrow{E} = -\frac{\partial \overrightarrow B}{\partial t}$$ When electromagnetic ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Maxwell Lagrangian at weak fields

In http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9506035 the authors said after writing this equation: $$\frac{1}{4}\eta^{\mu\nu\lambda\rho} F_{\mu\nu}F_{\lambda\rho} = \eta_{\sigma\tau\alpha\beta}\frac{\partial ...