The force on a body resulting from it's motion through a fluid (gas or liquid). This force is directly opposed to the direction of travel.

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4
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2answers
271 views

I know that free fall in vacuum is independent of mass. But what happens in air?

Pardon me if this sound somewhat trivial to some of the highly qualified users here. So I know two objects will fall at the same rate if they are in absolute vacuum, so what I'm assuming is that the ...
1
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3answers
513 views

Projectile, air resistance and wind

So for my school project I am working on a projectile simulator and air resistance. So I have looked at this. Equations for an object moving linearly but with air resistance taken into account? ...
-1
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1answer
41 views

Calculation of Drag coefficient for infinite cylinder

I would like to calculate the drag coefficient for an infinite cylinder for various Reynolds numbers. I'm using $C_D=\large{\frac F{\frac 12Av^2\rho}}$ My question is how do I calculate force ? ...
4
votes
6answers
6k views

Force required to drive car

From what I know of Newtonian Mechanics, if an object is moving at a constant velocity, the net force acting on that object is equal to zero. If there is friction, then the applied force required to ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

What may be effect of air friction to the velocity of satellite?

What is the effect of air friction to the velocity of satellite? I have heard satellite's speed increases with air friction. But I'm in confusion how is it possible?
2
votes
2answers
116 views

Equation for a falling body including terminal velocity

I'm making an app that times how long it takes a pebble to fall, then calculates the distance it fell. I noticed that the simple $f(t) = \frac{1}{2}gt^2$ was becoming increasingly inaccurate as the ...
4
votes
3answers
355 views

How does mass affect the distance a ski jumper travels

I did an experiment to explore this. My results found that their is an optimum mass of a ski jumper. I am unsure about the maths behind this. Can anyone help.
0
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2answers
108 views

Calculate velocity with acceleration caused by drag

Maybe someone can help me with calculating the velocity of a sphere falling down. Initial: Acceleration is $10 ~\rm \mathrm{m/s^2}$. Timestep is $1 ~\rm s$. Approximation of drag = $-v_{...
2
votes
2answers
571 views

Why does spinning a golf ball one way make it go further than spinning it the other way?

In golf, you'll often hear people say that one person hits the ball further than another because the one person "draws" the ball while the other "fades" it. I want to know why the direction of side-...
2
votes
1answer
803 views

Why does a coin falls faster when it's flipping as well?

From my experiments with measuring how fast a coin falls, I have consistently measured a faster falling rate for a coin that flips as it falls. As an example, a coin dropping on its edge from height ...
4
votes
1answer
338 views

Drag - Dimensional Analysis / Buckingham Pi

Dimensional Analysis / Buckingham Pi Theorem I'm working on dimensional analysis and I'm having trouble. Here's a problem from my book I'm working on for practice. I'm suppose to consider a small ...
6
votes
3answers
9k views

Assuming everything else is equal, which will stop first: a heavier car or a lighter car?

If the friction from brakes, wind resistance and all such factors remain constant, which will stop first? A heavier car or a lighter car? How will the momentum of the car and gravitational pull on a ...
1
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1answer
159 views

Friction because of Earth's rotation

Is there some force of friction that acts on bodies due to rotation of Earth?. We all know earth is an non inertial frame. If there is some frictional force is there some way to prove it?. What I mean ...
0
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1answer
267 views

Application of Stoke's Law

I was looking at Stoke's law and it says that you use it to calculate the drag force on a sphere passing through a fluid. Can i also use this equation to calculate the drag force on a car going ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

How is this Lagrangian derived? (Lagrangian with an exponential function)

In the second answer of this post, Euler-Lagrange equations and friction forces I see a normal Lagrangian (T-V) times an exponential function. $${\cal L}=e^{t\gamma/m}\left(\frac{m}{2}\dot{x}^2 -U(t,...
0
votes
2answers
238 views

Find the force needed to accelerate body to a certain velocity for a certain time with respect to drag force

So, the problem is straightworward when we suggest that air resistance force is constant: $$ \vec F = \frac {\vec V_1 - \vec V_0} {t} m / b $$ $$ \vec V_0, \vec V_1 - \text {initial and final ...
2
votes
2answers
672 views

How far would an arrow go in a space station and still be deadly?

So I was answering a question on the WorldBuilding SE site and one aspect of my answer made me wonder. Imagine you are on a massive space station of unlimited size. If you were to fire an arrow from ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

How to determine the overturning moment on a stand alone, uncovered bean pole tipi

I will preface this by saying I am a highschool student who has not yet had a physics class. I engineered and built a hexagonal shaped, open bottomed, planter to hold soil that would contain pole ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Projectile motion with air friction force/resistance [closed]

We have to find the x (the distance, if you didn't know that then I'm not sure if you should be doing this problem) that the projectile travel during the time in the air until the time it hits the ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Understanding the math behind a falling object attached to a parachute

I'm trying to understand the mathematics behind calculating the total speed and force of a $40 kg_f$ object hooked up to a parachute, falling to Earth. From what I understand, the formula for this is ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

“Simple” air resistance question

Two balls with exactly the same size and shape, but different mass, are launched at the same velocity 90 degrees to a flat plane. When air resistance is considered, the object with the larger mass ...
0
votes
2answers
62 views

Free fall vs throw with air resistance

If I let a stone drop from a certain height and throw a stone from a certain height, with air resistance, which will reach the ground first? When I draw a free body diagram the air resistance in the ...
57
votes
5answers
9k views

Why do archery arrows tilt downwards in their descent?

In the movies, arrows shot into the air rotate so that during the descent, the arrow head hits ground first. What is the source of this angular momentum? It would seem that the bow string exerts a ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Maximum range in projectile motion (elliptical path)

Elementary Newtonian mechanics tells us that if a projectile is shot at 45 degrees from the ground, and a downward gravitational field is acting on it, it will follow a parabolic path and achieve ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Effect of atmospheric drag on earth's rotation

Okay, so I had a question answered regarding the earth rotating and planes flying east and west but one part of the answer talked about how the atmosphere is moving along with the earth (same angular ...
1
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1answer
128 views

Air friction at supersonic velocities

I know that if an object moves in the air, it can experience two types of drag, laminar and turbulent. For instance, I have a meteor of ideal spherical shape falling from edge of space, say, 100 km up ...
5
votes
1answer
126 views

How can we theoretically calculate the number of balloons needed to stop a bullet?

After watching this video, I am interested in proving it mathematically. The problem is that how can we apply the conservation of momentum here to find the velocity of the bullet while we don't know ...
81
votes
6answers
10k views

Why is oil a better lubricant than water?

How come mineral oil is a better lubricant than water, even though water has a lower viscosity? When two surfaces slide over each other with a gap filled with a fluid, the different layers of the ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Which one would has a greater magnitude, the viscous drag or the weight of the bubble?

An air bubble in a tank of water is rising with constant velocity. The forces acting on the bubble are X, Y and Z as shown. What describes the three forces? A) Z is the viscous drag ...
0
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3answers
68 views

Space Rocket Ionizing Its Path To Decrease Fuel Consumption [closed]

A beam(maybe multiple beams from ground crossing at, or just some very high alternating potential, something like focused haarp) on tip of rocket targeting at path of it, ionizing just the closest ...
0
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2answers
1k views

Small Animal Terminal Velocity

I recently saw a cat fall probably 100 feet like in this video Cat Falls. It seemed as if the cat reached terminal velocity by the time it hit. Does this mean that cats (and other small animals) could ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

How to estimate a drag of flow reversing cylinder?

I am assuming a turbulent flow and a full reversal of the flow (in the picture the arrows are at non-straight angle but please consider the skew as negligible). Assuming we are talking about regular ...
5
votes
3answers
414 views

Terminal velocity after vertical launch

If an object is launched directly up at its terminal velocity, will it have enough time/energy to reach its terminal velocity again before it hits the ground, or will drag prevent this? In this case, ...
-1
votes
1answer
23 views

External and internal resistance to airflow

If an aircraft was travelling at 100mph an hole was opened to allow 100mph into the cabin,then the airflow is feed into an amplifier like a ramjet and the airflow out of the ramjet was increased to ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Does gravity slow down a horizontally thrown baseball?

I have a simple question: Does gravity slow down a horizontally thrown baseball? Assuming when a baseball is thrown it has a vertical velocity as well, does it slow does the ball? Any help is much ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Spin on the rack

Bike mounted on hitch rack. Why wheels spin constantly while I drive? I can't find anything on the internet. The kids in the other cars love to watch them
0
votes
0answers
27 views

What is the relative velocity term in drag and lift force in the following case?

When a stationary particle is introduced in a fluid moving with horizontal velocity $V_fx$, what is the relative velocity terms in the drag force ($F_D$) and lift force ($F_L$) equations. Am I correct ...
13
votes
4answers
18k views

After what speed air friction starts to heat up an object?

I understand that air friction cools off an object at low speeds. For example, if you blow on a spoon of hot soup, it cools off. Or if you swing a hot frying pan in the air, it cools off faster. But ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Velocity over time applying constant power and considering air drag

I wanted to understand how velocity changes over time when applying a constant power to a body of mass $m$. I figured out that in this case, since $$P=d/dt(KE)=d/dt(\frac{1}{2}mv^2),$$ integrating I ...
2
votes
3answers
8k views

Does an object's kinetic energy increase, decrease, or stay constant when it reaches terminal velocity while falling?

Does an object's kinetic energy increase, decrease, or stay constant when it reaches terminal velocity while falling?
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Magnitude of Drag force correction on a bean bag

I am currently designing a ballistic launcher for an engineering project. Our task is to propel a bean bag approximately one hundred grams in mass ten feet with the lowest standard deviation possible. ...
30
votes
3answers
7k views

If we threw a baseball from the ISS, could we deorbit the ball?

Clearly this is a hypothetical question. Say we bring a star baseball player into NASA, prep them appropriately for a mission in space, and fly them up to the International Space Station. They go on ...
0
votes
0answers
733 views

How to calculate the ship resistance caused by water viscosity

If there is a ship going in the sea at 50km/h, and a length of 5m, width of 2m, how do I calculate the ship resistance caused by water viscosity? in other words I want to calculate the drag Force that ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Can drag force and lift force be in the same direction in the following case?

In the attached picture, can I say that there is a lift force in the Y-direction, and a drag force too in the same Y-direction? $F_L$ proportional to $V_fx^2$ ? $F_D$ proportional to $V_py^2$ ? Is ...
1
vote
3answers
69 views

Is drag force in the direction of particle motion or opposite to motion?

Suppose water is flowing in horizontal direction (positive $x$-direction) and a particle immersed in that water is also moving in the same direction. In this case, is the drag force $F_D$ in the ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Conditions for free fall

What are the conditions at which free fall occurs? If a body is falling freely under the effect of gravity only without external resistance, the motion is called free fall. This definition gives me ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

100 lbs of drag? Really? Chain running physics

Recently came across this video of an endurance technique involving the strapping of a 100lb chain to one's back and running along the grass dragging it behind. What is the true force experienced by ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

Add air resistance to projectile motion

I am given an initial x and y position and initial velocity and I was asked to graph the trajectory in 1 second intervals. This is what I have so far: If $x_0 = 1, v_{0x} = 70, y_0 = 0, v_{0y} = 80, ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

Do dimples reduce laminar drag across a surface?

My question is about laminar flow across a smooth surface. I have read about how the eddy currents, caused by dimples, at the surface help a blunt object travel through the air with less drag as in a ...
5
votes
2answers
830 views

What is the terminal velocity of a sheep?

Inspired by this question on Gaming.SE Using actual in-real-life physics, what would the terminal velocity of a sheep actually be? I would assume it would be around 50m/s, but I might be wrong. ...